Taiyuan

What is Taiyuan known for?


family providing

), whilst holding appointments in both Hedong and Taiyuan, Li stayed in the Wu household many times and became close to the Wu family. After Li Yuan overthrew Emperor Yang, he was generous to the Wu family, providing them with money, grain, land and clothing. Once the Tang Dynasty became established, Wu Shihou held a succession of senior ministerial posts including governor of Yangzhou, Lizhou and Jingzhou (荊州) (modern day Jiangling County, Hubei Province). ! 晉 晋 Táng (Taiyuan) (唐), renamed Jìnyáng (晉陽 晋陽) Qǔwò (Quwo County) (曲沃) Jiàng (Yicheng County) (絳 绛) also known as Yì (翼) Xīntián (Houma, Shanxi) (新田), renamed Xīnjiàng (新絳 新绛) 11th century BC Taiyuan, China WikiPedia:Taiyuan


quot portrait

to produce field artillery. Because Yan succeeded in keeping Shanxi uninvolved in most of the major battles between rival warlords that occurred in China during the 1910s and 1920s, Taiyuan was never taken from Yan by an invading army until the Japanese conquered it (Battle of Taiyuan) in 1937. Gillin, Donald G. "Portrait of a Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province, 1911-1930." ''The Journal of Asian Studies''. Vol. 19, No. 3, May, 1960. Retrieved February 23, 2011. pp.289-294. thumb left The Chinese people and army applauding for the victory of one campaign in 1937 (File:AntiJapaneseWar taiyuan.jpg) Yan was aware of the threat posed by the Japanese; and, in order to defend against the impending Japanese invasion of Shanxi, Yan entered into a secret "united front" agreement with the Communists in November 1936. After concluding his alliance with the Communists he allowed agents under Zhou Enlai to establish a secret headquarters in Taiyuan. Gillin, Donald G. ''Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province 1911-1949''. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1967. p.263. Yan, under the slogan "resistance against the enemy and defense of the soil" attempted to recruit young, patriotic intellectuals to his government from across China, so that by 1936 Taiyuan became a gathering point for anti-Japanese intellectuals who had fled from Beijing, Tianjin, and Northeast China. Feng Chongyi and Goodman, David S. G., eds. ''North China at War: The Social Ecology of Revolution, 1937-1945''. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield. 2000. ISBN 0-8476-9938-2. Retrieved June 3, 2012. pp.157-158 A representative of the Japanese army, speaking of the final defense of Taiyuan, said that "nowhere in China have the Chinese fought so obstinately". Gillin, Donald G. ''Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province 1911-1949''. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1967. pp.272–273. From the Japanese occupation of Taiyuan to the Japanese surrender in 1945, the Japanese continued to develop Taiyuan's industries and resources. After the Japanese army in Shanxi surrendered to Yan Xishan, 10,000–15,000 Japanese troops, including both enlisted men and officers, decided to fight for Yan rather than return to Japan. Yan also retained the services of experienced and foreign-educated Japanese technicians and professional staff brought into Taiyuan by the Japanese to run the complex of industries that they had developed around Taiyuan. Gillin, Donald G. and Etter, Charles. "Staying On: Japanese Soldiers and Civilians in China, 1945-1949." ''The Journal of Asian Studies''. Vol. 42, No. 3, May, 1983. Retrieved February 23, 2011. p.500, 506–508. thumb left Taiyuan Campaign (File:Taiyuan Campaign2.jpg) Taiyuan was the last area in Shanxi to resist Communist control during the final stages of the Chinese Civil War. The city fell on April 22, 1949, after the Communists surrounded Taiyuan and cut it off from all means of land and air supply, and taking the city required the support of 1,300 pieces of artillery. Gillin, Donald G. ''Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province 1911-1949''. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. 1967. p.288. The fall of Taiyuan was one of the few examples in the Chinese Civil War in which Nationalist forces echoed the defeated Ming loyalists who had, in the 17th century, brought entire cities to ruins resisting the invading Manchus. Many Nationalist officers committed suicide when the city fell. The dead included Yan's nephew-in-law, who was serving as governor, and his cousin, who ran his household. Liang Huazhi, the head of Yan's "Patriotic Sacrifice League", had fought for years against the Communists in Shanxi until he was finally trapped in the massively fortified city of Taiyuan. For six months Liang led a savage resistance, leading both Yan's remaining forces and those of the warlord's thousands of Japanese mercenaries. When Communist troops finally broke into the city and began to occupy large sections of it, Liang barricaded himself inside a large, fortified prison complex filled with Communist prisoners. In a final act of self-sacrifice, Liang set fire to the prison and committed suicide as the entire compound burned to the ground. Spence, Jonathan D. ''The Search for Modern China'', W.W. Norton and Company. 1999. ISBN 0-393-97351-4. p.488. Geography thumb left 250px right Satellite image of Taiyuan (File:Taiyuan 112.55998E 37.86930N.jpg) !-- WikiPedia:Taiyuan


