South Africa

What is South Africa known for?


award called

and 25 for participating in several activities for a certain period. There are three awards; bronze, silver and gold. A similar award, called simply the President's Award, is available in The Gambia, Kenya, Malta, South Africa and Trinidad and Tobago. Earth's history A suggestion has been made R Bogdanov and Arno-Toomas Pihlak of the Saint Petersburg State University that in the early stages of the Earth's development when its radioactivity was almost two orders of magnitude higher than at present, radiolysis could have been the principal source of atmospheric oxygen, which ensured the conditions for the origin and development of life. Molecular hydrogen and oxidants produced by the radiolysis of water may also provide a continuous source of energy to subsurface microbial (Microbiology) communities (Pedersen, 1999). Such speculation is supported by a discovery in the Mponeng gold mine, South Africa, where the researchers found a community dominated by a new phylotype of ''Desulfotomaculum'', feeding on primarily radiolytically produced H 2 (Hydrogen). WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


vast art

Golden Mile , adjacent to the Kings Park Sporting Precinct. Besides the casino, the complex houses many restaurants, a beach bar, cinemas and its own semi-private beach, which was rated as one of the top 3 beaches in South Africa. The design of the complex is aimed to complement the vast art deco heritage that is found across Durban. '''''Stormbergia''''' is a genus of early ornithischian dinosaur known from the upper Elliot Formation (Early Jurassic


professional international

, Gauteng) is a football (soccer) player from South Africa who plays in midfield (midfielder) for South African club side Black Leopards. He has been noted as one of the smallest current professional international footballers (standing at a mere 1.57 m) but makes up for this with a strong physical presence. '''Benedict Vilakazi''' (born August 9, 1982 in Soweto, Gauteng) is a football (soccer) player from South Africa who plays in midfielder midfield

for South African club side Black Leopards. He has been noted as one of the smallest current professional international footballers (standing at a mere 1.57 m) but makes up for this with a strong physical presence. '''''Adenandra''''' is a genus of evergreen shrubs of the family Rutaceae, commonly known as '''Buchu''' (plural Buchus). The genus is native to South Africa. The plants are related to the citrus family, and have oil glands in the leaves which give off


finishing position

and Fly-In Safaris to more niche concepts including Elephant Back Safaris, River Safaris, Primate Safaris, Horseback Safaris, Balloon Safaris http: www.mahlatini.com safari-types and Accessible Safaris for those with disabilities. http: www.safariguideafrica.com safaris-for-the-disabled.php . Teams compete for the Sevens World Series title by accumulating points based on their finishing position in each tournament. Each season's circuit currently


single+water

into composing, co-penning the soul single, “Water Into Wine” and Steve’s "Sanctified Life.” http: www.bsnpubs.com word light.html Light Records Discography The year 1978 brought the new lineup to a performance at the White House for President Jimmy Carter. Returning to the studio late that year, the group again teamed with Muhoberac, this time as co-producer (with John Guess), for the critically acclaimed, Stand Up. CCM


news medical

swans. (News-Medical Net) (BBC) * In South Africa, former Deputy President (1999–2005) Jacob Zuma pleads not guilty of rape as his trial starts. (Iafrica) (BBC) * Polling stations open for the Belarusian presidential election, 2006. (VOA


current work

University . Cobbing's current work focuses on a variety of subjects including the history of homo sapiens as a species and the modern world crisis. International success The album's title track (The Politics of Dancing (song)), released as a single in late 1983, was met with much greater success, and became a big international hit in 1984, reaching the Top 40 (and in some cases the Top 20) in numerous countries : #24 in the United States (Billboard Hot 100) and #8 in the U.S. dance chart (Hot Dance Club Play), #28 in the UK (with a chart run of 9 weeks), #9 in Canada (with a chart run of 9 weeks in the Canadian Top 30), #25 in West Germany, #11 in Australia, #12 in New Zealand, and was also a success in Switzerland, South Africa, Israel, the Netherlands, Spain, and Italy. Five other singles were released from the album and achieved various international success. The band toured Europe and the United States, where, on their first visit, they supported The Police. '''Aerolift''' was a South African airline based in Bryanston, Gauteng, Johannesburg, operating chartered passenger and cargo flights within Africa using Soviet (Soviet Union)-built aircraft. Aerolift also offered aircraft lease services. The airline was launched in 2002, and was shut down in 2009 following two deathly accidents that had occurred in the same year (see below). Aerolift at airlineupdate.com WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


