of large mammals on the island. Evidence of the first permanent American Indian (Indigenous peoples of the Americas) settlements and agriculture are thought to date from about 5,000 years ago, Jackson, 1995 although early archaic habitation evidence has been found in multiple locations on the island. Ritchie, 1963 Rossville points are a distinct type of arrowhead that defines a Native American cultural period that runs from the Archaic
, and traditionally Republican Staten Island (Richmond), while Abe Beame (Abraham Beame), the City Comptroller, carried The Bronx and his home borough of Brooklyn, both of which he had also won in the Democratic primary. However, while Beame had also carried Queens in the primary, he lost it to Lindsay in the general election. Page 41 of the 1966 ''World Almanac & Book of Facts'' and page 69 of Cannato's ''The Ungovernable
construction commenced in 1933 as part of the Federal Government's works program on an eight-acre (three-hectare) estate willed to New York City. It was opened on June 10, 1936, the first zoo in the U.S. specifically devoted to an educational mandate. The Zoo was also the first to exhibit all the 32 varieties of rattlesnakes known to occur in the United States. wikipedia:Staten Island
-hop group The Wu Tang Clan arose, often making frequent references to Shaolin, sometimes as a name for their home, Staten Island, New York. The references arise from the group growing up in Staten Island in the late 1970s, and being influenced by movie theaters playing and advertising Kung Fu movies based on the Shaolin fighting style. Video games and cartoons begin to also feature Shaolin, such as the cartoon ''Xiaolin Showdown''. Liu Kang, the main character in the ''Mortal Kombat (Mortal Kombat (series))'' series, is a Shaolin monk, and Kung Lao from the same series, is also a Shaolin monk who seeks to avenge the temple's destruction, (led by Baraka (Baraka (Mortal Kombat)) in ''Mortal Kombat'' wikipedia:Staten Island
men, but was awaiting the arrival of another 15,000. Schecter, pp. 100–103 General Washington, with a smaller army of about 19,000 effective troops, lacked significant intelligence on the British force and plans, and was uncertain exactly where in the New York area the Howes intended to strike. He consequently split the Continental Army between fortified positions on Long Island, Manhattan and other mainland locations, Fischer, pp. 89,381 and also established a "Flying Camp" in northern New Jersey. This was intended as a reserve force that could support operations anywhere along the Jersey shore of the Hudson. Lundin, p. 109 Howe's troops began an unopposed landing on Staten Island in early July, and made another unopposed landing on Long Island, where Washington's Continental Army had organized significant defenses, on August 22. Schecter, ''The Battle for New York'', pp. 100, 118–127 On August 27, Howe successfully flanked Washington's defenses in the Battle of Long Island, leaving Washington in a precarious position on the narrow Brooklyn Heights, with the British Army in front and the East River behind him. On the night of August 29–30, Washington successfully evacuated his entire army of 9,000 troops to York Island (as Manhattan was then known). McCullough, ''1776'', pp. 188–191 thumb right Statue of George Washington (File:Washington at Roebling n S 5th Billyburg jeh.JPG) in Brooklyn On September 10, British troops moved from Long Island to occupy Montresor's Island (Randall's Island), a small island at the mouth of the Harlem River. Two days later, on September 11, the Congressional delegation arrived on Staten Island and met with Admiral Lord Howe (Staten Island Peace Conference) for several hours. The meeting came to nothing, as Lord Howe was not authorized to grant terms the Congressional delegation insisted on. It did, however, postpone the impending British attack, allowing Washington more time to decide if and where to confront the enemy. McCullough, ''1776'', pp. 207–208 Representation in the assembly in 1683 was six for Long Island, four for New York City, two for Kingston, two for Albany, one for each of Staten Island, Schenectady, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket and one for Pemequid on the Maine coast. In 1737, the assembly was expanded to 27 and in 1773 to 31. wikipedia:Staten Island
