Vienna

What is Vienna known for?


speaking stage

-speaking stage actor, appearing at the Thalia Theater (Thalia Theater (Hamburg)) in Hamburg, the Deutsches Schauspielhaus in Hamburg, the Burgtheater in Vienna, the Staatliches Schauspielbühnen in Berlin, in the Munich Kammerspiele, and finally in the Staatstheater am Gärtnerplatz, also in Munich. In 1900 he was appointed Ambassador at Vienna and made a Privy Councillor. Performance history The first performance, in French, was at the Salle Le


successful work

Bishopric of Warmia , Poland since 1558 papal legate to the Holy Roman Emperor's Imperial Court in Vienna, Austria and since 1566 a papal legate to Poland. Hosius was called to the Imperial (Holy Roman Empire) seat at Vienna, Austria in 1558 1559, where he was to work on the reopening of the Council of Trent, Italy and on (re)gaining the imperial son Maximilian for Catholicism. For his successful work Hosius was promoted to cardinal in 1561, returning to Warmia in 1563. In 1566 Pope Pius V consecrated him as Papal Legate to Poland. *Austria **Vienna - Vienna International Airport **Graz - Graz Airport Fitzinger was born in Vienna and studied botany at the university of Vienna under Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin. Between 1817 and 1861 he worked at the Vienna Naturhistorisches Museum, later becoming director of the zoos of Munich and Budapest. Royal Hungary became a small part of the Habsburg Monarchy and enjoyed little influence in Vienna. The Habsburg King directly controlled Royal Hungary's financial, military, and foreign affairs, and imperial troops guarded its borders. Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna


political articles

(today Bratislava, Hungarian: Pozsony), where he remained three years. Later he studied at Vienna, Kecskemét, and Budapest. Leó Veigelsberg was born at Frauenkirchen, Burgenland and was educated at Kiskőrös, Budapest, and Vienna. For a short time he taught in the Jewish public school in Kecskemét, where he wrote noteworthy political articles for several newspapers, especially the "Politik" of Prague; in 1867 he became a member of the editorial


