Switzerland

What is Switzerland known for?


big television

schooled at home by his mother, he left China at the age of twelve and attended schools in Switzerland and St Bees School, England (1915–1919), but returned in 1919 when it turned out that he would not have enough funds for attending university. Television Her first big television role was as Carol in the BBC sitcom ''The Rag Trade'' in the early 1960s. She also played the lead roles in the sitcoms ''The Bed-Sit Girl'', ''Mr Digby Darling'' and ''Now Take My Wife''. Her other television credits include ''Doctor Who'', ''Kavanagh QC'' (opposite her husband, John Thaw), ''EastEnders'', ''Gone to the Dogs (TV series)'' ''The Russian Bride'', ''Brighton Belles'', ''Bedtime (Bedtime (TV series))'', ''Fortysomething (Fortysomething (TV series))'', ''Bleak House (Bleak House (2005 TV serial))'', ''New Tricks (New Tricks (TV series))'' and ''The Catherine Tate Show''. In 2008, she played the part of a terminally ill (terminal illness) patient who's travelled to Switzerland to have an assisted suicide in one of ''The Last Word'' monologues for the BBC. In 2009, she played Liz in ''The Rain Has Stopped'', part of the BBC daytime mini-series ''Moving On (Moving On (TV miniseries))''. '''''Reise, Reise''''' (German for ''Reveille (Reveille#Germany)'') is Neue Deutsche Härte band Rammstein's fourth studio album. It was released on 27 September 2004 in Germany and followed shortly by its release across Europe. It was released in North America on 16 November 2004. It was in the top ten in several European charts and a number one hit in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Iceland, Finland, Estonia and Mexico. As of February 2006, the album has shipped 1.5 million copies globally. Ferguson, Tom. "Rammstein's Grammy Nom Fires Up Universal". ''Billboard'' '''118''' (6): 82. 11 February 2006. ISSN 0006-2510. Commercial performance The album sold 26,716 copies in the United States in its first week of release in November 2004 to debut at position no. 61 on The Billboard 200 chart. Ferguson, Tom. "Rammstein: More 'Reise, Reise (Vol.2)' Details Revealed". ''Blistering''. Retrieved 24 December 2011. It was in the top ten in several European charts and reached number one in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Iceland, Finland, Estonia and Mexico. As of February 2006, the album has shipped 1.5 million copies globally. Edinburgh Having obtained his MD at Edinburgh in 1814, he gave up medical practice in favour of marine biology and invertebrate zoology, living on a legacy from his father. As a materialist freethinker (Freethought), and politically radical (Radicalism (historical)), he was open to ideas in biology that were considered subversive in the climate of opinion prevailing in Britain after the Napoleonic Wars. He cited Erasmus Darwin's ''Zoönomia'' in his doctoral dissertation, a work which introduced the idea of evolution in poetical form. Grant travelled widely, visiting universities in France, Germany, Italy and Switzerland and came into contact with the French zoologist Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire who promulgated a view on evolution similar to that of Lamarck's (Jean-Baptiste Lamarck). Seeing the stand-off outside her home, Agathe Uwilingiyimana and her family took refuge in the Kigali U.N. volunteer compound around 8 am. Eye-witnesses to the inquiry on U.N. actions say that Rwandan soldiers entered the compound at 10 am, and searched it for Agathe Uwilingiyimana. Fearing for the lives of her children, Agathe and her husband emerged, and they were shot and killed by the presidential guard on the morning of 7 April 1994. Her children escaped and eventually took refuge in Switzerland. In his book, ''Me Against My Brother'', Scott Peterson (Scott Peterson (writer)) writes that the U.N. troops sent to protect Uwilingiyimana were castrated, gagged with their own genitalia, and then murdered. 1991-1993 In 1991, he travelled to Switzerland to take charge of matches in the UEFA European Under-16 Championship final round. He became a FIFA international referee at the age of 28, his first international match was Iceland against Turkey on 17 July 1991. A stint at the FIFA Under-17 World Championship (Football Under-17 World Championship) in Japan two years later was followed by recognition at elite UEFA levels. TAG Aviation are a multinational business aviation operator, with aircraft based in Farnborough, Switzerland, and Madrid. Business aviation flying has grown from a low level in 1989 to around 19,000 movements in 2005. thumb left Sign leading to the entrance of Farnborough House, the Air Accidents Investigation Branch (File:AAIB roadsign.JPG) head office right 180px thumb Kaisersberg (Image:Johannes geiler von kayersberg.jpg) '''Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg''' (Schaffhausen, March 16, 1445 – Strasbourg March 10, 1510), was a Swiss-born (Switzerland) preacher, considered one of the greatest of the popular preachers of the 15th century. The '''Walser language''' ( commons:Confoederatio Helvetica


