by a margin of 77% to 22%. Staten Island is currently in the 11th Congressional District (New York's 11th congressional district), formerly the 13th Congressional District (New York's 13th congressional district), which also includes part of Brooklyn. It has been held by the GOP from 1981 until 2009 when Democrat (Democratic Party (US)) Michael McMahon won the seat. It was previously held by Vito Fossella, an outspoken conservative. Michael Grimm (politician) Michael Grimm
'' as Les Sweeney in 2004 and 2005. He has also made guest appearances in prime time shows like ''Las Vegas'', ''The Drew Carey Show'', ''Diagnosis: Murder'' and ''The King of Queens''. He appeared as Ross Rayburn on the ABC (American Broadcasting Company) soap opera ''One Life to Live''. ref>
, he repeatedly denounced the distribution of this literature and sought to find out who had engaged in it." Katz, Nancie L.,green-campaign-committee-friends "Green Cleared In Campaign Flap", ''New York Daily News (Daily News (New York))'', July 22, 2006. Retrieved 2011-06-28. Nevertheless, the incident is thought to have diminished minority turnout in the general election and helped
members created duly constituted County Committees in Staten Island, Brooklyn, Queens and Manhattan, so that the State Chair could not take away local control in New York City. Life and career Jenkins was born '''David Allen Curtis Jenkins''' in Staten Island, New York on April 9, 1900. He studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. In his first stage appearance, he danced next to James Cagney in a chorus line for an off-Broadway musical called ''Pitter-Patter
as the neighborhood is considered the highest point on the Eastern Seaboard. Todt Hill has many rich residents, who love to overdecorate their lawns, much to the amusement of other Islanders. These two factors contribute to the area's majestic feel. * '''Dongan Hills''' – This large neighborhood is very peaceful. A section which borders Todt Hill is called the '''Dongan Hills Colony'''. It is home to large mansions, and offers a unique view of the Manhattan skyline. * '''South Beach''' – Formerly home to a bustling amusement park, South Beach has quieted down a lot from its glory days as a summer getaway. Now, the area is mostly residential, with large Polish and Russian populations. The popular beach of the same name is still open. thumb New Dorp on the Staten Island Railway. (File:NewDorpStationSign.jpg) * '''New Dorp''' – New Dorp has deep roots in history, spanning back to the American Revolution, when it was the base of the British army in New York. Now, the neighborhood is one of the area's major commercial centers. Its main thoroughfare, '''New Dorp Lane''', is home to any type of store you could wish for–from a convenience store, to a fancy cake shop, to mom-and-pop shops, pizzerias, and even a karate school. * '''Richmondtown''' – Richmondtown is home to Historic Richmond Town, a collection of buildings dating back as far as the eighteenth century. * '''New Dorp Beach Oakwood Beach''' – These two waterfront neighborhoods were hit hard by Hurricane Sandy. * '''Heartland Village''' – The commercial center of the entire island is home to the Staten Island Mall and a number of other large and small shopping centers. * '''Chelsea Travis''' – Two tiny, mostly industrial neighborhoods on the western edge of the island. South Shore The South Shore experienced a similar economic boom to the Mid-Island when the Verrazano Bridge opened. However, there are still many parts of the South Shore that are undeveloped, at least compared to the rest of the borough. Some of its neighborhoods are: * '''Great Kills''' – The northernmost neighborhood on the South Shore is very residential and has a large park and marina. * '''Eltingville''' – This humongous neighborhood is also primarily residential, but is home to a major transit center. * '''Huguenot''' – Huguenot is named after the French Huguenots, its original settlers. Nowadays, the very suburban neighborhood is home to many other ethnicities as well. * '''Rossville''' – Originally farmland, Rossville has since developed greatly. * '''Sandy Ground''' – Sandy Ground (no connection to Hurricane Sandy) has great historical importance. It was the first community for freed slaves established in North America. It dates back to 1827, when slavery was abolished in New York State (New York (state)). * '''Charleston''' – A very remote neighborhood, it is home to a sizable commercial sector. * '''Tottenville''' – Tottenville is the southernmost point in New York. It developed earlier than the rest of the South Shore, thanks to its prominence as a transportation hub before the invention of automobiles. Many examples of nineteenth-century architecture can be found here. Understand Staten Island is a borough of about 500,000 people. While that's not even half of the population of any of the other boroughs, it's still respectable for a U.S. city. Staten