Stanley, Falkland Islands

What is Stanley, Falkland Islands known for?


quot work

of the worst for the site of his town." Work on the settlement began in 1843 and it became the capital in July 1845. It was named after Lord Stanley (Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby), Secretary of State for War and the Colonies at the time. In 1849, thirty married Chelsea Pensioners were settled there to help with the defence of the islands and to develop the new settlement. The settlement soon grew as a deep-water port, specialising at first in ship repairs; indeed, before the construction of the Panama Canal, Port Stanley was a major repair stop for boats travelling through the Straits of Magellan. The rough waters and intense storms found at the tip of the continent forced many ships to Stanley Harbour, and the ship repair industry helped to drive the island economy. Later it became a base for whaling and sealing (Seal hunting) in the South Atlantic and Antarctic. Later still it was an important coaling station for the Royal Navy. This led to ships based here being involved in the Battle of the Falkland Islands in the First World War, and the Battle of the River Plate in the Second World War. Landslides (peatslips), caused by excessive peat cutting, destroyed part of the town in 1879 and 1886, the second landslide killing two people. During World War II, a hulk in Stanley Harbour was used for interning the British Fascist and Mosleyite Jeffrey Hamm (ref: ''The European''; PRO HO). Something of a minor player in the BUF (British_Union_of_Fascists) due to his youth, Hamm moved to the Falkland Islands in 1939 to work as a teacher. He was arrested there in 1940 for his BUF membership (under Defence Regulation 18B) and later transferred to a camp in South Africa. Released in 1941 he was later called up to the Royal Armoured Corps and served until his discharge in 1944. thumb left The Falklands War Memorial, Stanley (File:FalklandsMemorial.JPG) Stanley Airport (Port Stanley Airport) is used by internal flights and provides connections to British bases in Antarctica. It was opened by the Argentine Air Force on 15 November 1972 (previously, international flights were by seaplane from Comodoro Rivadavia). Flights to Argentina ended after the 1982 conflict. A weekly flight to Punta Arenas (Punta Arenas, Chile) in Chile commenced in 1993, which now operates out of Mount Pleasant Airbase (RAF Mount Pleasant). Scheduled passenger flights between the Mount Pleasant airfield and the U.K. are also operated twice a week by a civilian airline contractor on behalf of the Royal Air Force. Stanley was occupied by Argentine (Argentina) troops for about ten weeks during the Falklands War in 1982. The Argentines renamed the town '''Puerto Argentino''', and although Spanish names for places in the Falklands were historically accepted as alternatives, this one is considered to be extremely offensive by many islanders. ) . Their lack of aerial refueling capability and long distance from their bases dramatically reduced their ability as long-range strike aircraft. Even using two 550-gallon drop tanks to carry extra fuel, the Mirages (and Daggers (IAI Dagger)) were flying at the absolute limit of their range to reach the British fleet. The fighters sent to engage the Harrier CAP and cover the strike force would have no more than five minutes over the target area Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War Their usual armament consisted of 1 Matra 530 or 2 Magic 1 (R550 Magic) AAMs. They only entered combat in one occasion with one being shot down by an AIM-9L Sidewinder (AIM-9 Sidewinder) and other destroyed by friendly fire after attempting to land at Port Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) when goes out of fuel. They were extensively used on diversion flights, flying very high altitude and baited the British with decoys, forced a response, and stretched their CAP coverage to improve the chances of survival and success of the attack force. Some of them were also maintained in quick response alert against possible Avro Vulcan raids on the mainland and against the Chilean aggressive flights on the border. HALCONES SOBRE MALVINAS, ISBN 950-9294-07-1 The Falkland Islands are divided into two constituencies, Camp (Camp (Falkland Islands)) and Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands). Camp returns three elected members and Stanley returns five elected members using block voting (Plurality-at-large voting). The Camp constituency includes any part of the Overseas Territory which is not in the boundaries of the Stanley constituency. The Constitution allows for the constituencies and their boundaries to be amended, but such an amendment must be agreed to by two-thirds of the vote in a referendum of the islanders. - align center rowspan 4 1982 align center June 14 bgcolor #FFE5CC The United Kingdom recaptures the '''Falkland Islands''' (Islas Malvinas) from the Argentine Republic. Britain restores the name of the capital Puerto Argentino (Stanley, Falkland Islands) to Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands). - - align center April 2 bgcolor #FFE5CC The Argentine Republic seizes the '''Islas Malvinas''' (Falkland Islands) from the United Kingdom. Argentina renames Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) the capital Puerto Argentino (Stanley, Falkland Islands). -