defensive campaign

take-over bid for Pilkington (Pilkington plc), a leading manufacturer of high quality glass, with operations worldwide. After a successful defensive campaign by Pilkington, BTR was forced to withdraw its offer in early 1986. BTR withdraws offer for Pilkington Macmillan's policy overrode the hostility of white minorities and the Conservative Monday Club


bringing large

without doing any prospecting at all. Thus, by bringing large numbers of entrepreneurial adventurers to the region, the Gold Rush significantly contributed to the economic development of Western Canada, Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. Pierre Berton – ''Klondike: The Last Great Gold Rush, 1896–1899'' Espn 0-385-65844-3 and other editions. New cities were created as a result of the Gold Rush, including among others Dawson City, Fairbanks, Alaska and Anchorage, Alaska. The heyday of the individual prospector and the rush towards the north ended by 1899. Exploitation of the area by "big mining companies with their mechanical dredges" would last well into the 20th century. HistoryNet.com:Klondike Gold Rush. * 1894: Cripple Creek miners' strike (Cripple Creek miners' strike of 1894), a five-month strike by the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) in Cripple Creek (Cripple Creek, Colorado), Colorado, United States. In January 1894, Cripple Creek mine owners J. J. Hagerman, David Moffat and Eben Smith, who together employed one-third of the area's miners, announced a lengthening of the work-day to ten hours (from eight), with no change to the daily wage of $3.00 per day. When workers protested, the owners agreed to employ the miners for eight hours a day – but at a wage of only $2.50. Holbrook, Stewart. The Rocky Mountain Revolution. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1956. p.73–74 Philpott, William. The Lessons of Leadville, Or, Why the Western Federation of Miners Turned Left, p. 73. Monograph 10. Denver: Colorado Historical Society, 1994. ISSN 1046-3100 Suggs, Jr., George G. Colorado's War on Militant Unionism: James H. Peabody and the Western Federation of Miners, p. 17. 2nd ed. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991. ISBN 978-0-8061-2396-7 Not long before this dispute, miners at Cripple Creek had formed the Free Coinage Union. Once the new changes went into effect, they affiliated with the Western Federation of Miners, and became Local 19. The union was based in Altman (Altman, Colorado), and had chapters in Anaconda (Anaconda, Montana), Cripple Creek and Victor (Victor, Colorado). On February 1, 1894, the mine owners began implementing the 10-hour day. Union president John Calderwood issued a notice a week later demanding that the mine owners reinstate the eight-hour day at the $3.00 wage. When the owners did not respond, the nascent union struck on February 7. Portland, Pikes Peak, Gold Dollar and a few smaller mines immediately agreed to the eight-hour day and remained open, but larger mines held out. ** Able Archer 83: Many Soviet officials misinterpret this NATO exercise as a nuclear first strike, causing the last nuclear scare of the Cold War. ** South Africa approves a new constitution (Tricameral Parliament) granting limited political rights to Coloureds and Asian (Asian South African)s as part of a series of reforms to apartheid (South Africa under apartheid). * November 3 – The Reverend Jesse Jackson announces his candidacy for the 1984 Democratic Party (Democratic Party (United States)) presidential nomination. * February 19 – The DeLorean Motor Company Car Factory in Belfast is put into receivership. * February 24 – In South Africa, 22 National Party (National Party (South Africa)) MPs led by Andries Treurnicht vote for no confidence in P. W. Botha (Pieter Willem Botha). * February 25 – The European Court of Human Rights rules that teachers who cane, belt or tase children against the wishes of their parents are in breach of the Human Rights Convention. * August 24 – Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 years to life in prison, after being convicted of murdering John Lennon in Manhattan 8 months earlier. * August 28 – South African troops invade Angola. * August 31 – A bomb explodes at the U.S. Air Force base in Ramstein (Ramstein Air Base), West Germany, injuring 20 people. * December 1 – A Yugoslavian McDonnell Douglas DC-9 crashes into a mountain while approaching Ajaccio Airport in Corsica, killing 178. * December 4 – South Africa grants "homeland" Ciskei independence (not recognized outside South Africa). * December 8 * The Second Reform Bill by Disraeli (Benjamin Disraeli) enfranchises many working men and adds 938,000 to an electorate of 1,057,000 in England and Wales. * South African diamond fields are discovered. * The Fenian rising occurs in Ireland. October–December * October 11 – The Second Boer War: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal (South African Republic) and Orange Free State erupts. * October 30 – The Augusta High School Building is completed in Augusta, Kentucky; Augusta Methodist College shuts down. * March 24 – Robert Allison of Port Carbon, Pennsylvania, becomes the first person to buy an American-built automobile when he buys a Winton automobile that had been advertised in ''Scientific American''. * March 26 – The Sabi Game Reserve in South Africa, the first officially designated game reserve, is created. * April 12 – El Descanso bombing (1985 El Descanso bombing): A terrorist bombing attributed to the Islamic Jihad Organization in the ''El Descanso'' restaurant near Madrid, Spain, mostly attended by U.S. personnel of the Torrejon Air Force Base (Madrid-Torrejón Airport), causes 18 dead (all Spaniards) and 82 injured. * April 15 – South Africa ends its ban on interracial marriage (Interracial couple)s. * April 18 – The United Kingdom has its first ever national Glow-worm day. ** Six Jesuit (Society of Jesus) priests—among them Ignacio Ellacuría, Segundo Montes, and Ignacio Martín-Baró—their housekeeper, and her teenage daughter, are murdered by U.S. trained (Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation) Salvadoran soldiers (Military of El Salvador). For more information see Murdered scholars of UCA ** South African President F.W. de Klerk announces the scrapping of the Separate Amenities Act. ** UNESCO adopts the Seville Statement on Violence at the 25th session of its General Conference. * October 21 – Hugh Wolff, American orchestral conductor * October 22 – Loyiso Nongxa, South African mathematician (Mathematics) * October 24 ** Patent and Trademark Office (United States Patent and Trademark Office) transferred to the Department of Commerce. * April 3 – United Kingdom, South Africa and Australia return to the (bullion) gold standard. * April 10 – F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes ''The Great Gatsby''. * May 19 – Dorr Rebellion: Militiamen supporting Thomas Wilson Dorr attack the arsenal in Providence, Rhode Island but are repulsed. * June 4 – In South Africa, hunter Dick King (Richard Philip King) rides into a British military base in Grahamstown to warn that the Boers have besieged Durban (he had left 11 days earlier). The British army dispatches a relief force. * June 13 – Queen Victoria becomes the first British monarch to travel by train, between Slough and Paddington (London Paddington station). WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa


industry growing

BPO (expected in FY 2008). India thus has some 5-6% share of the total BPO Industry, but a commanding 63% share of the offshore component. This 63% is a drop from the 70% offshore share that India enjoyed last year: despite the industry growing 38% in India last year, other locations like Philippines, and South Africa have emerged to take a share of the market WikiPedia:South Africa Dmoz:Regional Africa South Africa Commons:Category:South Africa

South Africa

'''South Africa''', officially the '''Republic of South Africa''' ('''RSA'''), is a country located in Southern Africa. It has South Africa is the 25th-largest country (List of countries and outlying territories by total area) in the world by land area, and with close to 53 million people (Demographics of South Africa), is the world's 25th-most populous nation (List of countries by population).

South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution (Constitution of South Africa)'s recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: English (South African English) and Afrikaans, the latter originating from Dutch (Dutch language) and serving as the first language of most white (White South African) and coloured South Africans. Though English is commonly used in public and commercial life, it is only the fourth most-spoken first language.

About 80 percent of South Africans are of black (black people) African ancestry,

The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d'état, and regular elections (Elections in South Africa) have been held for almost a century; however, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. Racial strife between the white minority and the black majority has played a large part in the country's recent history and politics. Apartheid was instituted in 1948 by the National Party (National Party (South Africa)), though racial segregation existed prior to that date. Discriminatory laws began to be repealed or abolished from 1990 onwards after a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress and other anti-apartheid activists.

South Africa is ranked as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank, and is considered to be a newly industrialised country (newly industrialized country).

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