great contributions

Su Gui, and presented it to Su Ting. Su Ting was greatly touched by the poem, and submitted a petition to Emperor Xuanzong pointing out of Zhang's great contributions. Thereafter, Zhang was made the secretary general of the more important Jing Prefecture (荊州, roughly modern Jingzhou, Hubei). He was later further given a general title and made the acting commandant at You Prefecture (幽州, roughly modern Beijing). On one occasion when he went to Chang'an to meet Emperor Xuanzong, he


barbeque

directions phone tollfree fax hours price content Breakfast restaurant serving tasty mutton soup. * Mid-range *


662

by the Rong people. In 662 BC the Rong were driven out by the Beidi people. 先秦史籍中的“太原” During the Later Han dynasty (Eastern Han dynasty) (25–220 AD), Taiyuan was the capital of Bing (Bingzhou) province. The city was a secondary capital of the Eastern Wei (534–550) and Northern Qi (550–577) dynasties, during which it grew into a fairly large city and became a center of Buddhism. A new

to legend the ancestors of Zhou dynasty lived among the Rong and Di for fourteen generations, until Gu Gong Danfu led then away to the mid-Wei River valley where they built their capital near Mount Qi (Qishan County) (before 1107BC). In 676-651 Duke Xian of Jin conquered a number of Rong and Di groups. In 662 the Di drove the Rong out of Taiyuan. In 662-659 the state of Xing was nearly destroyed by the Chi Di (''Red Di'') until it was rescued by Qi (Qi (Shandong)). In 660BC the Chi Di

. In 662 the Di drove the Rong out of Taiyuan. In 662-659 the state of Xing was nearly destroyed by the Chi Di until it was rescued by Qi (Qi (Shandong)). In 660BC the Chi Di took the capital of Wey and killed its king, but were driven out by Qi. From 660 to 507 Jin fought many wars with the Di, destroying Chi Di state of Lu in 594, 'subjugating' them in 541 and being severely defeated by the Xianyu Di in 507. In 640 the Di were allied with Qi and Xing against Wey and in 636 the Di helped


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and infiltrating Fang La's battleships from underwater. He befriends some local heroes (Fei Bao, Ni Yun, Bo Qing and Di Cheng) and becomes sworn brothers with them. Early career Zhou's father, Zhou Bo (周勃), was one of the key generals for Liu Bang during the Chu Han Contention who would continue to play important roles in government and who was instrumental in the ascension to the throne by Emperor Jing's father Emperor Wen (Emperor Wen of Han). For his accomplishments, Zhou Bo was created the Marquess of Jiang. After Zhou Bo died in 169 BC, his son and Zhou Yafu's older brother Zhou Shengzhi (周勝之) inherited the march (marches), but after one year he was accused of murder and executed. In his stead, Zhou Yafu was created a marquess, but of a different march (Tiao). Later made the governor of the Commandery of Taiyuan (modern Taiyuan, Shanxi), Zhou quickly gained the reputation of being a capable administrator and military commander. WikiPedia:Taiyuan