taking technical

as a mechanic, going abroad after completing his training. In 1837 he found his way to Paris, where he accepted employment. By taking technical courses in night school, he acquired considerable knowledge in mathematics and physics. With the opening of the Paris-St. Germain railroad line in 1839 he found his vocation to build locomotives. -style "background-color:#ccffcc" 3. 17 May 2002 rowspan 3 Basel, Switzerland commons:Confoederatio Helvetica


close working

, Belgium, Israel, the Netherlands and Switzerland. Through the 1980s, she continued to tour and to write songs, her album "Seule" was one of France's top grossing releases of 1981. The next year she was awarded the prestigious Grand Prix du Disque (L'Académie Charles Cros) in recognition of her contribution to French culture. She developed a close working relationship with rising film star, Gérard Depardieu and his wife Élisabeth, collaborating on songs for film and records. In 1986 she went to New York City to perform on piano at the Metropolitan Opera with Mikhail Baryshnikov in a song and dance ballet presentation. She co-wrote the music for the stage play "''Lily Passion''" with Luc Plamondon in which she co-starred with Gérard Depardieu. This told the story of David, a killer, who murders someone each time he hears her sing. An extremely dramatic piece, she achieves her goal at the end by having him stab her so that she can die in his arms. Barbara said that she chose the name David in honour of her friend, the biographer David Bret. Reacting to the pressure of the Protestant Reformation, Borromeo encouraged the Golden League (Golden League (Switzerland)) formed in 1586 by Ludwig Pfyffer in Switzerland. Based in Lucerne, the organization (also called the Borromean League) linked activities of several Swiss Catholic cantons of Switzerland, which became the centre of Catholic Counter-Reformation efforts. This Inquisition-type organization was determined to expel heretics and burned some people at the stake. It created severe strains in the civil administration of the confederation, and it caused the break-up of Appenzell canton along religious lines. On 19 May 2004, the German Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accidents Investigation (BFU) published its determination that the accident had been caused by shortcomings in the Swiss (Switzerland) air traffic control system supervising the flights at the time of the accident and by ambiguities in the use of TCAS, the on-board aircraft collision avoidance system. commons:Confoederatio Helvetica


movies sound

, it was more successful than in United States. In early times of its release, the commercial response for the album was short of expectations. But its sales rose sharply during the European leg of the ''My Love Is Your Love World Tour'', which was the highest grossing arena concert tour of 1999 in the continent,


largest online

. '''LeShop.ch''' is a Swiss (Switzerland) online shopping center LeShop Blog . The company counts 30,000 regular customers and achieved a turnover of CHF (Swiss franc) 47'100'000 in 2005. With more than 7,500 food, near-food and non-food products, LeShop.ch is one of Europe's largest online grocery stores and, in the first quarter of 2006, the first one to achieve break-even after Great Britain's


hot dance

. The tour was a mix of her current music, older tunes and Spanish music. In a later press release, Lopez announced a detailed itinerary. The tour launched September 28, 2007 at the Mark G. Etess Arena and ended on November 7, 2007 at the American Airlines Arena in Miami, Florida. The lead single, "Qué Hiciste," was officially released to radio stations in January 2007. Since then, it has peaked at 86 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 and number one on the Hot Latin Songs and the Hot Dance Club

HMS ''Vanguard'' (HMS Vanguard (23)) in 1947. The Carnes version spent nine non-consecutive weeks on top of the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 (interrupted for one week by the "Stars on 45 Medley") and was ''Billboard'' (Billboard (magazine))'s number one single of 1981. ''Billboard'' December 26, 1981: p. YE-9 The single also peaked at No. 26 on the dance charts.

) single , it was a multiformat success in the US, where it also reached number four on the Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, #24 on the Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks chart and —in an extended remix version— #37 on the Hot Dance Club Play (Hot Dance Club Play) chart. The song peaked at #4 in another major market, the UK Singles Chart, as well as becoming a hit in the smaller Switzerland and South Africa markets. It went to #2 in Sweden and Ireland, and #9 in Austria


book illustrations

style "text-align:center;" '''1'''–0 style "text-align:center;" 2–0 Euro 2008 (UEFA Euro 2008) - The '''''Realschule''''' is a type of secondary school in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. It has also existed in Croatia (''realna gimnazija''), Denmark (''realskole''), Sweden (''realskola''), Hungary (''reáliskola'') and in the Russian Empire (''Реальное училище''), and Slovenia (''realka''). thumb Adecco headquarters in Glattbrugg (Image:Adecco.HQ.jpg), Switzerland '''Adecco S.A.''' is a human resources company, based in Glattbrugg near Zurich, Switzerland. "Global headquarters." Adecco. Retrieved on 12 November 2009. Adecco employs


