Travancore

What is Travancore known for?


single+cultural

defeats a Dutch East India Company naval expedition. * December 6 – Elizabeth of Russia becomes czarina after a palace coup. The literary and cultural history of Kerala during this period has to be viewed against political conditions during this period. Though divided into three distinct political units, i.e. Travancore, Cochin & Malabar, Kerala remained a single cultural unit. Travancore and Cochin had come under British rule due to treaty obligations while


poem collection

Capital of Kerala'. Pathanamthitta is a fast-developing city and business center. P. Bhaskaran started to write songs for communist stage performers. His powerful songs gave headaches to the rulers and anti-communists and were banned in the (then) State of Travancore. His first poem collection was released in the title ''Villali''. During the Communist Rebellion in ''Punnapra-Vayalar (Punnapra-Vayalar uprising)'', he wrote a song titled ''Vayalar Garjikkunnu'' (Vayalar roaring


song starting

) in the penname ''Ravi''. The song, starting with the lines ''Uyarum Njan Nadake...'' rose to legendary stature in the days to come, during which the song was banned and he was expatriated from the (then) State of Travancore as per the orders of Dewan (Diwan (title)) Sir C. P. Ramaswami Iyer. Then he went to Chennai (then Madras) to join the editorial board of the ''Jayakeralam daily''. He used to write songs for Akashavani (All India Radio) and that helped him to secure a job in Kozhikode Akashavani. In 1950’s, he got associated with the film industry. He quit his job in Akashavani and went to Chennai to start full-time film career. The lyrics for the famous theme song of malayalam channel Asianet, starting ''Shyama Sundara'' was also written by him. '''Mar Augustine Kandathil''' (Malayalam:'''കണ്ടത്തില്‍ മാര്‍ അഗസ്റ്റിനോസ്''' )(b. at Chempu, near Vaikom, in Kottayam (Kottayam district), Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore), 25 August 1874; d. at Ernakulam, Travancore-Cochin, India, 10 January 1956) was the first and longest serving Metropolitan (Metropolitan bishop) and Head of the Syro-Malabar Church (Syro-Malabar Catholic Church), the principal Church of the Saint Thomas Christians in India. He was the first Indian to assume powers and reign as an Archbishop of the Catholic Church (Roman Catholic Church). '''Kerala''' is a state (States and territories of India) on the southwestern tropical Malabar Coast (Malabar) of India. To its east and northeast, Kerala borders Tamil Nadu and Karnataka; to its west and south lie the Indian Ocean islands of Lakshadweep and the Maldives, respectively. Kerala also envelops Mahé, a coastal exclave of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. In prehistory, Kerala's rainforests and wetlands — then thick with malaria-bearing mosquitoes and man-eating tigers (Bengal tiger) — were largely avoided by Neolithic humans. More than a millennium of overseas contact and trade culminated in four centuries of struggle between and among multiple colonial (colonialism) powers and native Keralite states. Kerala was granted statehood (States Reorganisation Act) on November 1, 1956. Radical social reforms begun in the 19th century by the kingdoms of Kochi (Perumpadapu Swaroopam) and Travancore — and spurred by such leaders as Narayana Guru and Chattampi Swamikal — were continued by post-Independence (Indian Independence Movement) governments, making Kerala among the Third World's longest-lived, healthiest, and most literate regions. Kerala's 31.8 million people now live under a stable democratic socialist (Democratic socialism) political system and exhibit unusually equitable gender relations.('''more... (Kerala)''') In May 1814 Swanston left England and returned to duty in India via Scutari and Baghdad, a distance of 3000 km on horseback in 48 days. In September 1817 he was ordered to raise 1000 men for the Poona Auxiliary Horse brigade and was appointed commander. In command of these troops he was involved in several actions and was wounded three times. In 1818 he captured Trimbackjee Dainglia an agitator on whose head the British had placed a price of £10,000. In January 1819 Swanston was promoted captain, but within a year lost his command because of great reductions in the army. In 1821 he was offered the position of assistant quartermaster-general of the army but declined, accepting instead the office of military paymaster in the provinces of Travancore and Tinnevelly a position he held for six years. In September 1828 he was granted a year's leave to Van Diemen's Land on account of ill health. * Sir C. P. Ramaswami Iyer (1879–1966), Indian lawyer, administrator and statesman. Advocate General of State of Madras (1920–1923), Diwan (Diwan (title)) of Travancore (1936–1947). * Ramayyan Dalawa, Dewan of Travancore from 1737 to 1756. Strategic advisor to Maharaja Martanda Varma during the Battle of Colachel against the Dutch (Dutch East India Company). * Ramesh Kallidai Secretary General, Hindu Forum of Britain. * T. N. Seshan (born 1930), 10th Chief Election Commissioner of India. * Sir A. Seshayya Sastri (Seshayya Sastri) (1828–1903), Indian administrator. Dewan of Travancore from 1872 to 1877 and Pudukkottai from 1878 to 1894. * M. R. Sethuratnam Iyer, Indian politician. Minister of Development in the government