presence

for study in Buenos Aires, Córdoba (Córdoba, Argentina) and other Argentine cities. Spanish language teachers were provided by Argentina. Foreign Office (Foreign and Commonwealth Office) officials in Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) were instructed to do everything possible to foster good relations between the Islands and Argentina. Following the war, Britain focused on improving its facilities on the islands. It increased its military presence significantly, building a large base

to the British Task Force on Argentine aircraft movements and the submarines' presence effectively restricted the freedom of action of the Argentine Navy which spent most of the war confined to port. On 8 December 1914, Spee's force attempted a raid on the coaling station at Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) in the Falkland Islands, unaware that the previous month the British had sent two modern fast battlecruisers HMS Inflexible (1907) HMS

at the Battle of Jutland, becoming admiral in 1917. History The United Kingdom has had a continuous presence in the far South Atlantic since 1833 when it reasserted sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. In 1908, the UK extended its territorial claim by declaring sovereignty over "South Georgia, the South Orkneys, the South Shetlands, and the Sandwich Islands (South Sandwich Islands), and Graham's Land (Graham Land), situated


research program

(11,000 to 15,000 km) from Britain. The Argentinians invaded the Falklands in April 1982. The British quickly responded and the Army had an active


regular games

in the islands), a sports centre, library, and school. A grass football pitch is located by the community centre and hosts regular games. Stanley Racecourse, located on the west side of Stanley, holds a two-day horse racing meeting every year on 26 and 27 December. The Christmas races have been held here for over one hundred years. Stanley Golf Course has an 18 hole course and a club house. It is also located to the west of Stanley. King Edward VII Memorial Hospital is the islands' main


research+role

the migration patterns of whale stocks as part of the Discovery Investigations. Her research role continued when the British Government lent her to BANZARE, the British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition. She served in this duty from 1929 until 1931. *Darwin (Darwin, Falkland Islands) – Charles Darwin *Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) – Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby - PSY SFAL Port Stanley Airport Stanley, Falkland Islands


main discovery

minefields. Royal Engineers ) . Their lack of aerial refueling capability and long distance from their bases dramatically reduced their ability as long-range strike aircraft. Even using two 550-gallon drop tanks to carry extra fuel, the Mirages (and Daggers (IAI Dagger)) were flying at the absolute limit of their range to reach the British fleet. The fighters sent to engage the Harrier CAP and cover the strike force would have no more than five minutes over the target area Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War Their usual armament consisted of 1 Matra 530 or 2 Magic 1 (R550 Magic) AAMs. They only entered combat in one occasion with one being shot down by an AIM-9L Sidewinder (AIM-9 Sidewinder) and other destroyed by friendly fire after attempting to land at Port Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) when goes out of fuel. They were extensively used on diversion flights, flying very high altitude and baited the British with decoys, forced a response, and stretched their CAP coverage to improve the chances of survival and success of the attack force. Some of them were also maintained in quick response alert against possible Avro Vulcan raids on the mainland and against the Chilean aggressive flights on the border. HALCONES SOBRE MALVINAS, ISBN 950-9294-07-1 The Falkland Islands are divided into two constituencies, Camp (Camp (Falkland Islands)) and Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands). Camp returns three elected members and Stanley returns five elected members using block voting (Plurality-at-large voting). The Camp constituency includes any part of the Overseas Territory which is not in the boundaries of the Stanley constituency. The Constitution allows for the constituencies and their boundaries to be amended, but such an amendment must be agreed to by two-thirds of the vote in a referendum of the islanders. - align center rowspan 4 1982 align center June 14 bgcolor #FFE5CC The United Kingdom recaptures the '''Falkland Islands''' (Islas Malvinas) from the Argentine Republic. Britain restores the name of the capital Puerto Argentino (Stanley, Falkland Islands) to Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands). - - align center April 2 bgcolor #FFE5CC The Argentine Republic seizes the '''Islas Malvinas''' (Falkland Islands) from the United Kingdom. Argentina renames Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) the capital Puerto Argentino (Stanley, Falkland Islands). -