association representing

side of the tail. Wattles, small rudimentary nubs of skin located on each side of the neck, are often present in this breed. The Toggenburg breed underwent a development program when introduced to Britain; the resulting British Toggenburgs are heavier and have improved milk quality. By the middle of 2002, 4146 Toggenburgs had been registered with the New Zealand Dairy Goat Breeders Association, representing 8.10% of registered dairy goats. They perform better in cooler conditions. They are the oldest known dairy breed of goats. '''Edelweiss Air AG (Aktiengesellschaft)''' is a charter airline with its head office in the Edwelweiss Air Operations Center (OPC) on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten, Switzerland, "Ground Map." (Archive, See image) Edelweiss Air. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. operating mainly out of Zurich Airport, with a smaller base at Geneva International Airport. commons:Confoederatio Helvetica


public power

and Paleontology (1928–1931), Professor of Geology at the University of Milan, and Applied Geology at the Engineering School of Milan (a position he held from 1932 to 1972). Concurrent to these positions, he served as a consultant geologist for the Edison Company for hydroelectric plants in Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Greece, Turkey and Brazil, and the same capacity for the Public Power Corporation of Greece. In 1973 he became Professor Emeritus at the University of Milan. The 1980s and first half of the 1990s was a "coming of age" period for carsharing, with continued slow growth, mainly of smaller non-profit systems, many in Switzerland and Germany, but also on a smaller scale in Sweden, the Netherlands, Canada and the United States. commons:Confoederatio Helvetica