Island is located in New York Harbor, and is the southernmost point in New York State. It's practically in New Jersey! Orientation Staten Island is New York City's only borough that lacks a predominant numbered street grid. It is important to remember that you can not depend on the numbers of the streets to tell you where you are. Staten Island has four main highways: the Staten Island Expressway (I-278), the West Shore Expressway (NY-440), the Martin Luther King Jr. Expressway (also NY-440), and the Korean War Veterans Parkway (unofficially known as the Richmond Parkway). The Staten Island Expressway runs east-west, from the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge to the Goethals Bridge. The West Shore expressway runs south from the Staten Island Expressway in the northwest portion of the island to the Outerbridge Crossing in Tottenville. The Martin Luther King Jr. Expressway runs north from just east of the SIE's junction with the West Shore to the Bayonne Bridge. The Korean War Veterans Expressway branches off from the West Shore Expressway just north of the Outerbridge and runs northeast all the way to Eltingville. Compared to the neatly-organized grid of Manhattan, the layout of Staten Island's streets may seem like a child's drawings. On the contrary, most streets run in a simple pattern. The biggest streets run east-west (parallel to the northern shore), north-south (parallel to the western shore), and northeast-southwest (parallel to the eastern and southern shores). This creates the effect of a triangle. If you know the main roads that form each side of the triangle, you won't get lost. Get in By ferry Staten Island can be reached by passenger ferry from Manhattan. The ferry is the most visually pleasing option for arriving on the island, as it passes by Liberty Island and offers stunning views of the Manhattan skyline and New York Harbor. The ferry is free and operates 24 hours a day out of Battery Park in Manhattan and St. George Terminal in Staten Island. The ferry is also sometimes a faster trip from Lower Manhattan to Staten Island than a corresponding trip by car or bus. The ferry allows bicycles on the lower decks, where there are usually bike racks. The St. George Ferry Terminal is also a terminal for the Staten Island Railway and many of Staten Island's local buses. By car thumb The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge at night with Staten Island in the background (File:Verrazano-Narrows Bridge @ Night from Brooklyn.JPG) Staten Island can be reached by bridge from Brooklyn and New Jersey. * '''Verrazano-Narrows Bridge''' connects Staten Island with Brooklyn, but you will incur a high toll of $10.66 with a New York E-Z Pass or $15.00 using cash or an out-of-state E-Z Pass (westbound to Staten Island only; no toll eastbound). * '''Bayonne Bridge''' connects northern Staten Island with Bayonne (Bayonne (New Jersey)), New Jersey. * '''Goethals Bridge''' connects Elizabeth, New Jersey to mid-western Staten Island. * '''Outerbridge Crossing''' connects Perth Amboy, New Jersey and Tottenville, Staten Island. These last 3 bridges have a $12.00 toll payable only when entering Staten Island, not leaving it. The carpool toll is $2.00 with 3 or more people in a car, payable only with E-Z Pass. By bus '''Express bus''' A moderately priced option is to take an express bus from Manhattan to Staten Island. The express buses are especially handy when you are traveling to places on the South Shore, which is the furthest section of Staten Island from the ferry, and has fewer local routes running than the more densely populated North Shore. The $6.00 fare is payable with MetroCard (pay-per-ride only), Express Bus Plus MetroCards or coin change. Dollar bills are not accepted. Most express buses run solely on weekdays. The X1, X10, and X17 run 7 days a week X17. The X1 runs 24 7. The wait times for an express bus are about 4–10 minutes during rush hours, 15–30 minutes other times. The Staten Island bus map (service descriptions) covers the routes on the island. '''Local bus''' * There is also the option of taking the S53, S79, or S93 buses from the 86th Street subway station of the R train in Brooklyn. These bus routes cross the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge into Staten Island. Since these are considered local bus routes, you can pay for the ride by depositing $2.50 in coins in the farebox or swiping your MetroCard. :* The S53 serves the North Shore and goes through Port Richmond and West New Brighton :* The S79 serves the Mid-Island region and the South Shore. It goes along Hylan Boulevard and Richmond Avenue to get to the Staten Island Mall. :* The S93 runs rush hours only and goes to the College of Staten Island, serving the neighborhoods near the Staten Island Expressway and Victory Boulevard. * From Bayonne, you can take the S89 Limited bus during rush hours from the 34th Street Hudson-Bergen Light Rail station. This bus runs