Soule

What is Soule known for?


774

%;" !bgcolor green colspan 8 style "color:white;" Most populated communes -bgcolor #efefef !width 4% Position !width 86% Name !width 10% Inhabitants - 1st '''Mauléon-Licharre''' (''Maule-Lextarre'') 3,347 - 2nd '''Chéraute''' (''Sohüta'') 1,104 - 3rd '''Barcus''' (''Barkoxe'') 774 - 4th '''Viodos-Abense-de-Bas''' (''Bildoze-Onizepea'') 743 - 5th '''Tardets-Sorholus''' (''Atharratze-Sorholüze'') 590


releasing

Contest . That very year in the same city the prolific Oskorri band (see above) got together featuring folk music, launching first album in 1976, where they paid homage to poet Gabriel Aresti, while in the Northern Basque Country Michel Ducau and Anje Duhalde teamed up and put together the first Basque rock band: The celebrated and politically engagé Errobi, releasing album ''Errobi'' (1975) to critic and public acclaim, ''Bizi bizian'' ensued. The group disbanded (not definitely) in 1979

Carlos Perez as its lead vocalist and frontman, releasing that very year the critically acclaimed album ''Itoiz'', which contained such poignant tracks as ''Hilzori'', ''Lau teilatu'' etc. Akin ensemble Haizea delivered a couple of good LPs in this period. Pierre de Marca, a Béarnese author, suggests that the attackers were


amp view

of Ainharp, Aroue-Ithorots-Olhaïby, Berrogain-Laruns, Domezain-Berraute, Espès-Undurein, Etcharry, Gestas, L'Hôpital-Saint-Blaise, Lohitzun-Oyhercq, Mauléon-Licharre, Moncayolle-Larrory-Mendibieu, Osserain-Rivareyte, Viodos-Abense-de-Bas.amp;view toponimia Pettarra (''Zuberoa (-a))'' : place names in the website of the Basque language

-Étienne .amp;view toponimia ''Arbaila'' (''Zuberoa (-a)'') : place names in the website of the Basque language academy. *'''Basabürua''', Basabürüa Auñamendi Eusko Entziklopedia. comprising the highlands and Pyrenees. It is divided into two regions: ''Ibarresküin'' ("the right valley"

com_eoda&Itemid 471&lang fr&nonkodea 7.2&view toponimia Basabürüa (Zuberoa (-a)) : Place names in the website of the Basque language academy. For administrative purposes, the communes of Soule are grouped into four cantons (Cantons of France); the canton of Mauléon-Licharre, that includes 19 communes; the canton of Tardets-Sorholus, that includes 16 communes; the canton of Saint-Palais and the canton of Oloron. Jean-Louis Davant


current main

'' that attacked Charlemagne. Devic and Vaissette, Historie Genérale du Languedoc, 1872 (quoted by Narbaitz, op.cit.) * Lower Navarre, historical capitals Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and Saint-Palais (Saint-Palais, Pyrénées-Atlantiques), main settlement today Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port * Soule, historical capital Mauléon (Mauléon-Licharre) (also current main settlement) In the Early Middle Ages (up to the 9-10th centuries) the territory between the Ebro and Garonne rivers was known as Vasconia, a blurred ethnic area and polity struggling to fend off the pressure of the Iberian Visigothic kingdom and Muslim rule from the south and the Frankish (Franks) push from the north. By the turn of the millennium, after Muslim invasions and Frankish expansion under Charlemagne, the territory of Vasconia (to become Gascony) fragmented into different feudal regions, e.g. the viscountcies of Soule and Labourd out of former tribal systems and minor realms (County of Vasconia), while south of the Pyrenees, besides the above Kingdom of Pamplona, Gipuzkoa, Álava and Biscay arose in the current lands of the Southern Basque Country from the 9th century onward. Historians and authorities compete to apply allegorical (allegory) meaning to the ancient symbol. Some say it signifies the "four heads or regions" (laurak Bat) of the Basque Country (Basque Country (historical territory)). The lauburu does not appear in any of the seven coats-of-arms that have been combined in the arms of the Basque Country: Higher and Lower Navarre, Guipuzcoa, Biscay, Alava, Labourd, Soule ; The Basque (Basque people) intellectual Imanol Mujica liked to say that the heads signify spirit, life, consciousness, and form – but it is generally used as a symbol of prosperity. Influence His life was the subject of a Soule folk play (''pastoral (pastoral (Soule))''), ''Aguirre presidenta'' ("The president Aguirre"). '''Béarn''' ( ), is the Basque dialect (Basque dialects) spoken in Soule, France.


prolific

Contest . That very year in the same city the prolific Oskorri band (see above) got together featuring folk music, launching first album in 1976, where they paid homage to poet Gabriel Aresti, while in the Northern Basque Country Michel Ducau and Anje Duhalde teamed up and put together the first Basque rock band: The celebrated and politically engagé Errobi, releasing album ''Errobi'' (1975) to critic and public acclaim, ''Bizi bizian'' ensued. The group disbanded (not definitely) in 1979


rock music

about music in 1972, so turning into a forerunner of Basque rock music (''Euskal Rock&Roll'' released in 1979) alongside the band Errobi, while especially in the traditional Northern Basque Country some lashed out at his looks, manners and music. He alternately performed onstage in "verbenas" (dancing music in local festivities) with the band Minxoriak up to the late 80s. In the area of Mutriku, Itoiz, a milestone in Basque folk-pop music, was formed in 1978, with Juan