huge presence

of the 20th century and through to the 21st Century, Cal has been a huge presence in the water sports of swimming (Swimming (sport)), diving, and water Polo. Cal swimmers have represented an eclectic group of nations, including Thailand, Poland, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Lithuania, Switzerland, and Sweden. Two of the most well-known Cal Olympic swimmers in the past 20 years are Matt Biondi and Natalie Coughlin. Matt Biondi began his Olympic career with a gold as a member of the 400 free relay team at the 1984 Summer Olympics, but became an outright star four years later when he garnered an amazing seven medals (five gold, one silver, and one bronze) at the 1988 Summer Olympics. He would follow up that effort with four medals (2 gold, one silver, and one bronze) at the 1992 games (1992 Summer Olympics) for a career total of 11 medals, 8 of them gold. As to your "outside influence" theory, there is no connection between me and the other users. Take for example, I am from Canada and Powo is from Switzerland. -- Evanx (User:Evanx) 17:58, 28 January 2006 (UTC) Around 1900, the Errázurizzes relocated to Chelsea, London. José Tomás Errázuriz fell sick with tuberculosis and spent much time in Switzerland; the couple became estranged before he died in 1927. After a six-year stay in London, Eugenia Errazuriz relocated to Biarritz. She then took up with her homosexual opium-taking nephew, Antonio de Gandarillas (Antonio Gandarillas), known as Tony – the only child of her sister Rosa and Senator José Antonio Gandarillas Luco – and Tony's companion, an aspiring painter named Christopher Wood (Christopher Wood (English painter)). Tony and Eugenia also became friends of Sergei Diaghilev and of Artur Rubinstein. Pablo Picasso adored her (she became known as "Picasso's Other Mother" Richardson, John (John Richardson (art historian)) ''Sacred Monsters, Sacred Masters: Beaton, Capote, Dalí, Picasso, Freud, Warhol, and More'' Random House, 2001. ISBN 0-67942490-3. See pages 3 – 16 ); and in the summer of 1918, he and his new wife, Olga Khokhlova, spent their honeymoon in her villa near Biarritz Making Modernism: Picasso and the Creation of the Market . '''Herbert Müller''' (10 May 1940 – 24 May 1981) was a racing driver from Switzerland. He was born in Reinach (Reinach, Aargau) and was nicknamed ''Stumpen-Herbie''. Among others success, he won the Targa Florio twice, in 1966 and 1973, both with Porsche. At the age of 12, Caspar Voght fell seriously ill of smallpox which left permanent facial scarring. Other than making friends with Georg Heinrich Sieveking, whom he met as an adolescent in the Kontor of his father's firm, Voght was more inclined at this point in his life to dedicating himself to studying literature, politics, and science, and found little pleasure in his vocation as a merchant. When his father wanted to send him to Lisbon at the age of twenty for his education, Voght used his mother's fears of Lisbon to avoid going. She had lost two brothers in the Lisbon earthquake of 1755. Voght instead embarked in 1772 on a Grand Tour of Europe. His journey took him among other locations to Amsterdam, London, Paris and Cádiz. He reached Madrid, where he concluded a trade agreement for his father's firm. After traveling through the south of France, Voght went to Switzerland, where he met Lavater and Haller (Albrecht von Haller). In Geneva he made contact with Voltaire. Passing through Turin, Milan, Parma and Bologna, he arrived in Rome where he was presented to Pope Pius VI. After a side trip to Pompeii, Naples, and a short stop in Venice, Voght traveled to Bergamo, where he made contact with the local silk weavers for his father's business. He then went to Vienna, Dresden, Berlin and Potsdam, finally returning to his hometown of Hamburg in 1775. International acclaim In 1977 Irakere performed at two jazz festivals held in the "Eastern Bloc"—the Belgrade Jazz Festival and the Warsaw Jazz Jamboree. The group had the opportunity to play along with jazz artists Betty Carter, Mel Lewis and Thad Jones. That same year several jazz legends including Dizzy Gillespie, Stan Getz, and Earl Hines travelled to Cuba on a "jazz cruise." This was the first time since the break in relations between Cuba and the United States that a group of jazz musicians from each country were able to play together. In Havana, members of Irakere had the good fortune to jam with Gillespie and Getz. Gillespie later told the press that he had fulfilled a long-standing wish to visit the island, homeland of his close friend and partner Chano Pozo. Acosta (2003: 214). In 1980 Irakere appeared at both the Newport Jazz Festival in New York City and the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland. Columbia Records edited an album of five tracks recorded at the two festivals. The LP was titled ''Irakere'', and was released by both CBS Records (JC-35655) and EGREM (Areíto LD-3769). The album had two sets of liner notes, one by the North American John Storm Roberts and the other by Cuban Leonardo Acosta. ''Irakere'' won a Grammy in 1979 for the best "Latin" music recording in the United States. Following this success, the band participated in the most important international jazz festivals. At the 1995 Afrocubanismo Festival at the Banff Center in Alberta, Canada, Irakere performed their piece "Xiomara" live on stage with Los Muñequitos de Matanzas and Changuito (''!Afrocubanismo Live!''). A short story anthology Notre Dame Du Vide was published in France, June 2009, by 13e Note Editions. ''Down and Out on Murder Mile'' and ''Sick City'' have also been translated into French, and ''Sick City'' will be published in Germany, Switzerland and Austria in 2011. According to Robert W. Tucker, Professor Emeritus of American Foreign Policy at Johns Hopkins University and David C. Hendrickson, a Professor at Colorado College, Zimmerman may have scuttled the Lisbon Agreement. http: www.foreignaffairs.com articles 51921 david-c-hendrickson threatened-peoples-threatened-borders-world-migration-and-us-pol This was an agreement that would have made peace between Muslims, Serbs and Croats living within the bounds of Bosnia and Herzegovina by the creation of a canton (canton (subnational entity))s system, such as exist in Switzerland. On March 28, 1992, after the agreement had been signed he met with Alija Izetbegović, leader of the Bosnian Muslims and all indications point toward that fact he made that assurances of U.S. support for a full independent nation. The later signed Dayton Accord proposed a very similar canton system, which ended a bloody four year civil war. http: inthenationalinterest.com Articles Vol2Issue41 Vol2Issue41dkm.html After the Polish defeat in the Polish September Campaign (Invasion of Poland (1939)), the Podhale units were recreated in France as Polish Independent Highland Brigade, had seen some action at Narvik, and later fought in the Battle of France and fled into Switzerland upon the French defeat. Some units were also created in the underground as part of the partisan forces of the Armia Krajowa. The traditions of the Podhale Rifles are continued by the modern 21st Podhale Rifles Brigade (Polish 21st Podhale Rifles Brigade). - Switzerland Grimsel Test Site granite 450 m in operation 1984 - - Switzerland Mont Terri Rock Laboratory Mont Terri claystone 300 m in operation 1996 Mont Terri Project - He was born in Winterthur, in what is now Canton Zurich, Switzerland. He attended school in his native village from 1309 to 1315 and then joined the Franciscans. As a member of the order, he lived at Baslein in 1328, at Villingen in 1336, and at Lindau from 1343 onwards. '''Andrew Pera Wozniewski''' (born May 25, 1980) is a professional ice hockey defenseman currently playing for EV Zug in the Swiss (Switzerland) National League A. The division of the country lasted for 9 months. On June 15, 1917 a Venizelist ultimatum forced King Constantine (Constantine I of Greece) to abdicate in favour of his second-born son, Alexander (Alexander of Greece (king)), and, with the rest of his family, leave the country for Switzerland. Venizelos returned to Athens, as head of a superficially reunified Greece, and led it to victory alongside the Allies (Allies of World War I) in World War I, but also in its entanglement in the subsequent Asia Minor Campaign (Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922)). As such, the immediate aims of the "National Defence" were met. But the revolution was also an expression of the wide rift between the quasi-republican, progressive Venizelists (Venizelism) and the conservative Royalists Anti-Venizelists, and its outbreak marks also the beginning of the Greek National Schism which would leave a troublesome legacy to the country, as it continued in various forms up to the 1970s. Switzerland Assyrians in Switzerland came mostly as refugees from the Turkish (Turkey) towns of Midyat, Mardin, Miden and Azakh (Beth-Zabday)(Idil) (Idil) in Tur Abdin, most of them are Syriac Orthodox (Syriac Orthodox Church) (about 1'600 Families). They mainly live in the east of the country in the Canton (Cantons of Switzerland) of St. Gallen (Wil-Area) (Canton of St. Gallen) and in Baden (Baden, Switzerland) about 20 km from Zurich. A big part of the Assyrians in Switzerland also live in the Italian part of Switzerland (Linguistic geography of Switzerland) in the Canton (Cantons of Switzerland) of Ticino (Canton of Ticino), mostly in Lugano and Locarno. Global protests (Protests against the 2003 Iraq war) expressed opposition to the invasion (Popular opposition to war on Iraq). In many Middle Eastern and Islamic countries there were mass protests, as well as in Europe. On the government level, the war was criticized by Canada, Belgium, Chile, Russia, France, the People's Republic of China, Germany, Switzerland, the Vatican (Holy See), India, Iraq, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brazil, Mexico, the Arab League, the African Union and many others. Though many nations opposed the war, no foreign government openly supported Saddam Hussein, and none volunteered any assistance to the Iraqi side. Leading traditional allies of the U.S. who had supported Security Council Resolution 1441 (UN Security Council Resolution 1441), France, Germany and Russia, emerged as a united front opposed to the U.S.-led invasion, urging that the UN weapons inspectors be given time to complete their work. thumb 250px The Zurich Opera House. (File:Opernhaus Zürich.jpg) '''Opernhaus Zürich''' ('''Zurich Opera House''') is an opera house in the Swiss (Switzerland) city of Zurich. It has been the home of the Zurich Opera since 1891. - ''Anne of Geierstein'', or, ''The Maiden in the Mist'' 1829 Switzerland and Eastern France 1474-77 - thumb right upright The Swissôtel in Zurich's Oerlikon quarter, part of the group since its foundation. (File:Swissotel Zurich-Oerlikon 2010.jpg) Swissôtel was founded in 1980 as a joint venture between the Swissair and Nestlé groups with its headquarters in the Swiss (Switzerland) city of Zurich. Initially hotels were operated in Berne, Geneva, New York and Zurich. In 1990, the hotel group became a fully owned subsidiary of the Swissair group and in 1996 its head office moved from Zurich to New York. commons:Confoederatio Helvetica