; ref RZA The Wu-Tang Clan's slang has long been a staple of their music, wherein members would blend Five Percenter (The Nation of Gods and Earths) terms, Kung Fu oriental words, and comic book and street terms to create their own nicknames for actions, people, places and things (such as the christening of Staten Island as "Shaolin Land" and money as "C.R.E.A.M."). RZA noted in the ''The Wu-Tang Manual'', that Raekwon was the resident slang-master of a great deal of the slang used by the group. In addition to serving as the Republican nominee, Bloomberg had the ballot line of the controversial Independence Party (Independence Party of New York), in which "Social Therapy" leaders Fred Newman and Lenora Fulani exert strong influence. Some say that endorsement was important, as Bloomberg's votes on that line exceeded his margin of victory over Green. (Under New York's fusion (Electoral fusion) rules, a candidate can run on more than one party's line and combine all the votes received on all lines. Green, the Democrat, also had the ballot line of the Working Families Party. He also created an independent line called Students First whose votes were combined with those on the Independence line). Another factor was the vote in Staten Island, which has traditionally been far friendlier to Republicans than the rest of the city. Bloomberg handily beat Green in that borough, taking 75 percent of the vote there. Overall, Bloomberg won 50 percent to 48 percent (Election results for mayor of New York). The Port Authority operates the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal, which handled the third largest amount of shipping of all ports in the United States in 2004 and the largest on the Eastern Seaboard. wikipedia:Staten Island
paragraph notes a peace conference — that seems contradictory, and if it isn't it needs to be explained -- On August 27, 1776, after landing about 22,000 men on Long Island, the British drove the Americans back to Brooklyn Heights, securing a decisive British victory in the largest battle of the entire Revolution (Battle of Long Island). Howe then laid siege to fortifications there. In a feat considered by many historians to be one of his most impressive actions as Commander in Chief, Washington personally directed the withdrawal (withdrawal (military)) of his entire remaining army and all their supplies across the East River in one night without discovery by the British or significant loss of men and materiel. Fischer (2004), pp. 91–101 After Washington forced the British out of Boston in spring 1776, neither the British nor the Loyalists controlled any significant areas. The British, however, were massing forces at their naval base at Halifax, Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality). They returned in force in July 1776, landing in New York and defeating Washington's Continental Army at the Battle of Brooklyn in August, one of the largest engagements of the war. After the Battle of Brooklyn, the British requested a meeting with representatives from Congress to negotiate an end to hostilities. A delegation including John Adams and Benjamin Franklin met Howe on Staten Island in New York Harbor on September 11, in what became known as the Staten Island Peace Conference. Howe demanded a retraction of the Declaration of Independence, which was refused, and negotiations ended until 1781. The British then quickly seized New York City (Battle of Kip's Bay) and nearly captured General Washington. They made the city their main political and military base of operations in North America, holding it until November 1783 (Evacuation Day (New York)). New York City consequently became the destination for Loyalist refugees, and a focal point of Washington's intelligence network (Intelligence in the American Revolutionary War). Schecter, Barnet. ''The Battle for New York: The City at the Heart of the American Revolution''. (2002) McCullough, ''1776'' (2005) The British also took New Jersey, pushing the Continental Army into Pennsylvania, but in a surprise attack in late December 1776 Washington crossed the Delaware River (Washington's crossing of the Delaware) back into New Jersey and defeated Hessian and British armies at Trenton (Battle of Trenton) and Princeton (Battle of Princeton), thereby regaining New Jersey. The victories gave an important boost to pro-independence supporters at a time when morale was flagging, and have become iconic events of the war. Isoniazid and iproniazid In 1951, two people from Sea View Hospital on Staten Island, Irving Selikoff and Edward Robitzek, began clinical trials on two new anti-tuberculosis (tuberculosis) agents from Hoffman-LaRoche, isoniazid and iproniazid. Only patients with a poor prognosis were initially treated; nevertheless, their condition improved dramatically. Selikoff and Robitzek noted "a subtle general stimulation . . . the patients exhibited renewed vigor and indeed this occasionally served to introduce disciplinary problems." wikipedia:Staten Island
, and students in Staten Island will take it at Staten Island Technical High School. Production The film was shot entirely in Staten Island New York, and the entire production from script to final edit taking only six months to complete, with only 15 days of filming in between. The original music score was composed by Alexander and Mark Peskanov. The film marked the first movie appearance of actor Tom Hanks who played a relatively small part. In fact it was said
the Staten Island ferry terminal. In 1880 the Staten Island Cricket Club held "the tournament for the championship of America". The match was won by O. E. Woodhouse of England who happened to be in New York at the time.
