South Africa

What is South Africa known for?


professional white

burst to world-wide prominence at The Open Championship in 1998. He holed a dramatic shot from the rough from about 50 yards for birdie on the 18th hole, to finish in a tie for fourth. He won the silver medal for the low amateur. The following day he turned professional. White settlers in South Africa thought that the Khoi-San natives gabbled nonsense syllables, and so called them "Hottentots (Khoikhoi)." thumb left Australians and New Zealanders at Klerksdorp, 24 March 1901 by Charles Hammond. (Image:Australians and New Zealanders at Klerksdorp 24 March 1901 by Charles Hammond.jpg) British encroachment into areas of South Africa already settled by the Afrikaner (Afrikaners) Boers and the competition for resources and land that developed between them as a result, led to the Second Boer War in 1899. Pre-empting the deployment of British forces, the Afrikaner Republics of the Orange Free State and the Transvaal Republic (South African Republic) under President Paul Kruger declared war on 11 October 1899, striking deep into the British territories of Natal (Colony of Natal) and the Cape Colony. Odgers 1994, pp. 28–31. After the outbreak of war, plans for the dispatch of a combined Australian force were subsequently set aside by the British War Office and each of the six colonial governments sent separate contingents to serve with British formations, with two squadrons each of 125 men from New South Wales and Victoria, and one each from the other colonies. Odgers 1994, p. 32. The first troops arrived three weeks later, with the New South Wales Lancers—who had been training in England before the war, hurriedly diverted to South Africa. On 22 November, the Lancers came under fire for the first time near Belmont (Battle of Belmont (1899)), and they subsequently forced their attackers to withdraw after inflicting significant casualties on them. Odgers 1994, p. 33. Subsequent films have included ''An Inconvenient Truth'', ''American Gun'', ''Fast Food Nation'', and ''The World According to Sesame Street''. ''An Inconvenient Truth'' won two Oscars in 2007 and has been credited with extending the public debate over climate change. Other films in 2007 included ''Charlie Wilson's War'' with Tom Hanks and Julia Roberts, ''The Kite Runner'' directed by Marc Forster, ''Angels in the Dust'' about an AIDS orphanage in South Africa, ''Darfur Now'' about the genocide in Darfur with Don Cheadle, and ''Jimmy Carter Man from Plains'', a film about Jimmy Carter directed by Academy Award winning director Jonathan Demme. Both civilian and military versions of the Super Frelon were built, with the military variants being the most numerous by far, entering service with the French military as well as being exported to Israel, South Africa, Libya, China and Iraq. Early life Smith was born in London, England and educated at Charterhouse School and St John's College, Cambridge. ''Anglo-African Who's Who'' WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


studies scholarship

) designer Jan Wilsgaard History Media literacy education is actively focused on the instructional methods and pedagogy of media literacy, integrating theoretical and critical frameworks rising from constructivist learning theory, media studies and cultural studies scholarship. This work has arisen from


