Tula, Russia

What is Tula, Russia known for?


military industry

Bock , for them to try their luck on the battlefield rather than just sit and wait while their opponent gathered more strength. thumb 2 rubles, 2000 (Image:Tula-Coin.jpg) Tula (Tula, Russia), a historical Russian city with important military industry South of Moscow, became the target of a German offensive to break Soviet resistance in the Moscow area between 24 October and 5 December 1941. The heavily fortified city held out, however, and secured the Southern flank during the Soviet defence of Moscow and the subsequent counter-offensive. Tula was awarded the title Hero City in 1976. * Lieutenant Ivan Chisov of the Soviet Air Force miraculously survives a fall from 22,000 feet (6,706 meters) without a parachute after departing a heavily damaged Ilyushin Il-4 twin-engined medium bomber. After achieving a terminal velocity of about 150 mph (242 kph), he is decelerated when he hits the lip of a snow-covered ravine, sliding down with decreasing speed until he stops at the bottom, suffering a broken pelvis and severe spinal injuries. * The Soviet Union parachutes 2,000 troops behind German lines at Medyn, near Tula (Tula, Russia), in support of Soviet Army offensive operations. Hardesty, Von, ''Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941-1945'', Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1982, ISBN 0-87474-510-1, p. 76. * January 4–7 – Soviet Air Force aircraft attack forward ''Luftwaffe'' airfields at Rzhev and Velikiye Luki while German transport aircraft (Military transport aircraft) are using them to resupply German ground units. The Soviets claim nine Junkers Ju 52s destroyed on the ground and one Dornier Do 217 shot down in aerial combat. Hardesty, Von, ''Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941-1945'', Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1982, ISBN 0-87474-510-1, pp. 78-79. According to a legend, in 1787, when Catherine passed through Tula (Tula, Russia) on her way back from the trip, the local governor, Mikhail Krechetnikov, indeed attempted a deception of that kind in order to hide the effects of a bad harvest. page 118, accessed: 14 November 2008 ** Transliteration: V Tulu so svoim samovarom (ne yezdyat). ** Translation: (Do not come) to Tula (w:Tula, Russia) with your own samovar (w:Samovar). ** Swedish equivalent: Do not cross the brook for water.


powerful international

, he took 4th in the 13th Belarusian championship (Belarusian Chess Championship). Later that year, he made his first high-level appearance at the Mikhail Chigorin Memorial, Moscow 1947, scoring 5.5 15 against a powerful international field. In 1948, Kholmov won the next BLR-ch in 1948, unbeaten, with 11.5 13. In the 16th century the border of the ''Wild Steppes'' was near the city of Ryazan, near the Oka River, a tributary of the Volga, and close to the Yelets river, a tributary of the Don (Don River (Russia)) river, near Sosna. The main path to Moscow was the Muravsky Trail, going from the Crimean Isthmus of Perekop up to Tula (Tula, Russia) between the basins of the Dnieper (Dnieper River) and Severskiy Donets rivers. Penetrating for about 100–200 kilometers into Russian territory, the Tatars would turn back only after extensive looting and kidnapping. Captives were sent to the Crimean city of Caffa (Feodosiya) to be sold. Muromtsev was a Russian nobleman from Tula (Tula, Russia) and a Professor of Roman Law at Moscow University. In 1893, he and his wife Marya built the Muromtsev Dacha in Moscow. In the late 19th century, he was among the creators of the Constitutional Democratic Party, better known as the KD or Cadet (Constitutional Democratic Party) party, of which he was chairman for several years. In April 1906, he was elected as a representative for Moscow in the First Duma, of which he was then elected chairman (or president) on May 10. He tried to maintain some degree of order and dignity in this difficult assembly, which is often known as the "Duma of the Public Anger". The '''PP-90''' is a Russian 9 mm (9 mm caliber) folding submachine gun, developed by the KBP Instrument Design Bureau in Tula (Tula, Russia) for use with special units of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD). It is designed for close quarters combat (Close Quarters Battle), particularly engagements that require the weapon deployed rapidly in unusual circumstances. Woźniak, Ryszard. Encyklopedia najnowszej broni palnej - tom 3 M-P. Bellona. 2001. pp271. Today, Baltika is the largest Fast-moving consumer goods producer in Russia and has production facilities in 10 Russian cities (Saint Petersburg, Yaroslavl, Tula (Tula, Russia), Voronezh, Rostov-on-Don, Samara (Samara, Russia), Chelyabinsk, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, and Khabarovsk). In 2008 Baltika acquired its first foreign brewery, in Azerbaijan. Baltika’s breweries are capable of producing 52 million litres of beer monthly. '''Valery Alexeyevich Legasov''' ( page 118, accessed: 14 November 2008 ** Transliteration: V Tulu so svoim samovarom (ne yezdyat). ** Translation: (Do not come) to Tula (w:Tula, Russia) with your own samovar (w:Samovar). ** Swedish equivalent: Do not cross the brook for water.