down Richmond Avenue and serves sections of the North Shore, Mid-Island, and South Shore. Get around By rail thumb A Staten Island Railway train. (File:SIR 448 at Great Kills Station.jpg) The '''Staten Island Railway''' is a hybrid of a railroad and a subway line. Fares are the same as a subway ride (US$2.50), and it runs 24 hours, at intervals from 15 minutes during weekdays to hourly overnight, synchronized to the ferry schedule. Fares are collected only at St. George Ferry Terminal and Tompkinsville, and include a free transfer to or from the buses or subway in Manhattan. During rush hours, express service is provided and the locals terminate at Great Kills. By bus thumb A S76 bus stopped on New Dorp Lane in New Dorp (File:MTA New York City Bus Orion VII Next Generation 4017.jpg) Bus routes cover the island pretty thoroughly. There are two types of buses: *The '''local buses''' run routes all over Staten Island and are distinguished by the S before the route number (ex. S55, S78). They have uncomfortable plastic seats and cost $2.50. During rush hours, some buses run Limited and stop at major cross streets and transfer points. For example, the S62 starts at Jewett Avenue, making all stops east, while the S92 makes all stops west of Jewett Avenue that the S62 normally makes, while stopping only at major streets like Clove Road east of Jewett Avenue. Limited route numbers are always in the 80's and 90's, and the numbers of the local and limited routes usually correspond (S62 S92, S46 S96). :Many local buses terminate at the St. George Ferry Terminal. These can be grouped according to their service area: ::* North Shore: S40 series (S40, S42, S44, S46, S48) ::* East Shore: S50s series (S51, S52) ::* Victory Boulevard: S60s series (S61, S62, S66) ::* South Shore: S70s series (S74, S76, S78) ::* Limited routes: S80s and S90s series (S81, S84, S86, S90, S91, S92, S94, S96, S98) :However, other routes on Staten Island that do not depart from the Staten Island Ferry Terminal do not necessarily follow the same rule. These are the S53, S54, S55, S56, S57, S59, S79, S89, and S93. * The '''express buses''' are distinguished by the X in the coded display on the front of the bus (ex. X1, X17). These buses run from Staten Island to Manhattan, have more comfortable cloth seats, and cost $6. Most bus routes on the island meet up at the '''St. George Ferry Terminal'''. Other major transfer points include '''Port Richmond''', with some buses terminating at Richmond Terrace at Port Richmond Avenue; the '''Staten Island Mall'''; and the '''Eltingville Transit Center''' on the South Shore. Fares can be paid in quarters or dollar coins (if you can find them). You can also use a MetroCard (good for all public transportation in NYC), purchasable at some delis or at the machines located at the ferry terminal. Buses run close to schedule, but service on Staten Island is sparse outside of rush hours, and even during peak hours, the most frequent headway is 10 minutes. Because of this, it helps to be prepared: either pick up a schedule for routes that you'll plan to take, check the Guide-A-Ride boxes at bus stops for exact times or use the MTA's BusTime system to track buses. Although BusTime only works on routes dispatched from Staten Island at the moment, you can track express bus service in Manhattan. A Staten Island bus map is available at: http: mta.info nyct maps bussi.pdf See Parks As the official "Borough of Parks", Staten Island has a large collection of parks. They range from modest playgrounds to immense expanses of raw nature. All parks operated by the New York City Department of Parks & Recreation are open 6 AM–1 AM (Note that The Greenbelt is operated by the Greenbelt Conservancy and Gateway is operated by the National Park Service). Parks affiliated with schools are the only exception. These are open from dawn to dusk, and it is generally considered good etiquette to stay out of the park if schoolchildren are playing in it. Some parks in Staten Island are: * wikipedia:Staten Island
languages Algonquian word meaning "stream overflows." The name is also applied to the Raritan (Raritan (tribe)) people, an Algonquian (Algonquian peoples) tribe that inhabited Staten Island, near the river's mouth. In colonial days, the river allowed the development of early industry around New Brunswick (New Brunswick, New Jersey), as well as the transportation of agricultural materials from central New Jersey. During the American Revolutionary War, the river provided
Ferry, Nicolas Street in St. George, Hamilton and Westervelt Avenue, and the final scenes taking place on Carroll Place all on the North Shore of Staten Island. Theater right thumb The St. George Theater (File:St. George Theater, Staten Island, New York.jpg) The St. George Theatre (St. George, Staten Island#Theater) serves as a cultural arts center, hosting educational programs, architectural tours, television and film shoots, concerts, comedy, Broadway touring companies, and small and large children's shows. Artists who have performed there include The B-52s, The Jonas Brothers, Tony Bennett, and Don McLean. In 2012, the NBC musical drama ''Smash (Smash (TV series))'' filmed several scenes there. wikipedia:Staten Island
