United States Department of War

What is United States Department of War known for?

leading successful

1861, after receiving a letter from Carter assuring his loyalty to the Union should a civil war break out, Tennessee Governor Andrew Johnson used his influence in the United States Department of War for Carter to organize and train militia within East Tennessee. After leading successful cavalry operations at the Battle of Mill Springs on January 19, 1862, Carter accepted a commission as Brigadier General of volunteers in May and later continued leading operations

service member

enable the President to lead the nation effectively. As of July 29, 2011, the White House Communications Agency is commanded by COL Clinton Bigger (United States Army) and the Agency's Senior Enlisted Service member is CSM Willie Clemmons (United States Army). When the United States of America declared war on Germany on 6 April 1917, many in Britain hoped this event would solve all these problems. The two men directly responsible for British tank production, Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt

famous white

Abraham Lincoln visiting the War Office's telegraph room for constant updates and reports and walking back and forth to the "Residence". The original 1820 structures for War and Navy on the west side of the now famous White House was replaced in 1888 by construction of a new building of French Empire design with mansard roofs, the "State, War, and Navy Building" (now the Old Executive Office Building, and later renamed to honor General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower), built in the same location as its predecessors. By the 1930s, the Department of State (United States Department of State) squeezed the War Department from its office space, and the White House also desired additional office space. In August 1939, Secretary of War Harry H. Woodring and Acting Chief of Staff of the Army George C. Marshall moved their offices into the Munitions Building, a temporary structure built on the National Mall during World War I. In the late 1930s, the government constructed the War Department Building (renamed in 2000 as the Harry S Truman Building) at 21st and C Streets in Foggy Bottom, but upon completion, the new building did not solve the space problem of the department, and the Department of State ultimately used it and continues to use it in present day.

battle site

in obscurity. The film is narrated by Campbell, through a series of flashbacks, as he sits in a jail cell in Israel, writing his memoirs, and awaiting trial for war crimes. The battlefield site was preserved in the late 19th century through private efforts that eventually received state financial support. The Federal government took over the battle site as a National Military Park operated by the War Department (United States Department of War) in 1926. The War Department operated the park until 1933, when the National Park Service began managing the site as the Moores Creek National Battlefield. Capps and Davis It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966.


and security; the pedestal reopened in 2004 and the statue in 2009, with limits on the number of visitors allowed to ascend to the crown. The statue, including the pedestal and base, closed beginning on October 29, 2011, for up to a year so that a secondary staircase and other safety features can be installed; Liberty Island remains open. Public access to the balcony surrounding the torch has been barred for safety reasons since 1916. thumb Government poster using the Statue of Liberty to promote the sale of Liberty Bond (File:Statue of Liberty 1917 poster.jpg)s When the torch was illuminated on the evening of the statue's dedication, it produced only a faint gleam, barely visible from Manhattan. The ''World'' characterized it as "more like a glowworm than a beacon."


into Department of the Army (United States Department of the Army) and Department of the Air Force (United States Department of the Air Force) and joined the Department of the Navy (United States Department of the Navy) as part of the new joint ''National Military Establishment'' (NME), renamed the United States Department of Defense in 1949. The Secretary of War, a civilian with such responsibilities as finance and purchases and a minor role in directing military affairs, headed the War

the bureaus. Warren Zimmermann, ''First Great Triumph: How Five Americans Made Their Country a World Power'' (2002) World War I The Congress reversed these changes in support of the bureaus and in the National Defense Act of 1916 reduced the size and functions of the general staff to few members before America entered World War I. President Woodrow Wilson supported Secretary of War Newton D. Baker, who opposed efforts to control the bureaus and war

World War II, the Department of War abandoned organization of General George Marshall for the fragmented prewar pattern while the independent services continually parried efforts to reestablish firm executive control over their operations. The National Security Act of 1947, as amended in 1949, split the War Department into the Department of the Army and the Department of the Air Force, both within the Department of Defense, and the secretary of the army served as an operating manager

story main

The hospital was built in the early 1940s, believed to be a Works Progress Administration-funded project. It consisted only of ten buildings (including its massive, prominent 13-story main building), making it the smallest of the four as well (although it was planned to be a larger complex, those plans never made it past paper). The facility was commandeered by the War Department (United States Department of War) after the United States entered World War II. The War Department

