What is Thatta known for?

written works

'''. During the Sultan's time was written the '''Dalail-e-Ferozi''' by Izz-ud-Din Khalid Khani. During this time were also written works on music, poetry and the art of dancing. In 1370 C.E. he twice invaded Thatta. After the rebellion of his vizier Juna Khan Khan Jahan in 1387 who was defeated by the heir apparent Muhammad Shah ibn Feroze Shah (Muhammad Shah ibn Firuz Shah), the Sultan appointed his son as the vizier, but after mismanaging state affairs the nobles revolted against the heir

famous building

spiritual in nature. Shah Abdul Latif Bhita'i (1689–1752) is one of its greatest poets, and wrote Sassi Punnun and Umar Marvi, folk stories, in his famous book "Shah Jo Risalo". Shah Jahan left behind a grand legacy of structures constructed during his reign. He was a patron of architecture. His most famous building was the Taj Mahal, now a wonder of the world, which he built out of love for Mumtaz Mahal. Its structure was drawn with great care and architects from all over the world were called for this purpose. The building took twenty years to complete and was constructed from white marble underlaid with brick. Upon his death, his son Aurangazeb had him interred in it next to Mumtaz Mahal. Among his other constructions are Delhi Fort also called the ''Red Fort'' or ''Lal Qila'' (Urdu (Urdu language)) in Delhi, large sections of Agra Fort, the Jama Masjid (Jama Masjid, Delhi) (Grand Mosque), Delhi, the Wazir Khan Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan, the Moti Masjid (Moti Masjid (Lahore)) (Pearl Mosque), Lahore, the Shalimar Gardens (Shalimar Gardens (Lahore)) in Lahore, sections of the Lahore Fort, Lahore, the Jahangir mausoleum (Tomb of Jahangir) — his father's tomb, the construction of which was overseen by his stepmother Nur Jahan and the Shahjahan Mosque, Thatta, Pakistan. He also had the Peacock Throne, Takht e Taus, made to celebrate his rule. A famous Seamless celestial globe was produced in 1659-1660 AD (1070 AH), by the Sindhi (Sindhi people) Astronomer Muhammad Salih Tahtawi of Thatta with Arabic and Persian (Persian language) inscriptions. thumb The Samma period is known for pioneering of Sindhi folklore and literature. (File:Суккур.jpg) In 1339 Jam Unar founded a Sindhi Muslim Samma Dynasty and challenged the Sultans of Delhi. he used the title of the ''Sultan of Sindh''. The Samma tribe reached its peak during the reign of Jam Nizamuddin II (also known by the nickname Jám Nindó). During his reign from 1461 to 1509, Nindó greatly expanded the new capital of Thatta and its Makli hills, which replaced Debal. He also patronized Sindhi art, architecture and culture. The Samma had left behind a popular legacy especially in architecture, music and art. Important court figures included the famous poet Kazi Kadal, Sardar Darya Khan, Moltus Khan, Makhdoom Bilwal and the theologian Kazi Kazan. However, Thatta was a port city; unlike garrison towns, it could not mobilize large armies against the Arghun and Tarkhan Mongol invaders, who killed many regional Sindhi Mirs and Amirs loyal to the Samma. Some Parts of sindh still remained under the Sultans of Delhi and the ruthless Arghuns and the Tarkhans sacked Thatta during the rule of Jam Ferozudin. During the reign of Akbar, Sindh produced various scholars such as and others such as Mir Ahmed Nasrallah Thattvi, Tahir Muhammad Thattvi and Mir Ali Sir Thattvi and the Mughal chronicler Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak and his brother the poet Faizi was a descendant of a Sindhi Shaikh family from Rel, Siwistan in Sindh. Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak was the author of ''Akbarnama'' (an official biographical account of Akbar) and the ''Ain-i-Akbari'' (a detailed document recording the administration of the Mughal Empire). It was also during the Mughal period when Sindhi literature began to flourish and historical figures such as Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and Sachal Sarmast became prominent throughout the land. In the year 1603 Shah Jahan visited the province of Sindh; at Thatta he was generously welcomed by the locals after the death of his father Jahangir. Shah Jahan ordered the construction of the Shahjahan Mosque, which was completed during the early years of his rule under the supervision of Mirza Ghazi Beg. Also during his reign, in the year 1659 in the Mughal Empire, Muhammad Salih Tahtawi of Thatta created a seamless (Seam (metallurgy)) celestial globe with Arabic and Persian (Persian language) inscriptions using a wax casting (lost-wax casting) method. Wikipedia:Thatta


in the morning and remain open until late night. On N-5, you'll see plenty of stalls and shops selling "Rabri" in clay pots. Rabri is a sweet, condensed milk-based dish and is definitely worth trying when you're in town. Rabri of Thatta have their own taste. A normal cup for one person may cost Rs. 100. Sleep *

architectural landscape

construction techniques into Pakistan's architectural landscape. Architecture in Pakistan: A Historical Overview. All Things Pakistan . Retrieved on February 10, 2008 However, a smooth transition to predominantly picture-less Islamic architecture occurred. The town of Uch Sharif contains the tombs of Bibi Jawindi, Baha'al-Halim and Jalaluddin Bukhari, which are considered

