Toliara

What is Toliara known for?


320

- Civil operators thumb Air Madagascar (File:ATR42-500 Air Madagascar.jpg) ATR 42–500 at Toliara Airport, Madagascar thumb right An ATR-42-320 of former operator Coast Air (File:Coast Air ATR-42-320 LN-FAR.jpg) Distinct contemporary forms of music, rooted in local musical traditions, have emerged in the coastal regions since the 1960s. Chief among these are two up-tempo dance music styles that have become popular across Madagascar and have achieved crossover


distinct contemporary

- Civil operators thumb Air Madagascar (File:ATR42-500 Air Madagascar.jpg) ATR 42–500 at Toliara Airport, Madagascar thumb right An ATR-42-320 of former operator Coast Air (File:Coast Air ATR-42-320 LN-FAR.jpg) Distinct contemporary forms of music, rooted in local musical traditions, have emerged in the coastal regions since the 1960s. Chief among these are two up-tempo dance music styles that have become popular across Madagascar and have achieved crossover success: ''salegy'', a 6 8 (6 8 time) style that originated in the northwest around Mahajanga and Antsiranana, and ''tsapika'', a 4 4 style centered in the southwest between Toliara and Betroka. Other key coastal styles include the ''basese'' of Diego-Suarez and the northeast coast, the ''kilalaky'' around Morondava and the southwestern interior, ''mangaliba'' of the southern Anosy region and the Congolese (Democratic Republic of the Congo) ''kwassa-kwassa (Kwassa kwassa)'' and ''sega (Sega music)'' coming from neighboring Reunion Island (Réunion) and Mauritius. '''Tsapika''': Like the ''salegy'', ''tsapika'' (or ''tsapiky'') is an energetic form of dance music that originated from the traditional music of the southwestern region around Toliara and that has recently been adapted to contemporary instruments such as electric guitar, bass guitar and drum kit. Generally even more rapid than the ''salegy'', this 4 4 form of music features a guitar performance style inspired by traditional ''marovany'' compositions, but the influence of South African (South africa) township music is evident in both the guitars and polyharmonic vocals, often performed by female singers who repeat variations on a short refrain throughout the song. ''Tsapika'' music is performed at all manner of ceremonial occasion in the South, whether a birthday celebration, community party, or funeral. While ''salegy'' had risen to national popularity by the mid-1980s (some would argue the 1970s), ''tsapika'' only truly began to garner a similar level of widespread appreciation by the mid-1990s. It was not until the 2000 release of the "Tulear Never Sleeps" compilation album that the genre achieved international exposure on a major label (Record label). This compilation, however, showcases "traditional" ''tsapika'', such as might have more commonly been performed in rural villages twenty years ago, rather than the amplified, synthesized and remixed style in heavy rotation on radio stations performed by national stars like Tirike, Jarifa, and Mamy Gotso. '''Toliara''' (formerly '''Toliary''' or '''Tuléar''') is a former province (provinces of Madagascar) of Madagascar with an area of 161,405 km². It had a population of 2,229,550 (July, 2001). Its capital was Toliara. Near Toliara is the "spiny forest (Madagascar spiny thickets)". The name ''tsavorite'' was proposed by Tiffany and Co president Sir Henry Platt in honor of Tsavo National Park in Kenya. Apart from the source locality in Tanzania it is also found in Toliara (Tuléar) Province, Madagascar, but so far, no other occurrences of gem material have been discovered. History The Coton de Tulear developed on the island of Madagascar and is still the island's national dog. The Coton's ancestors were possibly brought to Madagascar in the 16th and 17th centuries aboard pirate ships. Madagascar was a haven for pirates, and pirate graveyards can still be seen there. Pirates established a base on St. Mary's Island, Madagascar and some of them took Malagasy wives. Whether the dogs were brought along to control rats on the ships, as companions for long voyages, or were confiscated from other ships as booty no one knows. Tulear is a port now also known as Toliara. The Coton is of the Bichon dog type, linked most closely to the Bichon Tenerife, and Tenerife Terrier. There have been many stories circulating about the history of the Coton in recent years. Most of them are untrue. The Coton de Tulear was never feral on Madagascar. It did not hunt wild boar or alligators, as its size, strength, and demeanor can disprove easily. It was a companion dog of the Merina (the ruling tribe) in Madagascar. It has very little prey drive, and is not a hunting dog. thumb left Train station (Image:Antsirabe station.jpg) The city is at the end of the TA (Tananarive-Antsirabe) railway, currently only with freight trains. The line has been extended southwards through Vinaninkarena, but the extension is not in use. National road 7 (RN7) connects the city to Antananarivo in the north and to Fianarantsoa and Toliara to the south. Antsirabe is connected with Morondava on the west coast through RN34 35. * '''FMSR''' (MXM) – Morombe Airport – Morombe, Madagascar * '''FMST''' (TLE) – Toliara Airport – Toliara, Madagascar * '''FMSV''' (BKU) – Betioky Airport – Betioky, Madagascar thumb Group of Sakalava people (File:Group of Sakalava, 1890-1910.jpg) The '''Sakalava''' are an ethnic group of Madagascar (ethnic groups of Madagascar) Wikipedia:Toliara


