Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha . The ''Pinguin''
birds. The seabirds include northern rockhopper penguins, Atlantic yellow-nosed albatrosses, sooty albatrosses, Atlantic petrels, great-winged petrels, soft-plumaged petrels, broad-billed prions, grey petrels, great shearwaters, sooty shearwaters
African National Antarctic Programme has maintained continually on the island since 1956. It is one of the most remote places with a constant human presence. Name In Tristan da Cunha and Pitcairn Island the surf boats are known as longboats. thumb 300px Map of the Tristan da Cunha Islands showing Nightingale Island (Image:Tristan Map.png) '''Nightingale Island''' is an active volcanic island in the South Atlantic Ocean, 3 km² in area, part of the Tristan da Cunha group of islands. They are administered by the United Kingdom as part of the overseas territory (British overseas territory) of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. History Nightingale was possibly sighted along with Tristan da Cunha in 1506 by Tristão da Cunha, however he made no record of it. Tristan da Cunha, the third part of the territory, uses Pound sterling rather than the St Helena pound. However there are occasionally commemorative coins minted for the island. Tristan da Cunha Coins Tristan da Cunha, the third part of the territory, uses Pound sterling rather than the St Helena pound. However there are occasionally commemorative coins minted for the island. Tristan da Cunha Coins ; Seventh voyage (10 October 1937 – 12 May 1938) : Helsinki, Finland - Funchal, Madeira - Montevideo, Uruguay - Tristan da Cunha - Cape Town, South Africa - Calais, France - Helsinki, Finland Heinlein devoted an entire chapter to his (almost) visit to Tristan da Cunha, arguably the most remote human settlement on earth. He described the islands as being so far from the rest of human civilization that the next closest human settlement, St. Helena, " is itself so remote that it was picked as a safe prison for Napoleon Bonaparte after he crushed his way out of Elba." Tristan da Cunha is
Store and, during cruise ship visits, may be available in the Café, Prince Philip Hall Community Centre, and some local homes. Eat & Drink thumb A Tristan thrush on Nightingale Island (File:Tristan Thrush on Nightingale island.jpg) The only public place available is the '''Prince Philip Hall''' which occasionally serves food, the building also houses the '''Albatross Bar''' - the island's only pub. Opening hours are sketchy to say the least, and the only time it's very likely to be open is when cruise ships are docked at the island. If you are hungry and the hall is closed, your only other bet is a visit to the Island shop. The Post Office also houses a small Cafe, serving tea, filter coffee and cakes. Sleep Self-catering accommodation is £20 per night, while home stays, which include meals and laundry, cost £40 per night. There are discounts for Tristan Islanders and children. Booking information is available on the Island's official websiteThere is no mobile phone network on the island (nor will you have had signal for the last week after you lost sight of Cape Town!) * The Internet Cafe houses a number of PCs as well as spaces to use your own laptop, and costs £10 for visitors for the duration of their stay. Internet access for the island is via a satellite link, so the 1Mbps connection is shared between everyone - don't expect it to be fast at 9am on a Monday morning! * A payphone is available in the Internet Cafe - you'll need to ask for it to be unlocked if you wish to use it. * Post can be sent from the Post Office, or the post box just outside, but will likely travel back with you on the same ship as you are on. Expect it to take a couple of weeks to arrive at its destination! Last posting dates for each ship are advertised at the Post Office when known. Cope Church services Visitors are welcome to attend Sunday morning services at St.Mary's Anglican Church (8AM) and St.Joseph's Catholic Church (9AM). Toilets Public toilets can be found adjacent to the Café, in Prince Philip Hall, below the Council Chamber in the Administration Building and in the Post Office and Tourism Centre. Go next File:Inaccessible Island Panorama (Large).jpg thumb upright 1.35 Inaccessible Island Inaccessible Island Despite the name, it is possible to visit the island. Only visitors escorted by guides from Tristan da Cunha are permitted to visit the island, and most visitors come as part of a cruise ship itinerary. There are no permanent settlements on the island and you should bring your own food or drinks. Along with (relatively) nearby Gough Island, Inaccessible Island was made a '''World Heritage Site (UNESCO_World_Heritage_List)''' by UNESCO in 1995. Nightingale Island thumb upright 1.2 Nightingale Island as seen from the northeast with Alex Island on the right and the landing just right of the centre of the image (Image:Nightingale Island, British overseas territory-20March2012.jpg) Some 38 km (24 mi) southwest of Tristan da Cunha is Nightingale Island, flanked on the north by two small islands—Stoltenhoff Island & Alex Island—both roughly 0.5 km in diameter and under 100 m high. The islands are an important breeding ground for up to 6 million migratory birds at a time (that's 2.6 birds m²), which are the primary sight here. Nightingale is a volcanic island, which experienced its first eruption (undersea) in over 30,000 years in 2004. In the center of Nightingale lay four small ponds (an area known as "The Ponds"). Cliffs ring much of this tiny island—the smallest of the Tristan da Cunha group at barely 2 km in diameter—but a landing can be made on the northern coast on the channel between Nightingale & Alex Islands. Huts have been built at the landing for visitors to spend the night on shore and a trail has been made to The Ponds. Nightingale is covered by tall grasses (up to 3 m high!) which shelter many of the smaller birds. Endemic (and really the only) vegetation on the