support fast

runway was at the capital, Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands), and even that was too short to support fast jets (although an arrestor gear was fitted in April to support Skyhawks). Therefore, the Argentines were forced to launch their major strikes from the mainland, severely hampering their efforts at forward staging, combat air patrols and close air support over the islands. The effective loiter time of incoming Argentine aircraft was low, and they were later compelled to overfly


graf

postponing action if there was the smallest chance of success". Massie. ''Castles of Steel''. p. 239, citing Marder Vol II, p. 110. Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee—commanding the German squadron of two armoured cruiser (Scharnhorst class armored cruiser)s, , and three auxiliaries—attempted to raid the British supply

as Pernambuco and later the Falkland Islands. She then embarked on the search for the German East Asiatic Squadron, leaving Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) on 22 October for the west coast of South America via Cape Horn. The search for Admiral von Spee s squadron ''Canopus'' departed the Abrolhos Rocks on 8 October 1914 to assist Cradock's ships in searching for the German squadron of Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee, which was en route the South Atlantic

of Graf Maximilian von Spee and the Battle of the Falkland Islands ensued. Von Spee, finding that he was engaged with a superior force, was forced to flee. In the course of the pursuit Sturdee's forces sank the entire German group, with the exception of the light cruiser ''Dresden'' (SMS Dresden (1907)), which was not hunted down until some months later. For this victory Sturdee was created baronet in January 1916. He later commanded the Fourth Battle Squadron


active involvement

remaining garrison provided by the Royal Marines was the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic, 6,000 to ) . Their lack of aerial refueling capability and long distance from their bases dramatically reduced their ability as long-range strike aircraft. Even using two 550-gallon drop tanks to carry extra fuel, the Mirages (and Daggers (IAI Dagger)) were flying at the absolute limit of their range to reach the British fleet. The fighters sent to engage the Harrier CAP and cover the strike force would have no more than five minutes over the target area Argentine Airpower in the Falklands War Their usual armament consisted of 1 Matra 530 or 2 Magic 1 (R550 Magic) AAMs. They only entered combat in one occasion with one being shot down by an AIM-9L Sidewinder (AIM-9 Sidewinder) and other destroyed by friendly fire after attempting to land at Port Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) when goes out of fuel. They were extensively used on diversion flights, flying very high altitude and baited the British with decoys, forced a response, and stretched their CAP coverage to improve the chances of survival and success of the attack force. Some of them were also maintained in quick response alert against possible Avro Vulcan raids on the mainland and against the Chilean aggressive flights on the border. HALCONES SOBRE MALVINAS, ISBN 950-9294-07-1 The Falkland Islands are divided into two constituencies, Camp (Camp (Falkland Islands)) and Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands). Camp returns three elected members and Stanley returns five elected members using block voting (Plurality-at-large voting). The Camp constituency includes any part of the Overseas Territory which is not in the boundaries of the Stanley constituency. The Constitution allows for the constituencies and their boundaries to be amended, but such an amendment must be agreed to by two-thirds of the vote in a referendum of the islanders. - align center rowspan 4 1982 align center June 14 bgcolor #FFE5CC The United Kingdom recaptures the '''Falkland Islands''' (Islas Malvinas) from the Argentine Republic. Britain restores the name of the capital Puerto Argentino (Stanley, Falkland Islands) to Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands). - - align center April 2 bgcolor #FFE5CC The Argentine Republic seizes the '''Islas Malvinas''' (Falkland Islands) from the United Kingdom. Argentina renames Stanley (Stanley, Falkland Islands) the capital Puerto Argentino (Stanley, Falkland Islands). -


success quot

postponing action if there was the smallest chance of success". Massie. ''Castles of Steel''. p. 239, citing Marder Vol II, p. 110. Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee—commanding the German squadron of two armoured cruiser (Scharnhorst class armored cruiser)s, , and three auxiliaries—attempted to raid the British supply

Stanley, Falkland Islands

'''Stanley''' ( ; also known as '''Port Stanley''') is the capital of the Falkland Islands. It is located on the island of East Falkland, on a north-facing slope in one of the wettest parts of the islands. At the 2012 census, the town had a population of 2,121 The entire population of the Falkland Island was 2,841 on Census Day on 15 April 2012.

Stanley is represented by five members of the Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands, currently Jan Cheek, Barry Elsby, Michael Poole (Michael Poole (politician)), Gavin Short and Mike Summers.

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