The single games in the lawn-tennis tournament at Camp Washington, Staten Island, were concluded yesterday, and the handsome silver cup presented for competition by the Staten Island ... work The New York Times date September 4, 1880 accessdate 2009-08-18 format PDF Bermuda and tennis The modern game of lawn tennis was commercialized in 1873 in England by Major Walter Clopton Wingfield of the British Army. One of the Major's men brought the game and equipment to Bermuda when posted there in 1874. Mary played the game at "Clermont", a house with a spacious lawn in Paget parish. http: www.blackburneds.com html history.html On February 2, 1874 Mary returned from Bermuda aboard the ship "S.S. Canima" and introduced lawn tennis to the United States. She played the first tennis game in the US at the Staten Island Cricket Club on Staten Island, New York, on an hourglass-shaped court. The Staten Island Cricket Club was founded on or about March 22, 1872. One early name was “Staten Island Cricket and Baseball Club”. At the time the tennis court was set up the club was located at St. George on the “Flats” or old camp Washington Terminal. The club later moved to what is now Walker Park to make way for what is now the Staten Island ferry terminal. In 1880 the Staten Island Cricket Club held "the tournament for the championship of America". The match was won by O. E. Woodhouse of England who happened to be in New York at the time. wikipedia:Staten Island
on his achievements. "Mr. Johnson has met with great success in the development of Dyker Heights and had probably done more business and made more sales during the past year than all the rest of the surrounding settlements combined." Brooklyn Eagle, "Buys Brooklyn Realty," January 17, 1897, p. 5. In April 1898 sales were still very strong. "Dyker Heights still holds its lead among the suburban sections in building operations, over forty houses having
'''Staten Island ''' . The borough is coextensive with '''Richmond County''', and until 1975 the borough was officially named the '''Borough of Richmond.''' url http: www.nypl.org branch staten history timeline5.html title Timeline of Staten Island - 1900s - Present publisher New York Public Library accessdate January 16, 2006 archiveurl http: web.archive.org web 20060113221845 http: www.nypl.org branch staten history timeline5.html archivedate January 13, 2006 Its flag was later changed to reflect this, though the official seal remains unchanged. Staten Island has been sometimes called "the forgotten borough" by inhabitants who feel neglected by the city government (Government of New York City). url http: www.nytimes.com 1994 01 30 magazine escape-from-new-york.html?scp 6&sq %22the+forgotten+borough%22+government title Escape From New York - The New York Times last Brown first Chip publisher The New York Times date January 30, 1994 accessdate January 14, 2008 quote Given their status as residents of "the forgotten borough" – the sorry Cinderella sister in New York's dysfunctional family – maybe the giddiest aspect of all was the attention. url http: www.nytimes.com 2007 10 07 nyregion thecity 07hips.html?_r 2&scp 1&sq %22the+forgotten+borough%22&oref slogin title Bohemia by the Bay last Buckley first Cara publisher The New York Times date October 7, 2007 accessdate January 14, 2008 quote Even as New York’s hip young things invade and colonize neighborhoods near, far and out of state, Staten Island has stayed stubbornly uncool. It remains the forgotten borough.
The North Shore (North Shore, Staten Island) — especially the neighborhoods of St. George (St. George, Staten Island), Tompkinsville (Tompkinsville, Staten Island), Clifton (Clifton, Staten Island), and Stapleton (Stapleton, Staten Island) — is the most urban part of the island; it contains the officially designated St. George Historic District and the St. Paul’s Avenue-Stapleton Heights Historic District, which feature large Victorian houses. The East Shore (East Shore, Staten Island) is home to the The South Shore (South Shore, Staten Island), site of the 17th-century Dutch and French Huguenot settlement of South Beach, developed rapidly beginning in the 1960s and 1970s; it is mostly suburban in character. The West Shore (West Shore, Staten Island) is the least populated and most industrial part of the island.
Motor traffic can reach the borough from Brooklyn via the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and from New Jersey via the Outerbridge Crossing, Goethals Bridge, and Bayonne Bridge. Staten Island has Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) (Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York)) bus lines (New York City Bus) and a MTA rapid transit line, the Staten Island Railway, which runs from the ferry terminal at St. George to Tottenville (Tottenville, Staten Island). Staten Island is the only borough that is not connected to the New York City Subway system. The free Staten Island Ferry connects the borough to Manhattan and is a popular tourist attraction, providing views of the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and Lower Manhattan.
Staten Island had the Fresh Kills Landfill, which was the world's largest landfill at one point before closing in 2001,