of P. Subbarayan from 1928 to 1930. East Fort got its name from the eastern entrance to the fort built by the Kings of Travancore. The old city was all inside the fort on four sides with the Sri Padmanabha Swamy temple (Padmanabhaswamy temple) at the center. It is said that there were huge metal gates on this entrance to the Fort which was decorated with the symbol of a conch, which was the isignia of the Royal Family of Travancore (Travancore Royal Family). The Shankha is displayed in Hindu art in association with Vishnu. As a symbol of water, it is associated with female fertility and serpents (Nāgas). The Shankha is the state emblem of Indian state of Kerala (Seal of Kerala) and was national emblems of the erstwhile Indian Princely state of Travancore and Kingdom of Kochi Significance thumb A sacred shankha on the flag of Travancore (Image:Travancore.jpg), India Shankha's significance is traced to the nomadic times of the animists who used the sound emanating from this unique shell to drive away evil demons of whom they were scared. The same is still believed in Hinduism. Jansen p. 43 Over the centuries the shankha was adopted as one of the divine symbols of Hinduism. Shankha was the Royal State Emblem of Travancore and also figured on the Royal Flag of the Jaffna Kingdom. It is also the election symbol of the Indian political party Biju Janata Dal. '''Maharaja of Travancore''' was the principal title of the ruler of the Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) in India. Maharajas of Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) '''Raja Ravi Varma (w:Raja Ravi Varma)''' (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) from the princely state of Travancore (w:Travancore) (presently in Kerala (w:Kerala)). He was widely acclaimed following his winning an award for an exhibition of his paintings at Vienna in 1873. Though his style of painting was described as too showy and sentimental, his paintings are widely popular in India. A large number of his lovely paintings are in the Laxmi Vilas Palace of Vadodara. He has been hailed as one of the “greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His paintings achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata (w:Mahabharata) and Ramayana (w:Ramayana). *The history of modern Travancore begins with Marthanda Varma (w:Marthanda Varma) who inherited the Kingdom of Venad (w:Venad) and expanded Travancore (w:Travancore) by conquering kingdoms Attingal (w:Attingal), Kollam (w:Kollam), Kayamkulam (w:Kayamkulam), Kottarakara (w:Kottarakara), Kottayam (w:Kottayam), Changanassery (w:Changanassery), Meenachil (w:Meenachil), Poonjar (w:Poonjar) and Ambalapuzha (w:Ambalapuzha). **City Corporation, in City History right thumb All that I write whether poetry (File:Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma.jpg) or music centred around God. This is an act of faith in me. Music is not worth its name otherwise. '''Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma (w: Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma)''', known by the full name '''Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma''' (Malayalam (w:Malayalam language): ശ്രീ പദ്മനാഭദാസ ശ്രീ സ്വാതി തിരുനാള് രാമവർമ്മ)(Tamil:ஸ்ரீ சுவாதி திருநாள் ராம வர்மா (April 16, 1813 – December 27, 1846) was the Maharaja (w:Maharaja) of the state of Travancore (w:Travancore) തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍)) )) in India. He modernized Travancore with a well-formulated code of laws, courts of Justice, introduction of English (w:English language) education, construction of an observatory (w:Observatory), installation of the first Government printing press (w:Printing press), establishment of the first manuscripts (w:Manuscripts) library and many more activities. Efficiency was the key word and corruption, a taboo in his administration. Amanda J. Weidman in Singing the Classical, Voicing the Modern: The Postcolonial Politics of ...27 June 2006 *He assumed the rule of Travancore state in 1829, at the age of sixteen. At the suggestion of Colonel John Munroe (w:Colonel John Munroe), the British Resident (w:British Resident) of Travancore (w:Travancore), Swati Tirunal had been tutored in English, Sanskrit, Marathi, political science, and Karnatic music by Subba Rao from Tanjavur (w:Tanjavur), also known as English Subba Rao for his skill in the English language. **Veketasubramanya Iyer (w:Oottukkadu Venkata Kavi), in p. 63 *His passion for photography from a tender age and it was his brother, the last ruler of Travancore (w:Travancore), Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, who presented him his first camera (w:Camera). With the Rolleiflex camera (w:Rolleiflex) presented to him in 1934 he learned the basics of photography and then there was no looking back. **The New Indian Express (w: The New Indian Express), in An Avid Shutterbug, Driving Enthusiast, Sanskrit Scholar (17 December 2013) *From the Vattezhuthu (w:Vattezhuthu) was derived another script called the kolezhuthu (w:Kolezhuthu). This script was more commonly used in the Cochin (w:Cochin) and Malabar (w:Malabar) areas than in Travancore (w:Travancore). Yet another script derived from the vattezhuthu was the Malayanma (w:Malayanma), which was commonly used south to Thiruvananthapuram. Malayanma also does not differ fundamentally from the vattezhuthu.