local battle

battle, often at least 3 or 4 times of enemy strength (better 5 or 6 times), and accumulate small victories into large ones. This way, the technical disadvantage and the numerical disadvantage in overall strength can be effectively resolved. Xu, in contrast, during his fight against his fellow Shanxi warlord Yan Xishan who is on Chiang Kai-shek's side, defied Mao's military doctrines by his daring attack on the numerically and technically superior Kuomintang force in battles and achieving astonishing success: Xu's force only numbered a mere 60,000 at the beginning of the campaigns and within a mere 18 months, his force completely defeated Yan Xishan's 350,000 numerically and technically superior force, killed 300,000 of them, with only 50,000 out of the original 350,000 being able to escape back to the fortress city of Taiyuan. During the final assault on Taiyuan, Xu's numerically and technically inferior force of 100,000 once again defeated the Yan Xishan's numerically and technically superior force of 130,000, taking the city. Mao and other communist leaders were so impressed by the result that long after the battles were over, they often joked on how did Xu achieved that whenever they met Xu. During the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), Xu fought against the Japanese invaders, and established communist bases in the northern China. The communist bases proved to be a communist stronghold and when the communist headquarter in its base in Shaanxi was forced to be evacuated under the Kuomintang's military pressure, it was evacuated to the base established by Xu. After World War II, Xu participated in the struggles against the nationalists and he had demonstrated his brilliant military skills, often contradictory to Mao's military doctrine. For example, when the enemy is much stronger, Mao's military doctrine emphasized on achieving local victories by concentrating the force to form absolute numerical superiority over the enemy in a particular local battle, often at least 3 or 4 times of enemy strength (better 5 or 6 times), and accumulate small victories into large ones. This way, the technical disadvantage and the numerical disadvantage in overall strength can be effectively resolved. Xu, in contrast, during his fight against his fellow Shanxi warlord Yan Xishan who is on Chiang Kai-shek's side, defied Mao's military doctrines by his daring attack on the numerically and technically superior Kuomintang force in battles and achieving astonishing success: Xu's force only numbered a mere 60,000 at the beginning of the campaigns and within a mere 18 months, his force completely defeated Yan Xishan's 350,000 numerically and technically superior force, killed 300,000 of them, with only 50,000 out of the original 350,000 being able to escape back to the fortress city of Taiyuan. During the final assault on Taiyuan, Xu's numerically and technically inferior force of 100,000 once again defeated the Yan Xishan's numerically and technically superior force of 130,000, taking the city. Mao and other communist leaders were so impressed by the result that long after the battles were over, they often joked on how did Xu achieved that whenever they met Xu. On one hand the Tuoba would hence assist the Jin governor of Bing (Bing (province)) to launch counteroffensive against the Han state. On the other hand Xiongnu cavalry, successful in plundering the countryside, failed to capture the fortified Jinyang (modern-day Taiyuan city, the provincial capital of the Shanxi province), the provincial capital of Bing even though the former governor Sima Teng had fled to the North China Plain and left a mess. Liu Kun, the new governor, reorganized the defense and exploited the feud between the Han and the Tuoba to his advantage. His biography is in Jinshu (Book of Jin) 62. Allegiance between the Jin court and the Tuoba was sealed - five prefectures were rewarded in 310 to Tuoba Yilu, who was also made the Prince of Dai (State of Dai). The areas around Jinyang would remain in Jin hands until the death of Tuoba Yilu in 316 when Jinyang was captured after a disastrous counteroffensive. Liu Kun fled but was later murdered by a Xianbei chieftain Duan Pidi. The Northern Han was a small kingdom located in Shanxi with its capital located at Taiyuan. Shanxi had been a traditional base of power since the fading days of the Tang Dynasty in the late ninth century and early tenth century. It was wedged between the two major powers of the day, the Liao Dynasty to the north and the Song Dynasty to the south. It also shared