Tobruk

What is Tobruk known for?


close run

, though it was a close-run thing which saw bitter heavy fighting and heavy losses, especially in tanks, with the operation ending in December. The Siege of Tobruk was finally lifted, with its defenders, mostly Australians, having held out since April. Back in the United Kingdom, the 3rd Battalion re-roled to an armoured battalion, being renamed 3rd (Armoured) Battalion and joined the 6th Guards Armoured Brigade (British 6th Guards Armoured Brigade). Two days after the action at Er


title episode

. The unit was commanded by Rauff who was empowered to carry out "executive measures on the civilian population", the Nazi euphemism for mass murder and enslavement. - 1 May 1954 - On 25 February 1941 she landed a Royal Marines unit during Operation Abstention


holding important

they were attacked by the two armoured division's of the Afrika Korps. The British tanks suffered heavy losses but prevented the Germans taking the airfield. Brigadier Campbell's small force, holding important ground, was repeatedly attacked and wherever the fighting was hardest he was to be seen either on foot, in his open car or astride a tank. According to Alan Moorehead, birth_place Dublin, Ireland death_place El Duda, Tobruk, Libya placeofburial On 25 November 1941 at Tobruk, Libya, the assault on El Duda bridge was being slowed down by fierce enemy fire from anti-tank guns and Captain Jack as calmly as though on manoeuvres, led his machinegun company to ease the situation on the right flank of Allied tanks. Then, standing up in his vehicle, he led the trucks across the front between the tanks and the guns and got them into action on the left flank. His coolness and disregard of danger not only inspired his own men but also the tank crews. Ironically, he was killed next day. DATE OF DEATH 26 November 1941 PLACE OF DEATH El Duda, Tobruk, Libya On 5 May 1940, Spencer 1999, p. 27. after a period of intense training, the battalion embarked on the ''Mauritania'' which carried them to the United Kingdom where the battalion formed part of an Australian contingent that were to help defend against a possible invasion following the Fall of France. Spencer 1999, p. 28. While in the UK, French was chosen as one of the bodyguards for King George VI, and also to the then Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. WikiPedia:Tobruk Commons:Category:Tobruk


line position

, soon after the arrival of German forces (Operation Sonnenblume) (the ''Afrika Korps'') in Tripoli, Libya to reinforce the Italians, their commander (General Erwin Rommel)—although ordered to remain on the defensive—quickly captured the British front line position at El Agheila. He then went on an offensive which, by mid-April, had reached as far as Sallum, Egypt. The sole remaining Allied (Allies of World War II) position in Libya was the heavily fortified port


extensive field

. From the early 1930s, the British War Office began research on a replacement for the Service Dress (Service Dress (British Army)) that had been a combined field and dress uniform since the early 1900s. Initially conducted on a small scale over several years, some of the ideas tested included deerstalker hats and safari jackets. After extensive field trials of other uniforms, WikiPedia:Tobruk Commons:Category:Tobruk


radio commentary

World War II. In November 1942, the Allied forces retook Cyrenaica; by February 1943, the last German and Italian soldiers were driven from Libya. *1927 – Teddy Wakelam gives the first live radio commentary of a football (association football) match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United (Sheffield United F.C.) at Highbury (Arsenal Stadium). *1941 – World War II: British (British Empire) and Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations) troops capture Tobruk from Italian forces (Regio Esercito) during Operation Compass (Operation_Compass#Tobruk). *1944 – World War II: The Allies (Allies of World War II) commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio, Italy. WikiPedia:Tobruk Commons:Category:Tobruk


resistance military

much of the small Italian expeditionary corps. thumb left Italian troops firing on the Turks in Tripoli (1911) (File:Italoturca1.jpg) Successively Italian troops landed at Tobruk after a brief bombardment on December 4, 1911, occupied the seashore and marched towards the hinterlands facing weak resistance (Resistance (military)). "1911–1912 Turco-Italian War and Captain Mustafa Kemal". Ministry of Culture of Turkey, edited


campaign

The Hotel Tobruk was built in 1937. World War II At the beginning of World War II, Libya was an Italian colony (Italian Libya) and Tobruk became the site of important battles between the Allies (Allies of World War II) and Axis powers (Axis powers of World War II). Tobruk was strategically important to the conquest of Eastern Libya, then the province of Cyrenaica, for several reasons. File:Map of siege of Tobruk 1942.jpg

thumb 300px The Battle of Gazala in May 1942, which was fought in the vicinity of Tobruk Tobruk had a deep, natural, and protected harbour, which meant that even if the port were bombed, ships would still be able to anchor there and be safe from squalls, so the port could never be rendered wholly useless regardless of military bombardment. This was of critical importance, as it made Tobruk an excellent place to supply a desert warfare campaign. It was also heavily fortified

