Tobruk

What is Tobruk known for?


tough fighting

, the 2nd Battalion took part in fighting against the Italians in Egypt before the following year when it saw tough fighting in Libya, then controlled by Italy. Engagements that the regiment took part in were many, and it fought valiantly against tough opposition. In May, the regiment saw action at the Battle of Halfaya Pass, which saw British and Commonwealth forces experiencing tough fighting against Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps. In June, the battalion was involved


opening stage

by the newly formed British X Corps. The Germans quickly broke through, surrounded X Corps (which fortunately for the British, managed to break out) and pushed XXX Corps back to El Alamein. The ship escorted the LSI(L) (Landing Ship, Infantry) WikiPedia:Tobruk Commons:Category:Tobruk


extensive field

. From the early 1930s, the British War Office began research on a replacement for the Service Dress (Service Dress (British Army)) that had been a combined field and dress uniform since the early 1900s. Initially conducted on a small scale over several years, some of the ideas tested included deerstalker hats and safari jackets. After extensive field trials of other uniforms, WikiPedia:Tobruk Commons:Category:Tobruk


running battle

with other Senussi to assist Rabih az-Zubayr in the resistance in Chad against the French (Colonial Chad#French conquest). In the running battle which followed, ''Bartolomeo Colleoni'' was hard hit by ''Sydney'' and after a shell hit the boilers at 09:23 she stopped dead in the water. She fought on but was unable to manoeuvre or use the main battery; despite the fire from her guns, she was sunk by three torpedoes launched from ''Ilex'' and ''Hyperion'' at 09:59


successful defensive

. where they later played a successful defensive role in the Siege of Tobruk, from May to August 1941. Wilmot 1993, pp. 88, 150–151 and 280. In the actions around Tobruk, the division suffered 135 killed, 507 wounded and 29 captured. Johnston 2005, p. 250. - WikiPedia:Tobruk Commons:Category:Tobruk


important nearby

2011 although due to the lack of important nearby land sites it is certainly not the most popular. The city is effectively surrounded by a desert lightly populated with nomadic herdsmen who travel from oasis to oasis. There are many escarpments (cliffs) to the south of Tobruk (and indeed in all of Cyrenaica, the eastern half of Libya). These escarpments generally have their high sides to the south and their low sides (dip slopes) to the north. This constitutes a substantial


tough opposition

, the 2nd Battalion took part in fighting against the Italians in Egypt before the following year when it saw tough fighting in Libya, then controlled by Italy. Engagements that the regiment took part in were many, and it fought valiantly against tough opposition. In May, the regiment saw action at the Battle of Halfaya Pass, which saw British and Commonwealth forces experiencing tough fighting against Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps. In June, the battalion was involved


intense training

the tank crews. Ironically, he was killed next day. DATE OF DEATH 26 November 1941 PLACE OF DEATH El Duda, Tobruk, Libya On 5 May 1940, Spencer 1999, p. 27. after a period of intense training, the battalion embarked on the ''Mauritania'' which carried them to the United Kingdom where the battalion formed part of an Australian contingent that were to help defend against a possible invasion following the Fall of France. Spencer


conducting brilliant

. The Swordsmen and Kennedy returned to Virginia in February 1989. In World War I, the Legion demonstrated that it was a highly capable unit in modern warfare. It suffered 11,000 casualties in the Western Front (Western Front (World War I)) while conducting brilliant defenses and spirited counter-attacks. WikiPedia:Tobruk Commons:Category:Tobruk


open quot

on them from Benghazi to the north, the demoralised, exhausted Italians unconditionally capitulated. Keegan (2005), p196 O'Connor and Eric Dorman-Smith cabled back to Wavell, "Fox killed in the open..." Barnett (1999), p.58 '''Sidi Barrani''' ( east of the border with Libya, and around

Tobruk

thumb 300px Port of Tobruk (File:Tobruk port 23.jpg) '''Tobruk''' or '''Tubruq''' ''Ţubruq''; also transliterated (Transliteration) as ''Tóbruch'', ''Tobruch'', ''Ţubruq'', ''Tobruck'' and ''Tubruk'') is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean (Mediterranean Sea) coast, near the border with Egypt. It is the capital of the Butnan District (formerly Tobruk District) and has a population of 120,000 (2011 est.). "Tobruk" (history), ''Encyclopædia Britannica'', 2006, Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, ''Concise.Britannica.com'' BC-Tobruk.

As of September 2014 the "internationally recognised government" (Council of Deputies) http: www.bbc.co.uk news world-africa-30681904 of Libya met and lived on a Greek car ferry in Tobruk harbour. http: www.theguardian.com world 2014 sep 09 libyan-parliament-refuge-greek-car-ferry In October 2014 they re-located to the 1970's Hotel Dar al Salam http: uk.reuters.com article 2014 10 02 uk-libya-security-insight-idUKKCN0HR1GD20141002 http: www.bbc.co.uk news magazine-29603393 AKA the Al Masira Hotel http: www.tripadvisor.co.uk Hotel_Review-g1641758-d3171777-Reviews-Al_Masira_Hotel-Tobruk_Al_Butnan_District.html#photos in Tobruk. In November 2014 that government was declared illegal by Libya's highest court. http: www.aljazeera.com news middleeast 2014 11 libyan-court-suspends-un-backed-parliament-201411691057750925.html

Tobruk was the site of an ancient Greek (Ancient Greece) colony and, later, of a Roman (Ancient Rome) fortress guarding the frontier of Cyrenaica. Over the centuries, Tobruk also served as a waystation along the coastal caravan (Caravan (travellers)) route. By 1911, Tobruk had become an Italian (Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)) military post, but during World War II, Allied forces, mainly the Australian 6th Division, took Tobruk on 22 January 1941. The Australian 9th Division ("The Rats of Tobruk") pulled back to Tobruk to avoid encirclement after actions at Er Regima (Ar Rajma) and Mechili and reached Tobruk on 9 April 1941 where prolonged fighting (Siege of Tobruk) against German forces followed. Although the siege was lifted by Operation Crusader in November 1941, a renewed offensive by Rommel the following year resulted in Tobruk being captured in June 1942 and held by the Axis forces until November 1942, when it was recaptured by the Allies. Rebuilt after World War II, Tobruk was later expanded during the 1960s to include a port terminal (Port of Tobruk) linked by an oil pipeline to the Sarir oil field.

King Idris of Libya had his palace at Bab Zaytun. Tobruk was traditionally a stronghold of the Senussi royal dynasty and one of the first to rebel against Colonel Gaddafi in the Arab Spring.

At the outset of the Libyan Civil War (2011 Libyan Civil War), the city quickly came under the control of the NTC (National Transitional Council).

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