deep voice

. thumb 310px Rock band Zamara's live performance (Image:Zarama.jpg)Beginning at the mid-60s, Imanol Larzabal led a solo career as a singer songwriter, featuring a deep voice as well as a socially committed and poetic subjects, with the collaboration of domestic and foreign poets and singers. He went through a short period in prison and came back from exile in 1977. Friend of his and son of emigrant Souletin parents, Niko Etxart came back to the Basque Country from Paris with brand-new ideas


acclaimed

Carlos Perez as its lead vocalist and frontman, releasing that very year the critically acclaimed album ''Itoiz'', which contained such poignant tracks as ''Hilzori'', ''Lau teilatu'' etc. Akin ensemble Haizea delivered a couple of good LPs in this period. Pierre de Marca, a Béarnese author, suggests that the attackers were


critically acclaimed

Carlos Perez as its lead vocalist and frontman, releasing that very year the critically acclaimed album ''Itoiz'', which contained such poignant tracks as ''Hilzori'', ''Lau teilatu'' etc. Akin ensemble Haizea delivered a couple of good LPs in this period. Pierre de Marca, a Béarnese author, suggests that the attackers were


shows+long

with a characteristic rhythmic pattern that could be sung: this is similar to traditional practices elsewhere in Europe (Oral-formulaic composition). So, for example, the first work of literature in Basque ''Linguæ Vasconum Primitiæ'' (1545) by Bernard Etxepare shows long verses that, while deceptively fashioned in metres resembling those used in Romance poetry, follow an internal rhythmic pattern similar to a ''kopla'', so they can be popularly sung. Even today, it is not unusual to see groups of people marching around a town at some local festival singing and asking the neighbours for a food, drink or money donation, while the most famous celebrations following this pattern across the whole Basque Country may be those taking place on Christmas Eve (Olentzero) and the Saint Agatha's Eve (Basque music#Samples), with singers dressing up in traditional costumes. A key figure bridging the old singing tradition of Soule and the folk song revival of the 20th century should be noted here, Pierre Bordazaharre (1907–1979), aka Etxahun Iruri. A xirula player and singer, he collected old songs and fashioned new ones, which eventually caught on and spread, take for instance, ''Agur Xiberoa''. He also contributed to new pastoral (Pastoral (theatre of Soule)) plays in the tradition of Soule, reshaping the pastoral and adding new topics. Meanwhile, new and more urban style musical ensembles and bands sprang up in the 70s, performing first to other's songs of the time at summer local festivities. Yet they gradually developed their own repertoire fashioned in line with the Basque revival and activism (special focus on the lyrics) and ongoing Western musical trends, e.g. folk (Gwendal for one), progressive rock (Pink Floyd,...). As regards choral bands, Mocedades from Bilbao should be highlighted, founded in 1967 initially by Amaya Uranga and two sisters of her. They soon gained public notability by ranking second at the 1973 Eurovision Song Contest. That very year in the same city the prolific Oskorri band (see above) got together featuring folk music, launching first album in 1976, where they paid homage to poet Gabriel Aresti, while in the Northern Basque Country Michel Ducau and Anje Duhalde teamed up and put together the first Basque rock band: The celebrated and politically engagé Errobi, releasing album ''Errobi'' (1975) to critic and public acclaim, ''Bizi bizian'' ensued. The group disbanded (not definitely) in 1979. thumb 310px Rock band Zamara's live performance (Image:Zarama.jpg)Beginning at the mid-60s, Imanol Larzabal led a solo career as a singer songwriter, featuring a deep voice as well as a socially committed and poetic subjects, with the collaboration of domestic and foreign poets and singers. He went through a short period in prison and came back from exile in 1977. Friend of his and son of emigrant Souletin parents, Niko Etxart came back to the Basque Country from Paris with brand-new ideas about music in 1972, so turning into a forerunner of Basque rock music (''Euskal Rock&Roll'' released in 1979) alongside the band Errobi, while especially in the traditional Northern Basque Country some lashed out at his looks, manners and music. He alternately performed onstage in "verbenas" (dancing music in local festivities) with the band Minxoriak up to the late 80s. In the area of Mutriku, Itoiz, a milestone in Basque folk-pop music, was formed in 1978, with Juan Carlos Perez as its lead vocalist and frontman, releasing that very year the critically acclaimed album ''Itoiz'', which contained such poignant tracks as ''Hilzori'', ''Lau teilatu'' etc. Akin ensemble Haizea delivered a couple of good LPs in this period. ), is the Basque dialect (Basque dialects) spoken in Soule, France.

Soule

thumb 250px Mauléon, capital of Soule (File:Maule.jpg)

'''Soule''' (Basque (Basque language): '''Zuberoa'''; Zuberoan Basque: '''Xiberoa''' or '''Xiberua'''; Gascon (Occitan language): ''Sola'') is a former viscounty and French (France) province (Provinces of France) and part of the present day Pyrénées-Atlantiques ''département (département in France)''. It is divided into two cantons of the arrondissement (district) of Oloron-Sainte-Marie (Mauleon-Licharre and Tardets-Sorholus), and a part of the canton of Saint Palais (arrondissement of Bayonne).

Its provincial capital is Mauléon, which fused with Licharre in 1841 to form "Mauléon-Licharre", but today is often known as "Mauléon-Soule". Historically, Soule is the smallest province of the Basque Country (Basque Country (historical territory)) (785 km 2 .). Its population has been decreasing (23,803 in 1901; 16,006 in 1990; 15,535 in 1999).

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