Switzerland

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-- '''Switzerland''' ( . While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8 million people is concentrated mostly on the Plateau, where the largest cities are to be found; among them are the two global (global city) and economic centres of Zürich and Geneva.

The establishment of the Swiss Confederation is traditionally dated to 1 August 1291, which is celebrated annually as Swiss National Day. The country has a long history of armed neutrality—it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815—and did not join the United Nations until 2002. Nevertheless it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. Thomas Fleiner, Alexander Misic, Nicole Töpperwien, ''Swiss Constitutional Law'', p. 28, Kluwer Law International In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross (International Committee of the Red Cross), Switzerland is home to numerous international organizations, including the second largest UN office (United Nations Office at Geneva). On the European level, it is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association and is part of the Schengen Area – although it is notably not a member of the European Union, nor the European Economic Area.

Straddling the intersection of Germanic (German-speaking Europe) and Romance (Romance-speaking Europe) Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French, Italian and Romansh (Romansh language). Therefore the Swiss (Swiss people), although predominantly German-speaking, do not form a nation in the sense of a common ethnicity or language; rather, Switzerland's strong sense of identity and community is founded on a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy, Constitutional Patriotism and Exclusion: the Swiss Case

Switzerland ranks high in several metrics of national performance, including government transparency, civil liberties, economic competitiveness (Global Competitiveness Report), and human development (Human Development Index). It has the highest nominal wealth per adult (financial and non-financial assets) in the world according to Credit Suisse and the eighth-highest (List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita) per capita gross domestic product on the IMF list.

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