color painters like Henri Matisse and Pierre Bonnard characterized the European art scene. In Germany Max Beckmann, Otto Dix, George Grosz and others politicized their paintings, foreshadowing the coming of World War II. While in America American Scene painting and the social realism and regionalism (regionalism (art)) movements that contained both political and social commentary dominated the art world. Artists like Ben Shahn, Thomas Hart Benton (Thomas Hart Benton (painter)), Grant Wood, George Tooker, John Steuart Curry, Reginald Marsh (Reginald Marsh (artist)), and others became prominent. In Latin America besides the Uruguayan painter Joaquín Torres García and Rufino Tamayo from Mexico, the muralist movement (Mexican muralism) with Diego Rivera, David Siqueiros, José Orozco, Pedro Nel Gómez and Santiago Martinez Delgado and the Symbolist (Symbolism (arts)) paintings by Frida Kahlo began a renaissance of the arts for the region, with a use of color and historic, and political messages. Frida Kahlo's Symbolist works also relate strongly to Surrealism and to the Magic Realism movement in literature. The psychological drama in many of Kahlo's self portraits (above) underscore the vitality and relevance of her paintings to artists in the 21st century. International indebtedness (Developing countries' debt) became a notable problem, as most recently illustrated by Argentina's default (Argentine economic crisis (1999–2002)) in the early 21st century. In recent years South American governments have drifted to the left, with socialist leaders being elected in Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Venezuela, and a leftist president in Argentina and Uruguay. Despite the move to the left, South America is still largely capitalist. With the founding of the Union of South American Nations, South America has started down the road of economic integration, with plans for political integration in the European Union style. * Approximately 120,000 Uruguayans have Irish ancestors. * Ireland (Republic of Ireland) is represented in Uruguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina. * Uruguay is represented in Ireland (Republic of Ireland) through its embassy in London, United Kingdom. * Ireland (Republic of Ireland) is represented in Uruguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina. * Uruguay is represented in Ireland (Republic of Ireland) through its embassy in London, United Kingdom. - valign "top" There were a total of 19,269 immigrants in 2006: 7,472 from the Former Soviet Union (Soviet Union), 3,595 from Ethiopia, 2,411 from France, 2,159 from the United States, 594 from the United Kingdom, 304 from India, 293 from Argentina, 232 from Brazil, 228 from Canada, 142 from Colombia, 134 from Venezuela, 114 from South Africa, 112 from Germany, 91 from Belgium, 91 from Central America, 85 from Switzerland, 73 from Uruguay, 72 from Mexico, 66 from Oceania, 63 from Hungary, 61 from Chile, 50 from Romania and 50 from the Netherlands. Eleven minutes after the declaration went into force, the United States ''de facto'' recognised (International recognition of Israel) the State of Israel, End of Palestine mandate, The Times, 15 May 1948 followed by Shah (Pahlavi dynasty) Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's Iran (which had voted against the UN partition plan), Guatemala, Iceland, Nicaragua, Romania (Communist Romania), and Uruguay. The Soviet Union was the first nation to fully recognize Israel de jure on 17 May 1948, followed by Poland (People's Republic of Poland), Czechoslovakia (History of Czechoslovakia (1948–1989)), Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), Ireland, and South Africa.
Feijó , a Portuguese (Portuguese People) botanist born in the colony of Brazil (Colonial Brazil).
