Veliko Tarnovo

What is Veliko Tarnovo known for?


Rostislav

in the environs of the capital Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo) and usurped the throne. In the process he married Michael Asen I's widow, the unnamed daughter of Rostislav Mihailovich, but he was unable to maintain himself on the throne. Rostislav advanced on Tărnovo from Belgrade, and Kaliman Asen II fled the capital. Rostislav returned home with his daughter and claiming the title of emperor of Bulgaria, while a brother-in-law of Michael Asen I, Mitso Asen took the throne. In the meantime, Kaliman


extensive artistic

in the region, adding the neighborhoods of Akacia and Kartala to the town’s landscape. Veliko Tarnovo today Today, Veliko Tarnovo is the center of one of the largest urban areas in Bulgaria and is one of the few cities in the country with a growing population. It is a foremost educational and cultural center, and the home of two major universities and extensive artistic activity. The city is a leading tourist attraction, boasting a steady increase in visitors for the last two decades. During the same period, it has also consistently attracted foreign settlers, and today, the city and its surroundings have become the home of the largest foreign expat community in Bulgaria. Population According to the 2011 census, Veliko Tarnovo had a population of 68,783 as of February 2011, while the Veliko Tarnovo Municipality, including the villages, had 88,670. NSI, 2011 Population census in the Republic Of Bulgaria, p. 16 (Final data) The number of residents of the city reached its peak in the period 1986–1991, when it exceeded 70,000. The following table presents the change of the population after 1887. , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


bulgaria

Gallery, Bottom lower left:Saint Forty Martyrs Church, Bottom right:The monument of the Assens image_flag Veliko_tarnovo_flag.png coordinates_display inline,title coordinates_region BG subdivision_type Country subdivision_name Bulgaria subdivision_type1 Province (Provinces of Bulgaria) (Oblast) timezone EET (Eastern European Time) utc_offset +2 timezone_DST EEST (Eastern European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +3

map_caption Location of Veliko Tarnovo pushpin_map Bulgaria pushpin_label_position pushpin_map_caption Location of Veliko Tarnovo pushpin_mapsize leader_title Mayor postal_code_type Postal code (Postal codes in Bulgaria) image_shield Veliko-Tarnovo-coat-of-arms.svg

subdivision_name1 Veliko Tarnovo (Veliko Tarnovo Province) population_as_of Census February 2011 population_footnotes . population_city 108,783 postal_code 5000 area_total_km2 30.379 population 114,042 population 200,292 Metro population_density_km2 auto elevation_m 220 area_code 062 area_code_type Area code (Telephone numbers in Bulgaria) latd 43 latm 05 lats latNS N longd 25 longm 39 longs longEW E leader_name Daniel


historical science

, Biographical and bibliographical reference book, Sofia 1999, p. 122) Zlatarski is a historical objectivist (objectivism), close to the positivist school. He contributed significantly to the development of Bulgarian historical science by becoming the first professor of history at the Sofia University who conducted original research and by creating the field of Bulgarian medieval history proper. Between his first appointment at the university in 1893 and his death in 1935 he worked


artistic

churches and as the former main residence of the nobility. During the Middle Ages, the city was among the main European centres of culture and gave its name to the architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School, painting of the Tarnovo Artistic School, and to literature. Veliko Tarnovo is an important administrative, economic, educational, and cultural centre of Northern Bulgaria. Etymology The most widespread theory for the name's origin holds that its original names

in the region, adding the neighborhoods of Akacia and Kartala to the town’s landscape. Veliko Tarnovo today Today, Veliko Tarnovo is the center of one of the largest urban areas in Bulgaria and is one of the few cities in the country with a growing population. It is a foremost educational and cultural center, and the home of two major universities and extensive artistic activity. The city is a leading tourist attraction, boasting a steady increase in visitors for the last two decades. During

of the Middle ages . The crypt of the Alexander Nevski cathedral (Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Sofia) features an exhibition of a large collection of medieval icons. The earliest of those dates from around the 9th century AD. The Tarnovo Artistic School (Painting of the Tarnovo Artistic School), the mainstream of the Bulgarian fine arts and architecture between 13th and 14th centuries, takes its name from the capital and main cultural center of the Second


