Sturmabteilung

What is Sturmabteilung known for?


radical national

Wehrmacht). *Adolphe Légalité - derisory nickname for Hitler in social-revolutionary SA (Sturmabteilung) circles following the Reichswehr Trial held before the Leipzig Supreme Court in late September 1930. In the eyes of radical National Socialists, Hitler's Legality Oath had conceded too much to his political enemies, in the same way as had the Duke of Orleans, who adopted the name Philippe Egalité during the French Revolution. *''agrarpolitischer Apparat'' (aA) – Agrarian Apparatus


public speaking

the year before in protest against the Young Plan, vehemently spoke against Brüning's economic and financial policy, which caused a great stir. However, most leaders of industry and big business who had been invited to attend were notably absent. thumb Camp service of the NSDAP delegation, in the first row Himmler, Röhm and Göring (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 102-02134, Bad Harzburg, Gründung der Harzburger Front.jpg) Gregor Strasser Soon after Hitler was banned from public speaking


early national

thinking during this period was the Aufbau Vereinigung, 1933-today After Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, the town hosted schools


visual appearance

; The name of the Empire's main soldiers, the Stormtroopers, is the same name given to Hitler's ''Sturmabteilung'' (SA) paramilitary bodyguards. Mary Henderson. Star Wars: The Magic of Myth. New York, New York, USA: Bantam Spectra, 1997. Pp. 146. The visual appearance of Darth Vader in his all-black uniform combined with his devout obedience to the Emperor has allusion to the black-uniformed Nazi ''Schutzstaffel'' (SS). Mary Henderson. Star Wars: The Magic


conservative opposition

In the early 1930s, Goerdeler considered Hitler an "enlightened dictator", who, provided he received the proper advice, would be a force for good. Müller, Klaus-Jürgen "The Structure and Nature of the National Conservative Opposition in Germany up to 1940" pages 133-178 from ''Aspects of the Third Reich'' edited by H.W. Koch, Macmillan: London, United Kingdom page 148 After 1933, Goerdeler was one of very few politicians willing to oppose the ruling Nazis


quot scenes

that play in reverse and regress in time, depicting the rise of Hitler and the Third Reich backwards: corpses at a concentration camp; Hitler congratulating a German boy; Nazi armies marching, Nazi armies advancing in Blitzkriegs, Kriegsmarine operations in the Battle of the Atlantic (Battle of the Atlantic (1939-1945)), book-burnings and Jewish persecution, singings of the "Horst-Wessel-Lied", scenes from the 1934 Nazi Party congresses extracted from '' Triumph


quot membership

required for future state employees without having cleared himself from these political complaints. See Hürten, Jäger, Ott (1980). Seeing himself barred from the second examination and hence blocked from any further professional career, Filbinger asked to be admitted to NS party membership in spring. Philosopher Karl Jaspers commented on this: "Membership of the party ... was no longer a political act but an act of grace by the state, which would accept


prominent conservative

prominent conservative anti-Nazis (such as former Chancellor Kurt von Schleicher and Gustav Ritter von Kahr, who had suppressed Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch in 1923). Many of those killed were members of the Sturmabteilung (SA), the paramilitary brownshirts. To a lesser extent, the (SA), a Nazi paramilitary organisation, remained somewhat autonomous within the party itself. The SA evolved out of the remnants of the Freikorps movement


early association

112 He was later appointed an ''SA-Gruppenführer'' (Lieutenant General) and held this rank on the SA rolls until 1945. At this time, Carin—who liked Hitler—often played hostess to meetings of leading Nazis, including her husband, Hitler, Rudolf Hess, Alfred Rosenberg, and Ernst Röhm. Hitler later recalled his early association with Göring: He then went to work full-time for the Nazi (Nazism) party. Terboven helped establish the party in Essen


making feature

making feature films. Hitler persisted and Riefenstahl eventually agreed to make a film at the 1933 Nuremberg Rally called ''Der Sieg des Glaubens'' (''Victory of Faith''). However the film had numerous technical problems, including a lack of preparation (Riefenstahl reported having just a few days) and Hitler's apparent unease at being filmed. To make matters worse, Riefenstahl had to deal with infighting by party officials, in particular Joseph Goebbels who

Sturmabteilung

The '''''Sturmabteilung''''' ('''SA''') ( ; Storm Detachment or Assault Division, or Brownshirts) functioned as the original paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party. It played a key role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s. Their main assignments were providing protection for Nazi rallies and assemblies, disrupting the meetings of the opposing parties, fighting against the paramilitary units of the opposing parties (especially the ''Rotfrontkämpferbund'') and intimidating Slavic and Romani citizens, unionists and Jews (e.g. the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses).

The SA was the first Nazi paramilitary group to develop pseudo-military titles for bestowal upon its members. The SA ranks (Ranks and insignia of the Sturmabteilung) were adopted by several other Nazi Party groups, chief amongst them the Schutzstaffel (SS), itself originally a branch of the SA. SA men were often called "'''brownshirts'''" for the colour of their uniforms (similar to Benito Mussolini's blackshirts). Brown-coloured shirts were chosen as the SA uniform because a large batch of them were cheaply available after World War I, having originally been ordered during the war for colonial troops (Schutztruppe) posted to Germany's former African colonies (German colonial empire). ''Toland'' p. 220

The SA became disempowered after Adolf Hitler ordered the "blood purge" of 1934. This event became known as the Night of the Long Knives. The SA was effectively superseded by the SS, although it was not formally dissolved and banned until after the Third Reich's final capitulation to the Allied powers (Allies of World War II) in 1945.

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