Tirana

What is Tirana known for?


study program

;ref Ranking Web of World Universities It includes eight colleges, 50 academic departments, and 41 study programs or majors. Most programs are offered in Tirana; a few smaller affiliated campuses are located in other Albanian cities, including Saranda in the South and Kukës in the North. In Albania he is highly venerated as a most important national actor. In his honour, the drama school of the Academy of Music and Arts (Academy of Music and Arts of Albania) in Tirana as well as the university and the city theatre of Durrës were named "Aleksandër Moisiu". The 60th anniversary of his death was remembered in Albania in 1995 with an "Artistic Year" dedicated to him; it was sponsored by the Aleksander Moisiu Foundation in Durrës. The Albanian World War II general Spiro Moisiu and his son Alfred Moisiu, Albanian president from 2002 to 2007, are relatives of Aleksandër Moisiu. On 20 December 2005 in Durrës was founded Aleksandër Moisiu University. * Commons:Category:Tirana


centuries made

led by Fan S. Noli. Since 1925, when they were banned in Turkey, the Bektashis, an order of dervishes who take their name from Haji Bektash, a Sufi saint of the 13th and 14th centuries, made Tirana their primary settlement. Modern Albanian parliamentary building served as a club of officers. It was there that, in September 1928, Zog of Albania was crowned King Zog I, King of the Albanians. The period between the 1930s and 1940s was characterized by the completion of the above architectural projects, clashes between occupying forces and local resistance and the coming to power of the communists. In 1930, the northern portion of modern ''Dëshmorët e Kombit'' (National Martyrs) Boulevard) was finished and named Zog I Boulevard. Meanwhile, the ministerial complex, boulevard axis, Royal Palace (Palace of the Brigades), former municipal building, and the National Bank (Bank of Albania) were still under construction. The latter is the work of the renown Italian architect Vittorio Ballio Morpurgo. In addition, Tirana served as the venue for the signing, between Fascist Italy and Albania, of the Pact of Tirana. World War II and Socialism thumb Partisans entering Tirana in 1944 (File:Partisans in Tirana.jpg) In 1939, Tirana was captured by Fascist forces appointing a puppet government. In the meantime, Italian architect Gherardo Bosio was asked to elaborate on previous plans and introduce a new project in the area of present day Mother Teresa Square. Bleta, Indrit. ''Influences of political regime shifts on the urban scene of a capital city, Case Study: Tirana.'' Turkey, 2010. By the early 1940s, the southern portion of the main boulevard and surrounding buildings were finished and renamed with Fascist names. A failed assassination attempt was made on Victor Emmanuel III of Italy by a local resistance activist during a visit in Tirana. In November 1941, two emissaries of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (KPJ), Miladin Popović and Dušan Mugoša, managed to call a meeting of three Albanian communist groups and founded the Communist Party of Albania (Party of Labour of Albania), of which Enver Hoxha would shortly emerge as the leader. The town soon became the center of the Albanian communists, who mobilized locals against Italian fascists and later Nazi Germans, while spreading ideological propaganda. On 17 November 1944, the town was liberated after a fierce battle between the Communists and German forces (Albanian Resistance of World War II). The Nazis eventually withdrew and the communists seized power. thumb left Tirana's car free main boulevard (File:Albanien (05).jpg) From 1944 to 1991, the city experienced ordered development with a decline in architectural quality. Massive socialist-styled apartment complexes and factories began to be built, while Skanderbeg Square was redesigned with a number of buildings being demolished. For instance, Tirana's former Old Bazaar and the Orthodox (Eastern Orthodox Church) Cathedral were razed to the ground for the erection of the Soviet-styled Palace of Culture. The Italian-built municipal building was detonated and the National Historical Museum (National Historical Museum (Albania)) was constructed instead, while the structure housing the Parliament of Albania during the monarchy was turned into a children's theater. The northern portion of the main boulevard was renamed Stalin (Joseph Stalin) Boulevard and his statue erected in the city square. As private car ownership was banned, mass transport consisted mainly of bicycles, trucks and buses. After Hoxha's death, a pyramidal museum was constructed in his memory by the government. Prior to and after the proclamation of Albania's self-isolationist policy, a number of high-profile figures paid visits to the city, such as Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, Chinese (People's Republic of China) Premier Zhou Enlai and East German (German Democratic Republic) Foreign Minister Oskar Fischer (Oskar Fischer (politician)). In 1985, Tirana served as the ceremonial venue of Enver Hoxha's funeral. A few years later, Mother Teresa became the first religious figure to visit the country following Albania's long declared atheist stance. She paid respect to her mother and sister resting at a local cemetery. Starting at the campus and ending at Skanderbeg Square with the toppling of Enver Hoxha's statue, the city saw significant demonstrations (Fall of communism in Albania) by University of Tirana students, demanding political freedoms in the early 1990s. Transition thumb Lana River before cleanup (File:Lana River before cleanup.JPG) The period following the fall of communism until the late 1990s is often described negatively in terms of urban (urban area) development, even though significant utility investments were made. Kiosks and apartment buildings started to be built without planning on former public areas. Informal districts formed around the city as internal migrants gathered from around the country. During this period, Albania was transformed from a centrally planned economy into a market economy. Private car ownership was reinstated and businesses re-established. However poor city lighting and road quality became major problems as mud, potholes, street floods, and dust became permanent features on the streets. However, all buildings and apartments were denationalized, second-hand buses introduced and modern water, telephone, and electrical systems built during 1992–1996, which form the backbone of modern Tirana. Enver Hoxha's Museum (Pyramid) was dismantled in 1991 and renamed in honor of persecuted activist Pjeter Arbnori. On the political aspect, the city witnessed a number of events. Personalities visited the capital, such as former U.S. Secretary of State James Baker and Pope John Paul II. The former visit came amidst the historical setting after the fall of communism, as hundreds of thousands were chanting in Skanderbeg Square Baker's famous saying of "Freedom works!". Pope John Paul II became the first major religious leader to visit Tirana, though Mother Teresa had visited few years prior. During the Balkans turmoil in the mid-1990s, the city experienced dramatic events such as the unfolding of the 1997 unrest in Albania and a failed coup d'état (Fatos Nano#Second and third premierships) on 14 September 1998. In 1999, following the Kosovo War, Tirana Airport became a NATO airbase, serving its mission in the former Yugoslavia. Rebirth thumbnail left Scanderbeg Square view at night (File:Tirana Night View.jpg) thumbnail Colorful buildings (File:The World Factbook - Albania - Flickr - The Central Intelligence Agency (8).jpg) In 2000, former Tirana mayor Edi Rama undertook a campaign to demolish illegal buildings around the city centre and on Lana River banks to bring the area to its pre-1990 state. In addition, Rama led the initiative to paint the façades of Tirana's buildings in bright colours, although much of their interiors continue to degrade. Commons:Category:Tirana


