Travancore

What is Travancore known for?


speed quot

in South Tiruvitankur (Travancore) and in the southern parts of Tirunelveli. From the LMS reports, one gathers the information that AV was spreading with 'extraordinary' speed.&quot;'' The numbers of faithful increased significantly from the 1840s. By the close of the 19th century, Swamithope was considered the religio-cultural epi-center of Ayyavazhi. LMS (London Missionary Society) Report for the year 1872, p. 107.<


century social

is a part of Central Kerala. It lies between Angamaly and Kottayam on the Main Central Road which runs along the length of the old Travancore, from Thiruvananthapuram to Angamaly. frame Dr. S. N. Sadasivan (Image:Dr S N Sadasivan.jpg) '''Dr. S.N. Sadasivan''' (1926–2006) was an Indian author and theorist of public administration. Sadasivan was the son of M.C. Narayanan (1893–1979), an early twentieth century social reform activist from the Travancore


poem collection

Capital of Kerala'. Pathanamthitta is a fast-developing city and business center. P. Bhaskaran started to write songs for communist stage performers. His powerful songs gave headaches to the rulers and anti-communists and were banned in the (then) State of Travancore. His first poem collection was released in the title ''Villali''. During the Communist Rebellion in ''Punnapra-Vayalar (Punnapra-Vayalar uprising)'', he wrote a song titled ''Vayalar Garjikkunnu'' (Vayalar roaring


debut film

the puranas. * ''Newspaper Boy (Newspaper Boy (film))'' (1955): India's first neorealistic (Neorealism (art)) film. The film drew its inspiration from Italian neorealism and was released a few months before Satyajit Ray's debut film Pather Panchali


powerful+songs

Capital of Kerala'. Pathanamthitta is a fast-developing city and business center. P. Bhaskaran started to write songs for communist stage performers. His powerful songs gave headaches to the rulers and anti-communists and were banned in the (then) State of Travancore. His first poem collection was released in the title ''Villali''. During the Communist Rebellion in ''Punnapra-Vayalar (Punnapra-Vayalar uprising)'', he wrote a song titled ''Vayalar Garjikkunnu'' (Vayalar roaring