acclaimed classical

Joel's parents were Jewish. They divorced in 1960, and his father moved to Vienna, Austria. Billy has a sister, Judith Joel, and a half-brother, Alexander Joel (Alexander Joel (conductor)), who is an acclaimed classical conductor in Europe and currently chief musical director of the Staatstheater Braunschweig. Tallmer, Jerry (July 16–22, 2003). "Billy Joel grapples with the past". ''The Villager, ''73'' (11). Retrieved on December 7, 2008. left 170px thumb Bruckner, circa (Image:bruckner circa 1860.jpg) 1860 In 1868, after Sechter had died, Bruckner hesitantly accepted Sechter's post as a teacher of music theory at the Vienna Conservatory (University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna), during which time he concentrated most of his energy on writing symphonies. These symphonies, however, were poorly received, at times considered "wild" and "nonsensical". He later accepted a post at the Vienna University (University of Vienna) in 1875, Schōnzeler (1970): 70. "In July 1875 Bruckner ... proposed yet a third time to the university of Vienna that a lectureship in harmony and counterpoint be created, and at long last, despite Hanslick's opposition, his application was successful. Bruckner was appointed to the post, and on 25 November 1875 he gave his opening oration. where he tried to make music theory a part of the curriculum. Overall, he was unhappy in Vienna, which was musically dominated by the critic Eduard Hanslick. At the time there was a feud between advocates of the music of Wagner and Brahms; by aligning himself with Wagner, Bruckner made an unintentional enemy out of Hanslick. However, he was not without supporters; ''Deutsche Zeitung'''s music critic Theodor Helm, and famous conductors such as Arthur Nikisch and Franz Schalk constantly tried to bring his music to the public, and for this purpose proposed 'improvements' for making Bruckner's music more acceptable to the public. While Bruckner allowed these changes, he also made sure in his will to bequeath his original scores to the Vienna National Library, confident of their musical validity. The composition of early symphonies was centred on Vienna and Mannheim. Early exponents of the form in Vienna included Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Wenzel Raimund Birck and Georg Monn, while the Mannheim school included Johann Stamitz. Ultimately, the minister's strong support from Elizabeth, prevailed. His faultless diplomacy and a dispatch of an auxiliary Russian corps of 30,000 men to the Rhine, greatly accelerated the peace negotiations, leading to the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748)) (18 October 1748). By sheer tenacity of purpose, Bestuzhev had extricated his country from the Swedish imbroglio; reconciled his imperial mistress with the courts of Vienna and London; enabled Russia to assert herself effectually in Poland, Turkey and Sweden; and isolated the King of Prussia by forcing him into hostile alliances. All this would have been impossible without the steady support of Elizabeth who trusted him completely in spite of the Chancellor's many enemies, most of whom were her personal friends. The earliest clubs on the European continent were of a political nature. These in 1848 were repressed in Austria and Germany, and later clubs of Berlin and Vienna were mere replicas of their English prototypes. In France, where the term ''cercle'' is most usual, the first was Le Club Politique (1782), and during the French Revolution such associations proved important political forces (see Jacobins (Jacobin Club), Feuillant (Feuillant (political group))s, Cordeliers). Of the purely social clubs in Paris the most notable were the Jockey-Club de Paris (1833), the Cercle de l'Union, the Traveller's and the Cercle Interallié.. thumb right Portrait of Peter I by Godfrey Kneller (File:Peter I by Kneller.jpg), 1698. This portrait was Peter's gift to the King of England. In England Peter met with King William III (William III of England), visited Greenwich and Oxford, was painted by Sir Godfrey Kneller, and saw a Royal Navy Fleet Review at Deptford (Deptford, London). He travelled to the city of Manchester to learn the techniques of city-building he would later use to great effect at Saint Petersburg. The Embassy next went to Leipzig, Dresden, and Vienna. He spoke with August the Strong and Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. thumb Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal (Image:Louis-Michel van Loo 003.jpg) In 1738, Sebastião de Melo, the talented son of a Lisbon squire, began a diplomatic career as the Portuguese Ambassador in London and later in Vienna. The Queen consort of Portugal, Archduchess Maria Anne Josefa of Austria (Mary Anne of Austria), was fond of Melo; and after his first wife died, she arranged the widowed de Melo's second marriage to the daughter of the Austrian Field Marshal Leopold Josef, Count von Daun. King John V of Portugal, however, was not pleased and recalled Melo to Portugal in 1749. John V died the following year and his son, Joseph I of Portugal was crowned. In contrast to his father, Joseph I was fond of de Melo, and with the Queen Mother's approval, he appointed Melo as Minister (political minister) of Foreign Affairs. As the King's confidence in de Melo increased, the King entrusted him with more control of the state. The '''Congress of Vienna''' (''German: Wiener Kongress'') was a conference of ambassadors of European states (State (polity)) chaired by Metternich (Klemens Wenzel von Metternich), and held in Vienna from September, 1814 to June, 1815. Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna


modern knowledge

in Prison". The ''Kutadgu Bilig'' was completed in 462 (1069 1070 AD) and presented to Tavghach Bughra Khan, the prince of Kashgar. It was well-known through the Timurid era (Dankoff, 3), but only three manuscripts—referred to by the name of the city they were discovered in—survived to give us our modern knowledge of the text: * Herat (Vienna) - A scribe brought the copy to Constantinople in 1474, and it eventually ended up in Vienna. According to Wilhelm Barthold, the copy was made in 1439 in Herat. It was written in the Uyghur alphabet. * Cairo - The copy was found in a Mamluk library in 1897 in Cairo; the Mamluk ruler of 1293-1341 is mentioned in the copy, which is written in the Arabic script. László completed his education in Vienna, Austria before moving to Stuttgart, Germany, where he rapidly established himself as a prominent designer, winning the admiration of, among others, Salvador Dalí. However, the rising tide of anti-semitism and Nazism made László's position precarious in Europe due to his Jewish ancestry. In 1936 he fled Europe for the United States to escape the Nazis. Ironically, and without László's knowledge, some of his work appeared in Adolf Hitler's Eagle's Nest (the ''Kehlsteinhaus'') near Berchtesgaden which infuriated Albert Speer, chief architect of the Third Reich and close advisor to Hitler. This convinced László he had to leave his family, his practice and his friends because Europe was no longer safe for him. He applied for and accepted a professorship teaching architecture at the Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria in Chile. However, never intending to go to South America, László was hidden by friends of his until he was able to get passage on an oceanliner, which was not headed to South America, but rather New York City. Biography At the age of 13, Reed began working as an office boy, and at 19 a bank clerk. At the outbreak of the First World War he enlisted in the British Army. He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, gaining a single kill in aerial combat and severely burning his face in a flying accident. (''Insanity Fair'', 1938) Around 1921 he began working as a telephonist and clerk (clerk (position)) for ''The Times''. At the age of 30, he became a sub-editor (editing). In 1927 he became assistant correspondent in Berlin, later transferring to Vienna as chief central European correspondent. He went on to report from various European centres including Warsaw, Moscow, Prague, Athens, Sofia, Bucharest and Budapest. Van der Bellen was born in Vienna and spent his childhood in Tyrol (state of Tyrol). In 1962, he graduated from the Akademisches Gymnasium (Akademisches Gymnasium Innsbruck) in Innsbruck. He studied economics at the University of Innsbruck and received a doctorate in 1970. From 1968 to 1970 he worked as assistant at the ''Institut für Finanzwissenschaft'' of the University of Innsbruck, and from 1972 to 1974 at the ''Internationales Institut für Management und Verwaltung'' in Berlin. Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna


