What is Smolensk known for?

special place

, on September 23, 1654, Smolensk was recaptured by Russia. In the 1667 Truce of Andrusovo, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth finally renounced its claims to Smolensk. Modern history thumb Eagles monument in Smolensk, commemorating the centenary of the Russian victory over Napoleon (File:Smolensk eagles.jpg) Smolensk has been a special place to Russians for many reasons, not least for the fact that the local cathedral (Assumption Cathedral in Smolensk) housed one of the most

painting historical

thumb 500px Juliusz Kossak, ''The Relief of Smolensk'' by Polish forces during the Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618). The painting reflects a historic period when Poles could face Russians on equal terms, unlike their subservient position in the painter's lifetime. Watercolor. '''Juliusz Fortunat Kossak''' (Nowy Wiśnicz, 15 December 1824 – 3 February 1899, Kraków) was a Polish (Poland) historical painter (History painting) and master illustrator who specialized in battle scenes, military portraits and horses. He was the progenitor (Ancestor) of an artistic family that spanned four generations, See list of Juliusz Kossak's descendants at "Kossak family (Kossak)," including second-, third- and fourth-generation painters, with links to individual articles. father of painter Wojciech Kossak and grandfather of painter Jerzy Kossak. Jerzy Jan Lerski, Piotr Wróbel, Richard J. Kozicki, ''Historical Dictionary of Poland, 966-1945'' See: Kossak, Juliusz and Wojciech; Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, 750 pages, ISBN 0313260079, ISBN 9780313260070 * WikiPedia:Smolensk commons:Смоленск

culture books

and would not understand such an act. He also feared a civil war between the Army and SS since Heinrich Himmler canceled his visit and could not be killed at the same time. Philipp von Boeselager,culture books bookreviews 4527748 Valkyrie-the-Plot-to-Kill-Hitler-by-Philipp-von-Boeselager---review.html Daily Telegraph book review of Valkyrie: the Plot to Kill Hitler by Philipp von Boeselager , February 5, 2008. ref>

family main

(1609–1611) 20 months of its siege by the Poles. On midnight June 3, 1611, the Poles, led by a traitor, stormed the fortress. Shein put up a fierce resistance, but finally capitulated to Polish General Potocki. He was tortured in order to discover where the people of Smolensk concealed their fabulous treasures. For the following 9 years he was imprisoned in Warsaw together with his family. WikiPedia:Smolensk commons:Смоленск

plays quot

civil war, in Smolensk in Western Russia. His mother was a garage supervisor and his father a writer of satirical plays – "a profession which may have influenced Nikulin's future career"." ''OBITUARY: YURI NIKULIN: HOW TO GRIN AND BEAR IT.'' James Meek. '''The Guardian''' (London). THE GUARDIAN FEATURES PAGE; Pg. 16. August 22, 1997. Nikulin fought in the Red Army in the Winter War with Finland and the Eastern


; born 4 October 1970 in Smolensk) is a Russian athlete, the first woman to throw the hammer more than 70 meters. ) (died 1180), Prince of Smolensk (1160–1172, 1177–1180), Grand Prince of Kiev (1171–1173, 1175–1177) and Prince of Novgorod (1178–1179). He was the son of Rostislav Mstislavich. Regardless of whether they believed the tale of Dmitriy, Adam Wiśniowiecki

Anikita Ivanovich Repnin (1668-1726), his grandson, who was one of the Russian commanders during the Great Northern War, ending his military career as Field Marshal and Minister of Defense. It was founded in 1137 by the Smolensk prince Rostislav Mstislavitch, hence the name. Roslavl was chartered under Lithuanian rule in 1408 and ceded to Russia in 1667. By 1450 Minsk was among 15 largest cities of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with about 5,000 population. It was an important

comic appearances

Alexander I returned Chaplits to service with a rank of Major General and on November 11, 1803 appointed him to the Imperial Retinue (Retinue). Other commemorations *Translation of the relics of Saints Theodore, Prince of Smolensk and Yaroslav, and his children David and Constantine (1464) Obsession with American culture In his initial comic appearances, the Russian was shown to have a minor obsession with American pop culture (popular culture). His first thoughts upon

