Turda

What is Turda known for?


religious service

Cristea lead the religious service of commemoration and held a nationalist speech in which he drew a parallel between King Ferdinand I and Michael the Brave and commended the King for not stopping at Turda, but continuing all the way to the Tisa River. Lucian Leuştean, ''Orthodoxy and the Cold War'', Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, ISBN 9780230218017, p.39-41 The leaders of the revolt were executed at Torda (Turda), while Kolozsvár was deprived


site location

ARCHAEOLOGICAL REPERTORY OF ROMANIA. Archive Of The ''Vasile Parvan'' Institute Of Archaeology – Site Location Index url http: www.cimec.ro scripts arh rar-index sel.asp?nr 13&lang en&nrsel 0&IDRap 1432#Lk1432 accessdate September 20, 2014 The castrum established was named ''Potaissa'' too and became a municipium, then a colonia (Colonia (Roman)). Potaissa was the basecamp of the Legio V ''Macedonica'' (Legio V Macedonica) from 166 to 274. The Salina Turda


free interpretation

Unitarianism, characterised by the free interpretation of the Bible and denial of the dogma of the Trinity. Stephen Báthory (Stephen Báthory of Poland) founded a Catholic Jesuit (Society of Jesus) academy in Klausenburg in order to promote an anti-Reform movement; however, it did not have much success. For a year, in 1600–1601, Cluj became part of the personal union of Michael the Brave