books working

in Bexhill (Bexhill-on-Sea), Sussex, England, to an English father and South African mother. He was educated at Westminster School and Merton College, Oxford, and in 1937 became a librarian in the British Museum's Department of Printed Books, working on the new General Catalogue. During World War II, he worked in the Naval section Hut 8 at the code-breaking establishment, Bletchley Park, translating Italian Naval codes. A wearer of large, brightly-coloured bow-ties, he was one of the "famous homosexuals" at Bletchley. left 260px thumb The Geirangerfjord as seen from Dalsnibba (File:Geirangerfjord from Dalsnibba.jpg) The West Norwegian Fjords, entailing Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord was inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 2005 at the 29th Session of the World Heritage Committee in Durban, South Africa. The West Norwegian Fjords is the first natural World Heritage site in Norway, and the third natural site in the Nordic (Nordic countries) - Baltic region. *1962 **Resolution 1761 (United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1761): ''Recommended sanctions against South Africa in response to the governments policy of apartheid.'' *1963 '''Nadine Gordimer''' (born 20 November 1923) is a South African writer and political activist. She was awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature when she was recognised as a woman "who through her magnificent epic writing has – in the words of Alfred Nobel – been of very great benefit to humanity". Although the Orange Free State developed into a politically and economically successful republic, it experienced chronic conflict with the British (see Boer Wars) until it was finally annexed as the Orange River Colony in 1900. It ceased to exist as an independent Boer republic on 31 May 1902 with the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging at the conclusion of the Second Anglo-Boer War. It joined the Union of South Africa in 1910 (which became the Republic of South Africa in 1961) as a province under its former name, along with the Cape Province, Natal (Natal Province), and the Transvaal (Transvaal Province). In order to understand the attitude which the Orange Free State took at this time in relation to the South African Republic, it is necessary to review the life history of Reitz. Previously to his becoming president of the Orange Free State, he had acted as its Chief Justice, and still earlier in life he had practiced as an advocate in the Cape Colony. In 1881 Reitz had, in conjunction with Steyn (Martinus Theunis Steyn), come under the influence of an ambitious German named Borckenhagen, the editor (editor in chief) of the Bloemfontein Express. Together, the three were principally responsible for the formation of the Afrikander Bond (see Cape Colony: History). From 1881 onwards they cherished the idea of an independent South Africa. President Brand (Johannes Brand) had been far too sagacious to be led away by this pseudo-nationalist dream, and did his utmost to discountenance the Bond (Afrikaner Bond). At the same time his policies were guided by a sincere patriotism, which looked to the true prosperity of the Orange Free State as well as to that of the whole of South Africa. After his death in 1888 sentiments changed, although some politicians remained favourable towards close cooperation with Great Britain, including 1896 presidential candidate and Volksraad member John G. Fraser. In order to understand the attitude which the Orange Free State took at this time in relation to the South African Republic, it is necessary to review the life history of Reitz. Previously to his becoming president of the Orange Free State, he had acted as its Chief Justice, and still earlier in life he had practiced as an advocate in the Cape Colony. In 1881 Reitz had, in conjunction with Steyn (Martinus Theunis Steyn), come under the influence of an ambitious German named Borckenhagen, the editor (editor in chief) of the Bloemfontein Express. Together, the three were principally responsible for the formation of the Afrikander Bond (see Cape Colony: History). From 1881 onwards they cherished the idea of an independent South Africa. President Brand (Johannes Brand) had been far too sagacious to be led away by this pseudo-nationalist dream, and did his utmost to discountenance the Bond (Afrikaner Bond). At the same time his policies were guided by a sincere patriotism, which looked to the true prosperity of the Orange Free State as well as to that of the whole of South Africa. After his death in 1888 sentiments changed, although some politicians remained favourable towards close cooperation with Great Britain, including 1896 presidential candidate and Volksraad member John G. Fraser. The '''Orange River''' (Afrikaans Dutch (Dutch language): '''Oranjerivier'''), '''Gariep River''', '''Groote River''' or '''Senqu River''' is the longest river in South Africa. It rises in the Drakensberg mountains in Lesotho, flowing westwards through South Africa to the Atlantic Ocean. The river forms part of the international borders between South Africa and Namibia and between South Africa and Lesotho, as well as several provincial borders within South Africa. Although the river does not pass through any major cities, it plays an important role in the South African economy by providing water for irrigation, as well as hydroelectric power. The river was named by Robert Jacob Gordon after the Dutch Royal House. Tributaries of the Orange River The river starts at the border between KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho, high in the Drakensberg Mountains as the Senqu River. Tributaries in Lesotho include: the Koakoatsi River, Tlhanyaku River, Moremoholo River, Mokhotlon River, Sehonghong River, Khubelu River, Makhoaba River, Bobatsi River, Mphelebeko River, Semena River, Nashai River, Litsoeyse River, Matebeng River, Liboleng River, Tsoelike River, Linakeng River, Qabane River, Kolo-La-Tsoene River, Senqunyane River, Qhoali River, Meletsunyane River, Qhuasing River, Outing River, Sebapala River, Thaling River, Masitise River and the Tele River (the border river between South Africa and Lesotho. Tributaries in South Africa include: the Makhaleng River (the west border of