a border with the Tangut (Tanguts) kingdom of Western Xia. Emboldened by his success to the south, Emperor Taizong (Emperor Taizong of Song) decided to embark on a campaign to finally destroy the Northern Han. Leading the army himself, he brought his forces to the Northern Han capital of Taiyuan, which was laid under siege in June. An initial relief force sent by the Liao (Liao Dynasty) was easily defeated by Song (Song Dynasty). After a two-month siege of the capital, the leader of the Northern Han surrendered, the kingdom was incorporated into the Song Dynasty. Demographics The Taiyuan - Yuci built up area is home to nearly 4,000,000 inhabitants in 2010. The growth of Shijiazhuang into one of China's major cities began in 1905, when the Beijing–Wuhan (Hankou (Hankou District)) railway (Jinghan railway) reached the area, stimulating much new trade and encouraging local farmers to grow cash crops. Two years later the town became the junction for the new Shitai line, running from Shijiazhuang to Taiyuan in central Shanxi province. This connection immediately transformed the town from a local collecting centre and market into a communications centre of national importance on the main route from Beijing and Tianjin to Shanxi and later, when the railway from Taiyuan was extended to the southwest to Shaanxi province as well. The city also became the centre of an extensive road network. Shijiazhuang is a transportation hub: it is at the intersection point of the Beijing-Guangzhou, Taiyuan-Dezhou, and Shuozhou-Huanghua (Huanghua, Hebei) railroads and many expressways, including the Beijing-Shenzhen and Taiyuan-Cangzhou Expressways. Shijiazhuang is a transportation hub: it is at the intersection point of the Beijing-Guangzhou, Taiyuan-Dezhou, and Shuozhou-Huanghua (Huanghua, Hebei) railroads and many expressways, including the Beijing-Shenzhen and Taiyuan-Cangzhou Expressways. The defeat of the Former Qin in the Battle of Fei River and the subsequent uprisings split the Former Qin territory into two noncontiguous pieces after the death of Fu Jiān: one located at present day Taiyuan, Shanxi and was soon overwhelmed in 386 by the Xianbei under the Later Yan and the Dingling. The other struggled in its greatly reduced territories around the border of present day Shaanxi and Gansu until disintegration in 394 under years of invasions by the Western Qin and the Later Qin. Birth and childhood Bai Juyi was born in 772, Waley (1941), 126 in Taiyuan, Shanxi, Waley (1941), 127 which was then a few miles from location of the modern city. Although he was in Zhengyang (Zhengyang County), Henan for most of his childhood. Waley (1941), 127 His family was poor but scholarly, his father being an Assistant Department Magistrate of the second-class. Waley (1941), 127 At the age of ten he was sent away from his family to avoid a war that broke out in the north of China, and went to live with relatives in the area known as Jiangnan, more specifically Xuzhou. During the Warlord era of Chinese History in the early 20th century, the province of Shansi (Shanxi) was ruled by the warlord Yen Hsi-shan, who had established a modern arms factory in his capital city of Taiyuan. Yen was equipping his troops with a locally produced copy of the Thompson sub machine gun, chambered for the .45 ACP cartridge, but was experiencing supply difficulties as his troops' sidearms were 7.63mm calibre C96 handguns. WikiPedia:Taiyuan

under the Kuomintang's military pressure, it was evacuated to the base established by Xu. After World War II, Xu participated in the struggles against the nationalists and he had demonstrated his brilliant military skills, often contradictory to Mao's military doctrine. For example, when the enemy is much stronger, Mao's military doctrine emphasized on achieving local victories by concentrating the force to form absolute numerical superiority over the enemy in a particular local


traditional performances

price content Comprises halls for opera, folk music, story telling and disco. Stages both modern and traditional performances. Festivals * *


association based

''' (山西中宇猛龙) are a basketball team in the North Division of the Chinese Basketball Association, based in Taiyuan, Shanxi province, China (People's Republic of China). For the CBA 2006-07 season, the team was moved to Taiyuan, and is now known as Shanxi Zhongyu. The team has fared little better since moving to Shanxi. '''Pingyao''' ( ) is a county (County (People's Republic of China)) in central Shanxi province

Taiyuan

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