quot years

and the private sector. Economy and production The port played a key role during the "boom corn" years in the 1980s and 90s. Today, the arrival of migrants contributing to agricultural production (maize, cassava and rice) and livestock (cattle and goats) supplying the city markets with food, has contributed to the development of small informal businesses: particularly among the Mahafale and Masikoro communities. The city specializes in the import and export of various products including sisal, cotton, rice, peanuts and soap. Production of sea salt thrives, from salt marshes and landscaped places in coastal areas. The Bay of Toliara houses one of Madagascar's oil exploration sites. The sea floor is rich in minerals gemstones (about 200 km to the north lies the Ilakaka sapphire deposit has operated since 1999) and ground salt. More recently, Canadian companies begin operation of the ilmenite in the region of Tolanaro. Beyond this mining and production, the industrial sector has declined in recent decades, Tourism is a promising sector, thanks to the climate and natural assets of the hinterland (Ifaty Anakao, St Augustine). Calm shallow seas and shallow support scuba diving, and Toliara remains a main destination for tours to southern Madagascar. Infrastructure The colonial legacy is still visible in the architecture and the urban landscape. Major road works and development were undertaken in 2003 to promote the development of the city. The University Hospital Centre is located near the city center in the district of Tanambao. Another private health facility, St. Luke's Clinic, is located in the district of Sanfily on the road to the airport. Education The University of Toliara is historically the oldest center for higher education, founded in 1971 after the decentralization of the University of Madagascar center. The university campus is located in Maninday 5 km east of the city, and teaches Humanities and Social Science, Science, Philosophy, and Management (the latter located next to the Cedratom). The Fisheries and Marine Sciences Institute (IHSM) welcomes students from diverse backgrounds, and offers advanced training in fisheries, aquaculture, and the marine and coastal environment. In 2000 it set up the National Oceanographic Data Centre. Toliara has a Technical School and two grammar schools (Lycée Laurent Botokeky and Antaninarenina High School), private and religious schools such as Sacred Heart College, Tsianaloke Mahavatse, and the School of Notre Dame, and a French college, College Etienne de Flacourt. There are no French grammar schools in Tulear; after the third grade, parents send their children to Antananarivo to continue school. Transports There is an airport (Toliara Airport). Culture and Religion Regional cultural highlights include: * The Ifaty beach near Tulear is famous for its water and sands. * The Museum of Arts and Traditions of the South of Madagascar (in Cedratom) presents the life, crafts and funerary art of the people in the area. * The Regional Museum of the University of Toliara: this museum has a small ethnological collection and a huge egg of Aepyornis. * The Museum of the Sea, founded by Professor Rabesandratana, is hosted by the Oceanographic Institute and covers the local aquatic flora and fauna, including a coelacanth caught in 1995 near Anakao. * The Antsokay Arboretum: Established in 1980 at the initiative of the Swiss amateur botanist Petignat Hermann (1923-2000). This arboretum covers an area of 52 hectares, with more than 920 plant species, lemurs, radiated tortoises, snakes and chameleons. * A locally known shell market, on the waterfront, behind the French Alliance, sells shells and various handicraft products. Toliara is the seat of a Catholic archbishop. Slogans * Fiherena no maha-Toliara "the (river) Fiherena is the soul of Toliara" * Toliara tsy miroro "Toliara never sleeps" See also * Isalo National Park * Beza Mahafaly Reserve * Coton de Tulear References Wikipedia:Toliara


local tradition

of the French East India Company rescued the surviving thirty men and one widow in 1674. According to local tradition, the founders of the Sakalava kingdom were Maroseraña (or Maroseranana, "those who owned many ports") princes, from the Fiherenana (now Toliara). They quickly subdued the neighbouring princes, starting with the southern ones, in the Mahafaly area. The true founder of Sakalava dominance was Andriamisara; his son Andriandahifotsy (c1610-1658) then extended

the provinces of Antsiranana, Mahajanga and Toliara. But with the domination of the Indian Ocean by the British fleet and the end of the Arab slave trade, the Sakalava would lose their power to the emerging Merina threat. According to local tradition, the founders of the Sakalava kingdom were Maroseraña (or Maroseranana, "those who owned many ports") princes, from the Fiherenana (now Toliara). They may also be descended from the Zafiraminia (sons


