occurred. Lee, pp. 89–92 The appropriation of land for both agriculture and mining placed renewed pressure on the Yaquis and other native peoples of Sonora. Previously, active resistance had given the Yaqui fairly autonomous control of a portion of the state and kept their agricultural system along the Yaqui River. Encroachment on this land led to uprisings and guerilla warfare by the Yaquis after 1887. By 1895, the federal and state governments
within view of such islands of mountains surrounded by plains. In addition to dealing with rustlers (cattle raiding), and other outlaws, the rangers were called on to deal with several large strike (labor unrest)s by Mexican workers at mine (Mining)s in Arizona and at a mine at Cananea (Cananea#Cananea strike), in Sonora, Mexico. Contemporary news reports in the ''New York Times'' on June 3, 1906 reported that on June 1, 1906, strikers destroyed a lumber mill and killed two brothers who were defending the mine. In all, twenty-three people were killed and twenty-two others were wounded or injured. The analogous agency in the Territory of New Mexico, organized in 1905, was called the New Mexico Mounted Police. Across the Mexican border in northern Sonora was a similar law enforcement agency called the Guardia Rural, colloquially known as the rurales. This group is often confused with another group often referred to with the same colloquialism, the Guardia Fiscal, which was commanded by a Russian, Colonel Emilio Kosterlitzky, who cooperated closely with the Rangers. Vanderwood, P. J. (1972). Review: Emilio Kosterlitzky: Eagle of Sonora and the Southwest Border. by Cornelius C. Smith, Jr. The Hispanic American Historical Review, 52(2), pp. 304-306. The '''Gila River''' (
; It is estimated that half a million plants are harvested from the wilds to make this beverage each year, leading to concerns of over exploitation. Cartron, p. 65 Education thumb Dean's office at the University of Sonora (File:Unisonmain.jpg) Public education is offered from preschool to university level studies. Development of the educational system has lowered the rates of illiteracy. The state has 1,475 preschools, 1,847 primary schools, 623 middle schools, 92 technical high schools and 203 high schools.
Francisca Gaxiola Flores''' (born October 4, 1986, in Hermosillo, Sonora) is a popular Mexican (Mexican people) singer who gained international fame by coming 2nd place in the hit reality show ''La Academia''. In 2005, Yuridia released her debut album ''La Voz de un Ángel (La Voz de un Angel)''. It became the second best-selling album in 2006 and one of the fastest-selling albums of all time in Mexico. It has been certified Diamond since its release. Her second album, '' Habla El
is associated with the pickup truck. This influence extends into popular music.
relatively shallow and very calm waters. There are beaches along most of this coastline, some of which with fine, white sand. The best known of these are San Carlos (San Carlos Nuevo Guaymas), Puerto Peñasco and Bahía Kino. San Carlos, with its Los Algodones Beach is one of the most visited areas on the Sonoran coast. ''Los Algodones'' ("The Cottons") is name for its dunes of white sand, which can be compared to cotton balls. San Carlos has a large variety of sea life off its shores, making it popular for sports fishing and scuba diving. A number of Yaquis, Seris and Guaymas on and around the Tetakawi Hill, making a living from fishing.
included her favorites on the album. Also, Ronstadt has credited Mexican singer Lola Beltrán as an influence in her own singing style, and she recalls how a frequent guest to the Ronstadt home, Eduardo "Lalo" Guerrero (Lalo Guerrero), father of Chicano music, would often serenade her as child with these songs.
;ref name "Hall 1981 1025–1028" The most widespread population (subspecies ''nevadensis'') breeds in the interior of the Western United States (between the Rocky Mountains and the coastal ranges such as the Cascades (Cascade Range)). It winters in the Mexican-border states and northern Sonora and Chihuahua (Chihuahua (state)). A related population (subspecies ''canescens'') breeds in south-central California. Three other populations are resident to the west
year 1999 publisher Cambridge University Press location Port Chester, NY, USA isbn 978-0-521-58916-1 page 105 * *
unit_pref Metric area_footnotes area_total_km2 179355 area_land_km2 area_water_km2 area_water_percent area_note Ranked 2nd (List of Mexican states by area) elevation_m elevation_max_footnotes elevation_max_m 2620 elevation_max_ft elevation_min_m elevation_min_ft population_footnotes population_total 2,755,258 population_as_of 2012 population_density_km2 auto population_density_rank 27th (List of Mexican states by population density) population_demonym Sonorense population_note population_rank 17th (List of Mexican states by population) timezone1 MST (Mountain Time Zone) Miriam de Regil. Inicia el domingo el Horario de Verano. ''El Financiero'', Viernes, 31 de marzo de 2006. utc_offset1 −7 timezone1_DST utc_offset1_DST postal_code_type Postal code (Postal codes in Mexico) postal_code 83–85 area_code_type Area code area_code title Area codes (Area codes in Mexico by code (600-699)) frame_style border:none; padding: 0; title_style list_style text-align:left;display:none; 1 • 622 2 • 623 3 • 631 4 • 632 5 • 633 6 • 634 7 • 637 8 • 638 9 • 641 10 • 642 11 • 643 12 • 644 13 • 645 14 • 647 15 • 651 16 • 653 17 • 662 iso_code MX-SON blank_name_sec1 HDI (Human Development Index) blank_info_sec1 0.776 '''High''' Ranked 4th of 32 (List of Mexican states by HDI) blank_name_sec2 GDP blank_info_sec2 US$ 16,416,142.57 th (Thousand) website footnotes a. Joined to the federation under the name of ''Estado de Occidente'' (Western State) also recognized as ''Sonora y Sinaloa''.
'''Sonora''' ( ), is one of 31 states that, with the Federal District (Mexico City), comprise the 32 federal entities (Political divisions of Mexico) of Mexico. It is divided into 72 municipalities (Municipalities of Sonora); the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is located in Northwest Mexico, bordered by the states of Chihuahua (Chihuahua (state)) to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border (Mexico–United States border) with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.
Sonora's natural geography is divided into three parts: the Sierra Madre Occidental in the east of the state; plains and rolling hills in the center; and the coast on the Gulf of California. It is primarily arid or semiarid deserts and grasslands, with only the highest elevations having sufficient rainfall to support other types of vegetation.
Sonora is home to eight indigenous peoples, including the Mayo (Mayo people), the Yaqui (Yaqui people), and Seri (Seri people). It has been economically important for its agriculture, livestock (especially beef), and mining since the colonial period, and for its status as a border state since the Mexican–American War. After the Gadsden Purchase, Sonora lost more than a quarter of its territory. From the 20th century to the present, industry, tourism, and agribusiness have dominated the economy, attracting migration from other parts of Mexico.