Vatican City

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producing radio

and Tasmania. He spent 12 years in a monastery of the Christian Brothers, taking annual vows, but left in 1941 without taking final vows. That same year, he married (this first marriage did not survive), and enlisted in the Royal Australian Air Force. He was seconded from the RAAF to work for Billy Hughes, former Australian Prime Minister, for a time. After becoming well known for producing radio serials, he left Australia in 1955 to write, and lived in Austria, Italy, England


version called

Revolution (although an earlier version of the guillotine, the Halifax Gibbet, was used in Halifax (Halifax, West Yorkshire), England, from 1286 until the 17th century, and a version called the "Maiden (Maiden (beheading))" was used in Edinburgh during the 16th-18th centuries). The aim was to create a painless and quick form of execution that did not require great skill to carry out. The executioner, after chopping off the head, would hold it up to the crowd. There is some


term support

''Propaganda Map'' or ''Carta Universal''). The layout of the map (''Mapamundi'') is strongly influenced by the information obtained during the Magellan-Elcano (Juan Sebastián Elcano) trip around the world. Luxuria also campaigned prior to the elections for gays to have cohabitation rights, and had helped campaign by winning the support of Italy's left (Left-wing). Furthermore, Luxuria outlined her long-term support for full gay marriage rights, comparable


ties quot

Pope OK's Communist-chosen bishop in China: report date 2007-01-18 Pope Benedict had accepted the ordination of a bishop who was pre-selected by the government for the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association in 2007, however a new ordination of a Catholic bishop in November 2010 according to BBC News, has threatened to "damage ties" between China and the Vatican.


main working

Leggesullefontideldiritto.pdf here. While the state itself uses only Italian, many other languages are used by institutions situated within the state, such as the Holy See, the Pontifical Swiss Guard (Pontifical Guard), and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. The Holy See uses Latin as its main official language, Italian as its main working language and French as its main diplomatic language; in addition, its Secretariat of State (Secretariat of State (Holy See)) uses English, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese and Spanish. The Swiss Guard, in which commands on parade are given in German, also uses French and Italian, the other two official Swiss languages, in its official ceremonies, such as the annual swearing in of the new recruits on 6 May. Centro Televisivo Vaticano, "Solemn oath of the Vatican Swiss guards" religion Catholicism latd 41 latm 54.2 latNS N longd 12 longm 27.2 longEW E coordinates_type region:VA_type:country coordinates_display inline, title government_type absolute monarchy, right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.


abilities art

) and Western Europe. Most of the critics in Western Europe recognized his abilities, art and congeniality, but in the Kingdom of Hungary during his life he was considered to be an eccentric crank (Crank (person)) for several reasons, e. g. for his vegetarianism, anti-alcoholism (Teetotalism), anti-nicotinism (Abstinence), pacifism, his latent, but more and more apparent schizophrenia and his cloudy, prophetic writings and pamphlets about his life (''Curriculum''), genius


quot loyalty

is death by guillotine, nicknamed the "loyalty enforcement facilitator". As millions take the loyalty mark, Carpathia, growing tired of the resistance being put up by Christians, Orthodox Jews, and some Muslims, issues a kill-on-sight order for all non-Carpathians. He died from bronchial (Bronchiole) pneumonia on March 9, 1979, in his Vatican City apartment, at age 73. John Paul II celebrated his funeral Mass (Requiem) in St. Peter's Basilica


great romantic

in 1535.) Michelangelo began working on it some twenty years after having finished the Sistine Chapel ceiling. Critical reception Film historian Lawrence J. Quirk wrote, in his study, ''The Great Romantic Films'' (1974), "Some shots of Björn Andrésen, the Tadzio of the film, could be extracted from the frame and hung on the walls of the Louvre or the Vatican (Vatican City) in Rome." He says Andrésen did not represent just a pretty youngster as an object


historic religious

right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.


famous art

'''Vatican City''' Angelo Sodano Jean-Louis Tauran 1988-1990 1990-2003 - *between the Eastern Caribbean (Organization of Eastern Caribbean States), Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago and British Guiana using the Eastern Caribbean dollar *between Italy, Vatican City, and San Marino using the Italian lira *between Ireland (Republic of Ireland), and the United Kingdom using the Pound Sterling (Ireland used its own coins banknotes of equivalent value) dissolved in 1979 when Ireland joined the European Monetary System without Britain # Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, and Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia) constitute a contiguous landlocked agglomeration of eight countries in Central Europe and the Balkans, stretching from Geneva all the way to Greece. # All other landlocked countries (Luxembourg, Andorra, Vatican (Vatican City), San Marino, Belarus, Moldova, Azerbaijan, and Kazakhstan) are "standalone" landlocked countries, not bordering any other such ''European'' one (the emphasis is necessary, since Kazakhstan borders Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan, thus forming a vast landlocked expanse in Central Asia) **Because it's part of Europe. Gdr (User:Gdr) 21:27, 2004 Nov 2 (UTC) ***And so are Andorra, Armenia, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City. Why aren't they labeled on the map? - User:Bevo Bevo (User:Bevo) 22:16, 2 Nov 2004 (UTC) :*'''NOT Promoted, +5 -8 -- User:Solitude Solitude (User:Solitude)\ talk (User_talk:Solitude) 07:43, Nov 3, 2004 (UTC)''' The '''Papal Tiara''' is the three-tiered jewel (Gemstone)ed papal crown of Byzantine (Byzantium) and Persian origin that is the symbol of the papacy. Papal Tiaras were worn by all popes from Pope Clement V up to Pope Paul VI, who was the last to be crowned (Papal coronation) with the tiara, in 1963. Though Pope Paul VI abandoned the use of his own tiara during the Second Vatican Council, symbolically laying it on the altar of St. Peter's Basilica, he did not abolish the tiara's use, explicitly requiring in his 1975 Apostolic Constitution ''Romano Pontifici Eligendo'' that his successor be crowned. Though not currently used as part of papal regalia, the papal tiara's continuing symbolism is reflected in its use on the flag and coats of arms (Coat of Arms) of the Holy See and the Vatican City. In a controversial break with tradition, current pope Benedict XVI (Pope Benedict XVI)'s personal coat of arms (Papal Coat of Arms) does not show a tiara in the ornaments; it was replaced by the papal mitre, though the mitre does contain three levels reminiscent of the three tiers on the papal tiara. ** Saeb Erakat announces that Palestinian Authority leader Yasser Arafat has died at the age of 75 at a Paris hospital. Rawhi Fattouh becomes interim President of the Palestinian Authority. Mahmoud Abbas leads the Palestine Liberation Organization. Farouk Kaddoumi, foreign minister of the PLO, leads Fatah and Ahmed Qureia receives the security portfolio of the Palestinian Authority. http

Vatican City

'''Vatican City''' ( it is the smallest internationally recognized independent state (sovereign state) in the world by both area (List of countries by area) and population (List of countries by population).

It is an ecclesiastical (Ecclesiology) or sacerdotal (Sacerdotal state)-monarchical (Monarchy) state ruled by the Bishop of Rome (diocese of Rome)—the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic (Catholic Church) clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the Popes from Avignon (Avignon Papacy) in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.

Vatican City is distinct from the Holy See ( which dates back to early Christianity and is the main episcopal see of 1.2 billion Latin (Latin Church) and Eastern Catholic (Eastern Catholic Churches) adherents around the globe. The independent city-state, on the other hand, came into existence in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy. According to the terms of the treaty, the Holy See has "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" over the city-state. Article 3 of the Lateran Treaty .

Within Vatican City are cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications.

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017