education taking

received little formal education; taking lessons from governesses and visiting tutors, they attended schools sporadically in whatever city (Saratov, Tula (Tula, Russia), Kiev, etc.) the family happened to stay for more or less substantial period of time. ref


large working

samovar'' being the brand mark of the city. By the 19th century samovars were already a common feature of the Russian tea culture. They were produced in large numbers and exported into Central Asia and other regions. birth_date Early life Kotov was born in Tula (Tula, Russia) which was part of the Russian Empire to a large working class


manufacturing culture

in OKATO. Mayors *Sergey Kazakov (1997–2005) *Vladimir Mogilnikov (2005–2010) *Alisa Tolkachyova (2010–2011) *Yevgeny Avilov (2011–Present) Economy For more than four centuries Tula has been known as a center of crafts and metalworking. Tula is a developed industrial center. Importance in the industrial structure of Tula are metallurgy, machinery and metal with a high share of the military-industrial complex (Defense industry of Russia) and food manufacturing. Culture


leningrad leningrad

was redesignated the Steppe Front on July 9, 1943. It incorporated forces from the Soviet rear areas to the West of Kursk salient (Salients, re-entrants and pockets) along the line Tula (Tula, Russia)-Yelets-Stary Oskol-Rossosh (Тула-Елец-Старый Оскол-Россошь). It included units pulled out of the battles of Stalingrad (Battle of Stalingrad) and Leningrad (Siege of Leningrad) and others. Under the command of Colonel General Ivan Konev from July to October 1943


extensive natural

plants in the early the 1960s. However, Soviet activities subsequently declined due to the discovery of extensive natural gas resources. In 1964, the Soviet program was downgraded. '''Marianne von Werefkin''' (Russian (Russian language) ''Мариамна'' ''Марианна


good news

of the Kremlin (Moscow Kremlin) when it reached the last tramstop of the Moscow line at Khimki. Meanwhile, the 2nd Panzer Army, despite its best efforts, failed to take Tula (Tula, Russia), the last Soviet city that stood in its way of the capital. After a meeting held


news people

for the 7.62x39mm (7.62×39mm) round. Soviet Born in Moscow, Kazhdan was educated at the Pedagogical Institute of Ufa and the University of Moscow, where he studied with the historian of medieval (Middle Age) England, Evgenii Kosminskii. Bryer, Anthony. "PKFHSPKFHS news people obituary-alexander-kazhdan-1254232.html Obituary: Alexander Kazhdan." ''The Independent''. 5 June 1997. Retrieved August 28, 2010


experimental high

chief Vladimir Zagorsky was speaking to students. Twelve people, including Zagorsky, were killed and buried in a mass grave on Red Square. Another unusual incident was a railway crash of July 24, 1921. The ''aerowagon'', an experimental high-speed railcar fitted with an aero engine and propeller traction, was not yet tested properly. On the day of the crash it successfully delivered a group of Soviet and foreign communists led by Fyodor Sergeyev to the Tula, Russia Tula

Tula, Russia

'''Tula''' (

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