radio free

20px (File:RO Roadsign 1.svg)20px (File:RO Roadsign 2.svg)20px (File:RO Roadsign 2A.svg) Oradea, Aleşd, Huedin, Cluj-Napoca, Turda, Câmpia Turzii, Luduş, Iernut, Târgu Mureş, Sighişoara, Braşov, Predeal, Azuga, Ploieşti, Otopeni, Bucharest, Urziceni, Slobozia, Hârşova, Constanţa, Agigea *Ferry Romania-Georgia (Black Sea) History Torda-Aranyos county was formed in 1876 on the territory of the Székely settlement Aranyosszék and part of the Torda region. In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the county became part of Romania. Its territory lies in the present Romanian counties Cluj (Cluj County) (the north, including Turda), Alba (Alba (county)) (the south and west) and Mureş (Mureş County) (the east). thumb 270px Ceauşescu and Mikhail Gorbachev (File:Ceausescu & Gorbachev 1985.jpg) in 1985 A major act of discontent occurred inside the party during its XIIth Congress in late November 1979, when PCR veteran Constantin Pîrvulescu spoke out against Ceauşescu's policy of discouraging discussions and relying on obedient cadres (he was subsequently heckled, evicted from the Congress hall, and isolated). Cioroianu, ''Pe umerii...'', p.487-488; Frunză, p.486-489 In 1983, Radu Filipescu, an engineer working in Bucharest, was imprisoned after distributing 20,000 leaflets which called for a popular rally against the regime, Deletant & Ionescu, p.38; Frunză, p.525-525 while a protests of miners in Maramureş County against wage cuts was broken up by Securitate forces; three years layer strike organized by Romanian and Hungarian industrial workers in Turda and Cluj-Napoca met with the same result. Deletant & Ionescu, p.35 Also in 1983, fearing the multiplication of ''samizdat'' documents, Minister of the Interior (List of Romanian Ministers of the Interior) George Homoştean ordered all citizens to hand down their typewriters to the authorities. Cioroianu, ''Pe umerii...'', p.479; Deletant & Ionescu, p.42-43 This coincided with a noted popular rise in support for outspoken dissidents who were kept under house arrest, among whom were Doina Cornea and Mihai Botez. Deletant & Ionescu, p.37-39 On May 28, 1919, the King and government of Romania went to the grave of Michael the Brave in Câmpia Turzii and Bishop Cristea lead the religious service of commemoration and held a nationalist speech in which he drew a parallel between King Ferdinand I and Michael the Brave and commended the King for not stopping at Turda, but continuing all the way to the Tisa River. Lucian Leuştean, ''Orthodoxy and the Cold War'', Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, ISBN 9780230218017, p.39-41 The leaders of the revolt were executed at Torda (Turda), while Kolozsvár was deprived of its urban privileges and its inhabitants declared peasants. On 2 February the alliance set out by the Union of Kápolna was renewed and would later become the Union of Three Nations. counties B (Municipality of Bucharest), IF (Ilfov County), PH (Prahova County), BV (Braşov County), SB (Sibiu County), AB (Alba County), CJ (Cluj County), BH (Bihor County) cities Bucharest, Ploieşti, Braşov, Făgăraş, Sibiu, Sebeş, Alba Iulia, Aiud, Turda, Cluj-Napoca, Oradea, Borş previous_type district1 city Turda, Câmpia Turzii city1 The towns of Câmpeni, Baia de Arieș, Turda, and Câmpia Turzii lie on the river Arieş. The upper valley of the river, Țara Moților, is a beautiful rustic region and an important mining region (Roșia Montană), rich in gold, silver and uranium. Those mines of Apuseni Mountains (also known as "Metaliferi") were exploited since Dacian reign, and later on they attracted the Roman invasion. Towns and villages The following towns and villages are situated along the river Arieş, from source to mouth: Mihoești (Mihoești, Alba), Gura Sohodol (Gura Sohodol, Alba), '''Câmpeni''', Boncești (Boncești, Alba), Lunca Merilor (Lunca Merilor, Alba), Bistra (Bistra, Alba), Gârde (Gârde, Alba), Lunca Largă (Lunca Largă (Bistra), Alba), Pițiga (Pițiga, Alba), Lupșa, Hădărău (Hădărău, Alba), Lunca (Lunca (Lupșa), Alba), Valea Lupșii (Valea Lupșii, Alba), Valea Șesii (Valea Șesii (Lupșa), Alba), Muncelu (Muncelu, Alba), '''Baia de Arieș''', Sartăș, Brăzești (Brăzești, Alba), Sălciua de Jos (Sălciua), Poșaga de Jos (Poșaga), Lunca (Lunca (Poșaga), Alba), Vidolm (Vidolm, Alba), Lungești (Lungești, Cluj), Buru (Buru, Cluj), Moldovenești, Cornești (Cornești (Mihai Viteazu), Cluj), Cheia (Cheia, Cluj), Mihai Viteazu (Mihai Viteazu, Cluj), '''Turda''', '''Câmpia Turzii''', Luna (Luna, Cluj), Luncani (Luncani, Cluj), Hădăreni (Hădăreni, Mureş), Gligorești (Gligorești, Cluj) '''CJ''' '''Cluj-Napoca''' Turda Dej Câmpia Turzii Gherla 1925 1968 1968 1968 1998 2000 In northwestern Romania (Nord-Vest (development region)), the counties of Bihor (Bihor County) and Cluj (Cluj County) were also affected, although on a smaller scale than Harghita. In Cluj county, over 100 houses were flooded, with the flooding centred around the town of Turda. Railway lines in the county were also closed. The localities of Popeşti (Popeşti, Bihor), Suplacu de Barcău and Valea lui Mihai were affected in Bihor county. In 1558 the Transylvanian Diet (Diet (assembly)) of Turda declared free practice of both the Catholic (Roman Catholic Church) and Lutheran (Lutheranism) religions, but prohibited Calvinism. Ten years later, in 1568, the Diet extended this freedom, declaring that "It is not allowed to anybody to intimidate anybody with captivity or expelling


significant resistance

rebelled against his lord, hired Magyar (Hungarian people) troops to help him, and with their aid he won his independence. This is the first time when Magyar expedition troops entered the Carpathians Basin. After a devastating Bulgar and Pecheneg attack the Magyar tribes crossed the Carpathians and occupied the entire basin without significant resistance. According to the prime Gesta Ungarorum from the 11th century they entered Transylvania first, where Prince Almos was killed: "Almus


religion

privileges to the settlement. These privileges were later confirmed by the Angevins of Hungary (Louis I of Hungary). The Hungarian Diet was held here in 1467, by Matthias Corvinus. Later, in the 16th century, Turda was often the residence of the Transylvanian Diet (Diet (assembly)), too. The 1558 Diet of Turda declared free practice of both the Catholic and Lutheran (Lutheranism) religions. In 1563 the Diet also accepted the Calvinist religion

