Vladimir

What is Vladimir known for?


promoting development

was Alexander Nevsky's father, Grand Prince Yaroslav Vsevolodovich (Yaroslav II of Russia) of Vladimir and Suzdal, who died suspiciously just after dining with Toregene Khatun. He left Vyshhorod in 1155 and moved to Vladimir. Promoting development of feudal relations, he relied on a team and on Vladimir’s townspeople; he connected to trading-craft business of Rostov and Suzdal. After his father’s death (1157), he became Knyaz (prince) of Vladimir, Rostov and Suzdal


style+water

style water tower is likely one of the most impressive and unusual secular buildings in Vladimir. It was constructed in 1868 as a part of the first water-supply system and re-built in 1912. Presently, the tower houses an exhibition on the history of Vladimir. * Wikipedia:Vladimir commons:Владимир (город)


Rostislav

'' Takhtamir looted Tver' principality and captured slaves in Vladimir principality. Monomakh Cathedral The first brick church on the spot was started by Vladimir Monomakh in 1101. The large 6-pillared edifice, quite similar to Monomakh's cathedral in Vladimir, took several decades to complete. It was finally consecrated during the reign of Vladimir's grandson Rostislav of Smolensk (Rostislav I of Kiev) in 1150. In the course of the following 500 years, the church survived numerous


golden gate

of King David (David). Under Dolgoruky's son, Andrey Bogolyubsky (1157–1175) (also known as Andrew the Pious), the city became the center of the Vladimir-Suzdal Principality (Vladimir-Suzdal). It had a Golden Age, which lasted until the Mongol invasion of Rus' in 1237. During this time, Vladimir enjoyed immense growth and prosperity. Andrey oversaw the building of the city's Golden Gates (Golden Gate (Vladimir)) and the Dormition Cathedral (Dormition Cathedral, Vladimir). In 1164

was elaborately carved with high relief stone sculptures. Only three of these edifices stand today: the Dormition Cathedral, the Cathedral of Saint Demetrius, and the Golden Gate. They are included among the White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal, designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. During Andrey's reign, a royal palace in Bogolyubovo was built, as well as the world-famous Church of the Intercession on the Nerl, now considered one of the jewels of ancient Russian architecture. Andrey was assassinated at his palace at Bogolyubovo in 1175. Decline thumb 210px Drawing of Mongols of the Golden Horde (File:Vladimir mongols.jpg) outside Vladimir presumably demanding submission before sacking the city. Vladimir was besieged by the Mongol-Tatars of the Golden Horde under Batu Khan. It was finally overrun on February 8, 1238. A great fire destroyed thirty-two limestone buildings on the first day alone, while the grand prince's family perished in a church where they sought refuge from the flames. The grand prince escaped, but was killed at the Battle of the Sit River the following month. After the Mongols, Vladimir never fully recovered. The most important Rus' (Rus' (region)) prince (usually the Prince of Moscow, but sometimes of Tver or another principality) was styled the Grand Prince of Vladimir, but the title had become an honorific symbol of majesty. From 1299 to 1325, the city was seat of the metropolitans (Metropolitan bishop) of Kiev and All Rus', until Metropolitan Peter moved the see to Moscow. The Grand Princes of Vladimir were originally crowned in Vladimir's Assumption Cathedral, but when Moscow superseded Vladimir in the 14th century as the seat of the Grand Prince, the Assumption Cathedral (Dormition Cathedral, Moscow) in the Moscow Kremlin became the site of their coronation. The Moscow cathedral was loosely copied by the Italian architect Aristotele Fioravanti from Vladimir's original. After the rise of Moscow, Grand Princes of Moscow continued to build several new churches in Vladimir. Notable examples include the Annunciation Church at Snovitsy (ca. 1501), three kilometers northwest of the city, and a church in the Knyaginin nunnery (ca. 1505), with murals dating to 1648. Remains of the prince-saint Alexander Nevsky were kept in the ancient Nativity abbey of Vladimir until 1703, when Peter the Great had them transferred to the Monastery (now Lavra) of Aleksandr Nevsky in St. Petersburg (Saint Petersburg). The Nativity church (built in 1191–1196) collapsed several years later, after workmen tried to fashion more windows in its walls in an effort to brighten the interior. In the years 1838-1840 Alexander Herzen exiled in Vladimir, passing through the city infamous "Vladimirka". In 1861, traffic on the route Moscow-Vladimir Moscow-Nizhny Novgorod Railway. Since December 1858 the city began to operate telegraph, in 1866 completed construction of water supply, with 1887 appeared telephone and on December 5, 1908 the first power. November 29, 1898 Vladimir provincial scientific archival commission was established. Soviet period After the establishment of Soviet power, many streets were renamed Vladimir, most of the parish churches were closed and condemned to be demolished. However, in the first decades of Soviet rule associated industrialization Vladimir. January 14, 1929 the city became part of the newly formed Ivanovo Industrial Region. August 14, 1944 Vladimir became the administrative center of the region . In December 1944, based Vladimir Regional Library Gorky. In 1950 on the basis of teachers' institute created Vladimir Pedagogical Institute. On November 5, 1952 the first trolleybus line began to operate in the city. In 1958 was created the Vladimir-Suzdal Historical -Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve, which is composed of a group of unique architectural monuments of Russian defense and church architecture, located in three cities - Vladimir, Suzdal and Gus-Khrustalny (Gus-Khrustalny (town)), as well as villages of Bogolyubovo and Kideksha. Architecture of the Soviet period is represented by such structures as building complexes and polytechnic colleges, stadium "Torpedo" (1952), reinforced concrete arch bridge over the river Klyaz'ma (1960), the hotel Vladimir (1956), Drama Theatre (1971) and others. In 1971 the city was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor. Administrative and municipal status Vladimir is the administrative center of the oblast. Law #130-OZ Within the framework of administrative divisions (subdivisions of Russia#Administrative divisions), it is, together with seventeen rural localities, incorporated as the '''City (City of federal subject significance) of Vladimir'''—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts (administrative divisions of Vladimir Oblast). As a municipal division (subdivisions of Russia#Municipal divisions), the City of Vladimir is incorporated as '''Vladimir Urban Okrug'''. Law #189-OZ Economy and military thumb Lenina Avenue in Vladimir (File:ProspektLenina.jpg) Vladimir is home to several electrical and chemical factories, several food processing plants and two large thermal power stations. Tourism related to the historical sites is a major contributor to the city economy. The headquarters of the 27th Guards Rocket Army of the Strategic Missile Troops is located in the city. During the Cold War, Vladimir was host to the Dobrynskoye air force base. Transport thumb right 200px Vladimir railway station, August 2008 (image:Vladimir railway station Russia1.jpg) thumb Trolleybus ZiU-9 (File:ЗиУ-682Г016.02 заводской номер 9028 во Владимире (№ 184).jpg) Since 1861, there has been a railway connection between Vladimir and Moscow. Train Station in Vladimir Wikipedia:Vladimir commons:Владимир (город)