television play

forged a career on Broadway (Broadway theatre) in New York (New York City) and as a television actor, winning critical acclaim for his dramatic role of a dying cancer patient in the television play ''Going Gently'' in 1981. It was broadcast on 5 June that year. He toured Australia and South Africa. After the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, a hospice was named in his honour. In 1995 he was given


founder amp

A. Xhelo (founder & CEO) thumb A Belle Air Airbus A320 (File:Belleair A320 F-ORAE Tirana.jpg) at Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza (2006). '''Belle Air Sh.p.k.''' (stylized '''belleair''') is a privately owned low-cost airline (Low-cost carrier), founded in 2005, having its head office in Tirana, Albania,. "Contatto" Belle Air. Retrieved on 8 February 2011. "Sheshi Skenderbeg


development study

for the Tirana metropolitan area. The plan was updated by PADCO in 2002 into a Strategic Plan for Greater Tirana, which covered the metropolitan area. In 2002, two German consultants, GTZ GmbH (German Technical Cooperation), and IOER (Institute of Ecological and Regional Development) compiled a development study for the Tirana-Durrës region. Two other site plans for the city center were prepared in 2003 and 2010 by French Architecture Studio, and Belgian architectural firm 51N4E respectively. In 2007, a larger strategic plan for this region followed up made by two UK-based firms, Landell Mills Development Consultants and Buro Happold. Most of these proposal's did not go through the established approval procedures and have unclear legal status. The preparation of a new master plan for Tirana was under way for almost a decade (2002–2011). Two interim reports prepared by Urbaplan - a Swiss consultant, and CoPlan - an Albanian urban planning institute were released in 2007 and 2008 respectively. Commons:Category:Tirana