of large mammals on the island. Evidence of the first permanent American Indian (Indigenous peoples of the Americas) settlements and agriculture are thought to date from about 5,000 years ago, Jackson, 1995 although early archaic habitation evidence has been found in multiple locations on the island. Ritchie, 1963 Rossville points are a distinct type of arrowhead that defines a Native American cultural period that runs from the Archaic
). This is the largest collection of Greek revival, temple style buildings in America. A true architectural gem featuring the Staten Island Botanic Garden, which features an authentic Chinese Scholar's garden (created by actual Chinese scholars!). There is also an art museum, the John A. Noble Collection, on the grounds. This is one of the most beautiful places in New York, a place even the most jaded New Yorker will marvel at. Do thumb upright 1.65 Richmond County Bank Ballpark and a view of Upper New York Bay (File:Richmond County Bank Ballpark - field.jpg) * wikipedia:Staten Island
Staten Island tower and bridge, the Round Gazebo in Nice, France, and the Irene Hixon Whitney Bridge in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. His 2005 work, ''Fallujah'', is a modern take on Picasso's Guernica (Guernica (painting)) but has been censored in the U.S. due to its critical view of the war in Iraq. wikipedia:Staten Island
'''Staten Island ''' . The borough is coextensive with '''Richmond County''', and until 1975 the borough was officially named the '''Borough of Richmond.''' url http: www.nypl.org branch staten history timeline5.html title Timeline of Staten Island - 1900s - Present publisher New York Public Library accessdate January 16, 2006 archiveurl http: web.archive.org web 20060113221845 http: www.nypl.org branch staten history timeline5.html archivedate January 13, 2006 Its flag was later changed to reflect this, though the official seal remains unchanged. Staten Island has been sometimes called "the forgotten borough" by inhabitants who feel neglected by the city government (Government of New York City). url http: www.nytimes.com 1994 01 30 magazine escape-from-new-york.html?scp 6&sq %22the+forgotten+borough%22+government title Escape From New York - The New York Times last Brown first Chip publisher The New York Times date January 30, 1994 accessdate January 14, 2008 quote Given their status as residents of "the forgotten borough" – the sorry Cinderella sister in New York's dysfunctional family – maybe the giddiest aspect of all was the attention. url http: www.nytimes.com 2007 10 07 nyregion thecity 07hips.html?_r 2&scp 1&sq %22the+forgotten+borough%22&oref slogin title Bohemia by the Bay last Buckley first Cara publisher The New York Times date October 7, 2007 accessdate January 14, 2008 quote Even as New York’s hip young things invade and colonize neighborhoods near, far and out of state, Staten Island has stayed stubbornly uncool. It remains the forgotten borough.
The North Shore (North Shore, Staten Island) — especially the neighborhoods of St. George (St. George, Staten Island), Tompkinsville (Tompkinsville, Staten Island), Clifton (Clifton, Staten Island), and Stapleton (Stapleton, Staten Island) — is the most urban part of the island; it contains the officially designated St. George Historic District and the St. Paul’s Avenue-Stapleton Heights Historic District, which feature large Victorian houses. The East Shore (East Shore, Staten Island) is home to the The South Shore (South Shore, Staten Island), site of the 17th-century Dutch and French Huguenot settlement of South Beach, developed rapidly beginning in the 1960s and 1970s; it is mostly suburban in character. The West Shore (West Shore, Staten Island) is the least populated and most industrial part of the island.
Motor traffic can reach the borough from Brooklyn via the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and from New Jersey via the Outerbridge Crossing, Goethals Bridge, and Bayonne Bridge. Staten Island has Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) (Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York)) bus lines (New York City Bus) and a MTA rapid transit line, the Staten Island Railway, which runs from the ferry terminal at St. George to Tottenville (Tottenville, Staten Island). Staten Island is the only borough that is not connected to the New York City Subway system. The free Staten Island Ferry connects the borough to Manhattan and is a popular tourist attraction, providing views of the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and Lower Manhattan.
Staten Island had the Fresh Kills Landfill, which was the world's largest landfill at one point before closing in 2001,