brilliant leadership

, Podlaskie, Livonia, Smolensk, Severia, Chernihiv, and also hereditary Duke of Saxony and Prince-elector.'' * Battle of Berezina awards Prince of Smolensk 1st class Order of St. George However, Kutuzov is credited most with his brilliant leadership during the French invasion of Russia. Under Kutuzov's command, the Russian army stopped the Grande Armée at the Battle of Borodino and then counter-attacked, pushing the French out of the Russian homeland. Christopher Duffy, ''Borodino and the War of 1812'', Scribner, p. 165 In recognition of this, Kutuzov was awarded the title of Prince of Smolensk. A memorial was built at Moscow (Moskva) in 1973 to commemorate the 1812 war and Kutuzov's leadership. An order of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation is also named after him (Order of Kutuzov). Kutuzov was highly regarded in the works of Russian and Soviet historians. The names "Ruthenians" or "Ruthenes" were the Latin terms referring to Slavic (Slavic peoples) Orthodox (Eastern Orthodoxy) people (those who spoke the Ruthenian dialect) who lived in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Encyclopædia Britannica They inhabited the area that is now Belarus, Ukraine and Western Russia (area around Bryansk, Smolensk, Velizh and Vyazma). It was also the ethnonym used by the Ukrainian kozaks (Zaporizhian Cossacks) to describe themselves. World War II When the Germans invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, Stalin took over the post of Defence Commissar and sent Timoshenko to the Central Front (Soviet Central Front) to conduct a fighting retreat from the border to Smolensk. In September, he was transferred to Ukraine, where the Red Army had suffered 1.5 million casualties while encircled at Uman (Uman, Ukraine) and Kiev. The army grew in size as Napoleon's might spread across Europe. It reached its maximum size of 600,000 men at the start of the invasion of Russia (Napoleon's invasion of Russia) in 1812. All contingents were commanded by French generals, except for a Polish and an Austrian corps. The huge multinational army marched slowly eastwards, with the Russians falling back before it. After the capture of Smolensk and victory in the Battle of Borodino, Napoleon and a part of the Grande Armée reached Moscow on 14 September 1812; however, the army was already drastically reduced due to the numbers killed and wounded in battles with the Russians, disease (principally typhus), desertion and long communication lines. The army spent a month in Moscow, but was ultimately forced to march back westwards. Assailed by cold, starvation and disease, and constantly harassed by Cossacks and Russian irregulars, the retreat utterly destroyed the Grande Armée as a fighting force. Only 120,000 men survived to leave Russia (excluding early deserters). Of these 50,000 were Austrians, Prussians and other Germans, 20,000 Poles and 35,000 Frenchmen. Zamoyski, page 536 As many as 400,000 died in the campaign. Insects, Disease, and Military History: Destruction of the Grand Armée Royal titles English translation of the Polish text of the 1791 Constitution: ''Stanisław August, by the grace of God and the will of the people King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania (Grand Duchy of Lithuania) and Duke of Ruthenia, Prussia (Royal Prussia), Masovia (Duchy of Masovia), Samogitia (Duchy of Samogitia), Kiev, Volhynia, Podolia, Podlasie, Livonia (Duchy of Livonia), Smolensk, Severia and Chernihiv.'' WikiPedia:Smolensk commons:Смоленск