political theory

Monomachus to his grandson Vladimir Monomakh, the founder of the city of Vladimir and patrilineal ancestor of Ivan III. The legend served as one of the grounds for the "Moscow as the Third Rome (Third Rome)" political theory. Accordingly, the crown became known as "Monomakh's Cap", the term first recorded in a Russian document from 1518. '''Yelizaveta Alekseyevna''' (1753 – Wikipedia:Vladimir commons:Владимир (город)


century style

from 17th century (built in 1644-49) presents another example of original Russian architecture. Apart from ''kokoshniki'', you will find a hip-roof bell tower, a typical feature of the 17th century-style. *


literary family

and a Vladimir Dragoon regiment were re-settled into the Northern Caucausus to build the Azov-Mozdok (Mozdok, Republic of North Ossetia–Alania) defence line. This marked the start of the Caucasus War, which would continue for almost 90 years. Taneyev was born in Vladimir, to a cultured and literary family of Russian nobility. A distant cousin, Alexander Taneyev, was also a composer, whose daughter, Anna Vyrubova, was highly influential at court. Alexander


made articles

Gate phone tollfree fax hours W–Mo, 11–19 price content The collection of exhibits from different crafts that were traditionally developed in Vladimir region. Magnificent crystalware are manufactured in Gus-Hrustalnyi and neighboring towns. The miniature paintings are hand-made articles from Mstyora, a small settlement near Vyazniki, while embroidery is a traditional handicraft of the whole region. If you do not plan a trip to the destinations


small food

floor) and a small food court (upper floor) * Supermarkets * '''SPAR''' – an international network of supermarkets. The shops are open


played important

. Козлов вал). Other churches There are lots of churches in Vladimir, and one is unlikely to visit all of them. The following list includes several representative examples from various styles. *

important role for Russian Orthodox Church during the Middle Ages. None of the ancient buildings survived, but it is worth to see the stone walls and towers from 18th century. Though there was no real threat to Vladimir at that time, the walls imitate fortifications of ancient Russian monasteries. You will also find a church and several living houses with fine decorations from 17th century. Presently, the monastery is a home to the bishop of Vladimir region. * Wikipedia:Vladimir commons:Владимир (город)

Vladimir

'''Vladimir''' (

Vladimir was one of the medieval capitals of Russia (Vladimir-Suzdal), with significant buildings surviving from the 12th century. Two of its Russian Orthodox cathedrals, a monastery, and associated buildings have been designated as among the White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the past, the city was also known as '''Vladimir-on-Klyazma''' ( ), to distinguish it from another Vladimir (Volodymyr-Volynskyi) in Volhynia (modern Ukraine).

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