What is Syria known for?


settled in Córdoba (Córdoba, Spain) he was honored a monthly salary of 200 Gold Dinars, he soon became even more celebrated as the court's aficionado of food, fashion, singing and music. He introduced standards of excellence in all these fields as well as setting new norms for elegant and noble manners. Ziryab became such a prominent cultural figure, and was given a huge salary from Abd al Rahman II. He was an intimate companion of the prince and established a school of music that trained singers and musicians which influenced musical performance for at least two generations after him. History Construction of the Trans-Arabian Pipeline began in 1947 and was mainly managed by the American company Bechtel. Originally the Tapline was intended to terminate in Haifa which was then in the British Mandate of Palestine, but due to the establishment of the state of Israel, an alternative route through Syria (via the Golan Heights) and Lebanon was selected with an export terminal in Sidon. Oil transport through the pipeline started in 1950. In 1985, taking advantage of his journey in France, and under the pressure of the Syrian regime, his former allies of the progressive socialist Party and the group Amal (Amal Movement) turned against him, as he was as opposed to Syrian dominion over Lebanon as he was to Israel. A global experience He toured the Middle East and North Africa, visiting Israel, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Morocco, Kuwait, Tunisia, Algiers, Mauritania, Jordan, Dubai, Bahrain, Lebanon and in Syria where he was greeted by relatives of his paternal grandfather in the city of Aleppo. Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria

extensive commercial

. During his reign, Rome celebrated its millennium. After the collapse of Sargon's state, Lagash again thrived under its independent kings (''ensis''), Ur-Bau and Gudea, and had extensive commercial communications with distant realms. According to his own records, Gudea brought cedars from the Amanus and Lebanon mountains in Syria, diorite from eastern Arabia, copper and gold from central and southern Arabia, while his armies were engaged in battles with Elam on the east. His was especially the era of artistic development. We even have a fairly good idea of what Gudea looked like, since he placed in temples throughout his city numerous statues or idols depicting himself with lifelike realism, (Statues of Gudea). At the time of Gudea, the capital of Lagash was actually in Girsu. The kingdom covered an area of approximately Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria

world made

Jewish Colonization Association; they were later termed "Jewish gauchos". The first such Jewish colony was Moïseville (now the village of Moisés Ville). Through most of the 20th century, Argentina held one of the largest Jewish communities (near 500,000) after the USA, France, Israel and Russia, and by far the largest in Latin America (see History of the Jews in Argentina). Argentina is home to a large community from the Arab world, made up mostly of immigrants from Syria


that Syria might attempt to retake İskenderun. Only heated debates in the United Nations lessened the threat of war. On 1 February 1958, Syrian President Shukri al-Quwatli and Egypt's Nasser announced the merging of Egypt and Syria, creating the United Arab

small buildings

and 1 Chronicles (Books of Chronicles) 18:9-10. Some small buildings remain, especially baptistries (Baptistery), which fell out of fashion and were spared rebuilding. In Aix-en-Provence, Riez and Fréjus, three octagonal baptistries (baptistery), each covered with a cupola on pillars, are testimony to the influence of oriental architecture (the baptistry of Riez, in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, recalls that of St. George, Ezra', Syria). Very different from

culture population

described as "Arabs", even though most are (like most of their corresponding Muslim counterparts) descended from the pre-Islamic pre-Arab-culture population of each individual country. However, the use of the term "Arab" to define Christian Copts (Egypt), Maronites (Maronite Church#Identity) (Lebanon), or Assyrians (Assyrian Chaldean Syriac people#Identity) (Iraq) is controversial among those communities. Others may regard "Arab Jews" as simply shorthand

developing social

the region to Syria and or Iran as well as their plans to liquidate Palestinian and Lebanese resistance organisations, dealt with the issue of supporting the struggle of the peoples of the Arab world for democracy against regimes of the region who collude with aggressors, and called for expanding and developing social struggles against globalisation policies in the Arab region. *The Bay of Pigs Invasion, a United States-backed 1961 attempt to overthrow Cuban President Fidel Castro

