Uman

What is Uman known for?


world including

Jewish pilgrimage sites, mainly tombs of ''tzadikim'', throughout the Land of Israel and all over the world, including: Hebron; Bethlehem; Mt. Meron; Netivot; Uman, Ukraine; Silistra, Bulgaria; Damanhur, Egypt; and many others. See David M. Gitlitz and Linda Kay Davidson, ''Pilgrimage and the Jews'' (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2006) for history and data on several pilgrimages to both Ashkenazi and Sephardic holy sites. Youth


quot huge

-cops-sent-home-after-uman-bar-fight In September 2014, a statement issued by the association of Breslov rabbis called on women to cease visiting the gravesite because the presence of women could detract from the sacredness of prayers said by male worshippers. According to the statement the increasing presence of women has created a "huge spiritual interruption." http: www.ynetnews.com articles 0,7340,L-4574346,00.html In the 2014 pilgrimage


successful book

intellectuals…", '''Levi Yitzchok Bender''' (1897–1989) was a rabbi and leader of the Breslov (Breslov (Hasidic dynasty)) community in both Uman


main architectural

. The main architectural monuments are the catacombs of the old fortress, the Basilian monastery (1764), the city hall (1780–2), the Dormition Roman Catholic church in the Classicist style (1826), and 19th-century trading stalls. left thumb 260px Sofiyivsky Park (File:Uman-2007-08-12-04.jpg) in Uman Uman's landmark is a famous park complex, Sofiyivka (Софiївка; Polish (Poles): Zofiówka), founded in 1796 by Count Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki, a Polish noble (szlachcic), who named it for his wife Sofia. The park features a number of waterfalls and narrow, arching stone bridges crossing the streams and scenic ravines. Jewish community A large Jewish community lived in Uman in the 18th and 19th centuries. During the Second World War (Eastern Front (World War II)), in 1941, the Battle of Uman took place in the vicinity of the town, where the German army (Wehrmacht) encircled Soviet (Red Army) positions. The Germans deported the entire Jewish community, murdering some 17,000 Jews, "Uman! Uman! Rosh HaShanah! A guide to Rebbe Nachman's Rosh HaShanah in Uman". and completely destroyed the Jewish cemetery, burial place of the victims of the 1768 uprising as well as Rebbe Nachman of Breslov. (After the war, a Breslov (Breslov (Hasidic dynasty)) Hasid (Hasidic Judaism) managed to locate the Rebbe's grave and preserved it when the Soviets turned the entire area into a housing project. ) Since the 1990s there has been a small, but growing, Jewish population in Uman, concentrated around Rebbe Nachman of Breslov tomb in Pushkina street. The local Jews are mostly involved in pilgrimage of Jewish tourists that arrive to the town. Pilgrimage to Rebbe Nachman's grave left thumb 260px Tomb of Nachman of Breslov (File:Ouman3.JPG) Every Rosh Hashana, there is a major pilgrimage (Rosh Hashana kibbutz (Breslov)) by tens of thousands of Hasidim and others from around the world to the burial site of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov, located on the former site of the Jewish cemetery in a rebuilt synagogue. David M. Gitlitz & Linda Kay Davidson ''Pilgrimage and the Jews'' (Westport: CT: Praeger, 2006), 115-117. Rebbe Nachman spent the last five months of his life in Uman, Kaplan, Aryeh (1985). "Until the Mashiach: Rabbi Nachman's biography: an annotated chronology". Jerusalem New York: Breslov Research Institute. Chapter 24: Uman 5570 (1810). and specifically requested to be buried here. As believed by the Breslov Hassidim, before his death he solemnly promised to intercede on behalf of anyone who would come to pray on his grave on Rosh Hashana, "be he the worst of sinners"; thus, a pilgrimage to this grave provides the best chance of getting unscathed through the stern judgement which, according to Jewish faith, God passes on everybody on Yom Kippur. "Anyone in the world, be he the worst and most corrupt of sinners, would he come to my grave, give a penny to charity on my behalf and chant the Ten Mizmorim, then would I overturn the very Heavens on his behalf, and from the Most High of Heights would I descend to the Deepest Depths of Hell, to pull him out" (Breslov website (Hebrew) Rosh Hashana pilgrimage dates back to 1811, when the Rebbe's foremost disciple, Nathan of Breslov , organized the first such pilgrimage on the Rosh Hashana after the Rebbe's death. The annual pilgrimage attracted hundreds of Hasidim (Hasidic Judaism) from Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Poland throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, until the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 sealed the border between Russia and Poland. A handful of Soviet Hasidim continued to make the pilgrimage clandestinely; some were discovered by the KGB and exiled to Siberia, where they died.