was launched. Other forces continued pushing east, reaching Bardia and securing the whole of Libya by 15 April. On 13 September 1940, Mussolini's highway (Via Balbia) was used for the invasion of Egypt by Italian forces stationed in Libya. Counterattacks of British Allied forces from Egypt, commanded by Wavell and their successful two-month campaign in (Tobruk, Benghazi, El Agheila), and the counteroffensives under Rommel (Erwin Rommel) in 1940-43, all took place during


extensive service

. The Italian flag was taken down and in the absence of an Australian flag, a signaler from the 2 4th Battalion (2 4th Battalion (Australia)) tied his slouch hat to the flag staff and hauled it up to the top. WikiPedia:Tobruk Commons:Category:Tobruk


battle

The Hotel Tobruk was built in 1937. World War II At the beginning of World War II, Libya was an Italian colony (Italian Libya) and Tobruk became the site of important battles between the Allies (Allies of World War II) and Axis powers (Axis powers of World War II). Tobruk was strategically important to the conquest of Eastern Libya, then the province of Cyrenaica, for several reasons. File:Map of siege of Tobruk 1942.jpg

thumb 300px The Battle of Gazala in May 1942, which was fought in the vicinity of Tobruk Tobruk had a deep, natural, and protected harbour, which meant that even if the port were bombed, ships would still be able to anchor there and be safe from squalls, so the port could never be rendered wholly useless regardless of military bombardment. This was of critical importance, as it made Tobruk an excellent place to supply a desert warfare campaign. It was also heavily fortified

Independent Carpathian Rifle Brigade , a Czechoslovak battalion (Czechoslovak 11th Infantry Battalion) and a British tank brigade. The siege lasted until December, when Operation ''Crusader'' (Operation Crusader) pushed the DAK and Italians back out of Cyrenaica. Capture of Tobruk Rommel's second offensive took place in May and June 1942. Tobruk was taken in an outflanking attack on 21 June 1942 (Battle of Gazala), capturing the largest number of British Commonwealth troops

Tobruk

thumb 300px Port of Tobruk (File:Tobruk port 23.jpg) '''Tobruk''' or '''Tubruq''' ''Ţubruq''; also transliterated (Transliteration) as ''Tóbruch'', ''Tobruch'', ''Ţubruq'', ''Tobruck'' and ''Tubruk'') is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean (Mediterranean Sea) coast, near the border with Egypt. It is the capital of the Butnan District (formerly Tobruk District) and has a population of 120,000 (2011 est.). "Tobruk" (history), ''Encyclopædia Britannica'', 2006, Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, ''Concise.Britannica.com'' BC-Tobruk.

As of September 2014 the "internationally recognised government" (Council of Deputies) http: www.bbc.co.uk news world-africa-30681904 of Libya met and lived on a Greek car ferry in Tobruk harbour. http: www.theguardian.com world 2014 sep 09 libyan-parliament-refuge-greek-car-ferry In October 2014 they re-located to the 1970's Hotel Dar al Salam http: uk.reuters.com article 2014 10 02 uk-libya-security-insight-idUKKCN0HR1GD20141002 http: www.bbc.co.uk news magazine-29603393 AKA the Al Masira Hotel http: www.tripadvisor.co.uk Hotel_Review-g1641758-d3171777-Reviews-Al_Masira_Hotel-Tobruk_Al_Butnan_District.html#photos in Tobruk. In November 2014 that government was declared illegal by Libya's highest court. http: www.aljazeera.com news middleeast 2014 11 libyan-court-suspends-un-backed-parliament-201411691057750925.html

Tobruk was the site of an ancient Greek (Ancient Greece) colony and, later, of a Roman (Ancient Rome) fortress guarding the frontier of Cyrenaica. Over the centuries, Tobruk also served as a waystation along the coastal caravan (Caravan (travellers)) route. By 1911, Tobruk had become an Italian (Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)) military post, but during World War II, Allied forces, mainly the Australian 6th Division, took Tobruk on 22 January 1941. The Australian 9th Division ("The Rats of Tobruk") pulled back to Tobruk to avoid encirclement after actions at Er Regima (Ar Rajma) and Mechili and reached Tobruk on 9 April 1941 where prolonged fighting (Siege of Tobruk) against German forces followed. Although the siege was lifted by Operation Crusader in November 1941, a renewed offensive by Rommel the following year resulted in Tobruk being captured in June 1942 and held by the Axis forces until November 1942, when it was recaptured by the Allies. Rebuilt after World War II, Tobruk was later expanded during the 1960s to include a port terminal (Port of Tobruk) linked by an oil pipeline to the Sarir oil field.

King Idris of Libya had his palace at Bab Zaytun. Tobruk was traditionally a stronghold of the Senussi royal dynasty and one of the first to rebel against Colonel Gaddafi in the Arab Spring.

At the outset of the Libyan Civil War (2011 Libyan Civil War), the city quickly came under the control of the NTC (National Transitional Council).

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