population study

India Company at the famous Battle of Colachel. Under Travancore rule, the town, and the modern administrative district that bears its name, Kanyakumari District, progressed both socially and economically. Still a significant part of population study and speak Malayalam as their mother-tongue. The culture followed by Kanyakumari people is mixed and has more influence from Travancore. Iyers have been resident of the princely state of Travancore from ancient times


publications title

accessdate 2014-04-04 deadurl no archiveurl https: web.archive.org web 20140404133809 http: mal.sarva.gov.in index.php?title %E0%B4%A4%E0%B4%BF%E0%B4%B0%E0%B5%81%E0%B4%B5%E0%B4%BF%E0%B4%A4%E0%B4%BE%E0%B4%82%E0%B4%95%E0%B5%82%E0%B4%B0%E0%B5%8D%E2%80%8D date 2008-07-04 publisher The State Institute of Encyclopaedic Publications title തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ language Malayalam By the time of King Marthanda Varma, the southern half of the kingdom had become dominant. During his reign


time film

Akashavani. In 1950’s, he got associated with the film industry. He quit his job in Akashavani and went to Chennai to start full-time film career. The lyrics for the famous theme song of malayalam channel Asianet, starting ''Shyama Sundara'' was also written by him. '''Mar Augustine Kandathil''' (Malayalam:'''കണ്ടത്തില്‍ മാര്‍ അഗസ്റ്റിനോസ്''' )(b. at Chempu, near Vaikom, in Kottayam (Kottayam district), Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore), 25 August 1874; d. at Ernakulam, Travancore-Cochin, India, 10 January 1956) was the first and longest serving Metropolitan (Metropolitan bishop) and Head of the Syro-Malabar Church (Syro-Malabar Catholic Church), the principal Church of the Saint Thomas Christians in India. He was the first Indian to assume powers and reign as an Archbishop of the Catholic Church (Roman Catholic Church). '''Kerala''' is a state (States and territories of India) on the southwestern tropical Malabar Coast (Malabar) of India. To its east and northeast, Kerala borders Tamil Nadu and Karnataka; to its west and south lie the Indian Ocean islands of Lakshadweep and the Maldives, respectively. Kerala also envelops Mahé, a coastal exclave of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. In prehistory, Kerala's rainforests and wetlands — then thick with malaria-bearing mosquitoes and man-eating tigers (Bengal tiger) — were largely avoided by Neolithic humans. More than a millennium of overseas contact and trade culminated in four centuries of struggle between and among multiple colonial (colonialism) powers and native Keralite states. Kerala was granted statehood (States Reorganisation Act) on November 1, 1956. Radical social reforms begun in the 19th century by the kingdoms of Kochi (Perumpadapu Swaroopam) and Travancore — and spurred by such leaders as Narayana Guru and Chattampi Swamikal — were continued by post-Independence (Indian Independence Movement) governments, making Kerala among the Third World's longest-lived, healthiest, and most literate regions. Kerala's 31.8 million people now live under a stable democratic socialist (Democratic socialism) political system and exhibit unusually equitable gender relations.('''more... (Kerala)''') In May 1814 Swanston left England and returned to duty in India via Scutari and Baghdad, a distance of 3000 km on horseback in 48 days. In September 1817 he was ordered to raise 1000 men for the Poona Auxiliary Horse brigade and was appointed commander. In command of these troops he was involved in several actions and was wounded three times. In 1818 he captured Trimbackjee Dainglia an agitator on whose head the British had placed a price of £10,000. In January 1819 Swanston was promoted captain, but within a year lost his command because of great reductions in the army. In 1821 he was offered the position of assistant quartermaster-general of the army but declined, accepting instead the office of military paymaster in the provinces of Travancore and Tinnevelly a position he held for six years. In September 1828 he was granted a year's leave to Van Diemen's Land on account of ill health. * Sir C. P. Ramaswami Iyer (1879–1966), Indian lawyer, administrator and statesman. Advocate General of State of Madras (1920–1923), Diwan (Diwan (title)) of Travancore (1936–1947). * Ramayyan Dalawa, Dewan of Travancore from 1737 to 1756. Strategic advisor to Maharaja Martanda Varma during the Battle of Colachel against the Dutch (Dutch East India Company). * Ramesh Kallidai Secretary General, Hindu Forum of Britain. * T. N. Seshan (born 1930), 10th Chief Election Commissioner of India. * Sir A. Seshayya Sastri (Seshayya Sastri) (1828–1903), Indian administrator. Dewan of Travancore from 1872 to 1877 and Pudukkottai from 1878 to 1894. * M. R. Sethuratnam Iyer, Indian politician. Minister of Development in the government of P. Subbarayan from 1928 to 1930. East Fort got its name from the eastern entrance to the fort built by the Kings of Travancore. The old city was all inside the fort on four sides with the Sri Padmanabha Swamy temple (Padmanabhaswamy temple) at the center. It is said that there were huge metal gates on this entrance to the Fort which was decorated with the symbol of a conch, which was the isignia of the Royal Family of Travancore (Travancore Royal Family). The Shankha is displayed in Hindu art in association with Vishnu. As a symbol of water, it is associated with female fertility and serpents (Nāgas). The Shankha is the state emblem of Indian state of Kerala (Seal of Kerala) and was national emblems of the erstwhile Indian Princely state of Travancore and Kingdom of Kochi Significance thumb A sacred shankha on the flag of Travancore (Image:Travancore.jpg), India Shankha's significance is traced to the nomadic times of the animists who used the sound emanating from this unique shell to drive away evil demons of whom they were scared. The same is still believed in Hinduism. Jansen p. 43 Over the centuries the shankha was adopted as one of the divine symbols of Hinduism. Shankha was the Royal State Emblem of Travancore and also figured on the Royal Flag of the Jaffna Kingdom. It is also the election symbol of the Indian political party Biju Janata Dal. '''Maharaja of Travancore''' was the principal title of the ruler of the Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) in India. Maharajas of Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) '''Raja Ravi Varma (w:Raja Ravi Varma)''' (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) from the princely state of Travancore (w:Travancore) (presently in Kerala (w:Kerala)). He was widely acclaimed following his winning an award for an exhibition of his paintings at Vienna in 1873. Though his style of painting was described as too showy and sentimental, his paintings are widely popular in India. A large number of his lovely paintings are in the Laxmi Vilas Palace of Vadodara. He has been hailed as one of the “greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His paintings achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata (w:Mahabharata) and Ramayana (w:Ramayana). *The history of modern Travancore begins with Marthanda Varma (w:Marthanda Varma) who inherited the Kingdom of Venad (w:Venad) and expanded Travancore (w:Travancore) by conquering kingdoms Attingal (w:Attingal), Kollam (w:Kollam), Kayamkulam (w:Kayamkulam), Kottarakara (w:Kottarakara), Kottayam (w:Kottayam), Changanassery (w:Changanassery), Meenachil (w:Meenachil), Poonjar (w:Poonjar) and Ambalapuzha (w:Ambalapuzha). **City Corporation, in City History right thumb All that I write whether poetry (File:Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma.jpg) or music centred around God. This is an act of faith in me. Music is not worth its name otherwise. '''Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma (w: Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma)''', known by the full name '''Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma''' (Malayalam (w:Malayalam language): ശ്രീ പദ്മനാഭദാസ ശ്രീ സ്വാതി തിരുനാള് രാമവർമ്മ)(Tamil:ஸ்ரீ சுவாதி திருநாள் ராம வர்மா (April 16, 1813 – December 27, 1846) was the Maharaja (w:Maharaja) of the state of Travancore (w:Travancore) തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍)) )) in India. He modernized Travancore with a well-formulated code of laws, courts of Justice, introduction of English (w:English language) education, construction of an observatory (w:Observatory), installation of the first Government printing press (w:Printing press), establishment of the first manuscripts (w:Manuscripts) library and many more activities. Efficiency was the key word and corruption, a taboo in his administration. Amanda J. Weidman in Singing the Classical, Voicing the Modern: The Postcolonial Politics of ...27 June 2006 *He assumed the rule of Travancore state in 1829, at the age of sixteen. At the suggestion of Colonel John Munroe (w:Colonel John Munroe), the British Resident (w:British Resident) of Travancore (w:Travancore), Swati Tirunal had been tutored in English, Sanskrit, Marathi, political science, and Karnatic music by Subba Rao from Tanjavur (w:Tanjavur), also known as English Subba Rao for his skill in the English language. **Veketasubramanya Iyer (w:Oottukkadu Venkata Kavi), in p. 63 *His passion for photography from a tender age and it was his brother, the last ruler of Travancore (w:Travancore), Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, who presented him his first camera (w:Camera). With the Rolleiflex camera (w:Rolleiflex) presented to him in 1934 he learned the basics of photography and then there was no looking back. **The New Indian Express (w: The New Indian Express), in An Avid Shutterbug, Driving Enthusiast, Sanskrit Scholar (17 December 2013) *From the Vattezhuthu (w:Vattezhuthu) was derived another script called the kolezhuthu (w:Kolezhuthu). This script was more commonly used in the Cochin (w:Cochin) and Malabar (w:Malabar) areas than in Travancore (w:Travancore). Yet another script derived from the vattezhuthu was the Malayanma (w:Malayanma), which was commonly used south to Thiruvananthapuram. Malayanma also does not differ fundamentally from the vattezhuthu.