century wide

. As a result, any possible preventive effect of the common official warning was cancelled by the mixed unofficial signals, and failed to prevent or to stop the war: 21st century (diabetes, stroke) death_place Tirana, People's Socialist Republic of Albania party Party of Labour of Albania


food traditional

content The mall has a café, a food court, a good little supermarket and several upmarket shops. Eat There are many excellent, inexpensive restaurants in Tirana serving all kinds of food. Traditional cuisine can be found at: Traditional *


winning critical

forged a career on Broadway (Broadway theatre) in New York (New York City) and as a television actor, winning critical acclaim for his dramatic role of a dying cancer patient in the television play ''Going Gently'' in 1981. It was broadcast on 5 June that year. He toured Australia and South Africa. After the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, a hospice was named in his honour. In 1995 he was given the Freedom of the City of London and of Tirana. The same year he received an OBE (Order of the British Empire). Wisdom was knighted (Knight Bachelor) in 2000 and spent much of his later life on the Isle of Man. Some of his later appearances included roles in ''Last of the Summer Wine'' and ''Coronation Street'', and he retired from acting at the age of 90 after his health deteriorated. In 1946 he was sent to the Soviet Union as a student. In 1948 he graduated from the military engineering school in Saint Petersburg (then Leningrad). He served in Tirana as a platoon-commander at the United Officers' School (1948–1949) and as a teacher at the Military Academy (1949–1951). From 1952 to 1958 he attended the Academy of Military Engineering in Moscow, graduating with a ''Golden Medal'' (a distinction for excellent study). - align center 31. 17 February 1971 Tirana, Albania Commons:Category:Tirana


popular events

(malin e Vilës). The outer wall was 7 m high, the Bastion 12 m high. The city is built using more than 2 m long and 1 m high stone elements. Take a tour around the hill Festivals Some of the most popular events are Summer Day celebrations in Mid-March, and Independence Day festivities on November 28. Recently, a number of prestigious festivals have become a tradition


international television

2–0 2–0 2006 FIFA World Cup Qual. (2006 FIFA World Cup qualification (UEFA)#Group 2) - Mediterranean Route Cadiz - Málaga - Almeria - Valencia (Valencia (city in Spain)) - Barcelona - Monaco - Piacenza (EV5) - Mantua (EV7) - Ferrara - Venice - Trieste (EV9) - Rijeka - Split (Split (city)) - Dubrovnik - Tirana - Patras - Athens (EV11) Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Montenegro, Albania, Greece '''Futboll Klub''' or '''Klubi Sportiv Partizani''' is an Albanian football (football (soccer)) club (Football club), playing in the capital, Tirana, and founded in 1946. Their first participation in the Albanian National Championship (Albanian Superliga) was in 1947. For the first time after the season 2010-11 relegated from Albanian First Division to the Albanian Second Division The history of Partizani starts after Albania gained its independence. The base of the team was fighter of the Albanian Liberation Army. In the first years of existence, Partizani's team had to rely on players from the Military High School Skenderbej and Military University Shkolla e Bashkuar e Oficerave, as well as players from other existing teams. In the first championship after World War II in 1945, there were two army teams that participated, Ylli and Liria. They only played in the first championship, because after that they merged and created Ushtria (The Army). In January 13, 1946, the team played its first friendly match

Tirana

'''Tirana''' ; regional Gheg Albanian: ''Tirona'') is the capital and largest city of Albania.

Tirana became Albania’s capital city in 1920 and has a population of 321,546. Including suburbs, Tirana has 421,286 inhabitants.

The city is host to many public institutions and public and private universities, and is the centre of the political, economic, and cultural life of the country.

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017