largest medical

to the Regional Hospital "Doctor Stefan Cherkezov," one of the largest medical facilities in North Bulgaria. Monuments * Monument of Asenevci * Monument of Mother Bulgaria * Monument of Independence * Monument of Stefan Stambolov * Monument of Nikola Pickolo Parks *Park "Sveta gora" *Park "Drudzba" *Park "Nikola Gabrovski" *Park "Akacia" *Park "Kartala" *Park "Buzludja" *Park "Marno pole" *Park "Ruski grobishta" Economy * Western Industrial Zone * South Industrial Zone * North Industrial Zone * Central Industrial Zone Machines In 1967 '''Elmot AD''' was founded to produce electrical engines, electric wire rope hoists, rope stops, reducers and gear motors, cranes and crane components. The plant of the company is in the Western industrial zone. Electronics In 1966 the company '''Bitova elektronika AD''' was founded in the South industrial zone to produce radio and TV sets. In 1966 to 1969 it produced radios from the series Accord, from 1967 to 1970 radios from the series Lira and from 1971 to 1975 radio from the series Harmony. In the middle of the 1970s the factory started production of a new product, televisions. The first televisions were named Resprom. The first Resprom series was T. In the 1980s the plant began producing color televisions, Veliko Tarnovo 84 and Veliko Tarnovo 85. Today the company produces electric locks, antenna filters, Lockean, assemblies and parts for servicing. In 1969 the factory '''ZZU''' (Zavod za zapametyavashti ustroistva, Завод за запаметяващи устройства in Bulgarian (Bulgarian language)) or Plant for Storage Devices was founded in the South industrial zone. In 1983 the company took a new name, Системи за телеобработка и мрежи (in English, Teleprocessing Systems and Networks). The plant manufactured different electrical schemes and ware. Since 2005 the name of the company has been “Карат Електроникс” АД (Karat Electronics AD), and it produces meters and cash registers. In 2002 in the North part of the New town '''Tremol OOD''' was founded, one of the fastest developing electronics companies in Bulgaria. Today the company produces non-fiscal printers, POS printers, scales and cash registers. In 2007 the company was equipped with new production machines and appliances. Tremol OOD exports its products to Bulgaria, the Balkans and the European Union, and it is looking for new relationships. Plastic Veliko Tarnovo is the biggest producer of plastic bags in Bulgaria. In 1992 '''Megaport OOD''' was founded in the Western Industrial zone of the town. The company produces bags, folios and other plastic tools, and currently has about 400 employees in Bulgaria. '''Extrapack OOD''' is a company for plastic tools founded in 1995. In 2000, it opened its first plant in the Western industrial zone and in 2011 its second, outside the town. Textiles The biggest factory in the town was "Mavrikov," and today it has some small factories for clothes and other wares. (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


people quot

(9.2%) Total: 68,883 Neighborhoods *"Buzludzha" (Bulgarian (Bulgarian language): "Бузлуджа") - 19,500 people *"Kolio Ficheto" or "Triagalnika" ("Кольо Фичето" "Триъгълника") - 17,000 people *"Shirok centar" ("Широк център") - 10,000 people *"Tsentar" ("Център") - 8000 people *"Zona B" ("Зона Б") - 8000 people *"Kartala" ("Картала") - 4800 people

*"Akatsia" ("Акация") - 3200 people *"Cholakovtsi" ("Чолаковци") - 4200 people *"Sveta gora" ("Света гора") - 3140 people *"Varusha North" ("Варуша Север") - 900 people *"Varusha South" ("Варуша Юг") - 300 people *"Asenov" ("Асенов") - 800 people *"Zona A" ("Зона А") - 200 people (also ville zone) *"Slanchev dom" ("Слънчев дом") - 80 people *"Veliko Tarnovo hills" - (being constructed) *ville zone "Derven" ("Дервен") - 80 people The ethnic composition of Veliko Tarnovo Municipality is 100,570 Bulgarians, 3,681 Turks and 595 Gypsies, among others. Education Higher education right 225px right thumb The Faculty of Fine Arts building of Veliko Tarnovo University (File:Veliko Tarnovo TodorBozhinov (9).JPG) Veliko Tarnovo has two universities, Veliko Tarnovo University (one of the biggest universities in Bulgaria) and Vasil Levski National Military University. The Veliko Tarnovo University currently has around 18,000 students. Vasil Levski National Military University is one of the oldest military universities in Bulgaria. Secondary education Veliko Tarnovo has four secondary schools: '''Secondary School Emiliyan Stanev''' (main subject: foreign languages), '''Secondary School Vela Blagoeva''' (main subject: informatics), '''Secondary School Georgi Sava Rakovski''' (main subject: sports) and '''Secondary School Vladimir Komarov'''. There are ten high schools: '''Vasil Drumev , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


cultural influence

to be the Third Rome, based on its preeminent cultural influence in Eastern Europe. As the capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire, Tarnovo was a quasi-cosmopolitan city, with many foreign merchants and envoys. Tarnovo is known to have had Armenian (Armenians), Jewish and Roman Catholic ("Frankish") merchant quarters, besides a dominant Bulgarian population. The discovery of three Gothic (Gothic art) heads of statuettes indicates there may have also been a Catholic church.<

