Sturmabteilung

What is Sturmabteilung known for?


numerous technical

making feature films. Hitler persisted and Riefenstahl eventually agreed to make a film at the 1933 Nuremberg Rally called ''Der Sieg des Glaubens'' (''Victory of Faith''). However the film had numerous technical problems, including a lack of preparation (Riefenstahl reported having just a few days) and Hitler's apparent unease at being filmed. To make matters worse, Riefenstahl had to deal with infighting by party officials, in particular Joseph Goebbels who


history publishing

-Oberstgruppenführer'' (As of 30 January 1942), Schiffer Military History Publishing, 2000, p. 26. Impressed by his academic achievements and outstanding curriculum, Reinhard Heydrich appointed him as head of Amt VII, Written Records of the RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt) which dealt mainly with ideological (ideology) tasks. These included the creation of anti-semitic, anti-masonic propaganda, the sounding of public opinion and monitoring of Nazi indoctrination by the public. He held


main driving

1930 Reichswehr 1918 battles World War I World War II In May 1925, Rediess joined the SA (Sturmabteilung) and in December 1925 was approved for membership in the Nazi Party. He led a Düsseldorf SA company in 1927 and was transferred to the SS (Schutzstaffel) with his unit in 1930. Promotion swiftly followed for Rediess, achieving the rank of Lieutenant General (''SS-Obergruppenführer'') in 1935. *This is for us a ground for satisfaction, since we desire that the fight in the religious camps should come to an end. We are happy that in Rome yesterday we succeeded in signing a Concordat (w:Concordat of 1933) on the basis of which all political action in the parties will be forbidden to priests for all time, happy because we know what is wanted by millions who long to see in the priest only the comforter of their souls and not the representative of their political convictions. Thus the political fight for power is finished. ** Speech to the Sturmabteilung (w:Sturmabteilung) (SA) at Dortmund (w:Dortmund), 9 July 1933; from


made strong

and 1936, Hermann Weyl, head of the Göttingen mathematics department in 1933 until his resignation under Nazi pressure, made strong efforts to bring him to the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. Early life Brandt was born in Mulhouse in the then German (German Empire) Alsace-Lorraine territory (now in Haut-Rhin, France), but his parents were not Alsatians . He became a medical doctor in 1928. He joined the Nazi Party


early association

112 He was later appointed an ''SA-Gruppenführer'' (Lieutenant General) and held this rank on the SA rolls until 1945. At this time, Carin—who liked Hitler—often played hostess to meetings of leading Nazis, including her husband, Hitler, Rudolf Hess, Alfred Rosenberg, and Ernst Röhm. Hitler later recalled his early association with Göring: He then went to work full-time for the Nazi (Nazism) party. Terboven helped establish the party in Essen


critical+influence

, ''Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte'' vol.40, no.3, pp.517-550 Hitler's vitriolic beer hall speeches began attracting regular audiences. Early followers included Rudolf Hess, former air force pilot Hermann Göring, and army captain Ernst Röhm. The latter became head of the Nazis' paramilitary organisation, the ''Sturmabteilung'' (SA, "Storm Division"), which protected meetings and frequently attacked political opponents. A critical influence on his


conservative political

important was the generally conservative political outlook of the Army's leaders, who had an ambivalent attitude towards the Nazi party (and the unruly SA (Sturmabteilung), the party's political militia). While the General Staff welcomed Hitler's expansion of the army and his suppression of the SA, they were opposed to many of his wilder schemes and continually urged caution. Hitler curtailed the Army's traditional independence early, by the fortuitous disgrace of the commander in chief

into almost open warfare after 1930. The "reactionaries" were the conservative political parties and the liberal democratic German government of the Weimar Republic period, which made several unsuccessful attempts to suppress the SA. The "servitude" refers to the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, in which the victorious powers imposed huge reparations (World War I reparations) on Germany, stripped her of her colonies in Africa, Asia and the Pacific Ocean, some of which were


low intelligence

; He has said that supporters of George W. Bush "are brownshirts (Sturmabteilung) with the same low intelligence and morals as Hitler's enthusiastic supporters." The Reality Beneath the Flag-Waving Background After World War I, Hanussen performed a mind reading (Telepathy), muscle reading, and hypnosis act at La Scala in Berlin that catapulted him to stardom. At his height


personal friendship

– 6 February 1972, Munich) was an early member of the Nazi Party and one of the founders of the SS . A watchmaker by trade, Maurice was a close associate of Adolf Hitler with a personal friendship


service number

moderate opinion towards the need for Germany to find an anti-Communist strongman (Strongman (politics)) to restore stability to German life. Herbert Kappler joined the Nazi Party on August 1, 1931 at the age of twenty three. At the same time, he became a stormtrooper in the ''Sturmabteilung'' (SA) and served as an SA-Mann (Mann (military rank)) from August 1, 1931 to December 1, 1932. His Nazi Party membership number (service number) was 594,899. Image:Kolobrzeg1945.JPG thumb

Sturmabteilung

The '''''Sturmabteilung''''' ('''SA''') ( ; Storm Detachment or Assault Division, or Brownshirts) functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party. It played a key role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s. Their main assignments were providing protection for Nazi rallies and assemblies, disrupting the meetings of the opposing parties, fighting against the paramilitary units of the opposing parties (especially the ''Rotfrontkämpferbund'') and intimidating Slavic and Romani citizens, unionists and Jews (e.g. the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses).

The SA was the first Nazi paramilitary group to develop pseudo-military titles for bestowal upon its members. The SA ranks (Ranks and insignia of the Sturmabteilung) were adopted by several other Nazi Party groups, chief amongst them the Schutzstaffel (SS), itself originally a branch of the SA. SA men were often called "'''brownshirts'''" for the colour of their uniforms (similar to Benito Mussolini's blackshirts). Brown-coloured shirts were chosen as the SA uniform because a large batch of them were cheaply available after World War I, having originally been ordered during the war for colonial troops (Schutztruppe) posted to Germany's former African colonies (German colonial empire). ''Toland'' p. 220

The SA became disempowered after Adolf Hitler ordered the "blood purge" of 1934. This event became known as the Night of the Long Knives. The SA was effectively superseded by the SS, although it was not formally dissolved and banned until after the Third Reich's final capitulation to the Allied powers (Allies of World War II) in 1945.

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