;Nohlen, p556 '''Calle Ciega''' was a reggaeton boy band from Venezuela. It started early in 1998 with merengue (Merengue music) hip hop (hip hop music), ending its evolution in a mix of dance reggaeton with a unique Venezuelan "flow". The group had five elements: Nacho, El Chino, Luifer, Kent and Emilio. All of them coming from different cities in Venezuela and from other musical projects. * In January 2006, Ollanta Humala attended a ceremony held in honor
as a vagrant (Vagrancy (biology)) on Grenada. It is a seasonal migrant (bird migration) in parts of Venezuela. * 1887: Norway, Dovre (Dovre region) * 1891-1892: Venezuela, Trinidad and the Danish West Indies * 1895: Faroe Islands Mendi Mendi Lewis Obadike was born in Palo Alto, California while her parents were completing graduate work at Stanford. Mendi grew up writing poems, singing in bands and acting in theater as a child. Early on she
, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe Current tradition in several Latin American countries (such as Venezuela and Colombia) holds that while Santa makes the toys, he then gives them to the Baby
2009 and the oil shales of the Green River Formation in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming in the United States.
),Iran (Energy in Iran) (9%).
in the local movie theatre, much against the wishes of his mother, who took to smelling him on his return for traces of the disinfectant that was sprayed in cinemas of the time. Stone, ''Spanish Cinema'', p. 114 He never finished his studies. At age thirteen, he had to begin to work in order to help his family. He had a number of different jobs in his home town, trying a multitude of trades before following
, Venezuela: Simón Bolívar United World College of Agriculture is an experimental school offering a program in Farm Administration, with 25% of students coming from outside Venezuela. *Belgrade, Serbia: A small street in the Altina (Altina, Belgrade) neighbourhood in the Zemun municipality of Belgrade. Guyana continues to be influenced by British culture as well distantly with the cultures of the United States, Europe, Africa, the Islamic world, East and South Asian countries, and Latin America, esp. with neighboring countries of Venezuela and Brazil. It is one of three countries and two territories to form The Guianas, such as Suriname and the island of Trinidad and Tobago; and territories like the French Guiana and parts of neighboring countries named for Guayana (Venezuela) and Amapa of Brazil. thumb 120 px Map of Guyana (Image:Gy-map.png) The '''Geography of Guyana''' comprises the physical characteristics of the country in Northern South America and part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela, with a land area of approximately 214,970 square kilometres. The country is situated between 1 and 9 north latitude and between 56 and 62 west longitude. With a 430-kilometre Atlantic coastline on the northeast, Guyana is bounded by Venezuela on the west, Brazil on the west and south, and Suriname on the east. The land comprises three main geographical zones: the coastal plain, the white sand belt, and the interior highlands. When Britain gained formal control over what is now Guyana in 1814, it also became involved in one of Latin America's most persistent border disputes. At the London Convention of 1814, the Dutch surrendered the United Colony of Demerara and Essequibo and Berbice to the British, a colony which had the Essequibo river as its west border with the Spanish colony of Venezuela. Although Spain still claimed the region, the Spanish did not contest the treaty because they were preoccupied with their own colonies' struggles for independence. In 1835 the British government asked German explorer Robert Hermann Schomburgk to map British Guiana and mark its boundaries. As ordered by the British authorities, Schomburgk began British Guiana's western boundary with Venezuela at the mouth of the Orinoco River, although all the Venezuelan maps showed the Essequibo river as the east border of the country. A map of the British colony was published in 1840. Venezuela protested, claiming the entire area west of the Essequibo River. Negotiations between Britain and Venezuela over the boundary began, but the two nations could reach no compromise. In 1850 both agreed not to occupy the disputed zone. History Prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus, the island of Hispaniola was inhabited by people known as the Taíno (Taíno people), who arrived in approximately 2600 BC in large dugout canoes. They are believed to come primarily from what is now eastern Venezuela. By the time Columbus arrived in 1492 AD, the region was under the control of Bohechio, Taíno cacique of Xaragua.
and Venezuela, it is called ''tamarindo''. In the Caribbean, tamarind is sometimes called ''tamón''. In Trinidad and Tobago, however, it is also called "tambran". Neighbouring states are (from the north clockwise) Roraima, Pará, Mato Grosso, Rondônia, and Acre (Acre (state)). It also borders Peru, Colombia and Venezuela. This includes the department (departments of Colombia) Amazonas Department, Colombia Amazonas
needed to reach Puerto Rico's independence. As such, the ''Tamarindo de Don Pedro'' was meant to resemble the Gernikako Arbola in the Basque Country (Basque Country (historical territory)) between Spain and France. '''Félix Eduardo Escalona''' (born March 12, 1979 in Puerto Cabello, Carabobo State, Venezuela) is a Major League Baseball shortstop for the De Angelis Godo (De Angelis Godo Baseball) of Italy's Serie A1 (Serie A1 (baseball)). '''Oscar Enrique
seen on the streets of major cities at food business stands. Shawarma carts have become as popular in Venezuela at food business stands as the common empanada. The same stands that sell chawarmas sell the vegetarian falafel as well. * In West Africa, shawarma was introduced by Middle Eastern migrants (spelled ''chawarma'' in Francophone countries) and is a popular street food. In Nigeria, shawarma is usually served in Lebanese restaurants, and they are a popular delicacy among Arabs, Nigerians and Indians. If prepared by Nigerians, they consist mainly of beef, or chicken, cabbage, tomato ketchup, mayonnaise and chili, differentiating them from those of the Arab-based recipes. The '''Amazon Basin''' is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries that drains an area of about
of sites in the Santarém region of Brazil contain ceramic sherds dating to a period between 5000 and 3000 BCE. Sites in Colombia, at Monsú (Monsú, Colombia) and San Jacinto (San Jacinto, Colombia) contained pottery finds in different styles, and date as far back as 3500 BCE. This is an area of active research and subject to change. Lavallée (#Lavallee), pp. 176–182
'''Venezuela''' ( with an estimated population around 29,100,000. Venezuela is considered a state with extremely high biodiversity (Megadiverse countries), with habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon Basin rainforest in the south, via extensive ''llanos (Los Llanos, Venezuela)'' plains and Caribbean coast in the center and the Orinoco River Delta (Orinoco Delta) in the east.
The territory currently known as Venezuela was colonized by Spain (Spanish colonization of the Americas) in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples (Indigenous peoples in Venezuela). In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American colonies to declare independence (First Republic of Venezuela), which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia. It gained full independence as a separate country in 1830. During the 19th century, Venezuela suffered political turmoil and autocracy, remaining dominated by regional ''caudillos'' (military strongmen) until the mid-20th century. Since 1958, the country has had a series of democratic governments. Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to several political crises, including the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992 (1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts), and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993. A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election (Venezuelan presidential election, 1998) of former coup-involved career officer Hugo Chávez and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution, beginning with a 1999 Constituent Assembly (1999 Constituent Assembly of Venezuela) to write a new Constitution of Venezuela.
Venezuela is a federal (federation) presidential republic consisting of 23 states (States of Venezuela), the Capital District (Venezuelan Capital District) (covering Caracas), and federal dependencies (Federal Dependencies of Venezuela) (covering Venezuela's offshore islands). Venezuela also claims all Guyanese (Guyana) territory west of the Essequibo River, a
Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; as (by 1998) per capita GDP fell to the same level as 1963, down a third from its 1978 peak. Kelly, Janet and Palma, Pedro (2006) "The Syndrome of Economic Decline and the Quest for Change", p. 207 in McCoy, Jennifer and Myers, David (eds, 2006), ''The Unraveling of Representative Democracy in Venezuela'', Johns Hopkins University Press, ISBN 0-8018-8428-4.
The recovery of oil prices (Price of petroleum) after 2001 boosted the Venezuelan economy and facilitated social spending which significantly reduced economic inequality and poverty, Kevin Voigt (6 March 2013). Chavez leaves Venezuelan economy more equal, less stable. ''CNN.'' Retrieved 5 April 2014. Dan Beeton and Joe Sammut (6 December 2013). Venezuela Leads Region in Poverty Reduction in 2012, ECLAC Says. ''Center for Economic and Policy Research''. Retrieved 5 April 2014. although the fallout of the 2008 global financial crisis (Financial crisis of 2007–2010) caused a renewed economic downturn. In February 2013, Venezuela devalued its currency due to the rising shortages in the country.