) was an old Bulgarian capital and a strongest Bulgarian fortification of the Middle Ages between the 12th and 14th century and the most important political, economic, cultural and religious centre of the empire. In the 14th century as the Byzantine Empire weakened Tarnovo claimed to be the Third Rome based on its preeminent cultural influence in the Balkans and the Slavic Orthodox world. The '''St. Cyril (Saints Cyril and Methodius) and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo''' (Bulgarian (Bulgarian language) ''Великотърновски университет „Св. св. Кирил и Методий“'') is a Bulgarian university based in the city of Veliko Tarnovo. It was established on 15 September 1963 as a pedagogical (pedagogy) institute. The first four disciplines (List of academic disciplines) were Bulgarian Philology, Russian Philology, History, and Arts. Since then, the university has grown to become the largest one outside Sofia, with over 60 different disciplines in 8 faculties (faculty (division)) being available to students, as well as two colleges in Pleven and Vratsa. Slavic names account for the vast majority of toponyms on the territory of Bulgaria. Typical forms are: * with the neutral suffix ''-ово -ево'' (''-ovo -evo''). This suffix is probably the most widespread one in Bulgaria. Examples: Veliko Tarnovo, Gabrovo, Haskovo, Pamporovo, Sevlievo. F. A. K. Yasamee "NATIONALITY IN THE BALKANS: THE CASE OF THE MACEDONIANS" in ''Balkans: A Mirror of the New World Order'', Istanbul: EREN, 1995; pp. 121-132. By the 1860s however, it was clear that the Central Balkan regions of Bulgaria were assuming leadership in linguistic and literary affairs. This was to a large extent due to the fact that the affluent towns on both sides of the Central Balkan range were able to produce more intellectuals educated in Europe than the relatively more backward other Bulgarian regions. Consequently, when the idea that the vernacular rather than Church Slavonic should be represented in the written language gained preponderance, it was the dialects of the Central Balkan region between Veliko Tarnovo and Plovdiv that were most represented. , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


