Trogir

What is Trogir known for?


numerous buildings

, surrounded by walls, comprises a preserved castle and tower and a series of dwellings and palaces from the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods. Trogir's grandest building is the church of St. Lawrence, whose main west portal is a masterpiece by Radovan (Radovan (master)), and the most significant work of the Romanesque-Gothic style in Croatia. The most important sites include: * Historical city core, with about 10 churches and numerous buildings from 13th century


century white

'' of the House of Vlastimirović flee and seek shelter in Tomislav's Realm. thumb 230px right Border area Duklja and Travunija in the Bay of Kotor and churches from the ninth (red) and X-XI century (white) (Image: Boka Kotorska zupe u srednjem vijeku.jpg ‎)In the 990s, Bulgarian Tsar Samuel made client states out of most of the Balkans, including Duklja and Zahumlje. ''The early medieval Balkans'', p. 274 In 998, Samuel launched a major campaign against Jovan Vladimir to prevent a Byzantine-Serbian alliance. When his troops reached Duklja, Vladimir withdrew to the mountains, Samuel left part of the army at the foot of the mountains and led the remaining soldiers to besiege the coastal fortress of Ulcinj. In an effort to prevent bloodshed, he asked Jovan Vladimir to surrender, but Jovan refused, some Serb nobles offered their services to the Bulgarians and, when it became clear that further resistance was fruitless, the Serbs surrendered. Jovan Vladimir was exiled to Samuel's palaces in Prespa. Šišić, p. 331. The Bulgarian troops proceeded to pass through Dalmatia, taking control of Kotor and journeying to Dubrovnik. Although they failed to take Dubrovnik, they devastated the surrounding villages. The Bulgarian army then attacked Croatia in support of the rebel princes Krešimir III (Krešimir III of Croatia) and Gojslav (Gojslav of Croatia) and advanced northwest as far as Split (Split (city)), Trogir and Zadar, then northeast through Bosnia (Bosnia (region)) and Raška (Raška (region)) and returned to Bulgaria. The Croato-Bulgarian War (Croato-Bulgarian Wars) allowed Samuel to install vassal monarchs in Croatia. Split-Trogir conflict In retaliation, Ninoslav punished the Pope's supporters throughout Bosnia after he restored control. His cousin, Prijezda, fled to Hungary. Ninoslav also intervened in the civil war in Croatia between the loyalist city of Trogir and rebelling Split (Split (city)) as he was looking to gain more of Split's possessions. He sided with Split which rebelled against King Bela IV and elected Ninoslav as its new Prince. The Split assault on the City of Trogir failed, but the City's surroundings were devastated. In 1244, King Bela sent one of his two armies on Bosnia against Ninoslav. Ninoslav lost Split, as the Hungarian Army, under Slavonia's Ban Dionisus, together with the forces of Trogir took the city in the summer of 1244. A peace treaty was signed on July 19, 1244. The amnesty itself excluded Split's allies, presented by Ninoslav. The other army was led by King Bela and breached to the city of Glaško in Bosnia. Bosnia was not harmed itself by the King's military campaign and a peace was signed on 20 July 1244 with Ban Ninoslav and his brothers and nobility, that confirmed the rights and lands of the Bosnian Church. Bela's negotiations lasted in Glaško from 15th to 21 July. Matej Ninoslav had to only nominally recognize Hungarian rule and kept his possessions abroad, in Slavonia. He also had