view of civilization in Sindh from the 14th to the 18th century and are a important cultural heritage of the region. Thatta's unique cultural and architectural landscape attract many tourists throughout the year. Understand thumbnail Shah Jahan Mosque was a gift to people of Thatta by that Mughal King (File:Shah Jahan Mosque7.jpg) Some believe Thatta is the same port city which was situated once on the Indus River during Indian campaign of Alexander the Great. About four centuries ago


of population, while others find its origin in the common word ''Thatta'', a crowd or assembly of people. The city was destroyed by Mirza Jani Beg in the 16th century Ali, Mubarak 1994. ''McMurdo's & Delhoste's account of Sindh'' Takhleeqat, Lahore, p. 28-29. During the ruling period of the Samma dynasty (Samma Dynasty), Thatta was the capital of Sindh for 95 years. Between 1592–1739, it was governed in the name of the Mughal Empire Mughal

from the Mirza Isa Tarkhan period were still visible at that time. Thatta or Banbhore division On 23 April 2014;Peoples Party government announced to form Sindh's sixth division Banbhore Division with Thatta as capital. ... 94282indh-govt-declares-thatta-sixth-division-of-province... http: 2014 04 24 thatta-declares-as-division-of-sindh This sources reveal that this formation

Descendants of the original community still live in the area on the small island of Abdullah Goth, which is located near the Karachi Port.The original name "Kolachi" survives in the name of a well-known Karachi locality named "Mai Kolachi" in Sindhi (Sindhi language). Mirza Ghazi Beg, the Mughal administrator of Sindh, is among the first historical figures credited for the development of Coastal Sindh (consisting of regions such as the Makran Coast

great natural

Rest-house alt url email address Makli lat long directions Inside the Makli necropolis complex near the entrance gate phone tollfree fax checkin checkout price content Recently renovated accommodation run by Sindh's archaeological department. Overall, ideal for a stay overnight, but only available if booked in advance through the Archaeological Department office. Go next * '''Kirthar National Park''' — this large park offers great natural beauty and a good variety of wildlife * '''Mohenjo-daro''' — an ancient city not to be missed by history buffs Wikipedia:Thatta


made lot of good efforts for Jeay Sindh Student Federation, he started study circle for JSSF. When, soon after this, Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq proceeded from Multan to Delhi, the tribe of Soomro (Sumra Dynasty) revolted and took possession of Thatta. Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq appointed Tajuddin Malik as governor of Multan and Khwájah Khatír as governor of Bhakkar and he left 'Malik Ali Sher in charge of Sehwan. In 1323 he appointed his son Muhammad Shah his heir and successor

strong cultural

decorations. The mausoleums of the Isa Khan Hussain II (d. 1651), a two-story stone building with majestic cupolas and balconies, tomb of King Jam Nizamuddin II (reigned 1461–1508) decorated with floral and geometric medallions, tomb of Mirza Jani Baig, and tomb of Diwan Shurfa Khan are the main attractions and a well preserved structures of the necropolis. The vast necropolis was listed as a World Heritage Site in early 1980's due to its strong cultural and historical significance. The marvellous


Surat. http: books?id uB1uAAAAMAAJ&q zarif#search_anchor The arrival of Islam in today's Pakistan meant a sudden end of Buddhist architecture. However, a smooth transition to predominantly pictureless Islamic architecture occurred. The most important of the few completely discovered buildings of Persian style is the tomb of the Shah Rukn-i-Alam (Rukn-e-Alam) in Multan. During the Mughal (Mughal Empire) era, design elements of Islamic

-Persian architecture were fused with and often produced playful forms of the Hindustani art. Lahore, occasional residence of Mughal rulers, exhibits a multiplicity of important buildings from the empire. Among them the Badshahi mosque, the fortress of Lahore (Lahore Fort) with the famous Alamgiri Gate, the colourful, Persian style Wazir Khan Mosque, Shalimar Gardens (Shalimar Gardens (Lahore)),

structures like the Faisal Mosque, the Minar-e-Pakistan and the Mazar-e-Quaid. Sindhi Sindhi (Sindhi language) is a provincial language spoken as a first language by 15.5% of Pakistanis, mostly in Sindh. It has a rich literature and is used in schools. It is an Indo-Iranian (Indo-Iranian languages) ( Indo

unique cultural

view of civilization in Sindh from the 14th to the 18th century and are a important cultural heritage of the region. Thatta's unique cultural and architectural landscape attract many tourists throughout the year. Understand thumbnail Shah Jahan Mosque was a gift to people of Thatta by that Mughal King (File:Shah Jahan Mosque7.jpg) Some believe Thatta is the same port city which was situated once on the Indus River during Indian campaign of Alexander the Great. About four centuries ago


'''Thatta''' ( east of the provincial capital of Sindh, Karachi, it makes for a practical escape for people from the city seeking to visit the picturesque old town.

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