Lesotho), Kromspruit, Bamboesspruit, Gryskopspruit, Winnaarspruit, Knoffelspruit, Wilgespruit, Nuwejaarspruit, Kraai River, Melkspruit, Sanddrifspruit, Stormbergspruit, Moddelbulspruit, Palmietspruit, Caledon River, Oudagspruit, Broekspruit, Bossiespruit, Brakspruit, Suurbergspruit, Donkerpoortspruit, Oorlogspoort River, Rietkuilspruit, Vanderwaltsfonteinspruit, Otterspoortspruit, Paaiskloofspruit, Seekoei River, Kattegatspruit, Knapsak River, Hondeblaf River, Berg River (Berg River(Orange)), Lemoenspruit, Vaal River, Withoekskloof, Lanyonspruit, Diep River (Diep River (Orange)), Brak River (Brak River (Northern Cape)), Karabeeloop River, Prieska River, Rooiloop River, Kat River, Marydale River, Soutloop River, Elmboog Sloot, Eselfontein River, Matjies River, Donkerhoekspruit, Helbrandkloofspruit, Hartbeer River, Slang River, Brabees River, Molopo River, Bul River, Kourop River, Bak River, Kraalputs de Loop, Narrie se Loop, Samoep River, Kaboep River, Mik River, Hartbees River, Brak River (Brak River (Orange)), Matjies River, Groen River (Groen River (Orange)), Kahams River. The river starts at the border between KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho, high in the Drakensberg Mountains as the Senqu River. Tributaries in Lesotho include: the Koakoatsi River, Tlhanyaku River, Moremoholo River, Mokhotlon River, Sehonghong River, Khubelu River, Makhoaba River, Bobatsi River, Mphelebeko River, Semena River, Nashai River, Litsoeyse River, Matebeng River, Liboleng River, Tsoelike River, Linakeng River, Qabane River, Kolo-La-Tsoene River, Senqunyane River, Qhoali River, Meletsunyane River, Qhuasing River, Outing River, Sebapala River, Thaling River, Masitise River and the Tele River (the border river between South Africa and Lesotho. Tributaries in South Africa include: the Makhaleng River (the west border of Lesotho), Kromspruit, Bamboesspruit, Gryskopspruit, Winnaarspruit, Knoffelspruit, Wilgespruit, Nuwejaarspruit, Kraai River, Melkspruit, Sanddrifspruit, Stormbergspruit, Moddelbulspruit, Palmietspruit, Caledon River, Oudagspruit, Broekspruit, Bossiespruit, Brakspruit, Suurbergspruit, Donkerpoortspruit, Oorlogspoort River, Rietkuilspruit, Vanderwaltsfonteinspruit, Otterspoortspruit, Paaiskloofspruit, Seekoei River, Kattegatspruit, Knapsak River, Hondeblaf River, Berg River (Berg River(Orange)), Lemoenspruit, Vaal River, Withoekskloof, Lanyonspruit, Diep River (Diep River (Orange)), Brak River (Brak River (Northern Cape)), Karabeeloop River, Prieska River, Rooiloop River, Kat River, Marydale River, Soutloop River, Elmboog Sloot, Eselfontein River, Matjies River, Donkerhoekspruit, Helbrandkloofspruit, Hartbeer River, Slang River, Brabees River, Molopo River, Bul River, Kourop River, Bak River, Kraalputs de Loop, Narrie se Loop, Samoep River, Kaboep River, Mik River, Hartbees River, Brak River (Brak River (Orange)), Matjies River, Groen River (Groen River (Orange)), Kahams River. Tributaries in Namibia include: the Kleinap River, Ham River, Udabis River, Velloor River, Sambok River, Eendoorn River, Girtus River, Hom River, Davignab River, Haib River, Sambok River, Gamkap River. * Owns part of radio groups in New Zealand, Mexico, Norway, and Australia * Owns outdoor advertising companies in Singapore, South Africa, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Romania, Poland, Chile, Brazil, Finland, Mauritius and Italy * Owns L & C Outdoor Comunicacao Visual Ltda., of Brazil venue Lord's, London, England umpires Rudi Koertzen (SA (South Africa)) and Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan (IND (India)) motm Alec Stewart (ENG (England)) venue Grace Road, Leicester, England umpires David Orchard (Dave Orchard) (SA (South Africa)) and Peter Willey (ENG (England)) motm Grant Flower (ZIM (Zimbabwe)) venue County Ground, Southampton, England umpires David Orchard (Dave Orchard) (SA (South Africa)) and Peter Willey (ENG (England)) motm Maurice Odumbe (KEN (Kenya)) venue Headingley, Leeds, England umpires Rudi Koertzen (SA (South Africa)) and Peter Willey (ENG (England)) motm Inzamam-ul-Haq (PAK (Pakistan)) venue Grange Cricket Club Ground, Raeburn Place, Scotland umpires Rudi Koertzen (SA (South Africa)) and Ian Robinson (Ian Robinson (cricket umpire)) (ZIM (Zimbabwe)) motm Geoff Allott (NZ (New Zealand)) venue Headingley, Leeds, England umpires David Orchard (Dave Orchard) (SA (South Africa)) and Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan (IND (India)) motm The term '''sand dollar''' (or '''sea cookie''' or '''snapper biscuit''' in New Zealand, or '''pansy shell''' in South Africa) refers to species of extremely flattened, burrowing echinoids belonging to the order (Order (biology)) '''Clypeasteroida'''. Some species within the order, not quite as flat, are known as '''sea biscuits'''. Related animals include the sea urchins, sea cucumbers and starfish. * Sri Lanka: Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte is the official capital and the location of the parliament, while the former capital, Colombo, is now designated as the "commercial capital". However, many government offices are still located in Colombo. Both cities are in the Colombo District. * South Africa: The administrative capital is Pretoria, the legislative capital is Cape Town, and the judicial capital is Bloemfontein. This is the outcome of the compromise that created the Union of South Africa in 1910. * Switzerland: Bern is the ''Federal City'' of Switzerland and functions as ''de facto'' capital. However, the Swiss Supreme Court (Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland) is located in Lausanne. Examples include the conflicts between Anglophone (Anglophone Canadians) and Francophone Canadians (French Canadian), between Māori (Māori people) and Pākehā New Zealanders and between Anglophone White South Africans and Boers. In October 1994, then-U.S. president Bill Clinton, along with then-president of South Africa Nelson Mandela, established the Southern Africa Enterprise Development Fund (SAEDF), and named Young as its Chairman. The fund was established to provide funding to help small- and medium-size indigenous businesses throughout southern Africa. '''Above Sea''' *Kogelberg, Western Cape, South Africa, WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


