Xochistlahuaca

What is Xochistlahuaca known for?


pauline

of their lands, paying rent to Spanish lords such as Guillermo Hacho. In 1920, the Amuzgos began to fight to regain control with the Xochistlahuaca ejido established in 1933 on 6,384 hectares. This ejido was recognized as the Xochistlahuaca municipality in 1934. In 1967, the ejido municipality received 1,419 hectares more territory for a total of 7,803 hectares today. In 1997, Hurricane Pauline, one of the worst cyclones to hit Mexico's Pacific coast, caused

heavy rain leaving the municipally stranded by the loss of roads. Since the latter 20th century, the political situation in Xochistlahuaca has been unstable. It is complicated by the fact that there are two authorities, traditional


photographs related


sponsorship

indigenous councils, mostly Amuzgo and the constitutional municipal government, dominated by mestizos. The Amuzgo council usually consists of elders selected for their participation in the community, especially the sponsorship of religious festivals as well as family ties. The municipal authorities are dominated by mestizos because of their command of Spanish and greater ties to the overall Mexican culture. This has caused tension between the two groups which has been complicated by converts


largest community

thumb Amuzgo man in traditional dress in front of the Amuzgo Community Museum (File:XochistlahuacaCommMuseum01.JPG) thumb Ireneo Santa Ana Guerrero explaining images of textile weaving at the Amuzgo Community Museum (File:XochistlahuacaCommMuseum02.JPG) Most of the municipality's cultural heritage is based on that of the Amuzgos, as the largest community of this ethnicity. Children from the municipality have been gathering indigenous oral stories for recording as part of the Concurso National de Narraciones Orales en Lenguas Indígenas (National Contest for Oral Narrations in Indigenous Languages). Juana Iriabth Moctezuma Tapia won the contest in 2004.


called radio

Mexico language Spanish accessdate May 4, 2012 The town is home to a communal Amuzgo radio station called Radio Ñomndaa (Word of water, referring to the Amuzgo language). It has become notable for its advocacy on Amuzgo issues locally and nationally.


independent political

to Protestantism who reject the traditional councils and independent political movements, especially since the 1980s. In the early 2000s, the political situation was particularly volatile with the municipal president Aceadeth Rocha refusing to recognize certain traditional authorities. In 2001, a group of Amuzgos took over the municipal palace to protest. This action spurred the creation of the Frente Cívico Indígena de Xochistlahuaca and the Frente Comunitario de Xochistlahuca, which have had influence


designs

of Xochistlahuaca is the local government of 103 communities which cover a territory of 430 km 2 . It borders the municipalities of Tlacoachistlahuaca and Ometepec with the state of Oaxaca to the south and east. The seal of the municipality has a flower called a "laja nido" in the center, along with geometric designs which represent the weaving of Amuzgo women.

handcrafts in Xochistlahuaca (Guerrero) publisher Mexico Desconocido magazine location Mexico City language Spanish accessdate May 4, 2012 the Amugo women of Xochistlahuaca are known for their hand woven fabric using the most traditional techniques and designs. Most of this fabric is sewn into ''huipils'', a traditional women's garment and other traditional items such as tablecloths, napkins and ''rebozos''. All pieces are original with no two exactly alike. Amuzgo women

begin learning the weaving process when they are children with simple tasks such as cleaning and carding cotton. As they grow, they learn more difficult techniques and designs from the mothers and grandmothers using a traditional backstrap loom (Loom#Back_strap_loom). Historically, weaving was to make clothing from the family, but it has become an important source of income for many Amuzgo families. A number of Xochistlahuaca weavers have won awards for their work such as the Premio Nacional de


national de

of the Concurso National de Narraciones Orales en Lenguas Indígenas (National Contest for Oral Narrations in Indigenous Languages). Juana Iriabth Moctezuma Tapia won the contest in 2004. Most of the population is classified as Catholic