to grant numerous lands in Bosnia itself, recognizing and keeping the organization and infrastructure of the Catholic Church. * since 1994 with Alem Katema (Ethiopia) * since 2009 with Trogir (Croatia) An attempt was made to hold off the main Mongol army at the Danube, which was mostly successful from April 1241 until January 1242. In an unusually cold winter, the river froze over, and after a number of close battles, the Mongols managed to cross. The royal family escaped to Austria to seek help from their ally Duke Frederick, but instead he arrested them and extorted an enormous ransom in gold and forced the king to cede three western counties to Austria. It was at this point that the King and some of his retinue fled south-west, through Hungarian-controlled territory, to the Adriatic (Adriatic Sea) coast and the castle of Trogir, where they stayed until the Mongols retreated. While the king kept himself apprised of the situation in the rest of the country, he made numerous attempts to contact other rulers of Europe, including the pope (Pope Innocent IV), the Holy Roman Emperor (Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor), and the King of France (Louis IX of France), but none seemed interested, and all seemed to have the same profound misunderstanding of the threat posed by the Mongol armies, which stood by this time within a week's ride from the borders of France. The Mongols appointed a darughachi in Hungary and minted coins in the name of Khagan. Michael Prawdin (1940) ''The Mongol Empire''. London: Allen & Unwin (reissued by Transaction, New Brunswick, NJ, 2006 ISBN 1412805198); p. 268 According to Michael Prawdin, the country of Bela was assigned to Orda by Batu as an appanage. Geography Čiovo is located in central Dalmatia, protecting the city of Trogir and Kaštela gulf. On its SE (Ordinal directions) part it is only two km distant from the cape (Headland) Marjan (Marjan, Croatia), on its northern part it is connected to the mainland with a small bascule bridge in the old centre of Trogir, and actually Trogir spread itself onto the island. Besides the portion of Trogir, on the island there are several villages: Arbanija, Žedno, Okrug Gornji, Okrug Donji, Slatine and Prizidnica. Geography Čiovo is located in central Dalmatia, protecting the city of Trogir and Kaštela gulf. On its SE (Ordinal directions) part it is only two km distant from the cape (Headland) Marjan (Marjan, Croatia), on its northern part it is connected to the mainland with a small bascule bridge in the old centre of Trogir, and actually Trogir spread itself onto the island. Besides the portion of Trogir, on the island there are several villages: Arbanija, Žedno, Okrug Gornji, Okrug Donji, Slatine and Prizidnica. thumb 210px Qadan's siege of Olmuc. (File:Zelnahora.jpg) During the winter of 1241-1242, Kadan sacked Buda on the way to Győr. While besieging Italian mercenaries defending Székesfehérvár, Kadan was forced to withdraw his troops after an early thaw flooded the land around the town. The Mongol prince was then sent south with one tumen to search for Béla in Croatia. Kadan first sought the Hungarian king at Zagreb, which he sacked, and then pursued him into Dalmatia. While Béla hid at Trogir, Mongols under the leadership of Kadan, in March 1242 at Klis Fortress in Croatia, experienced their first European military failure, while in pursuit for the head of Béla IV of Hungary. Prošlost Klisa Wikipedia:Trogir Dmoz:Regional Europe Croatia Localities Trogir Commons:Category:Trogir