natural+events

some feel that it may have been caused by natural events or a detector malfunction. Apart from New Zealand, the Alinghi team consisted of members from Germany, the United States, Canada, the Netherlands, France, Italy, Spain, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Portugal, Turkey, Ireland, the UK (from Scotland and Wales), Belgium, South Africa, Australia, Uruguay, Argentina, Denmark, Ecuador, and Switzerland. South Africa In South Africa, the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act prohibited marriage between whites and non-whites (which were classified as Black, Asian and Coloured). Multiracial South Africans are commonly referred to as coloureds. According to the 2001 South African Census, they are the second largest minority (8.9%) after white South Africans (9.2%). thumb left Black Turnstone in summer plumage. (File:Arenaria melanocephala1.jpg) The '''Ruddy Turnstone''' (or just '''Turnstone''' in Europe), ''Arenaria interpres'', has a circumpolar distribution, and is a very long distance migrant, wintering on coasts as far south as South Africa and Australia. It is thus a common sight on coasts almost everywhere in the world. In the Americas, the species winters on coastlines from Washington (Washington (U.S. state)) and Massachusetts southwards to the southern tip of South America although it is scarce in southern parts of Chile and Argentina and is only an unconfirmed vagrant (vagrancy in birds) in the Falkland Islands. In Europe it winters in western regions from Iceland, Norway and Denmark southwards. Only small numbers are found on Mediterranean coasts. In Africa it is common all the way down to South Africa with good numbers on many offshore islands. In Asia it is widespread in the south with birds wintering as far north as southern China and Japan (mainly in the Ryukyu Islands). It occurs south to Tasmania and New Zealand and is present on many Pacific islands. Some non-breeding birds remain year round in many parts of the wintering range, with some of those birds still taking on breeding plumage in the spring and summer. '''Froot Loops''' is a brand of breakfast cereal produced by Kellogg's and sold in the United States, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, South Korea, Philippines, Thailand, Germany, Hungary, The Middle East, South Africa, Latin America, Sweden and Finland. The cereal pieces are ring-shaped (hence "loops") and come in a variety of bright colors and a blend of fruit flavors. Kellogg's introduced Froot Loops in September 1963. Originally, there were red, orange (Orange (colour)), and yellow loops, but green, purple, and blue were added during the 1990s. The war was one of the most prominent Cold War proxy wars, with UNITA receiving military aid from the United States and South Africa while the MPLA received support from the Soviet Union and its allies. Obituary: Jonas Savimbi, Unita's local boy, February 25, 2002. BBC News. WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