of the pride that he feels for things Puerto Rican. A collection of his essays, "Paliques" were published in 1913. Among his other works are the novels "Hacia Un Lejano Sol", "Mi Volutad Ha Muerto" and "La Leyenda Benaventina". Canales gave many lectures, among the countries he visited were Argentina, Peru, Uruguay, Panama and Venezuela. On October 16, 2009, Ghana became the first African nation to win the FIFA U-20 World Cup by defeating
- Beginnings Literature properly speaking starts in Uruguay with the country-flavoured poetry of Bartolomé Hidalgo, 1788-1822. The two leading figures of the Romantic (Romanticism) period are Adolfo Berro and Juan Zorrilla de San Martín.ll Writers from Northern Uruguay While many of Uruguay's writers have been primarily connected with the capital Montevideo, a number has been identified with the north of the country. *Best Film: '' Les invasions
population decline, stretching from North Asia (Japan through to Eastern Europe through Russia including Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Armenia, Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Croatia, Slovenia, Germany, Hungary, and now Italy. Countries rapidly approaching long term population declines (but currently still growing, albeit slowly) include Greece, Spain, Cuba, Uruguay, Denmark, Finland, Austria and Lesotho. '''Jacaranda''' (
governor, Manuel Dorrego took charge of the ministry; this unified the federalists. When Dorrego fell from grace and was executed by firing squad by Juan Lavalle, Lopez was exiled to Uruguay. He returned in 1830 as a member of the Tribunal of Justice for Juan Manuel de Rosas. He was president of the Tribunal for many years and, among other things, presided over the judgement of the assassins of Juan Facundo Quiroga. A number of nations today are facing long term
of the East Los Angeles Library. The film was a Gold Winner of the 2010 Davey Awards in the Film Video TV category. It also received the Jury Award for Best Feature Documentary at the Sacramento Film and Music Festival. ref
to consumers elsewhere, Uruguayan retailers lack the bargaining power of their North American or European counterparts. In turn, Chinese factories often sell their highest-quality product lines to the dominant First World markets and send their mediocre-quality product lines to Uruguay and other small developing countries. For example, while American and European consumers are accustomed to advertisements for luxury bedding made of 700+ thread count textiles woven from Egyptian or pima cotton, luxury bedding in Uruguay consists of 250+ thread count textiles woven from cotton polyester blends. Popular items to buy include '''yerba mate''' gourds, antiques, wool textiles, and leather goods: jackets, purses, wallets, belts, etc. With regard to textiles and leather goods, although the prices may look like great bargains, one must keep in mind that local designs are inferior to designs elsewhere. Uruguay is still decades behind other countries when it comes to the quality of metalworking, which is a serious problem since leather goods like purses and belts have metal parts like clasps and buckles. Eat thumbnail Asado, traditional barbecue (File:La chacra del puerto Asado.JPG) Uruguayan cuisine is typical for temperate countries, high on butter, fat, and grains, low on spice. It has an important Italian influence due to the strong Italian inmigration. If you are from the Mediterranean, you will find it bland, but if you come from the Northern Europe, Russia or the US, you won't have trouble getting used to it. Prices As of May 2014, breakfast for 4 people (a liter of fruit juice and two packages of biscuits) can cost as little as UYU100 in a supermarket, a serving of fast food costs about the same while meals in sit down restaurants generally speaking start from UYU300. Specialties There are many public '''markets''' where you can get a hundred varieties of '''meat'''. Vegetarians can order '''ravioli''' just about anywhere. '''Empanadas''' (hand-sized meat or cheese pies) make an excellent portable, inexpensive, and delicious snack or lunch. You can find them easily at many corner bakeries. thumbnail Chivito al plato (File:Chivito al plato.JPG) Uruguay has traditionally been a ranching country, with cattle outnumbering people more than two-to-one, and therefore features excellent (and affordable) '''steaks'''. One dish that should not be missed is '''chivito''', a heart-attack-on-a-platter sandwich (some guidebooks call it a "cholesterol bomb") that is made of a combination of grilled tenderloin steak, tomato, lettuce, onion, eggs (hard-boiled and then sliced), ham, bacon, mozzarella cheese and mayonnaise and fries. There are two versions of chivito. ''Al pan'' means it's served "on bread", this is the classic variant and it looks like a hamburger served on a plate. If it is served ''al plato'' it is like a hamburger minus the bread and often with more vegetables. '''Asado''' is a typical Uruguayan barbeque, consisting of a variety of grilled meats (beef short ribs, sausage, blood sausage and sweetbreads and other offal) over wood coals. Almost all Uruguayans know how to make it and its variations appear on most restaurant menus. For a traditional experience, try it at the "Mercado del Puerto" market, in Montevideo's port area. As many of the European immigrants to the area around Rio de la Plata a century ago came from Italy, '''Italian dishes''' have a special place in the local cuisine, often with a local twist. The Central European ''schnitzel's'' local relative '''Milanesa''' is made with beef instead of pork and is also available as a sandwich. Uruguay, with its long shoreline, also enjoys an excellent variety of '''seafood and fish'''. The flavor of the most commonly offered fish, ''brotola'', may be familiar to people from North America, where it is called hake. For desserts, '''dulce de leche''', a kind of caramel, is found in all manner of confections, from ice cream to '''alfajores''' (dulce de leche-filled cookie sandwiches), or '''Ricardito''', a famous Uruguayan dessert (available in all supermarkets). Drink '''Yerba Mate''' is widely drunk on the streets, but can hardly be ordered in restaurants, as young and old go around with their own cup and thermos bottle on the street there would likely not be anyone ordering it in a café or restaurant if they would offer it. You may have to buy a package at a supermarket and make your own. The drinking gourds are widely available and range from economical to super-luxe silver and horn. Yerba Mate is a social drink. If you are with a group of Uruguayans they will probably offer you some, do be mindful, it may taste somewhat bitter. If you try some it will make everybody happy. Uruguay is also acquiring a reputation for its fine '''wines''', especially those made from the Tannat grape. Alcohol is relatively inexpensive. Beer often come in large, 1l bottles that can go for as low as UYU50. The two brands found everywhere are Pilsen and Patricia, Zillertal being a distant third. Imports are available too but other Uruguayan brands probably exist but are hard to find. The most common strong alcohol beverage is surprisingly '''whisky''', even many famous brands such as Johnnie Walker being manufactured in Uruguay under license. A 1l bottle of the cheapest brands can be bought for just UYU250 in a supermarket. Sleep thumbnail Landscape in the San José department in the southern part of the country (File:Pradera y bosque de ribera Uruguay.JPG) For nature lovers, birdwatchers, and those seeking a respite from the fast-paced world, there are many "estancias" in serene and peaceful environments, surrounded by many species of native and migrating birds, which offer a unique opportunity to reconnect with nature. There are many more beach houses to rent along the coast than actual hotel rooms. They are plentiful, and outside the high season affordable. During the first two weeks of January it's impossible to find anything, every cottage and hotel room is booked months in advance. Work There are numerous English language schools which are looking for native speakers as teachers (Teaching English). They can arrange papers or pay teachers under the table. The pay is not good, but enough to live on in Montevideo. Work permits are not particularly difficult to obtain and Uruguay lets you convert a tourist visa to a work visa without leaving the country. Residency visas without permission to work simply require you prove access to USD500 a month. Stay safe thumbnail Night view of Plaza Constitución in Montevideo's old town (File:Plaza Matriz night.JPG) Historically, Uruguay has enjoyed a very '''low rate of violent crime compared to its neighbors'''. Thus, Argentines and Brazilians traditionally go on vacation in Uruguay because they love not having to worry about being carjacked, kidnapped, or murdered while on vacation. Even today, Uruguay is still relatively free of those types of crimes. However, this does not mean that Uruguay is crime free. The major differences are that most Uruguayan crimes are either nonconfrontational or do not involve the gratuitous use of firearms. Montevideo in particular has seen its crime rate gradually rise since the severe 2001-2002 financial crisis, and now has moderately high levels of theft, burglary, and robbery similar to those found in major U.S. cities. Fortunately, Punta del Este and most rural areas continue to enjoy relatively low crime levels. As long as you take basic precautions in Montevideo (i.e., use a money belt and or hotel safe for valuables, look alert, and keep out of obvious slums), you will have a very safe trip. Cannabis is one of the most widely used drugs in the country and legal as well. Uruguay is the first country in the world where the sale, growth and distribution of cannabis is legal. In an emergency, call '''911''' or '''999'''. For firefighters, call, 104. Stay healthy Tap water is safe to drink in all major cities. The Hospital Britanico (British Hospital), SUMMUM and BlueCross & BlueShield Uruguay have a European-quality service and they are clean and efficient. Asociación Española, Medica Uruguaya and CASMU are the largest healthcare companies in Uruguay and they have a European-quality level. Just don't make any unwise drinking decisions. Tropical diseases present in Uruguay include '''dengue (Dengue fever)''' and '''chagas disease'''. Vaccine does not exist against either of these, so you need to watch out for mosquitoes and bugs. In practice you won't encounter insects in Uruguay very frequently, at least during the Southern Hemisphere winter. Respect thumbnail Supporters of the samba school Los Academicos in Artigas (File:Los Academicos 1.JPG) Uruguay is a socially progressive country. Women got the vote in Uruguay 12 years before France. Uruguay is a secular state unlike Argentina, Chile or Paraguay; the Uruguayan state has not supported any religion since 1917. The population is mainly Catholic, but not very practicing. There are a few gay and lesbian bars in Montevideo and in Punta del