event depicting

with extreme cruelty, according to numerous Polish sources, with one source Paul Robert Magocsi "A History of Ukraine", Univ. of Washington Press 1996, p.300 giving an estimate of 2,000 casualties. Uman's modern coat-of-arms commemorates the event depicting a "Koliy" rebel armed with a spear. With the 1793 Third Partition of Poland, Uman became part of the Russian Empire and a number of aristocratic residences


gdansk

–1660, Dănilă Apostol (Danylo Apostol), whi ruled in 1727–1734, Alexander Potcoavă, Constantin Potcoavă, Petre Lungu, Petre Cazacu, Tihon Baibuza, Samoilă Chişcă, Opară, Trofim Voloşanin, Ion Şărpilă, Timotei Sgură, Dumitru Hunu), and other high ranking Cossacks (Polkovnyks Toader Lobădă and Dumitraşcu Raicea in Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyy, Martin Puşcariu in Poltava, Burlă in Gdansk, Pavel Apostol in Mirgorod, Eremie Gânju and Dimitrie Băncescu in Uman, Varlam Buhăţel


legendary

. At Uman it led to a massacre (Massacre of Uman) of legendary proportions. Poles, Jews and Uniates were herded into their churches and synagogues and killed in cold blood. In three weeks of unbridled violence the rebels slaughtered over 2,000 people. The leaders of the uprising were Cossacks (Zaporozhian Cossacks) Maksym Zalizniak and Ivan Gonta. The latter was a Registered Cossack who changed sides and joined Zalizniak at Uman while being sent by Polish Count Franciszek Salezy

Potocki to protect it. Gonta was in fact а sotnyk (i.e. a commander of a unit of 100 sabers) of the ''Uman Regiment''. The peasant rebellion quickly gained momentum and spread over the territory from the right bank of the Dnieper River to the river Syan (San River). At Uman it led to a massacre (Massacre of Uman) of legendary proportions. Poles, Jews and Uniates were herded into their churches and synagogues and killed in cold blood. In three weeks of unbridled violence


highly critical

have the custom of going on a pilgrimage (Rosh Hashana kibbutz (Breslov)) to the tomb of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov in Uman for Rosh Hashanah. Yosef has been highly critical of this practice, and has stated, "There are here in Israel the tombs of the greatest sages in the world. Holy Tannaim, amongst whom even the least will merit being resurrected. They leave and shame these Geonim by going to Uman."


life writing

intellectuals…", '''Levi Yitzchok Bender''' (1897–1989) was a rabbi and leader of the Breslov (Breslov (Hasidic dynasty)) community in both Uman


successful

1810 PLACE OF DEATH Uman, Ukraine In 1768, led by Zaporozhian (Zaporizhzhia (region)) Cossack Maksym Zalizniak and leader of the Uman Cossack paramilitary group Ivan Gonta, the peasants were initially successful in conquering much of the Kiev (Kiev Voivodeship) and Bracław Voivodeships, as well as large chunks of Volhynia and Podolia. In captured territories the nobility, Ukrainian Catholics, Jesuits and the Jews were murdered en masse

recruits, which had been badly beaten during the Soviet retreat from Ukraine only a month earlier. Due to this, the planned offensive could not begin on all fronts at once, and the mobility of the troops was limited. On May 29, 1920, the commander of the Polish 3rd Army ordered a counterattack. Lt. Col. Stefan Dąb-Biernacki's newly formed Wasilków Group was to attack the Yakir Group before it could attack the weakened 7th Division. The assault was successful, and the group — comprising a single

in the Khmelnytsky Uprising against Polish (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) rule in Ukraine. In June 1651 he was elected colonel of troops of Bratslav and took part in the Battle of Berestechko against Polish troops led by King Jan II Casimir (John II Casimir of Poland), which the Cossacks lost. Surviving the defeat he regathered his forces and in June 1652 took part in the battle of Batih (battle of Batoh). In this instance the Cossacks were successful; the Polish commander Marcin

Uman

'''Uman''' ( , and serves as the self-governing administrative center (Capital city) of the Uman Raion (district (Raion)).

Among Ukrainians, Uman is known for its depiction of the haidamak rebellions in Taras Shevchenko's longest of poems, ''Haidamaky'' ("The Haidamaks", 1843). Magocsi, A History of Ukraine, 1996, p297 The city is also a pilgrimage site for Hasidic Jews (Hasidic Judaism) and a major center of gardening research containing the dendrological park Sofiyivka (Sofiyivsky Park) and the University of Gardening.

Uman (Humań) was a private-owned city of Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

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