providing massive

all of them except the one in Paris, which she gave to her sister, Gladys, Vicomtesse de Maublanc. In 1889 he became councillor in the ministry of finance in Vienna, and represented the government in the lower house on all questions of taxation. He drafted a proposal for direct-tax reform. The Austrian system at the time taxed production heavily, especially during wartime, providing massive disincentives to investment. Böhm-Bawerk's proposal called for a modern income tax, which was soon approved and met with a great deal of success in the next few years. - Austria Vienna Dominican Church (Maria Rotunda Basilica) (Dominikanerkirche, Vienna) 1927 100px (Image:WienDominikanerkirche.jpg) - - Austria Vienna Piarist Church (Maria Treu Basilica) (Piaristenkirche Maria Treu Vienna) 1949 100px (Image:MariaTreu070909b.jpg) - - Austria Vienna Scottish Church (Basilica of Our Lady of the Scots) (Schottenkirche, Vienna) 1958 100px (Image:Schottenstift1.jpg) - death_date Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna


scale oil

'', August 01, 2004. * 2nd at Berlin 1920 * 1st at Vienna, Austria in 1921 (champion of the first, although unofficial, Austrian Chess Championship), above Euwe (Max Euwe), Breyer (Gyula Breyer), Grünfeld (Ernst Grünfeld) and Tartakower (Savielly Tartakower) * 2nd at Hamburg 1921 Family members made their fortune controlling grain distribution in the Ukraine, and later controlled large-scale oil resources across the Crimea and the Caucasus. From 1856, members


series silver

prior to World War II. The audio commentary for the Doctor Who series ''Silver Nemesis'' mentions he left Germany in 1936, as he was not enamored of fascism and further that he was a homosexual. Other accounts point to him leaving Germany in 1939 and heading for Canada where he was interned in 1940. Though he made two fleeting, unaccredited appearances in films in 1940, it was not until 1950, after a move to Britain, that his acting career began to take off. It allegedly


personal artistic

Musician of the Year 2001 Martha Argerich , "Musical America", 2001 In 1957, at sixteen, she won both the Geneva International Music Competition and the Ferruccio Busoni International Competition (Ferruccio Busoni International Piano Competition), within three weeks of each other. It was at the latter that she met Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli whom she would later seek out for lessons during a personal artistic crisis at the age of twenty, though she only had four lessons with him in a year and a half. Elder, Dean. Excerpts from a Rare Interview with Argerich. accessed 19 January 2010. Her greatest influence was Gulda, with whom she studied for 18 months. Subsequently, the systemic data errors that Singer predicted were found to exist, and the claim was called into doubt, Wikipedia:Vienna Commons:Category:Vienna


largest live

by Berlin. The large historic city centre of Vienna filled with monuments to its imperial past is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Vienna will be the host city for the Eurovision Song Contest, Europe's largest live televised event, in May 2015. Districts Vienna is broadly divided in inner (1-9) and outer districts (10-23). The 23 districts or wards each have a name and a number. They vary immensely in size and each has its own flair. These function

Vienna

WHS Historic Centre of Vienna Image State Party Austria Type Cultural Criteria ii, iv, vi ID 1033 Region Europe and North America (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe) Year 2001 Session Link http: whc.unesco.org en list 1033 '''Vienna ''' (

Apart from being regarded as the ''City of Music''

In a 2005 study of 127 world cities (Global city), the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first (in a tie with Vancouver, Canada) for the world's most livable cities (World's most livable cities) (in the 2012 survey of 140 cities Vienna was ranked number two, behind Melbourne).

The city was ranked 1st globally for its culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008, and fifth globally (out of 256 cities) in the 2011 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 indicators in covering three areas: culture, infrastructure, and markets.

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