island are the grass (''Spartina arundinacea'') and a tree (''Phylica arborea''). The only endemic bird is a landbird: the Nightingale Island Finch (''Nesospiza questi''), while the Wilkins's Finch (''Nesospiza wilkinsi'')—another landbird—is only found on Nightingale & Inaccessible Islands. The Tristan Thrush (''Nesocichla eremita'') is the third landbird found on Nightingale and endemic to the Tristan da Cunha group. Among the species of seabirds that flock to the island are Northern Rockhopper Penguin (''Eudyptes chrysocome moseleyi''), the Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross (''Thalassarche chlororhynchus''), the Soft-plumaged Petrel (''Pterodroma mollis''), White-faced Storm Petrels (''Pelagodroma marina''), White-bellied Storm Petrels (''Fregetta grallaria''), Brown Southern Subantarctic Skuas (''Stercorarius antarcticus''), Tristan skuas (''Catharacta antarctica hamiltoni''), broad-billed pions (''Pachyptila vittata''), the great shearwater (''puffinus gravis''), the Atlantic petrel (''Pteradroma incerta''), the common diving petrel (''pelecanoides urinatrix''), Antarctic tern (''Sterna vittata''), and the sooty albatross (''Phoebetria fusca''). Gough Island thumb Top view of Gough Island (File:Gough island top view.png) Gough Island was first known as Diego Alvarez, but it was sighted again in 1721 by Captain Gough, from his ship the ''Richmond''. This brought a new name - and a bit more attention - to the place. Though Gough Island is a U.K. territory, the only permanent settlement you will find is South African. South Africa leases a portion of the island from the U.K. for use by SANAP as the only permanently manned South Atlantic Ocean meteorological station The island is a ''' UNESCO World Heritage Site (UNESCO_World_Heritage_List)'''. Gough Island has no sheltered harbour or anchorage. The only suitable landing place for boats is at Glen Anchorage in Quest Bay on the island's east coast. SA Agulhas, on a relief expedition, departs from Cape Town to Tristan da Cunha then onwards to Gough Island on an annual relief voyage. This ship carries cargo and passengers. There is presently no access for tourists and even crew members from passing yachts may not go ashore except in the case of an extreme emergency. Getting around comes with great difficulty - combination of excessively steep terrain and incredibly dense vegetation - and no paths to speak of. Nor is there any public accommodation on Gough Island.
According to the island's January 2014 newsletter, the summer season gets underway with Sheep Shearing Day held on a Saturday in mid-December. Almost the entire population gathers on the far end of Patches Plain where the sheep pens are sited. Hand-clippers are used in the shearing and the wool is later carded, spun and hand-knitted into garments, some of which are sold under the name "37 Degrees South Knitwear Range". Christmas Break-up There is an annual break from government
; Longboat Day The January 2014 ''New Year Message'' from Administrator Alex Mitham announced that, in 2013, the Island Council recognized there was no national holiday that specifically celebrates Tristan's heritage and culture, 'So I am pleased to announce that the Council have agreed that a new
broadened its scope and continues as the International Song Project. Health There are instances of health problems attributed to endogamy, including glaucoma. In addition, there is a very high incidence of asthma among the population and research by Dr. Noe Zamel of the University of Toronto has led to discoveries about the genetic nature of the disease.
Richard Widmark. * Hervé Bazin's novel ''Les Bienheureux de la Désolation'' (1970) describes the 1961 forced exile of the population to England, and their subsequent return. * In Primo Levi's ''The Periodic Table (The Periodic Table (book))'' (1975) one of the fictional short stories, "Mercurio", is set on Tristan da Cunha, named "Desolation Island". * In Patrick O'Brian's ''The Thirteen-Gun Salute'' (1991) the ship Dianne is nearly wrecked on Inaccessible Island
and Tristan da Cunha Governor leader_name2 Mark A. Capes (Mark Andrew Capes) leader_title3 Administrator (Administrator of Tristan da Cunha) leader_name3 Alex Mitham leader_title4 Chief Islander (Tristan da Cunha Island Council) leader_name4 Ian Lavarello largest_city capital (village) area_km2 207 area_sq_mi 80 area_label2 Main island area_data2 98 km 2 area_rank area_magnitude 1 E8 percent_water population_estimate
, to monitor Nazi (Nazi Germany) U-boats (which were required to maintain radio contact) and shipping movements in the South Atlantic Ocean. The first Administrator (Administrator of Tristan da Cunha), Surgeon Lieutenant Commander E.J.S. Woolley, was appointed by the British government during this time. The second Duke of Edinburgh (Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh), the husband of Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom), visited the islands in 1957 as part of a world
: www.statoids.com ush.html title Saint Helena Dependencies publisher Statoids.com accessdate 18 April 2010 As the Governor resides permanently in Saint Helena, an Administrator is appointed to represent the Governor in the islands. The Administrator is a career civil servant in the Foreign Office and is selected by London. Since 1998, each Administrator has served a single, three-year term (which begins in September, upon arrival of the supply ship from Cape Town
'''Tristan da Cunha''' and 3,360 kilometres (2,088 mi) from South America. The territory consists of the main island, also named Tristan da Cunha, which has a north-south length of 11.27 kilometres (7.0 mi) and has an area of 98 square kilometres (37.8 sq mi), along with the smaller, uninhabited Nightingale Islands and the wildlife reserves of Inaccessible (Inaccessible Island) and Gough Islands.
Tristan da Cunha is part of the British overseas territory (British overseas territories) of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.