Turda

What is Turda known for?


free interpretation

Unitarianism, characterised by the free interpretation of the Bible and denial of the dogma of the Trinity. Stephen Báthory (Stephen Báthory of Poland) founded a Catholic Jesuit (Society of Jesus) academy in Klausenburg in order to promote an anti-Reform movement; however, it did not have much success. For a year, in 1600–1601, Cluj became part of the personal union of Michael the Brave


Religion

privileges to the settlement. These privileges were later confirmed by the Angevins of Hungary (Louis I of Hungary). The Hungarian Diet was held here in 1467, by Matthias Corvinus. Later, in the 16th century, Turda was often the residence of the Transylvanian Diet (Diet (assembly)), too. The 1558 Diet of Turda declared free practice of both the Catholic and Lutheran (Lutheranism) religions. In 1563 the Diet also accepted the Calvinist religion

, and in 1568 it extended freedom to all religions, declaring that "It is not allowed to anybody to intimidate anybody with captivity or expelling for his religion" – a freedom unusual in medieval Europe. This Edict of Turda is the first attempt at legislating general religious freedom in Christian Europe (though its legal effectiveness was limited). In 1609 Gabriel Báthori granted new privileges to Turda. These were confirmed later by Gabriel Bethlen. In the battle

of Transylvania . His Edict of Turda was the first decree of religious freedom (freedom of religion) in the modern history of Europe (1568). In the subsequent period, Transylvania was ruled by mostly Calvinist (Calvinism) Hungarian princes (until the end of the 17th century), and Protestantism flourished in the region. Image:Campidoglio - il miliarium.JPG Rome, Campidoglio: the Miliarium (milestone), point of departure of the consular roads by Lalupa Image:Milliarum_of_Aiton


religious service

Cristea lead the religious service of commemoration and held a nationalist speech in which he drew a parallel between King Ferdinand I and Michael the Brave and commended the King for not stopping at Turda, but continuing all the way to the Tisa River. Lucian Leuştean, ''Orthodoxy and the Cold War'', Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, ISBN 9780230218017, p.39-41 The leaders of the revolt were executed at Torda (Turda), while Kolozsvár was deprived


significant resistance

rebelled against his lord, hired Magyar (Hungarian people) troops to help him, and with their aid he won his independence. This is the first time when Magyar expedition troops entered the Carpathians Basin. After a devastating Bulgar and Pecheneg attack the Magyar tribes crossed the Carpathians and occupied the entire basin without significant resistance. According to the prime Gesta Ungarorum from the 11th century they entered Transylvania first, where Prince Almos was killed: "Almus


Religion

privileges to the settlement. These privileges were later confirmed by the Angevins of Hungary (Louis I of Hungary). The Hungarian Diet was held here in 1467, by Matthias Corvinus. Later, in the 16th century, Turda was often the residence of the Transylvanian Diet (Diet (assembly)), too. The 1558 Diet of Turda declared free practice of both the Catholic and Lutheran (Lutheranism) religions. In 1563 the Diet also accepted the Calvinist religion

, and in 1568 it extended freedom to all religions, declaring that "It is not allowed to anybody to intimidate anybody with captivity or expelling for his religion" – a freedom unusual in medieval Europe. This Edict of Turda is the first attempt at legislating general religious freedom in Christian Europe (though its legal effectiveness was limited). In 1609 Gabriel Báthori granted new privileges to Turda. These were confirmed later by Gabriel Bethlen. In the battle

of Transylvania . His Edict of Turda was the first decree of religious freedom (freedom of religion) in the modern history of Europe (1568). In the subsequent period, Transylvania was ruled by mostly Calvinist (Calvinism) Hungarian princes (until the end of the 17th century), and Protestantism flourished in the region. Image:Campidoglio - il miliarium.JPG Rome, Campidoglio: the Miliarium (milestone), point of departure of the consular roads by Lalupa Image:Milliarum_of_Aiton


history ancient

"Comuna primitivă" at the Turda City Hall site; accessed March 21, 2013 The Dacians established a town that Ptolemy in his ''Geography'' (Geography (Ptolemy)) calls ''Patreuissa


largest battle

and Hungarian (Hungarian Army) forces on one side and Soviet (Soviet Army) and Romanian (Romanian Army) forces on the other. It was the largest battle fought in Transylvania during World War II. Climate Turda has a continental climate, characterised by warm dry summers and cold winters. The climate is influenced by the city's proximity to the Apuseni Mountains, as well as by urbanisation. Some West-Atlantic influences are present during winter and autumn. Winter temperatures are often


romania

RO subdivision_type Country subdivision_name pushpin_map Romania pushpin_label_position none pushpin_map_caption Location on Romania map pushpin_mapsize

coordonate latd 46 latm 32 lats 00 latNS N longd 23 longm 52 longs 00 longEW E image_shield Turda, Cluj COA.png settlement_type Municipality leader_title Mayor leader_name Tudor Ștefănie leader_party Democratic Party (Democratic Party (Romania)) area_total_km2 91.43 population_as_of

EEST (Eastern European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +3 website http: www.primturda.ro '''Turda''' ( File:Milliarum of Aiton, modern copy


outspoken

citizens to hand down their typewriters to the authorities. Cioroianu, ''Pe umerii...'', p.479; Deletant & Ionescu, p.42-43 This coincided with a noted popular rise in support for outspoken dissidents who were kept under house arrest, among whom were Doina Cornea and Mihai Botez. Deletant & Ionescu, p.37-39 On May 28, 1919, the King and government of Romania went to the grave of Michael the Brave in Câmpia Turzii and Bishop


site location

ARCHAEOLOGICAL REPERTORY OF ROMANIA. Archive Of The ''Vasile Parvan'' Institute Of Archaeology – Site Location Index url http: www.cimec.ro scripts arh rar-index sel.asp?nr 13&lang en&nrsel 0&IDRap 1432#Lk1432 accessdate September 20, 2014 The castrum established was named ''Potaissa'' too and became a municipium, then a colonia (Colonia (Roman)). Potaissa was the basecamp of the Legio V ''Macedonica'' (Legio V Macedonica) from 166 to 274. The Salina Turda

Turda

'''Turda''' ( ; historical name: '''Potaissa''') is a city and Municipality (Municipality in Romania) in Cluj County, Romania, situated on the Arieş River (Arieş River (Mureş)).

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