Este, but outside those two cities there is no public "queer" community. The only public monument to sexual diversity is in Ciudad Vieja (the old city). However, it was the first Latin American country to pass a civil union law and is considered to be safe and welcoming to gay and lesbian visitors. Uruguay is ranked 6th in the Spartacus Gay Travel Index. Civil unions are legal in Uruguay, which convey the full rights of marriage, and gay and transgendered marriage was legalized in mid-2013. Even in rural areas, gay travelers experience little overt discrimination. Connect thumbnail Antel pay phone in Montevideo (File:Montevideo pay phone.JPG) Telephone The national landline telephone monopoly is Antel, which provides all public pay phones and is also the sole provider of landline Internet service. Although Antel pay phones only take Antel's proprietary magnetic cards, it is possible to use international calling cards to call home by taking the phone off the hook, waiting for a dial tone, and dialing the correct access code. However, note that many public pay phones are not properly maintained. If you do not hear a touch tone emitted for each key, that means the phone is defective and you must try another one. Uruguay's country code is +598. Montevideo and suburbs have phone numbers beginning in two, while the rest of the country has phone numbers beginning with 4. Antel also operates a cell phone network, and in this field competes with two private companies, Movistar and Claro. All three have numerous kiosks and stores throughout the country. The standard is GSM and both the European (1800 MHz) and North American (1900 MHz) frequencies are used. Mail The national postal service is Correo Uruguay. Most of their post offices are very hard to find and are open from 9 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday; some are open from 9 am to 12 pm on Saturdays. Letterboxes for depositing outbound mail are made out of cheap blue translucent plastic and are extremely difficult to find outside of post offices. Some post offices have three boxes: one for the local city, one for domestic mail ("interior") and one for international ("exterior"). Uruguayan letterboxes are designed only for indoor use. Keep in mind that Correos licenses many retailers, such as pharmacies, as postal agents, and letterboxes can sometimes be found around those agents' premises as well. Internet Antel is the ''only'' provider of landline Internet service, while Dedicado is the main provider of fixed wireless Internet service. WiFi is ubiquitous and can be found in virtually all decent hotels as well as many restaurants, cybercafes, and shopping malls. Antel WiFi hotspots are normally available only to Antel landline Internet subscribers, unless you are in a place with free service like Carrasco International Airport, in which case a public username and password for free access are prominently posted and always username: antel password:wifi. Dedicado WiFi hotspots are free for everyone. Go next Uruguay borders on Brazil and Argentina. The border of Paraguay, the next closest country, is about 500 kilometers away from the extreme northwest of Uruguay.
soap opera created and produced by Cris Morena. It originally aired from 26 May 2002 to 18 December 2003. The series was transmitted in many countries worldwide, including Peru, Germany, Israel, Spain and Uruguay, achieving an international success. In addition, numerous remakes of ''Rebelde Way'' have been made, most notably ''Rebelde'' by Mexican (Mexico) Televisa. In 2009, it was confirmed that the American (United States) version of the series would
move to Major League Soccer and the Chicago Fire (Chicago Fire S.C.). Caballero had a disappointing 2005 with the club, and was released. He has spent the 2006 preseason with the Colorado Rapids. '''José Carlos Cancela Durán''' (born June 25, 1976 in Santa Lucía (Santa Lucía, Uruguay), Uruguay) is a Uruguayan soccer player who plays attacking midfielder for Herediano (C.S. Herediano) in Costa Rica. He is nicknamed "Pepe". The southern cone governments of South America -- Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil -- involved in Operation Condor co-ordinated the disappearance (forced disappearance), torture and execution of dissidents in the 1970s. Hundreds were killed in coordinated operations, and the bodies of those recovered were often mutilated and showed signs of torture. This system operated with the knowledge and support of the United States government through the State Department, Central Intelligence Agency and the Defense Department. J. Patrice McSherry, "Operation Condor: Clandestine Inter-American System", ''Social Justice'', Winter 1999 v26 i4. Countries that participated in the initial round of Brady bond issuance were Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, Poland, Uruguay and Venezuela. She performed the Australian National Anthem at the 2005 World Cup Qualifying match, against Uruguay at Sydney's Telstra stadium. Engines diverted to Uruguay On 5 February 2010, Attorney-General (Attorney General of Malaysia) Abdul Gani Patail revealed that the two missing engines had been found in Uruguay with the help of the government (Government of Uruguay) there and the Malaysian government is proceeding with the necessary measures to secure their return. Investigations showed that the engines were taken out of the RMAF base on 20 December 2007 and 1 Jan 2008, and sent to a warehouse in Subang Jaya before being shipped out of Malaysia to South America.