guitar bass

such as electric guitar, bass guitar and drum kit. Generally even more rapid than the ''salegy'', this 4 4 form of music features a guitar performance style inspired by traditional ''marovany'' compositions, but the influence of South African (South africa) township music is evident in both the guitars and polyharmonic vocals, often performed by female singers who repeat variations on a short refrain throughout the song. ''Tsapika'' music is performed at all manner of ceremonial occasion in the South, whether a birthday celebration, community party, or funeral. While ''salegy'' had risen to national popularity by the mid-1980s (some would argue the 1970s), ''tsapika'' only truly began to garner a similar level of widespread appreciation by the mid-1990s. It was not until the 2000 release of the "Tulear Never Sleeps" compilation album that the genre achieved international exposure on a major label (Record label). This compilation, however, showcases "traditional" ''tsapika'', such as might have more commonly been performed in rural villages twenty years ago, rather than the amplified, synthesized and remixed style in heavy rotation on radio stations performed by national stars like Tirike, Jarifa, and Mamy Gotso. '''Toliara''' (formerly '''Toliary''' or '''Tuléar''') is a former province (provinces of Madagascar) of Madagascar with an area of 161,405 km². It had a population of 2,229,550 (July, 2001). Its capital was Toliara. Near Toliara is the "spiny forest (Madagascar spiny thickets)". The name ''tsavorite'' was proposed by Tiffany and Co president Sir Henry Platt in honor of Tsavo National Park in Kenya. Apart from the source locality in Tanzania it is also found in Toliara (Tuléar) Province, Madagascar, but so far, no other occurrences of gem material have been discovered. History The Coton de Tulear developed on the island of Madagascar and is still the island's national dog. The Coton's ancestors were possibly brought to Madagascar in the 16th and 17th centuries aboard pirate ships. Madagascar was a haven for pirates, and pirate graveyards can still be seen there. Pirates established a base on St. Mary's Island, Madagascar and some of them took Malagasy wives. Whether the dogs were brought along to control rats on the ships, as companions for long voyages, or were confiscated from other ships as booty no one knows. Tulear is a port now also known as Toliara. The Coton is of the Bichon dog type, linked most closely to the Bichon Tenerife, and Tenerife Terrier. There have been many stories circulating about the history of the Coton in recent years. Most of them are untrue. The Coton de Tulear was never feral on Madagascar. It did not hunt wild boar or alligators, as its size, strength, and demeanor can disprove easily. It was a companion dog of the Merina (the ruling tribe) in Madagascar. It has very little prey drive, and is not a hunting dog. thumb left Train station (Image:Antsirabe station.jpg) The city is at the end of the TA (Tananarive-Antsirabe) railway, currently only with freight trains. The line has been extended southwards through Vinaninkarena, but the extension is not in use. National road 7 (RN7) connects the city to Antananarivo in the north and to Fianarantsoa and Toliara to the south. Antsirabe is connected with Morondava on the west coast through RN34 35. * '''FMSR''' (MXM) – Morombe Airport – Morombe, Madagascar * '''FMST''' (TLE) – Toliara Airport – Toliara, Madagascar * '''FMSV''' (BKU) – Betioky Airport – Betioky, Madagascar thumb Group of Sakalava people (File:Group of Sakalava, 1890-1910.jpg) The '''Sakalava''' are an ethnic group of Madagascar (ethnic groups of Madagascar) Wikipedia:Toliara


home free

residents of Toliara frequent this restaurant for a taste of home. Free Wifi *


music videos

dishes as well as pizza. There is a wide, breezy terrace and a pool table. Occasionally the restaurant is closed to the public for marriages or private events. Free Wifi * Wikipedia:Toliara


big game

. * Go


playing music

dishes as well as pizza. There is a wide, breezy terrace and a pool table. Occasionally the restaurant is closed to the public for marriages or private events. Free Wifi *


social science

and Social Science, Science, Philosophy, and Management (the latter located next to the Cedratom). The Fisheries and Marine Sciences Institute (IHSM) welcomes students from diverse backgrounds, and offers advanced training in fisheries, aquaculture, and the marine and coastal environment. In 2000 it set up the National Oceanographic Data Centre. Toliara has a Technical School and two grammar schools (Lycée Laurent Botokeky and Antaninarenina High School), private and religious schools such as Sacred

Toliara

'''Toliara''' (also known as ''Toliary'', ; formerly ''Tuléar'') is a city in Madagascar.

It is the capital of the Atsimo-Andrefana region, located 936 km south-west 'of Antananarivo.

The current spelling(s) of the name was adopted in the 1970s, and reflects the orthography of the Malagasy language. Many geographic place names were similarly altered in this time from their previous French spellings following Malagasy independence in 1960.

The city has a population of 148,500. As a port town it acts as a major import export hub for commodities such as sisal, soap, hemp, cotton, rice, and peanuts.

Air Madagascar operates scheduled flights to here.

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