history+campaign

Keith Duffy reminisced on the early days: "He told Louis Walsh he was 5ft 7in. When he auditioned for ''The Hobbit'' later on, he said he was 5ft 3in. But he was a true giant of a man". Mikey Graham said Gately had only told him the previous week how much he loved Cowles, adding: "When he came out, he finally became himself".


aggressive+amp

. It is the smallest species that has "whale" in its common name. In fact, "killer" may be more apt in the case of the pygmy killer whale than its larger cousin (Killer whale); when a number of pygmy killers were brought into captivity in Hawaii and South Africa they were extremely aggressive—even killing other poolmates. A pod captured in Japan did not display such aggression. '''Humpback dolphins''' are members of the genus '''''Sousa


single version

on the single version of "Silver Machine", his vocal an overdub of a live recording taken at the Roundhouse in London. "They tried everyone else singing it except me" Lemmy later said. ''The Saga of Hawkwind'', Carol Clerk, 2004 Omnibus Press ISBN1.84449.101.3 The landlocked country bordered South Africa to the south, Botswana (post-1966) to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique ( Mozambique (Portugal) a Portuguese territory


local+matches

Show, PSL News, Thursday Night Live With Robert Marawa, Love PSL and various club magazine shows. All local matches have Zulu with most having Sotho as well. '''Aliwal North''' ( ) is a town in central South Africa on the Orange River, Eastern Cape Province. Aliwal North is the seat of the Maletswai Local Municipality which falls within the Joe Gqabi District Municipality. Besides his domestic labor activities, Trumka established an office that raised


reporting huge

on 2007-01-04. The National Strategic Grain Reserves were sold off on advice of foreign donors to reduce the budget deficits and the reserves almost ran dry with no accountability for any profits made from its sale. Malawi National Food Reserve Agency's Board of Directors fired Henry Gaga, accused of sale of maize on interest free credit to private traders and of not reporting huge debts. Charles Mkoka Inside Malawi's


service activities

involved in secret service activities during the Great War. d’Esterre sought to bring tourists to the area by advertising in Vancouver and Victoria newspapers, extolling the local abundance of "Tyee"—chinook salmon weighing more than WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa

South Africa

'''South Africa''', officially the '''Republic of South Africa''' ('''RSA'''), is a country located in Southern Africa. It has South Africa is the 25th-largest country (List of countries and outlying territories by total area) in the world by land area, and with close to 53 million people (Demographics of South Africa), is the world's 25th-most populous nation (List of countries by population).

South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution (Constitution of South Africa)'s recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: English (South African English) and Afrikaans, the latter originating from Dutch (Dutch language) and serving as the first language of most white (White South African) and coloured South Africans. Though English is commonly used in public and commercial life, it is only the fourth most-spoken first language.

About 80 percent of South Africans are of black (black people) African ancestry,

The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d'état, and regular elections (Elections in South Africa) have been held for almost a century; however, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. Racial strife between the white minority and the black majority has played a large part in the country's recent history and politics. Apartheid was instituted in 1948 by the National Party (National Party (South Africa)), though racial segregation existed prior to that date. Discriminatory laws began to be repealed or abolished from 1990 onwards after a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress and other anti-apartheid activists.

South Africa is ranked as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank, and is considered to be a newly industrialised country (newly industrialized country).

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