historical period

significant work of the Romanesque-Gothic style in Croatia. Notable attractions include the Fortress Kamerlengo (Kamerlengo Castle) and the Cathedral of St. Lawrence, Trogir. The name of the town has been changing depending on the historical period, being Clodia, Cluza, Clugia, Chiozza and Chioggia. History of Chioggia The most ancient documents naming Chioggia dates from the 6th century AD, when it was part of the Byzantine Empire


unique work

* The city gate (17th century) and city walls (15th century) * The Fortress Kamerlengo (Kamerlengo Castle) (15th century) * The Duke's Palace (13th century) * The Cathedral (Cathedral of St. Lawrence, Trogir) (13th century) with the Portal of Master Radovan (Radovan (master)), the unique work of this Croatian artist * The big and small palaces Cipiko from the 15th century * The city loggia from 15th century Economy Tourism is the most important economic factor in the Trogir region, covering 50% of the municipal budget with more than 20,000 beds in hotels and private apartments. There is also a strong fishing and agriculture tradition among the population in surrounding areas. The most important industry is shipbuilding, with shipyard "Trogir" established at the beginning of the 20th century. The shipyard has a capacity of two ships of 55,000 tons. Between 1990 and 2004, 93 ships were built in the shipyard. Infrastructure Trogir lies six kilometers (4 miles) from Split Airport, and a regular bus connects Trogir with the airport and Split (Split (city)). In the future, the Split Suburban Railway will be lengthened towards the airport and Trogir. Water supply to Trogir is sourced from the Jadro River, the source that once supplied the ancient Diocletian's Palace. C.Michael Hogan, "Diocletian's Palace", The Megalithic Portal, A. Burnham ed, Oct 6, 2007 Sport in Trogir *HNK Trogir - football *NK Trogir 1912 - football *KK Trogir - basketball *ŽRK Trogir - women's handball Notable people from Trogir * Johannes Lucius, historian * Giovanni Dalmata, sculptor * Antonio Lubin, writer and dantist. * Petar Berislavić, Croatian ban * Radovan (Radovan (master)), sculptor and architect * Mila Schön, fashion designer, true name Maria Carmen Nutrizio * Vinko Coce, singer and songwriter Trivia Trogir notably featured in two 2010 episodes of the British TV series ''Doctor Who''. Due to its specific architecture, it served as a double for C16th Venice in ''The Vampires of Venice'', and as a double for C19th Provence in ''Vincent and the Doctor''. Views center 1000px alt Waterfront panorama yachts at Trogir Panorama of Trogir harbour border frameless (File:Panorama de la ville de Trogir.jpg) - center 1000px Trogir panorama from NW mountain belveder border frameless (File:Trogir-panorama-from-NW-mountain 2014-09-26.jpg) Climate Climate in this area has mild dfferences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb (Köppen climate classification#GROUP C: Mild Temperate mesothermal climates)" (Marine West Coast Climate Oceanic climate). Climate Summary for Trogir Climate in this area has mild dfferences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb (Köppen climate classification#GROUP C: Mild Temperate mesothermal climates)" (Marine West Coast Climate Oceanic climate). Wikipedia:Trogir Dmoz:Regional Europe Croatia Localities Trogir Commons:Category:Trogir


period ancient

"Center" 1971 Split (Split (city)) - Trogir - Seget Donji - Drvenik Mali - Drvenik Veli - The World Heritage Site of the city of Trogir contains a mixture of influence from the Hellenistic period, Romans (Ancient Rome), and Venetians (Republic of Venice) with its Greek architecture, Romanesque (Romanesque architecture) churches, Renaissance and Baroque buildings. UNESCO: Historic City


fine public

to the Hellenistic period and it was embellished by successive rulers with many fine public and domestic buildings and fortifications. Its beautiful Romanesque (Romanesque architecture) churches are complemented by the outstanding Renaissance and Baroque buildings from the Venetian period", says the UNESCO report. Trogir is the best-preserved Romanesque-Gothic (Gothic architecture) complex not only in the Adriatic, but in all of Central Europe. Trogir's medieval core


original buildings

, that influence diminished and there was a certain simplification and alteration of inherited forms; original buildings even appeared. Dalmatian speakers lived in the coastal towns: Zadar, Trogira, Spalato (Split (Split (city))), Ragusa (Dubrovnik), and Kotor (''Jadera, Tragur, Spalatro, Raugia'' and ''Cattaro''), each of these cities having a local dialect, and on the islands of Krk, Cres and Rab (''Vikla, Crepsa'' and ''Arba''). In the second year following his