education early

with Strickland and landed in Europe. Strickland got him admitted to a school in Austria from where he completed his high school education. Early life and background KVN was born to Kollengode Viswanathayyar and Muthulakshmi Ammal in Palghat, Kerala, a district renowned for its cultural and musical traditions, on the 15th of November, 1923. Narayanaswamy was born into a family of illustrious musicians and artists. His great-grandfather Viswam Bhagavatar was renowned for his evocative Ashtapadis and rendered services for Maharaja Ayilyam Thirunal, ruler of the princely state of Travancore from 1860 to 1880. In return Viswam Bhagavatar was bestowed with government aid and hereditary royal privileges. Viswam Bhagavatar's son, Narayana Bhagavatar continued his father's legacy. His son was violin maestro, Viswanathayyar (soon came to be known as 'Fiddle' Viswanathayyar), KVN's father. K.V.Narayanaswamy learned basic music lessons under his father and grandfather. After studying in Palghat till the fifth form, he moved to Coimbatore, where he briefly dabbled in theater. KVN even managed a role as the young Kanappan in the movie Kannappa Nayanar. The movie bombed at the box office. Neelam, K.V.Narayanaswamy:Foremost Disciple of Ariyakudi, pp.25-31, 2001 In 1857 the College was affiliated to Madras University soon after its incorporation and the College presented students for the Matriculation examination. The College provided free education to all the students until 1855 when the fee of one Rupee a month began to be collected from each student. The total number of students in 1870 was only 129. In 1880, the Maharaja of Travancore who visited the College observed: "Long before the state undertook the humanizing task of educating the subjects, the Christian Missionaries had raised the beacon of knowledge in the land". He was born in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala on 3 March 1923. His father was V.K. Madhavan Pillai and mother, L. Sarada Amma. He had his school education at Travancore and his college education at University College, Thiruvananthapuram. After completing his Post Graduate Degree in ''Malayalam Literature'', he served a lecturer of Malayalam Literature at various colleges in Kerala, before retiring as the Head of Malayalam Department, Maharaja's College, Ernakulam. There were also several hundred Princely States (Indian Princely States), under British protection but ruled by native rulers. Among the most notable of these were Jaipur, Gwalior, Hyderabad (Hyderabad State), Mysore (Kingdom of Mysore), Travancore and Jammu and Kashmir. Cuvier's shieldtail southern India in the Western Ghats (Kerala) from Castle Rock to Travancore (Anaimalai Hills), in the Eastern Ghats in the Shevaroy Hills, and in the southern Ghats from Kunjithanni (Idikki District) to Trivandrum. - '''Maharaja of Travancore''' was the principal title of the ruler of the Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) in India. Maharajas of Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) '''Raja Ravi Varma (w:Raja Ravi Varma)''' (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) from the princely state of Travancore (w:Travancore) (presently in Kerala (w:Kerala)). He was widely acclaimed following his winning an award for an exhibition of his paintings at Vienna in 1873. Though his style of painting was described as too showy and sentimental, his paintings are widely popular in India. A large number of his lovely paintings are in the Laxmi Vilas Palace of Vadodara. He has been hailed as one of the “greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His paintings achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata (w:Mahabharata) and Ramayana (w:Ramayana). *The history of modern Travancore begins with Marthanda Varma (w:Marthanda Varma) who inherited the Kingdom of Venad (w:Venad) and expanded Travancore (w:Travancore) by conquering kingdoms Attingal (w:Attingal), Kollam (w:Kollam), Kayamkulam (w:Kayamkulam), Kottarakara (w:Kottarakara), Kottayam (w:Kottayam), Changanassery (w:Changanassery), Meenachil (w:Meenachil), Poonjar (w:Poonjar) and Ambalapuzha (w:Ambalapuzha). **City Corporation, in City History right thumb All that I write whether poetry (File:Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma.jpg) or music centred around God. This is an act of faith in me. Music is not worth its name otherwise. '''Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma (w: Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma)''', known by the full name '''Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma''' (Malayalam (w:Malayalam language): ശ്രീ പദ്മനാഭദാസ ശ്രീ സ്വാതി തിരുനാള് രാമവർമ്മ)(Tamil:ஸ்ரீ சுவாதி திருநாள் ராம வர்மா (April 16, 1813 – December 27, 1846) was the Maharaja (w:Maharaja) of the state of Travancore (w:Travancore) തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍)) )) in India. He modernized Travancore with a well-formulated code of laws, courts of Justice, introduction of English (w:English language) education, construction of an observatory (w:Observatory), installation of the first Government printing press (w:Printing press), establishment of the first manuscripts (w:Manuscripts) library and many more activities. Efficiency was the key word and corruption, a taboo in his administration. Amanda J. Weidman in Singing the Classical, Voicing the Modern: The Postcolonial Politics of ...27 June 2006 *He assumed the rule of Travancore state in 1829, at the age of sixteen. At the suggestion of Colonel John Munroe (w:Colonel John Munroe), the British Resident (w:British Resident) of Travancore (w:Travancore), Swati Tirunal had been tutored in English, Sanskrit, Marathi, political science, and Karnatic music by Subba Rao from Tanjavur (w:Tanjavur), also known as English Subba Rao for his skill in the English language. **Veketasubramanya Iyer (w:Oottukkadu Venkata Kavi), in p. 63 *His passion for photography from a tender age and it was his brother, the last ruler of Travancore (w:Travancore), Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, who presented him his first camera (w:Camera). With the Rolleiflex camera (w:Rolleiflex) presented to him in 1934 he learned the basics of photography and then there was no looking back. **The New Indian Express (w: The New Indian Express), in An Avid Shutterbug, Driving Enthusiast, Sanskrit Scholar (17 December 2013) *From the Vattezhuthu (w:Vattezhuthu) was derived another script called the kolezhuthu (w:Kolezhuthu). This script was more commonly used in the Cochin (w:Cochin) and Malabar (w:Malabar) areas than in Travancore (w:Travancore). Yet another script derived from the vattezhuthu was the Malayanma (w:Malayanma), which was commonly used south to Thiruvananthapuram. Malayanma also does not differ fundamentally from the vattezhuthu.