, and in 1568 it extended freedom to all religions, declaring that "It is not allowed to anybody to intimidate anybody with captivity or expelling for his religion" – a freedom unusual in medieval Europe. This Edict of Turda is the first attempt at legislating general religious freedom in Christian Europe (though its legal effectiveness was limited). In 1609 Gabriel Báthori granted new privileges to Turda. These were confirmed later by Gabriel Bethlen. In the battle

of Transylvania . His Edict of Turda was the first decree of religious freedom (freedom of religion) in the modern history of Europe (1568). In the subsequent period, Transylvania was ruled by mostly Calvinist (Calvinism) Hungarian princes (until the end of the 17th century), and Protestantism flourished in the region. Image:Campidoglio - il miliarium.JPG Rome, Campidoglio: the Miliarium (milestone), point of departure of the consular roads by Lalupa Image:Milliarum_of_Aiton


centuries including

centuries, including examples from Kibéd (Chibed), Csejd (Cotuş), Makfalva (Ghindari), Szokolma, Marosvásárhely (Târgu Mureş), Csíkrákos (Racu), Mezőkeresztes, Nagybánya (Baia Mare), Torda (Turda), Felsőszemeréd Kecskemét and Kiskunhalas. The 11th-century settlements in Transylvania are characterized by small huts (Hut (dwelling)) with ceramic assemblages marked by clay cauldrons.<


history ancient

"Comuna primitivă" at the Turda City Hall site; accessed March 21, 2013 The Dacians established a town that Ptolemy in his ''Geography'' (Geography (Ptolemy)) calls ''Patreuissa


Religion

privileges to the settlement. These privileges were later confirmed by the Angevins of Hungary (Louis I of Hungary). The Hungarian Diet was held here in 1467, by Matthias Corvinus. Later, in the 16th century, Turda was often the residence of the Transylvanian Diet (Diet (assembly)), too. The 1558 Diet of Turda declared free practice of both the Catholic and Lutheran (Lutheranism) religions. In 1563 the Diet also accepted the Calvinist religion

, and in 1568 it extended freedom to all religions, declaring that "It is not allowed to anybody to intimidate anybody with captivity or expelling for his religion"&nbsp;– a freedom unusual in medieval Europe. This Edict of Turda is the first attempt at legislating general religious freedom in Christian Europe (though its legal effectiveness was limited). In 1609 Gabriel Báthori granted new privileges to Turda. These were confirmed later by Gabriel Bethlen. In the battle

of Transylvania . His Edict of Turda was the first decree of religious freedom (freedom of religion) in the modern history of Europe (1568). In the subsequent period, Transylvania was ruled by mostly Calvinist (Calvinism) Hungarian princes (until the end of the 17th century), and Protestantism flourished in the region. Image:Campidoglio - il miliarium.JPG Rome, Campidoglio: the Miliarium (milestone), point of departure of the consular roads by Lalupa Image:Milliarum_of_Aiton


romania

RO subdivision_type Country subdivision_name pushpin_map Romania pushpin_label_position none pushpin_map_caption Location on Romania map pushpin_mapsize

coordonate latd 46 latm 32 lats 00 latNS N longd 23 longm 52 longs 00 longEW E image_shield Turda, Cluj COA.png settlement_type Municipality leader_title Mayor leader_name Tudor Ștefănie leader_party Democratic Party (Democratic Party (Romania)) area_total_km2 91.43 population_as_of

EEST (Eastern European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +3 website http: www.primturda.ro '''Turda''' ( File:Milliarum of Aiton, modern copy

Turda

'''Turda''' ( ; historical name: '''Potaissa''') is a city and Municipality (Municipality in Romania) in Cluj County, Romania, situated on the Arieş River (Arieş River (Mureş)).

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017