was most dense, and there were the largest number of monuments. Gradually that influence was neglected and certain simplifications, alteration of inherited forms and even creation of original buildings appeared. The largest and most complicated central-based church from the 9th century is the church of St Donatus (Saint Donatus of Zadar) in Zadar. From those times, for size and beauty we can only compare it with the chapel of Charlemagne in Aachen. The altar enclosure and windows of those churches were highly decorated with a transparent shallow string-like ornament (Ornament (architecture)) that is called '''Croatian pleter''' (meaning to weave) because the strings were threaded and rethreaded through themselves. Sometimes the engravings in early Croatian script-–Glagolitic appear. Soon, the Glagolitic writings were replaced with Latin ones on altar boundaries and architraves of old-Croatian churches. thumb 200px right Ivan Duknović, ''Putto bearing the Cippico shield and torch'', circa 1480. Trogir City Museum (File:Ivan Duknović, Putto bearing the Cippico shield and torch.jpg) '''Giovanni Dalmata''' (c. 1440 – c. 1514), born '''Ivan Duknović''' and also known as ''Giovanni Duknovich di Traù'' and ''Ioannes Stephani Duknovich de Tragurio'', was a sculptor (sculpture) from Trogir, Dalmatia who was mainly active in Rome, Hungary and in Dalmatia. Giovanni Dalmata was, with Mino da Fiesole and Andrea Bregno, the leading sculptor in Rome in the second half of the 15th century. During the reign of Dmitar Zvonimir (1075–1089), the mythical golden age of the Kingdom of Croatia (Kingdom of Croatia (medieval)), the highest court offices of ''postelnik'' (''comes camerarius'') and ''tepizo'' (''comes palatinus'') were held by ''Budez'' and ''Dominicus'', both of the lineage. During the 13th and 14th centuries Brebers were many times called to cover the post of count in the townships of Split (Split (city)), Trogir, Skradin and Omiš. In the documents, it is possible to identify six different branches of the Breber clan. The most illustrious of which is the one descended from ''iupanus Miroslaus Brebriensis, filius Bogdanizi'' (1184). His great-grandson Paul, mentioned above, reached the peak of power towards the end of the 13th century. He was Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia, his rule extended to Bosnia (Bosnia (region)), and with his brothers he controlled the maritime cities of Dalmatia. In these regions he was champion of the Pope and was instrumental in placing Charles, the firstborn of the King of Naples, on the throne of Hungary and Croatia (Kingdom of Hungary). He was related to the King of Naples (Kingdom of Naples), the King of Serbia, the Da Camino lords of Treviso, and the Tiepolo (Tiepolo (disambiguation)) and Dandolo patricians of Venice. When he died in 1312, his eldest son Mladen tried to maintain the hold over the other Croatian clans, but was unsuccessful and bit by bit lost land, castles and towns. The situation in Dalmatia had been settled in 1408 by a truce with King Sigismund of Hungary but the difficulties of Hungary finally granted to the Republic the consolidation of its Adriatic dominions. At the expiration of the truce, Venice immediately invaded the Patriarchate of Aquileia (Patriarchate of Aquileia (State)), and subjected Traù (Trogir), Spalato (Split (city)), Durazzo (Durrës) and other Dalmatian cities. The city covers an area of Wikipedia:Trogir Dmoz:Regional Europe Croatia Localities Trogir Commons:Category:Trogir


doge

- * Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina (1972) In 998 Zadar sought Venetian protection against the Neretvian pirates (Neretvians). Britannica 1911: Zara The Venetians were quick to fully exploit this opportunity: in 998 a fleet commanded by Doge of Venice Doge

, Trogir and Split (Split (city)). He also delegated much of his authority to his powerful governors (bans (Ban (title))). He also invested considerable effort integrating the Latin minority with the Croatian majority. In Trogir under Venetian control, there was a meeting between Doge Pietro Orseolo II and Krešimir III, in which his son Stephen was to be taken hostage and marry the Doge's daughter, Joscella (Hicela) Orseolo, http


vampires

Trivia Trogir notably featured in two 2010 episodes of the British TV series ''Doctor Who''. Due to its specific architecture, it served as a double for C16th Venice in ''The Vampires of Venice'', and as a double for C19th Provence in ''Vincent and the Doctor''. Views center 1000px alt Waterfront panorama yachts at Trogir Panorama of Trogir harbour border frameless (File:Panorama de la ville de Trogir.jpg) - File:Trogir-panorama-from-NW-mountain 2014-09-26.jpg


realistic

realistic, calling on new gothic humanism, on the trail of the highest achievements of French sculpture (of that in Chartres). In the meantime, the Mongols were plundering the territories of the kingdom west of the Danube River. Moreover, in January, they could cross the frozen Danube and Béla had to flee from the Mongol troops, the ''khan'' sent to capture him into Croatia. Tatars under the leadership of Kadan believed that the king was hiding in the Klis Fortress

Trogir

'''Trogir''' ( ) is a historic town and harbour on the Adriatic coast in Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia, with a population of 10,818 (2011) Croatian Census 2001 (Popis stanovništva 2001) and a total municipality population of 13,260 (2011). The historic city of Trogir is situated on a small island between the Croatian mainland and the island of Čiovo. Frommer's Croatia by Karen Torme Olson & Sanja Bazulic Olson It lies 27 kilometres (17 miles) west of the city of Split (Split (city)).

Since 1997, the historic centre of Trogir has been included in the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) list of World Heritage Sites. UNESCO World Heritage Site: Trogir

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