military made

Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria


. For example building life safety was improved however local building contractors and architects become obsolete due to new regulations and construction methods. This caused immigration of skilled labor from Central Europe that further doubled and diversified the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina which in the turn stimulated the economy. The Armistice talks (The first between Great Britain and France since Napoleon's (Napoleon) days) were held in the officers mess of "Sidney Smith (William Sidney Smith) Barracks", on the outskirts of the city of Acre (Akko). Despite the generosity of the British terms, representatives of Vichy made a brief show of refusing them, then dumped the whole mess into General Dentz's lap. On July 14 General Henri Fernand Dentz, Vichy's High Commissioner to the Levant States, signed Syria and Lebanon away to the conquering British and to the Free French Forces. The date seemed to mock General Denz for it was Bastille Day, despite that fact, he signed and signed his full name. When General De Verdillac uncapped his pen to add his signature, all the lights in the room suddenly fused out, and so in order to complete the ceremony a dispatch rider's motorbike was brought from outside in to the room to light the place with its head lamp. French colonies Two R 35 battalions (63 and 68 BCC) with 45 and 50 tanks respectively were in Syria, a French mandate territory, and 30 were in Morocco, 26 serving with 62 BCC and four in depot. The tanks in Syria would fight during the allied invasion of that mandate territory in 1941 and then partly be taken over by the Free French ''1e CCC'', those in North Africa during Operation Torch in November 1942. thumb right ''4,7cm PaK(t) auf Panzerkampfwagen 35R(f) ohne Turm'' (File:Renault Panzerjäger.jpg) Mossad infiltration The CIO was infiltrated by the Mossad, the Israeli intelligence agency, through Ari Ben Menashe, allegedly a "former" Mossad agent now living in Canada. The Israeli interest was in the supply of plutonium from the Congo via Zimbabwe to North Korea and thence to Syria and Iran. The Amfissians managed to rebuild their town and give to it its former power, but in 322 BC it was sieged by Alexander of Aetolia. In 279 BC, four hundred Amfissian hoplites joined the Greek forces which defended Delphi against the Gauls. Later, the Amfissians and the Aetolians tightened their old affiliation, and in 250 BC, Amfissa joined the Aetolian League as friend and relative of the Aetolians. In 245 BC, Aratus (Aratus of Sicyon), the strategos of the Achaean League, attacked and damaged Amfissa, but the two leagues allied with the Roman (Roman Republic) general Titus Quinctius Flamininus against Philip V of Macedon, and after their win over the Macedonian (Ancient Macedonians) king, Titus proclaimed Amfissa, among other cities, as an independent and tax-exempt polis, capital of Ozolian Locris, with its own Boule (Boule (ancient Greece)), Ecclesia (Ecclesia (ancient Athens)) and coins. But when the Aetolians realised that Rome was to rule the Greek cities and asked Antiochus III the Great of Syria for help, the Roman general Manius Acilius Glabrio (Manius Acilius Glabrio (consul 191 BC)) seized Lamia (Lamia (city)) and advanced to Amfissa, where he conquered the Crissaean plain and besieged the town in 190 BC. The Amfissians, being confident for the power of their acropolis and their walls, defended the city, but the fall of Amfissa to the superior forces of the Romans was likely to happen. Then, Manius Acilius was replaced by Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus (Scipio Asiaticus), and the people of Amfissa ran into the acropolis. Athenian deputies intervened and prevented Amfissa from the siege, achieving a truce between the two sides. thumb View of the city (Image:Saidnaya 01.jpg) '''Saidnaya''' (also transliterated (Transliteration) '''Saydnaya''' or '''Sednaya''' from the Commons:Category:Syria WikiPedia:Syria Dmoz:Regional Middle East Syria

architecture important

of Christian Byzantine architecture. Important dead cities include the Church of Saint Simeon Stylites, Serjilla and al Bara (Bara, Syria). *The '''Cedar Revolution''' in Lebanon followed the assassination of opposition leader Rafik Hariri in 2005. Chiefly, the movement demanded the withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon, ending a ''de facto'' occupation (Military occupation). Unlike the revolutions in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, this movement did


'''Syria''' ( A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups (demographics of Syria), including the Arab (Syrian people), Greeks, Armenians (Armenians in Syria), Assyrians (Assyrians in Syria), Kurds (Kurds in Syria), Circassians (Circassians in Syria), Gammer, 2004, p. 64. Mhallami, Mandeans Who Cares for the MANDAEANS?, Australian Islamist Monitor and Turks (Syrian Turks). Religious groups include Sunni (Islam in Syria#Sunni Islam), Christians (Christianity in Syria), Alawite (Alawites), Druze religion (Druze#In Syria), Mandeanism and Yezidi. Sunni Arabs make up the largest population group in Syria.

In English, the name "Syria" was formerly synonymous with the Levant (known in Arabic as ''al-Sham'') while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the 3rd millennium BC (Before Christ). In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate (Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)) in Egypt.

The modern Syrian state was established after World War I as a French mandate (French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon), and represented the largest Arab state to emerge from the formerly Ottoman (Ottoman Empire)-ruled Arab Levant. It gained independence in April 1946, as a parliamentary republic. The post-independence period was tumultuous, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949–1971. Between 1958-61, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt (United Arab Republic), which was terminated by a military coup. The Arab Republic of Syria came into being in 1963, transforming from the Republic of Syria in the Ba'athist coup d'état (1963 Syrian coup d'état). Syria was under Emergency Law from 1963 to 2011, effectively suspending most constitutional protections for citizens, and its system of government is considered to be non-democratic.

Syria is a member of one international organization other than the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement; it is currently suspended from the Arab League

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