modern manufacturing

modern manufacturing practices in making harvesting machines (reaper). In 1849, Walker stated in his annual report that several federal offices were placed in departments which they had little to do with. He noted that the General Land Office had little to do with the Treasury and also highlighted the Indian Affairs office (Bureau of Indian Affairs), part of the Department of War (United States Department of War), and the Patent Office (United States Patent and Trademark Office), part of the Department of State (United States Department of State). Walker argued that these and other bureaus should be brought together in a new Department of the Interior. As the realization that the Seminoles would resist relocation sank in, Florida began preparing for war. The St. Augustine Militia asked the War Department (United States Department of War) for the loan of 500 muskets. Five hundred volunteers were mobilized under Brig. Gen. Richard K. Call. Indian war parties raided farms and settlements, and families fled to forts, large towns, or out of the territory altogether. A war party led by Osceola captured a Florida militia supply train, killing eight of its guards and wounding six others. Most of the goods taken were recovered by the militia in another fight a few days later. Sugar plantations along the Atlantic coast south of St. Augustine were destroyed, with many of the slaves on the plantations joining the Seminoles. Missall. pp. 93-94. Before the U.S. Highway System thumb upright A remnant of an original state right-of-way marker serves as a reminder of the early days of the road's construction. This was part of the 1927 construction of Route 66. (Image:Rte66RightOfWayMarker.jpg) In 1857, Lt. Edward Fitzgerald Beale, a Naval officer in the service of the U.S. Army Corps of Topographical Engineers (Corps of Topographical Engineers), was ordered by the War Department (United States Department of War) to build a government-funded wagon road along the 35th Parallel. His secondary orders were to test the feasibility of the use of camels as pack animals in the southwestern desert (U.S. Camel Corps). This road became part of U.S. Route 66. He returned to America to work briefly for the War Department (United States Department of War) in Washington. He joined the Department of State (United States Department of State) in February 1945, and worked for the office of United Nations Affairs. In the same year, he suggested splitting Korea (Division of Korea) into spheres of U.S. and of Soviet influence at the 38th parallel north. He was made Deputy Under Secretary of State in 1949. He was made Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs in 1950 and played an influential part in the US decision to become involved in the Korean War, and also in Japan's postwar compensation for victorious countries, such as the Rusk documents. However he was a cautious diplomat and always sought international support. The president was even more astonished that from September 17 to October 26, despite repeated entreaties from the War Department (United States Department of War) and the president himself, McClellan declined to pursue Lee across the Potomac, citing shortages of equipment and the fear of overextending his forces. General-in-Chief Henry W. Halleck wrote in his official report, "The long inactivity of so large an army in the face of a defeated foe, and during the most favorable season for rapid movements and a vigorous campaign, was a matter of great disappointment and regret." Bailey, p. 67. Lincoln relieved McClellan of his command of the Army of the Potomac on November 7, effectively ending the general's military career. After World War II broke out in Europe, President Franklin D. Roosevelt returned Stimson, now aged 73, to his post at the head of the War Department (United States Department of War). The Democratic President chose Stimson, a Republican, in part to foster bi-partisan unity supporting the war Roosevelt saw as inevitable. Ten days before the Attack on Pearl Harbor, Stimson entered in his diary the following statement: '' Roosevelt brought up the event that we are likely to be attacked perhaps next Monday … and the question was what we should do. The question was how we should maneuver them into the position of firing the first shot without allowing too much danger to ourselves.''* Richard N. Current, "How Stimson Meant to 'Maneuver' the Japanese," ''Mississippi Valley Historical Review'' Vol. 40, No. 1 (Jun., 1953), pp. 67-74 in JSTOR During the war, Stimson directed the expansion of the military, managing the conscription and training of 13 million soldiers and airmen and the purchase and transportation to battlefields of 30% of the nation's industrial output. He worked closely with his top aides Robert P. Patterson (who succeeded Stimson as Secretary) Kieth Eiler, ''Mobilizing America: Robert P. Patterson and the War Effort'' (Cornell U.P. 1997) , Robert Lovett (who handled the Air Force), and John J. McCloy Walter Isaacson and Evan Thomas, ''The Wise Men: Six Friends and the World They Made: Acheson, Bohlen, Harriman, Kennan, Lovett, and McCloy'' (1986) . Stimson, a lawyer, insisted — against the initial wishes of both Roosevelt and Churchill (Winston Churchill) - on proper judicial proceedings against leading war criminals. He and the United States Department of War drafted the first proposals for an International Tribunal, and this soon received backing from the incoming President Truman. Stimson's plan eventually led to the Nuremberg Trials of 1945-1946 that have had a significant impact on the development of International Law. President James Monroe seriously considered Johnson for the position of Secretary of War after Henry Clay declined the office, but the post ultimately went to John C. Calhoun. Nevertheless, Johnson wielded considerable influence over defense policy as chair of the Committee on Expenditures (United States House Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments) in the Department of War (United States Department of War) during the Fifteenth Congress (15th United States Congress). In 1818, he (Calhoun) approved an expedition (Yellowstone Expedition) to build a military outpost near the present site of Bismarck, North Dakota on the Yellowstone River; he awarded the contract to his brother James. Although the Yellowstone Expedition was an ultimate failure and cost the U.S. Treasury a large portion of money, the Johnsons escaped political ill will in their home district because the venture was seen as a peacekeeping endeavor on the frontier. In 1898, based on the success of his models, Langley received a War Department (United States Department of War) grant of $50,000 and $20,000 from the Smithsonian to develop a piloted airplane, which he called an "Aerodrome (Langley Aerodrome)" (coined from Greek words roughly translated as "air runner"). Langley hired Charles M. Manly (1876–1927) as engineer and test pilot. When Langley received word from his friend Octave Chanute of the Wright brothers' success with their 1902 glider, he attempted to meet the Wrights, but they politely evaded his request. United States In the period between the Napoleonic Wars and the First World War, doctrine was defined by the War Department (United States Department of War) in "Field Service Regulations." In addition, many officers wrote military manuals that were printed by private publishers, such as Hardee's Tactics, used by both Confederate (Confederate States of America) and Union forces. General George B. McClellan wrote a cavalry manual, ''Regulations and Instructions for the Field Service of the U.S. Cavalry,'' in 1862. At the same time, the War Department (United States Department of War) announced its intentions to build several new military installations. Efforts by Frank Miller (Frank Augustus Miller), then owner of the Mission Inn in Riverside, California, Hiram Johnson and others, succeeded in gaining War Department approval to construct an airfield at Alessandro Field located near Riverside, an airstrip used by aviators from Rockwell Field on cross-country flights from San Diego. United States Army In 1940, the "Camp Beale" area consisted of grassland and rolling hills and the 19th century mining town of Spenceville. Then Marysville city (Marysville, California) officials encouraged the Department of War (United States Department of War) to establish a military facility in the area. The U.S. government purchased