Born in Bafoussam, West Region (West Region (Cameroon)), Webó started his professional career in Uruguay, playing three years with Uruguay's Club Nacional de Football, winning two first division (Uruguayan Primera División) titles – although he only was an important first-team member in his third year (2002 Uruguayan Primera División) – and becoming top scorer of the 2002 (2002 Copa Sudamericana) ''Copa Sudamericana''.
story?id 1071229&s copasud&type story Goleadores de la Copa Sudamericana (South American Cup scorers) ; ESPN Deportes, 1 August 2010 He moved to Europe in January 2003, signing with Madrid second division (Segunda División) outfit CD Leganés. Early years Born in Bafoussam, West Region (West Region (Cameroon)), Webó started his professional career in Uruguay, playing three years with Uruguay's Club Nacional de Football
, winning two first division (Uruguayan Primera División) titles – although he only was an important first-team member in his third year (2002 Uruguayan Primera División) – and becoming top scorer of the 2002 (2002 Copa Sudamericana) ''Copa Sudamericana''. Goleadores de la Copa Sudamericana (South American Cup scorers); ESPN Deportes, 1 August 2010 He moved to Europe
'''Uruguay''' ( , Uruguay is geographically the second-smallest nation in South America after Suriname.
Uruguay remained largely uninhabited until the establishment of Colonia del Sacramento, one of the oldest European settlements in the country, by the Portuguese (Portuguese Empire) in 1680. Montevideo was founded as a military stronghold by the Spanish (Spanish Empire) in the early 18th century, signifying the competing claims over the region. Uruguay won its independence between 1811 and 1828, following a four-way struggle between Spain, Portugal, Argentina and Brazil. It remained subject to foreign influence and intervention throughout the 19th century, with the military playing a recurring role in domestic politics until the late 20th century. Modern Uruguay is a democratic constitutional republic, with a president who serves as both head of state and head of government.
Uruguay is ranked first in Latin America in democracy (Democracy Index), peace (Global Peace Index), lack of corruption (Corruption Perceptions Index), quality of living (Mercer Quality of Living Survey), http: photos.state.gov libraries uruguay 19452 pdfs UruguaysRankingsJune2013.pdf e-Government, http: unpan3.un.org egovkb Data-Center and equally first in South America when it comes to press freedom (Press Freedom Index), size of the middle class, prosperity and security. On a per capita basis, Uruguay contributes more troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions than any other country. It ranks second in the region on economic freedom (Index of Economic Freedom), income equality (List of countries by income equality), per capita income and inflows of FDI (Foreign direct investment). Uruguay is the third best country on the continent in terms of HDI (Human Development Index), GDP growth (Economic growth), From 2005 to 2011 innovation and infrastructure. It's regarded as a high income country (top group) by the UN, the only one in Latin America alongside Chile. Uruguay is also the 3rd best ranked in the world in e-Participation. Uruguay is an important global exporter of combed wool (wool), rice, soybeans, frozen beef (beef), malt and milk.
''The Economist'' named Uruguay "country of the year" in 2013 http: www.economist.com news leaders 21591872-resilient-ireland-booming-south-sudan-tumultuous-turkey-our-country-year-earths-got acknowledging the innovative policy of legalizing production, sale and consumption of cannabis (Cannabis in Uruguay). Same-sex marriage (Same-sex marriage in Uruguay) and abortion (Abortion in Uruguay) are also legal, leading Uruguay to be regarded as one of the most liberal nations in the world, and one of the most socially developed (Social Progress Index), outstanding regionally First in Latin America on two out of three basic dimensions of the Social Progress Index, and second to Costa Rica in Latin America overall, and 26th worldwide, in 2013. and performing well globally on personal rights, tolerance and inclusion issues. http: www.socialprogressimperative.org en data spi components com9#performance countries com9 com11