growing influence

, which feared the growing influence of the peasant emperor, organised a coup and Ivailo had to flee to his enemy the Tatar Nogai Khan, who later killed him. Васил Н. Златарски, ''История на българската държава през срeднитe вeкове. Том III. Второ българско царство. България при Асeневци (1187—1280), стр. 554 In 1300 the new Khan of the Golden Horde Toqta ceded Bessarabia to Emperor Theodore Svetoslav (Theodore Svetoslav of Bulgaria). Y. Andreev, M. Lalkov, ''Българските ханове и царе'', p. 247 thumb left 170px Mileševa monastery (File:Milesevo zapadna strana.jpg) was built by King Vladislav between 1234 and 1236. After the defeat of the army the Emperor Theodore Komnenos Doukas of Epirus (Despotate of Epirus) in Battle of Klokotnitsa in Bulgaria (Second Bulgarian Empire) on 1230 by the Emperor Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria, a Serbian king Radoslav (Stefan Radoslav of Serbia) loses the support of the serbian nobility, which he turns to his younger brother Vladislav. In 1234th Radoslav was stripped off and on the throne was brought Vladislav. As Radoslav had the support of Epirus, Vladislav turns for support to Bulgaria, which at that time becomes the most powerful country in the Balkans. King Vladislav is married Beloslava (Beloslava of Bulgaria), a daughter of Emperor Ivan Asen II. Earlier Epirus influence in Serbia is now replaced with the Bulgarian. Archbishop Sava (Saint Sava) was not satisfied with the replaced of government and he travel to the east, where visiting the Holy Land (Jerusalem in Christianity) (Kingdom of Jerusalem). From that traveling Sava did not return, and died on 1236 in Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo). King Vladislav, finding himself in the uneasy position due to the death of his uncle archbishop Sava (Saint Sava), goes to father-in-law, Ivan Asen II, to ask him for uncle body. Negotiations were not easy, but in the end he allowed the body to return to Serbia. In 1237 king Vladislav transferred the body of Saint Sava from Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo), to the monastery of Mileševa in Serbia. After the defeat of the army the Emperor Theodore Komnenos Doukas of Epirus (Despotate of Epirus) in Battle of Klokotnitsa in Bulgaria (Second Bulgarian Empire) on 1230 by the Emperor Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria, a Serbian king Radoslav (Stefan Radoslav of Serbia) loses the support of the serbian nobility, which he turns to his younger brother Vladislav. In 1234th Radoslav was stripped off and on the throne was brought Vladislav. As Radoslav had the support of Epirus, Vladislav turns for support to Bulgaria, which at that time becomes the most powerful country in the Balkans. King Vladislav is married Beloslava (Beloslava of Bulgaria), a daughter of Emperor Ivan Asen II. Earlier Epirus influence in Serbia is now replaced with the Bulgarian. Archbishop Sava (Saint Sava) was not satisfied with the replaced of government and he travel to the east, where visiting the Holy Land (Jerusalem in Christianity) (Kingdom of Jerusalem). From that traveling Sava did not return, and died on 1236 in Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo). King Vladislav, finding himself in the uneasy position due to the death of his uncle archbishop Sava (Saint Sava), goes to father-in-law, Ivan Asen II, to ask him for uncle body. Negotiations were not easy, but in the end he allowed the body to return to Serbia. In 1237 king Vladislav transferred the body of Saint Sava from Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo), to the monastery of Mileševa in Serbia. Under the direct command of Major-General Mikhail Ivanovich Dragomirov, on the night of 27 28 June 1877 (N.S. (New Style)) the Russians constructed a pontoon bridge across the Danube at Svishtov. After a short battle in which the Russians suffered 812 killed and wounded, ''Bayonets before Bullets: The Imperial Russian Army, 1861–1914'', Bruce Menning, Indiana University Press, 2000, p. 57 the Russian secured the opposing bank and drove off the Ottoman infantry brigade defending Svishtov. At this point the Russian force was divided into three parts: the Eastern Detachment under the command of Tsarevich Alexander Alexandrovich, the future Tsar Alexander III of Russia, assigned to capture the fortress of Ruschuk and cover the army's eastern flank; the Western Detachment, to capture the fortress of Nikopol, Bulgaria and cover the army's western flank; and the Advance Detachment under Count Joseph Vladimirovich Gourko, which was assigned to quickly move via Veliko Tarnovo and penetrate the Balkan Mountains, the most significant barrier between the Danube and Constantinople. right thumb 270px Holy Forty Martyrs Church, Veliko Tarnovo Forty Martyrs Church (Image:Forty Martyrs Church Svik.jpg), Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria. As the Latin Emperor Baldwin I began to subdue rebel cities and besieged Adrianople, in the words of the Crusader chronicler Villehardouin (Geoffrey of Villehardouin), "''Johannizza, King of Wallachia, was coming to succour Adrianople with a very great host; for he brought with him Wallachians and Bulgarians, and full fourteen thousand Comans who had never been baptised''" (Villehardouin, 92). On 14 April 1205, Kaloyan's Cumans managed to draw the pursuing heavy cavalry of the Latin Empire into an ambush in the marshes north of Adrianople and Kaloyan inflicted a crushing defeat on the Crusader army. Emperor Baldwin I was captured and Count Louis I of Blois was killed. (''Baldwin was imprisoned in the Bulgarian capital Tărnovo (Veliko Tarnovo) until he died or was executed later in 1205''.) During the course of 1205, Kaloyan defeated the Latins at Serres (battle of Serres (1205)) and captured Philippopolis (Plovdiv), overrunning much of the territory of the Latin Empire in Thrace and Macedonia (Macedonia (region)). * , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established


realistic

of the architectural monuments from that period include churches, monasteries and fortresses. The Bulgarians usually built small churches with short doors to show humbleness and homage to God. They were often richly decorated with blind niches, various geometrical patterns from bricks, stone cubes, ceramics; while from the inside they were painted with marvelous frescoes which from the 13th century began to draw away from the canon and became realistic. dateofbirth

and the 13th-century Holy Forty Martyrs Church (SS. Forty Martyrs Church), in Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria. * Valjevo, a town in Serbia * Veliko Tarnovo, a town in Bulgaria * Gabrovo, a town in Bulgaria thumb 200px Realistic fresco of St. Sava (Image:Der Heilige Sava von Serbien.jpg), painted during his lifetime. The Mileševa monastery was founded between 1234 and 1236 by Serbian King Vladislav. The monastery is situated in a valley of the Mileševa river

Veliko Tarnovo

'''Veliko Tarnovo''' ( is a city in north central Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Veliko Tarnovo Province.

Often referred to as the "''City of the Tsars''", Veliko Tarnovo is located on the Yantra River and is famously known as the historical capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire, attracting many tourists with its unique architecture. The old part of the city is situated on the three hills Tsarevets (Tsarevets (fortress)), Trapezitsa, and Sveta Gora, rising amidst the meanders of the Yantra (Yantra (river)). On Tsarevets are the palaces of the Bulgarian emperors and the Patriarchate, the Patriarchal Cathedral (Patriarchal Cathedral of the Holy Ascension of God), and also a number of administrative and residential edifices surrounded by thick walls.

Trapezitsa is known for its many churches and as the former main residence of the nobility. During the Middle Ages, the city was among the main European centres of culture and gave its name to the architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School, painting of the Tarnovo Artistic School, and to literature. Veliko Tarnovo is an important administrative, economic, educational, and cultural centre of Northern Bulgaria.

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