mi 0 abbr on disp or ) with Afghanistan to the south. Uzbekistan is a dry, landlocked country. It is one of two doubly landlocked countries in the world (that is, a country completely surrounded by landlocked countries), the other being Liechtenstein. In addition, due to its location within a series of endorheic basins, none of its rivers lead to the sea. Less than 10% of its territory is intensively cultivated irrigated land in river valleys and oases. The rest is vast
of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. This definition was also often used outside the USSR during this period. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, five countries gained independence. In nearly all the new states, former Communist Party officials retained power as local strongmen. None of the new republics could be considered functional democracies in the early days of independence, although in recent years Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Mongolia
, Philip Glass, heart disease, IQ, panda bear, sexual harassment, Shroud of Turin and Uzbekistan – and letter grades of A–D or F were awarded in four categories: coverage, accuracy, clarity, and recency. In all four categories and for all three encyclopaedias, the four average grades fell between B− and B+ (grade conversion), chiefly because none of the encyclopaedias had an article on sexual harassment in 1994. In the accuracy category, the ''Britannica'' received
, Central Asia was firmly in the hands of Russia and, despite some early resistance to the Bolsheviks, Uzbekistan and the rest of the Central Asia became a part of the Soviet Union. On 27 October 1924 the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic was created. From 1941 to 1945, during World War II, 1,433,230 people from Uzbekistan fought in the Red Army against Nazi Germany. A number also fought on the German side (Ostlegionen). As many as 263,005 Uzbek soldiers died in the battlefields of the Eastern Front (Eastern Front (World War II)), and 32,670 went missing in action. Chahryar Adle, Madhavan K.. Palat, Anara Tabyshalieva (2005). "''Towards the Contemporary Period: From the Mid-nineteenth to the End of the Twentieth Century''". UNESCO. p.232. ISBN 9231039857 On 31 August 1991, with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan declared independence. 1 September was proclaimed the National Independence Day. Politics Commons:Category:Uzbekistan WikiPedia:Uzbekistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan
, Romania, Russia, Siberia, Singapore, Slovakia, Togo, the United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, and West Africa regularly competing in addition to teams from the United States. Learn More link on the Odyssey of the Mind website It was particularly acclaimed for its visual treatment of the settings of Woolf's (Virginia Woolf) 1928 novel. Potter chose to film much of the Constantinople portion of the book in the isolated city of Khiva in Uzbekistan, and made use of the forest of carved columns in the city's 18th century Djuma Mosque (Djuma Mosque (Khiva)). Aral Sea Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan - Aral Sea Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan - thumb right 300px The Registan and its three madrasah (File:RegistanSquare Samarkand.jpg)s. From left to right: Ulugh Beg Madrasah, Tilya-Kori Madrasah and Sher-Dor Madrasah. The '''Registan''' was the heart of the ancient city of Samarkand of the Timurid dynasty, now in Uzbekistan. The name ''Registan'' (ریگستان) means "Sandy place" in Persian (Persian language). In modern times, in addition to living in Crimea, Ukraine, there is a large diaspora of Crimean Tatars in Turkey, Romania, Bulgaria, Uzbekistan, Western Europe, the Middle East and North America, as well as small communities in Finland, Lithuania, Russia, Belarus and Poland. (See Crimean Tatar diaspora) Today, more than 240,000 Crimean Tatars live in Crimea and about 150,000 remain in exile in Central Asia, mainly in Uzbekistan. There is an unspecified number of people of Crimean Tatar origin living in Turkey, descendants of those who emigrated in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In the Dobruja region straddling Romania and Bulgaria, there are more than 27,000 Crimean Tatars: 24,000 on the Romanian side, and 3,000 on the Bulgarian side Commons:Category:Uzbekistan WikiPedia:Uzbekistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan
. The anglaphones-per-capita figure for North Korea is probably very low. I realize I've repeated what some others said, but I wanted to offer some possible reasons for why things are the way they are. --01:00, 13 November 2005 (UTC) *Open World Program: Sister Cities International and World Serves of La Crosse, Inc., partner to administer the Open World Program. Since 2002, U.S. sister city communities have hosted nearly 400 emerging leaders from Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania
and Uzbekistan to learn more about accountability, transparency and citizen participation in government. The Open World Program is sponsored by the Open World Center, which is affiliated with the U.S. Library of Congress. He was born in Olmaliq, Uzbek SSR (Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic), Soviet Union (now Olmaliq, Tashkent Province, Uzbekistan). His debut was in Vladimir Menshov's ''The Prank'' in 1977. *'''Delete'''. I'm the guy that spotted it and nominated
the floor, distributing the heat uniformly through the whole building. Some of them have rooms for disrobing, hot and cold rooms, a massage room or a water closet. Bathhouses are covered with domes which give them their characteristic external appearance. Architectural Ensembles * The '''Pay-i Kalan (Pedestal of the Great''' at ''Bukhara'', * The '''Kosh Madrasa''' at ''Bukhara'', * The '''Lab-i Hauz''' at ''Bukhara'', * The '''Registan''' at ''Samarkand'' * The '''Char-Bakr Complex''' at Sumitan, outside of ''Bukhara'' Nature Reserves * Commons:Category:Uzbekistan WikiPedia:Uzbekistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan
to Uzbekistan (w:Uzbekistan) in 2002 and 2003. A career diplomat, Murray had a good record of success behind him, but was withdrawn from Uzbekistan after he publicly decried the widespread use of torture in that country. He was quoted in the ''Financial Times (w:Financial Times)'' as claiming the MI6 (w:Secret Intelligence Service) used intelligence gained by the Uzbek authorities by torture. Two months before the UK election Channel Four (w:Channel 4) premiered the program http
: webcache.googleusercontent.com search?q cache:HlPoQPCr4wIJ:www.amnestyusa.org document.php%3Fid%3DENGPRE201104052283%26lang%3De%26rss%3Drecentnews+Site:Amnestyusa.org+%22Cu+Huy+Ha+Vu%22+conscience&cd 1&hl en&ct clnk&gl us&source www.google.com title Prominent Vietnamese activist jailed over democracy calls author date 5 April 2011 work publisher Amnesty International accessdate 17 April 2011 Le Cong Dinh;
Bactrian chieftain. A conquest was supposedly of little help to Alexander as popular resistance was fierce, causing Alexander's army to be bogged down in the region that became the northern part of the Hellenistic Greco-Bactrian Kingdom. The kingdom was replaced with the Yuezhi dominated Kushan Empire in the 1st century BC. For many centuries the region of Uzbekistan was ruled by the Persian empires, including the Parthian (Parthian Empire) and Sassanid Empires, as well as by other
didn't excel as much as previously. She made it to the second round of the French Open (2008 French Open) for the second year running. She represented Uzbekistan at the Beijing Olympics (Tennis at the 2008 Summer Olympics) losing to Francesca Schiavone in the first round. She ended the year with a 22–29 singles record and a ranking of 80. Seeded No.2 at her home tournament in Tashkent (2010 Tashkent Open), Uzbekistan, where she made the final in 2005 and 2009, Akgul
- In 1526, Babur, a Timurid (Timurid Dynasty) descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan (Descent from Genghis Khan) from Fergana Valley (modern day Uzbekistan), swept across the Khyber Pass and established the Mughal Empire, covering modern day Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. The Islamic World to 1600: Rise of the Great Islamic Empires (The Mughal Empire) However, his son Humayun was defeated by the Afghan warrior Sher Shah Suri in the year 1540, and Humayun was forced to retreat to Kabul. After Sher Shah's death, his son Islam Shah Suri and the Hindu king Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, who had won 22 battles from Punjab (Punjab region) to Bengal and had established a secular Hindu Raj, ruled North India from Delhi till 1556, when Akbar's forces defeated and killed Hemu in the Second Battle of Panipat (Battle of Panipat (1556)) on 6 November 1556. Culture The Hazara, outside of Hazarajat, have adopted the cultures of the cities where they dwell, and in many cases are quite Persianized. Traditionally the Hazara are highland farmers and although sedentary like the Tajiks (Tājik people), in the Hazarajat, they have retained many of their own customs and traditions, some of which are more closely related to those of Central Asia than to Iran. Jochelson, Waldemar (1928) ''Peoples of Asiatic Russia'' American Museum of Natural History, New York, page 33, OCLC 187466893, also available in microfiche edition Schurmann, Franz (Franz Schurmann) (1962) ''The Mongols of Afghanistan: An Ethnography of the Moghôls and Related Peoples of Afghanistan'' Mouton, The Hague, Netherlands, OCLC 401634 Mousavi, Sayed Askar (1991) ''The Hazaras of Afghanistan: An Historical, Cultural, Economic, and Political Study'', Oxford University Press, Oxford, England
'''Uzbekistan''' ( ), officially the '''Republic of Uzbekistan''' (Uzbek (Uzbek language): ''Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi''), is a doubly landlocked country (Landlocked country#Doubly landlocked country) in Central Asia. It is a unitary, constitutional, presidential republic, comprising 12 provinces, 1 autonomous republic, and 1 independent city. Uzbekistan is bordered by five countries: Kazakhstan and the Aral Sea to the north; Tajikistan to the southeast; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Afghanistan to the south; and Turkmenistan to the southwest.
Once part of the Turkic Khaganate (Göktürks) and later Timurid Empires, the region which today includes the Republic of Uzbekistan was conquered in the early 16th century by nomads who spoke an Eastern Turkic language. This region was subsequently incorporated into the Russian Empire in the 19th century, and in 1924 it became a bordered constituent republic of the Soviet Union, known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). It subsequently became the independent Republic of Uzbekistan on 31 August 1991 (officially, as of the following day). Most of Uzbekistan's population today belong to the Uzbek ethnic group (Uzbeks) and speak Uzbek (Uzbek language), a language belonging to the family of Turkic languages.
Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, and natural gas. Despite the declared objective of transition (transition economy) to a market economy, its government continues to maintain economic controls which deter foreign investment and imports in favour of domestic 'import substitution'.
Uzbekistan is a democratic, secular, unitary (unitary state), constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. The country's official language is Uzbek, spoken natively by approximately 85% of the population. Uzbeks (Uzbek people) constitute 81% of the population. Minorities include Russians (5.4%) and others (13.5%). A majority of Uzbeks (54%) are non-denominational Muslims. "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. August 9, 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2013. Uzbekistan is a member of the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States), OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe), UN (United Nations), and the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation).