Toruń

What is Toruń known for?


important architectural

, with a richly-decorated stucco façade and wooden spiral stairs *Toruń has the largest number of preserved Gothic houses in Poland, many with Gothic wall paintings or wood-beam ceilings from the 16th to the 18th centuries left thumb 200px House Under the Star (File:Toruń (DerHexer) 2010-07-17 048.jpg) Toruń, unlike many other historic cities in Poland, escaped substantial destruction in World War II. Particularly left intact was the Old Town, all of whose important architectural monuments are originals, not reconstructions. Major renovation projects have been undertaken in recent years to improve the condition and external presentation of the Old Town. Besides the renovation of various buildings, projects such as the reconstruction of the pavement of the streets and squares (reversing them to their historical appearance), and the introduction of new plants, trees and objects of 'small architecture', are underway. Numerous buildings and other constructions, including the city walls along the boulevard, are illuminated at night, creating an impressive effect - probably unique among Polish cities with respect to the size of Toruń's Old Town and the scale of the illumination project itself. thumb 1000px Panorama Torunia (Panorama of Torun) centre (File:Panorama Torunia (Panorama of Torun).jpg) WikiPedia:Toruń Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland Voivodships Kuyavia and Pomerania Torun Commons:Toruń


century outstanding

in the 14th century and extended in the 15th century; outstanding Gothic sculptures and paintings inside (Moses, St. Mary Magdalene, gravestone of Johann von Soest), Renaissance and Baroque epitaphs and altars (among them the epitaph of Copernicus from 1580) thumb 220px Saint Catherine of Alexandria church in Toruń - a perfect example of Toruń's Gothic Revival (File:Kościół Św. Katarzyny w Toruniu.jpg) architecture **St. Mary's church, a formerly Franciscan aisled hall built in the 14th


intense building

been a site of intense building construction investments, mainly residential and in its transportation network. The latter has been possible partly due to the use of European Union funds assigned for new member states. Toruń city county generates by far the highest number of new dwellings built each year among all Kuyavian-Pomeranian counties, both relative to its population as well as in absolute values. It has led to almost complete rebuilding of some districts. As of 2008, many major


quot story

Spangenberg and in February 1941 moved to Stalag XX-A near Thorn (Toruń) in German-occupied western Poland. In April 1941 he escaped from Thorn with Norman Forbes. They were captured near Itow while trying to enter Soviet-controlled Poland and were briefly in the hands of the Gestapo. In May, they were both sent to Oflag IV-C (often referred to as Colditz Castle because of its location). http


based military

conference in Thorn (Toruń) (Toruń). Ten days into the conference, however, Konrad died on 23 July 1393, probably of apoplexy. Land Coastal Command The Land Coastal Command (''Lądowa Obrona Wybrzeża'', LOW), subordinate to the Toruń-based military area command led by Gen. Władysław Bortnowski, was led by Col. Józef Sass-Hoszowski and, since July 23, by Col. Stanisław Dąbek. It was to organize the defence of the Polish seashore, the borders with Nazi Germany


years time

and the voivodeship, it is considered as important in integrating Bydgoszcz-Toruń metropolitan area. A major modernization of BiT City railroute, as well as a purchase of completely new vehicles to serve the line, is planned for 2008 and 2009. Technically, it will allow to travel between Toruń-East and Bydgoszcz-Airport stations at a speed of in a time of approximately half an hour. In a few years' time "BiT City" will be integrated with local transportation


vast high

of their subsidiaries. The official unemployment rate, as of September 2008, is 5.4%. In 2006, construction of new plants owned by Sharp Corporation and other companies of mainly Japanese origin has started in the neighboring community of Łysomice (about from city centre). The facilities under construction are located in a newly created special economic zone. As a result of cooperation of the companies mentioned above, a vast high-tech complex is to be constructed in the next


charity charitable

and charitable (charity) patron (patronage). After the death of Count Zamoyski in 1924, her family moved to Toruń, and in 1929 to Kraków, where she lived and worked until her death in early 2012. Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth In the first half of the 16th century, the enormous Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was a country of many creeds, but Roman-Catholic Church remained the dominating religion. Reformation reached Poland in the 1520s


military victory

, although another two wars – the Hunger War of 1414 and the Gollub War of 1422 – would be waged before the Treaty of Melno permanently resolved the territorial disputes. The Poles and Lithuanians were unable to translate the military victory into territorial or diplomatic gains. However, the Peace of Thorn imposed a heavy financial burden on the Knights from which they never recovered. They had to pay


century scientific

a comprehensive heliocentric (heliocentrism) cosmology which displaced the Earth from the center of the universe. Almost 70 years after Copernicus' death and building on his theories, mathematician, astronomer and astrologer Johannes Kepler from Stuttgart would be a key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution. He is best known for his eponymous laws of planetary motion (Kepler's laws of planetary motion), codified by later astronomers, based on his

Toruń

'''Toruń''' (known also by several alternative names (Toruń#Etymology)) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River. Its population was 205,934 as of June 2009. Toruń is one of the oldest cities in Poland. The medieval old town of Toruń is the birthplace of the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.

In 1997 the medieval part of the city was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site (World Heritage Sites of Poland). In 2007 the Old Town in Toruń was added to the list of Seven Wonders of Poland. National Geographic Polska (National Geographic Channel) rated the old town market and the Gothic town hall as one of the "30 Most Beautiful Places in the World." In 2010 ''Forbes'' magazine ranked Toruń as number one of the "Polish Cities Attractive for Business".

Previously it was the capital of the Toruń Voivodeship (1975–98) and the Pomeranian Voivodeship (1921–45). Since 1999, Toruń has been a seat of the self-government of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship and, as such, is one of its two capitals (together with Bydgoszcz). The cities and neighboring counties form the Bydgoszcz-Toruń twin city metropolitan area. In September 2004, Bydgoszcz Medical School joined Toruń's Nicolaus Copernicus University (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń) as its ''Collegium Medicum''. The current Mayor of Toruń is Mr. Michał Zaleski.

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