special events

Spanish trans_title Mexicans dismiss the value of huipils from Xochistlahuaca: Juana Solís The traditional diet of the municipality is based on corn and other locally grown products. Chocolate is generally consumed as a beverage, especially during special events such as weddings. Tamales are a fundamental part of the diet and come in a variety of forms and fillings such as sweet corn, pork, chicken, freshwater shrimp and more. One local dish is called the ''cabeza de viejo'' or old man's head and there is a type of sweetened tortilla called a ''ticaso''. History There is evidence that Xochislahuaca was the capital of an Amuzgo dominion, which was subject in part to the Mixtec province of Ayacastla when the Aztecs arrived in the 15th century. While Ayacastla was subjugated, the Amuzgos were never completely or directly under the control of the Aztecs. However, because of Aztec domination of the area, the name Xochistlahuaca comes from Nahuatl and means "plain of flowers." This is also the case for "Amuzgo" which means "where there are books," probably referring to the Xochistlahuaca's role as an administrative center. Much of the Amuzgo concentration in this region is due to the displacement of these people from the coast, first by Mixtec expansion, then by Spanish domination. Lastly, escaped slaves and their descendents came to dominate former Amuzgo lands, especially in what is now Cuajinicuilapa. The community of Cozoyoapan was founded by displaced Amuzgos in the colonial period from what is now San Nicolás in Cuajinicuilapa. The area was conquered by Pedro de Alvarado in 1522. After the Spanish conquest (Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire), many indigenous in Guerrero died of disease and war, leaving the Amuzgos as one of only four ethnic groups to survive. In 1522, Xochistlahuaca had a population of about 20,000 but in 1582, this was down to 200 Amuzgos before recovering later in the colonial period. The Amuzgos were integrated into colonial rule via evangelization. In 1563, the town was named an administrative and religious center, similar to its role in the pre Hispanic era. During the 16th century, it was subject to Oaxaca city (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) (then called Antequera) then it became part of the Puebla province. In the 17th century, it became part of the Chilapa (Chilapa de Álvarez) diocese under Puebla and in 1884, it lost its status as a religious center. During the Mexican War of Independence, Vicente Guerrero and his troops passed through the area in 1812, stopping at the Cerro Verde to reorganize and supply. In 1821, it became part of the Capitanía General del Sur, but then went back to Puebla in 1823 as part of the municipality of Ometepec. When the state of Guerrero was created in 1849, the town was made the seat of a municipality, which was then ratified in 1872. However, the seat was moved to Abasolo in 1873. In 1932, the town became a seat of a municipality again, this time separating from Ometepec. This was recertified in 1934. From the colonial period through the 19th century, the Amuzgos lost control of their lands, paying rent to Spanish lords such as Guillermo Hacho. In 1920, the Amuzgos began to fight to regain control with the Xochistlahuaca ejido established in 1933 on 6,384 hectares. This ejido was recognized as the Xochistlahuaca municipality in 1934. In 1967, the ejido municipality received 1,419 hectares more territory for a total of 7,803 hectares today. In 1997, Hurricane Pauline, one of the worst cyclones to hit Mexico's Pacific coast, caused heavy rain leaving the municipally stranded by the loss of roads.


important

; The municipality has 103 communities. The largest communities after the seat are Guadalupe Victoria, Los Lirios, El Carmen and Arroyo Grande. Other important communities include Plan Maguey, Cabeza de Arroyo Nuevo, Llano del Carmen, Los Lirios, El Santiago, Plan de Pierna, Plan Lagarto, Guadalupe Victoria, Tierra Colorada, Arroyo Gente, Linda Vista, Arroyo Guacamaya, Arroyo Pájaro, Arroyo Montaña, Piedra Pesada, La Ciénega, Cumbre de San José, Rancho del Cura, Arroyo Grande

. The end of the growing season and harvest are marked by the feast day of the Archangel Michael on September 29. Traditional medicine men and healing are still preferred by many as illness is generally conceived of as spiritual. Other important festivals include Carnival and the feast day of the Virgin of Guadalupe on December 12. In the community of Cozoyoapan, the feast day of Saint Sebastian on January 20 is important. ref name "encguer

begin learning the weaving process when they are children with simple tasks such as cleaning and carding cotton. As they grow, they learn more difficult techniques and designs from the mothers and grandmothers using a traditional backstrap loom (Loom#Back_strap_loom). Historically, weaving was to make clothing from the family, but it has become an important source of income for many Amuzgo families. A number of Xochistlahuaca weavers have won awards for their work such as the Premio Nacional de

Xochistlahuaca

'''Xochistlahuaca''' is a town and municipality (municipalities of Mexico) located in the southeast corner of the Mexican (Mexico) state of Guerrero. It is part of this state's Costa Chica region (Costa Chica of Guerrero) and while near the Pacific Ocean, most of the territory is mountainous. The population is dominated by the indigenous Amuzgo ethnicity (Amuzgo people), whose women are noted for their traditional hand woven garments (Amuzgo textiles), especially the huipil, which is made both for home use and for sale outside the area.

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017