books field

with the decision on maritime logistics going in favor of it being administered by the Navy. As a result Army lost almost all its big vessels. Many of the Army vessels were transferred to Navy with the transport types becoming components of the new Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS now MSC) under Navy http: www.history.navy.mil books field ch4b.htm History of United States Naval Operations: Korea - Chapter 4: Help on the Way - Part 2. Troops and Supplies ref

design work

that a lot of design work had already been done by Lieutenant John G. Rackam, mainly influenced by the dismal conditions then encountered at the battlefield in Flanders. Formation Major General Lucian Truscott, U.S. Army (United States Army), in liaison with the British General Staff, submitted proposals to General George Marshall that ''"we undertake immediately an American unit along the lines of the British Commandos"'' in 1942. A subsequent cable from

United States Department of War

The '''United States Department of War''', also called the ''War Department'' (and occasionally ''War Office'' in the early years), was the United States Cabinet department originally responsible for the operation and maintenance of the United States Army. The War Department also bore responsibility for naval affairs until the establishment of the Navy Department (United States Department of the Navy) in 1798 and for most land-based air forces until the creation of the Department of the Air Force (United States Department of the Air Force) in 1947. The Secretary of War headed the war department throughout its existence.

The War Department existed from 1789 until September 18, 1947, when it split into Department of the Army (United States Department of the Army) and Department of the Air Force (United States Department of the Air Force) and joined the Department of the Navy (United States Department of the Navy) as part of the new joint ''National Military Establishment'' (NME), renamed the United States Department of Defense in 1949.

The Secretary of War, a civilian with such responsibilities as finance and purchases and a minor role in directing military affairs, headed the War Department.

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