public+approach

architecture.symbol.jpg 175px thumb left The Ayyavazhi symbol (Symbol of Ayyavazhi) mounted at the top of a Thangal (Nizhal Thangal) near Marthandam; Photo during Inauguration. In the nineteenth century Travancore society, the social setup is highly marked for the discriminative hierarchical caste order and the inhumanties unfold from this, such as untouchability, ''unseeability'' and ''unapproachability'' accordingly some people were shunned from the public approach and sight. This caste


single cultural

defeats a Dutch East India Company naval expedition. * December 6 &ndash; Elizabeth of Russia becomes czarina after a palace coup. The literary and cultural history of Kerala during this period has to be viewed against political conditions during this period. Though divided into three distinct political units, i.e. Travancore, Cochin & Malabar, Kerala remained a single cultural unit. Travancore and Cochin had come under British rule due to treaty obligations while


largest agricultural

. Pandalam was added to Travancore in 1820. Before the formation of the Pathanamthitta district, Pandalam was in Mavelikkara taluk of Alappuzha district. Trade and commerce The centuries old ''Kurunthottayam'' market, (now known as the ''Pandalam market'') is one among the largest agricultural markets in Central Travancore. Situated in the heart of this township till late 1990s, this market was later shifted to a more convenient place by the Pandalam - Mavelikkara road. Pandalam is now a modern township with adequate facilities, well connected by road to other places of the state. '''Chempil Anantha Padmanabhan Valiya Arayan Kankumaran''', known as '''Chempil Arayan''', was the Admiral of the fleet in the service of Avittam Thirunal Balarama Varma (Balarama Varma), King of Travancore. A member of the Arayan caste, he was born at Chempu, near Vaikom, in Kottayam (Kottayam district), Kerala, India. Traditionally, the naval armies of both Travancore and Cochin (Kingdom of Cochin) were headed and manned by Arayans, while they along with the Muslim Marikkars formed the naval forces in Malabar (Malabar district). The Arayans of Travancore under Velu Thampi Dalawa and Chempil Arayan rebelled against the British in 1808, which was the first rebellion against the British in Kerala. The '''Pamba River''' (also called Pampa river) is the third longest river in the South Indian state of Kerala after Periyar and Bharathappuzha and the longest river in the erstwhile princely state of Travancore. Sabarimala temple dedicated to Lord Ayyappa (Ayyappa) is located on the banks of the river Pamba. The Dutch were, in turn, routed by the Nairs of Travancore (Thiruvithamcoore) ruler Marthanda Varma at the Battle of Kulachal in 1741. Hyder Ali of Mysore (Kingdom of Mysore) conquered northern Kerala (Mysore invasion of Kerala) in the 18th century, capturing Kozhikode in 1766. Hyder Ali and his successor, Tipu Sultan, (but Nairs under the capable Diwan of Travancoore Raja Keshavadas (Keshava pillai Diwanji) defeated Tippu near Aluva) came into conflict with the British, and the four Anglo-Mysore wars were fought across southern India in the latter half of the 18th century. Tipu Sultan ceded Malabar District to the British in 1792, and South Kanara, which included present-day Kasargod District, in 1799. The British concluded treaties of subsidiary alliance with the rulers of Cochin (1791) and Travancore (1795), and they became princely states of British India, maintaining local autonomy in return for a fixed annual tribute to the British. Malabar and South Kanara districts were part of British India's Madras Presidency. In 1936, Sree Chithira Thirunal Balaramavarma the ruler of Travancore issued the Temple Entry Proclamation, declaring the temples of his kingdom open to all Hindu worshippers, irrespective of caste. Modern post-colonial After India's independence in 1947, the princely states of Travancore and Kochi (Kochi (India)) were merged to form the province (after 1950 a state) of Travancore-Cochin on July 1, 1949. Madras Presidency became India's Madras State. 156px left thumb E. M. S. Namboodiripad (File:E. M. S. Namboodiripad.jpg) is often regarded as the most influential personality in post-colonial Kerala Feud with Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer In Balachander's last years, he feuded with vocalist Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer. Semmangudi had written a book on Maharaja Swathi Thirunal of Travancore (1813–1846), a famous composer. Balachander claimed that Semmangudi was trying to ascribe his own compositions to a king, and to argue this he suggested the maharaja did not compose a note and tried to prove the king had never existed. Balachander loved to stress how this was a much greater outrage than the Bofors corruption scandal (Bofors scandal) in India. He argued the point in The Indian Express on March 26, 1990 http: www.hypercomp.net personnel mrk music let1.gif Geographic range It is found in southern India (Travancore, Trivandrum, Peermade, Ernakulam). Geographic range Found in southern