distinct political

defeats a Dutch East India Company naval expedition. * December 6 – Elizabeth of Russia becomes czarina after a palace coup. The literary and cultural history of Kerala during this period has to be viewed against political conditions during this period. Though divided into three distinct political units, i.e. Travancore, Cochin & Malabar, Kerala remained a single cultural unit. Travancore and Cochin had come under British rule due to treaty obligations while


historical religious

Syriac (Syriac language) as the liturgical language, from newly evangelized Christians following Latin liturgy. Vadakkekara, Benedict (2007). ''Origin of Christianity in India: a Historiographical Critique'', p. 52. Media House Delhi. The term ''Syrian'' relates not to their ethnicity but to their historical

, religious and liturgical connection to the Church of the East, or East Syrian Church. Menachery, George (1973) ''The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India'', vol. II. B. N. K. Press. ISBN 81-87132-06-X The foreign Jacobite prelate Mar Gregorios who came to Kerala in the year 1751 CE, consecrated Rev. Abraham Kattumangat as bishop Abraham Mar Koorilose in the year 1772 CE at Mattancherry church, Kochi. ref


knowledge poetic

;#2366;रायण गुरु,നാരായണ ഗുരു)''' (1856–1928) was a great sage and social reformer of India. Born in ''Ezhava Thiyya'' community (a Backward Community in today's parlance), he revolted against the brahminical (brahmin) order and thereby transformed the social face of Kerala. Narayana Guru is revered for his ''Vedic (Historical Vedic religion)'' knowledge, poetic proficiency, openness

the '''African Contingency Operations Training and Assistance''' program? Nārāyana Guru is revered for his ''Vedic (Historical Vedic religion)'' knowledge, poetic proficiency, openness to the views of others, non-violent philosophy and most importantly his unnerving resolve to rebel and change wrongdoing in society. Nārāyana Guru was instrumental in setting the spiritual (spirituality) foundations for social reform