India in Wynaad (Wayanad district), Travancore (in Nalumukku at 1,350 m elevation and Oothu at 1,300 m), the Manimuthar Hills (in the Western Ghats of the Tinnevelly (Tirunelveli) district) and Nyamakad (Western Ghats of the Kerala Munar Hills at 2,200 m). Geographic range Found in southern India in the Western Ghats (Kerala) from Castle Rock to Travancore (Anaimalai Hills), in the Eastern Ghats in the Shevaroy Hills, and in the southern Ghats from Kunjithanni (Idikki District) to Trivandrum. The type locality (Type locality (biology)) given is "Ceylan" -- a mistake, since this species has never been found there. Geographic range It is found in southern India (Anamalai Hills and Palni Hills, Travancore, Tinnevelly, Nilgiris). It also narrates the preparational events of the Avatar of Vaikundar. There is a description of the famine and other natural disasters that took place in the Travancore country because Thirumal left from there. Mannadi Temple has historical importance due to the sacrifice of Travancore Diwan (Diwan (title)) Velu Thampi Dalava (1765–1809), who fought the British Raj. It is '''Maharaja of Travancore''' was the principal title of the ruler of the Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) in India. Maharajas of Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) '''Raja Ravi Varma (w:Raja Ravi Varma)''' (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) from the princely state of Travancore (w:Travancore) (presently in Kerala (w:Kerala)). He was widely acclaimed following his winning an award for an exhibition of his paintings at Vienna in 1873. Though his style of painting was described as too showy and sentimental, his paintings are widely popular in India. A large number of his lovely paintings are in the Laxmi Vilas Palace of Vadodara. He has been hailed as one of the “greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His paintings achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata (w:Mahabharata) and Ramayana (w:Ramayana). *The history of modern Travancore begins with Marthanda Varma (w:Marthanda Varma) who inherited the Kingdom of Venad (w:Venad) and expanded Travancore (w:Travancore) by conquering kingdoms Attingal (w:Attingal), Kollam (w:Kollam), Kayamkulam (w:Kayamkulam), Kottarakara (w:Kottarakara), Kottayam (w:Kottayam), Changanassery (w:Changanassery), Meenachil (w:Meenachil), Poonjar (w:Poonjar) and Ambalapuzha (w:Ambalapuzha). **City Corporation, in City History right thumb All that I write whether poetry (File:Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma.jpg) or music centred around God. This is an act of faith in me. Music is not worth its name otherwise. '''Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma (w: Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma)''', known by the full name '''Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma''' (Malayalam (w:Malayalam language): ശ്രീ പദ്മനാഭദാസ ശ്രീ സ്വാതി തിരുനാള് രാമവർമ്മ)(Tamil:ஸ்ரீ சுவாதி திருநாள் ராம வர்மா (April 16, 1813 – December 27, 1846) was the Maharaja (w:Maharaja) of the state of Travancore (w:Travancore) തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍)) )) in India. He modernized Travancore with a well-formulated code of laws, courts of Justice, introduction of English (w:English language) education, construction of an observatory (w:Observatory), installation of the first Government printing press (w:Printing press), establishment of the first manuscripts (w:Manuscripts) library and many more activities. Efficiency was the key word and corruption, a taboo in his administration. Amanda J. Weidman in Singing the Classical, Voicing the Modern: The Postcolonial Politics of ...27 June 2006 *He assumed the rule of Travancore state in 1829, at the age of sixteen. At the suggestion of Colonel John Munroe (w:Colonel John Munroe), the British Resident (w:British Resident) of Travancore (w:Travancore), Swati Tirunal had been tutored in English, Sanskrit, Marathi, political science, and Karnatic music by Subba Rao from Tanjavur (w:Tanjavur), also known as English Subba Rao for his skill in the English language. **Veketasubramanya Iyer (w:Oottukkadu Venkata Kavi), in p. 63 *His passion for photography from a tender age and it was his brother, the last ruler of Travancore (w:Travancore), Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, who presented him his first camera (w:Camera). With the Rolleiflex camera (w:Rolleiflex) presented to him in 1934 he learned the basics of photography and then there was no looking back. **The New Indian Express (w: The New Indian Express), in An Avid Shutterbug, Driving Enthusiast, Sanskrit Scholar (17 December 2013) *From the Vattezhuthu (w:Vattezhuthu) was derived another script called the kolezhuthu (w:Kolezhuthu). This script was more commonly used in the Cochin (w:Cochin) and Malabar (w:Malabar) areas than in Travancore (w:Travancore). Yet another script derived from the vattezhuthu was the Malayanma (w:Malayanma), which was commonly used south to Thiruvananthapuram. Malayanma also does not differ fundamentally from the vattezhuthu.