successful social

in the current State of Kerala (erstwhile states of Travancore, Kochi (Kochi, India) and Malabar) and was arguably one the most successful social reformers that tackled caste in India. He demonstrated a path to social emancipation without invoking the dualism of the oppressed and the oppressor. The princes' position The rulers of the princely states were not uniformly enthusiastic about integrating their domains into independent India. Some, such as the Maharajas of Cochin, Bikaner and Jawhar, were motivated to join India out of ideological and patriotic considerations, '''Maharaja of Travancore''' was the principal title of the ruler of the Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) in India. Maharajas of Kingdom of Travancore (Travancore) '''Raja Ravi Varma (w:Raja Ravi Varma)''' (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) from the princely state of Travancore (w:Travancore) (presently in Kerala (w:Kerala)). He was widely acclaimed following his winning an award for an exhibition of his paintings at Vienna in 1873. Though his style of painting was described as too showy and sentimental, his paintings are widely popular in India. A large number of his lovely paintings are in the Laxmi Vilas Palace of Vadodara. He has been hailed as one of the “greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His paintings achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata (w:Mahabharata) and Ramayana (w:Ramayana). *The history of modern Travancore begins with Marthanda Varma (w:Marthanda Varma) who inherited the Kingdom of Venad (w:Venad) and expanded Travancore (w:Travancore) by conquering kingdoms Attingal (w:Attingal), Kollam (w:Kollam), Kayamkulam (w:Kayamkulam), Kottarakara (w:Kottarakara), Kottayam (w:Kottayam), Changanassery (w:Changanassery), Meenachil (w:Meenachil), Poonjar (w:Poonjar) and Ambalapuzha (w:Ambalapuzha). **City Corporation, in City History right thumb All that I write whether poetry (File:Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma.jpg) or music centred around God. This is an act of faith in me. Music is not worth its name otherwise. '''Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma (w: Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma)''', known by the full name '''Sree Padmanabhadasa Sree Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma''' (Malayalam (w:Malayalam language): ശ്രീ പദ്മനാഭദാസ ശ്രീ സ്വാതി തിരുനാള് രാമവർമ്മ)(Tamil:ஸ்ரீ சுவாதி திருநாள் ராம வர்மா (April 16, 1813 – December 27, 1846) was the Maharaja (w:Maharaja) of the state of Travancore (w:Travancore) തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍)) )) in India. He modernized Travancore with a well-formulated code of laws, courts of Justice, introduction of English (w:English language) education, construction of an observatory (w:Observatory), installation of the first Government printing press (w:Printing press), establishment of the first manuscripts (w:Manuscripts) library and many more activities. Efficiency was the key word and corruption, a taboo in his administration. Amanda J. Weidman in Singing the Classical, Voicing the Modern: The Postcolonial Politics of ...27 June 2006 *He assumed the rule of Travancore state in 1829, at the age of sixteen. At the suggestion of Colonel John Munroe (w:Colonel John Munroe), the British Resident (w:British Resident) of Travancore (w:Travancore), Swati Tirunal had been tutored in English, Sanskrit, Marathi, political science, and Karnatic music by Subba Rao from Tanjavur (w:Tanjavur), also known as English Subba Rao for his skill in the English language. **Veketasubramanya Iyer (w:Oottukkadu Venkata Kavi), in p. 63 *His passion for photography from a tender age and it was his brother, the last ruler of Travancore (w:Travancore), Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, who presented him his first camera (w:Camera). With the Rolleiflex camera (w:Rolleiflex) presented to him in 1934 he learned the basics of photography and then there was no looking back. **The New Indian Express (w: The New Indian Express), in An Avid Shutterbug, Driving Enthusiast, Sanskrit Scholar (17 December 2013) *From the Vattezhuthu (w:Vattezhuthu) was derived another script called the kolezhuthu (w:Kolezhuthu). This script was more commonly used in the Cochin (w:Cochin) and Malabar (w:Malabar) areas than in Travancore (w:Travancore). Yet another script derived from the vattezhuthu was the Malayanma (w:Malayanma), which was commonly used south to Thiruvananthapuram. Malayanma also does not differ fundamentally from the vattezhuthu.

Travancore

The '''Kingdom of Travancore''' ( ) was an Indian kingdom from 1729 to 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram, and later Thiruvananthapuram. At its zenith, the kingdom covered most of modern-day central and southern Kerala, Kanyakumari district, and the southernmost parts of Tamil Nadu. The official flag of the state was red with a dextrally-coiled silver conch shell (shankha) (''Turbinella pyrum'') at its centre. In the early 19th century, the kingdom became a princely state of the British Empire, and the king was accorded a 21 gun-salute locally and a 19-gun salute outside the kingdom. The Travancore Government took many progressive steps on the socio-economic front and during the reign of Maharajah Sri Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, Travancore became the second most prosperous princely state in British India, with reputed achievements in education, political administration, public work and social reforms. "Travancore." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2011. Web. 11 November 2011. Chandra Mallampalli, Christians and Public Life in Colonial South India, 1863–1937: Contending with Marginality, RoutledgeCurzon, 2004, p. 30

Search by keywords:


Copyright (C) 2015-2017 PlacesKnownFor.com
Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017