prominent+paintings

of his prominent paintings and was mother of Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi of Travancore. He had another daughter, Thiruvadira Nal Kochukunji Thampuran, grandmother of Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma Maharajah. His third daughter, born in 1882, was Ayilyam Nal Cheria Kochamma Thampuran. Mohiniyattam was popularized as a popular dance form in the nineteenth century by Swathi Thirunal (Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma), the Maharaja of the state of Travancore (Southern Kerala), and Vadivelu, one of the Thanjavur Quartet. Swathi Thirunal promoted the study of Mohiniyattam during his reign, and is credited with the composition of many music arrangements and vocal accompaniments that provide musical background for modern Mohiniyattam dancers. The noted Malayalam poet Vallathol (Vallathol Narayana Menon), who established the Kerala Kalamandalam dance school in 1930, played an important role in popularizing Mohiniattam in the 20th century. Later during the Mysore invasion, Valluvanad was confined in area, and the Vellattiri sought asylum in Travancore. On the cessation of Malabar (Malabar district) to the British by Tipu Sultan, Vellattiri entered into an agreement with the British (United Kingdom), and became a pensioner. Robert Caldwell was born at Clady, Northern Ireland, on May 7, 1814 to Scottish (Scottish people) parents. Initially self-taught and religious, young Caldwell graduated from the University of Glasgow and was fascinated by the comparative study of languages. At 24, Caldwell arrived in Madras on January 8, 1838 as a missionary of the London Missionary Society and later joined the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel Mission (SPG). He was consecrated Bishop of Tirunelveli in 1877. Caldwell was married in 1844 to Eliza Mault (1822–99), by whom he had seven children. She was the elder daughter of the veteran Travancore missionary, Reverend Charles Mault (1791–1858) of the London Missionary Society. For more than forty years, Eliza worked in Travancore and Tirunelveli proselytising the vulnerable, especially the Tamil women. To further that attempt, Caldwell realised that he had to be proficient in Tamil to proselyte (proselytism) the masses and he began a systematic study of the language. Early life and education A. K. Antony was born at Cherthala, near Alleppey in Travancore, as the son of Arackaparambil Kurien Pillai and Aleykutty Kurian. '''Maharaja of Travancore''' was the principal title of the ruler of the Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) in India. Maharajas of Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) '''Raja Ravi Varma (w:Raja Ravi Varma)''' (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) from the princely state of Travancore (w:Travancore) (presently in Kerala (w:Kerala)). He was widely acclaimed following his winning an award for an exhibition of his paintings at Vienna in 1873. Though his style of painting was described as too showy and sentimental, his paintings are widely popular in India. A large number of his lovely paintings are in the Laxmi Vilas Palace of Vadodara. He has been hailed as one of the “greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His paintings achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata (w:Mahabharata) and Ramayana (w:Ramayana). *The history of modern Travancore begins with Marthanda Varma (w:Marthanda Varma) who inherited the Kingdom of Venad (w:Venad) and expanded Travancore (w:Travancore) by conquering kingdoms Attingal (w:Attingal), Kollam (w:Kollam), Kayamkulam (w:Kayamkulam), Kottarakara (w:Kottarakara), Kottayam (w:Kottayam), Changanassery (w:Changanassery), Meenachil (w:Meenachil), Poonjar (w:Poonjar) and Ambalapuzha (w:Ambalapuzha). **City Corporation, in City History right thumb All that I write whether poetry (File:Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma.jpg) or music centred around God. This is an act of faith in me. Music is not worth its name otherwise. '''Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma (w: Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma)''', known by the full name '''Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma''' (Malayalam (w:Malayalam language): ശ്രീ പദ്മനാഭദാസ ശ്രീ സ്വാതി തിരുനാള് രാമവർമ്മ)(Tamil:ஸ்ரீ சுவாதி திருநாள் ராம வர்மா (April 16, 1813 – December 27, 1846) was the Maharaja (w:Maharaja) of the state of Travancore (w:Travancore) തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍)) )) in India. He modernized Travancore with a well-formulated code of laws, courts of Justice, introduction of English (w:English language) education, construction of an observatory (w:Observatory), installation of the first Government printing press (w:Printing press), establishment of the first manuscripts (w:Manuscripts) library and many more activities. Efficiency was the key word and corruption, a taboo in his administration. Amanda J. Weidman in Singing the Classical, Voicing the Modern: The Postcolonial Politics of ...27 June 2006 *He assumed the rule of Travancore state in 1829, at the age of sixteen. At the suggestion of Colonel John Munroe (w:Colonel John Munroe), the British Resident (w:British Resident) of Travancore (w:Travancore), Swati Tirunal had been tutored in English, Sanskrit, Marathi, political science, and Karnatic music by Subba Rao from Tanjavur (w:Tanjavur), also known as English Subba Rao for his skill in the English language. **Veketasubramanya Iyer (w:Oottukkadu Venkata Kavi), in p. 63 *His passion for photography from a tender age and it was his brother, the last ruler of Travancore (w:Travancore), Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, who presented him his first camera (w:Camera). With the Rolleiflex camera (w:Rolleiflex) presented to him in 1934 he learned the basics of photography and then there was no looking back. **The New Indian Express (w: The New Indian Express), in An Avid Shutterbug, Driving Enthusiast, Sanskrit Scholar (17 December 2013) *From the Vattezhuthu (w:Vattezhuthu) was derived another script called the kolezhuthu (w:Kolezhuthu). This script was more commonly used in the Cochin (w:Cochin) and Malabar (w:Malabar) areas than in Travancore (w:Travancore). Yet another script derived from the vattezhuthu was the Malayanma (w:Malayanma), which was commonly used south to Thiruvananthapuram. Malayanma also does not differ fundamentally from the vattezhuthu.

Travancore

The '''Kingdom of Travancore''' ( ) was an Indian kingdom from 1729 to 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram, and later Thiruvananthapuram. At its zenith, the kingdom covered most of modern-day central and southern Kerala, Kanyakumari district, and the southernmost parts of Tamil Nadu. The official flag of the state was red with a dextrally-coiled silver conch shell (shankha) (''Turbinella pyrum'') at its centre. In the early 19th century, the kingdom became a princely state of the British Empire, and the king was accorded a 21 gun-salute locally and a 19-gun salute outside the kingdom. The Travancore Government took many progressive steps on the socio-economic front and during the reign of Maharajah Sri Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, Travancore became the second most prosperous princely state in British India, with reputed achievements in education, political administration, public work and social reforms. "Travancore." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2011. Web. 11 November 2011. Chandra Mallampalli, Christians and Public Life in Colonial South India, 1863–1937: Contending with Marginality, RoutledgeCurzon, 2004, p. 30

Search by keywords:


Copyright (C) 2015-2017 PlacesKnownFor.com
Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017