military prowess

of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Grand Duchy of Moscow during the Polish-Muscovite War (Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618)), part of Russia's Time of Troubles. The battle occurred near the village of Klushino (Kłuszyn) near Smolensk. In the battle the outnumbered Commonwealth force secured a decisive victory over the Muscovites, due to the tactical competence of hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski and the military prowess of the elite Commonwealth 'winged' hussars (Polish Hussars). *1799 — Prince ''Italiysky'' ("Italian") for Suvorov, for the Italian Campaign of 1799 (Suvorov's Italian and Swiss expedition); *1813 — His Serene Highness Prince ''Smolensky'' for Mikhail Kutuzov for his defeat of Napoleon at Krasnoi (Battle of Krasnoi) near Smolensk during Napoleon's invasion of Russia; *1827 — Count ''Erivansky'' for Ivan Paskevich for his capture of Erivan in Armenia during the Russo-Persian War, 1826-1828; - 50th Rocket Army See http: forum-f8 tema-t2.htm. Vyru (Voru) was deployment base for the 305th Regiment of the 23rd Missile Division (from 1982 40th Division) of the 50th Army. Smolensk, Belorussian Military District – 1960 June 30, 1990 1988: 7th Guards, 24th Guards (Gvardeysk, Kaliningrad Oblast), Previously 92 BON, then given the combined-arms designation of 22nd RVGK special-purpose brigade, then 72nd RVGK Engineer Brigade, and in 1960 the 24th Guards Division of the RVSN was formed on its basis. http: new rvsn 24gvmd.htm 31st Guards (former 83rd Guards Bryansko-Berlinskaya Aviation (Missile) Division, renumbered July 1, 1960), 32nd (Postavy, Vitebsk Oblast), 40th, 49th Guards (Lida, Grodno Oblast, 1963 to 1990), 58th (Karmelava, Lithuania) - * Aeroflot Flight 821 crashes on approach to Perm Airport en route from Moscow (on 14 September 2008). All 88 people on board were killed. * Tupolev Tu-154 (2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash) crashes in Smolensk on April 10, 2010 killing President of Poland Lech Kaczyński and all people aboard. Geography It is situated to the west of the city of Smolensk (about 18 km from its center) and circa 60 km from the Russian borders with Belarus. It has a station on the Berlin-Warsaw-Minsk-Moscow international railway line. On April 10, 2010 around 08.56 GMT a Polish government (Government of Poland) aircraft crashed near Katyn, on Smolensk Military Air Base (Smolensk (air base)). Passengers of the Polish-owned Russian Tupolev-154 airplane included Polish President (President of Poland) Lech Kaczyński and his wife, Maria Kaczyńska; Sławomir Skrzypek, governor of the Polish Central Bank; Andrzej Kremer, Deputy Foreign minister; Piotr Nurowski, President of the Polish Olympic Committee; Jerzy Szmajdzinski, Deputy Speaker of the Sejm, seven army generals and many key political figures. The delegation heading to commemorate the Massacre of Katyn consisted of 96 people, including 7 members of crew. None survived. *Izyaslav Vladimirovich, Prince of Kursk (c. 1077 - 6 September 1096). *Svyatoslav Vladimirovich, Prince of Smolensk and Pereyaslav (c. 1080 - 16 March 1114). *Yaropolk II of Kiev (1082 - 18 February 1139). The new task of Army Group Center was to drive towards the cities of Minsk and Smolensk, and in great encirclements destroy the Soviet Armies stationed there. Army Group Center would then drive toward Leningrad, and along with Army Group North destroy the remnants of the Soviet Armies in the Baltic states and seize valuable ports for the supply of the campaign. Only after the bulk of the Soviet army was destroyed in Western Russia would Army Group Center then drive toward the Soviet capital. Hitler made this change conscious of the fact that despite capturing Moscow, Napoleon was defeated because he did not destroy the Russian army. The initial period of the offensive, when Poniatowski was placed under the direction of Jérôme Bonaparte, was wasted, but after Napoleon's brother left Poniatowski was briefly put in charge of Grande Armée's right wing. Fighting on the avant-garde on the advance to Moscow he distinguished himself at a number of battles. On August 17 at Smolensk he personally led his corps' assault on the city. On September 7 at Borodino (Battle of Borodino) the V Corps (V Corps (Grande Armée)) was involved in the daylong fight over the Utitza Mound, which was finally taken toward the evening, stormed by the entire corps led by Prince Józef again. On September 14 the Polish soldiers were the first ones to enter the Russian capital; by that time however Poniatowski, unlike Napoleon, was convinced that the campaign was doomed. The Polish corps fought then the battles at Chirikovo on September 29 and Vinkovo (Battle of Vinkovo) on October 18, where Poniatowski saved Murat from a complete defeat by Kutuzov (Mikhail Kutuzov)'s forces. Born in Smolensk, a city in western Russia, Morris Markin worked in a clothing factory during his young years. His determination and hard work got him promoted to a supervisor position by the age of nineteen, when he emigrated to the United States. When he arrived at Ellis Island, he spoke no English and couldn't afford to pay the bond required to enter the country. A janitor at the facility loaned him the twenty-five dollars he needed for the bond. Early life Nicholas was born in the Smolensk prefecture in the Russian Empire to Dimitry Kasatkin, a Russian Orthodox deacon. His mother died when he was five years old. He grew up in the church hierarchy: in 1857 he entered the Theological Academy in Saint Petersburg. On July 7, 1860 (July 19 in the Gregorian calendar), he became a monk and chose the name of Nicholas. Nicholas was ordained a deacon on July 12 (July 24) in the same year, on the feast day of Saints Peter and Paul. He was ordained a priest the next day, on the feast day of the Holy Apostles (Twelve Apostles), the commemoration day of the Academy's Chapel of the Holy Apostles. Early life A descendant of Muscovite diplomat Pyotr Potemkin, Grigory was born in the village of Chizhovo near Smolensk into a family of middle-income noble landowners. His father, Alexander Potemkin, was a decorated war veteran; his mother Daria was "good-looking, capable and intelligent", though their marriage was ultimately unhappy. WikiPedia:Smolensk commons:Смоленск

wide scale

(Category:Smolensk) Category:Smolensk Governorate Category:Forts in Russia Category:Hero Cities of the Soviet Union Category:Portages '''Alexander''' was born as son of the King Casimir IV Jagiellon of Poland and Elisabeth Habsburg of Hungary (Elisabeth of Austria (d. 1505)), daughter of the King Albert of Hungary. Alexander's shortage of funds immediately made him subservient to the Polish Senate and nobility (szlachta), who deprived him of control of the mint (then one of the most lucrative sources of revenue for the Polish kings), curtailed his prerogatives, and generally endeavored to reduce him to a subordinate position. For want of funds, Alexander was unable to resist the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights or prevent Grand Duke of Muscovy Ivan III (Ivan III of Russia) from ravaging Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the Tatars. The most the Grand Duke of Lithuania could do was to garrison Smolensk and other strongholds and employ his wife Helena, the Tsar's daughter, to mediate a truce between his father-in-law and himself after the disastrous Battle of Vedrosha (1500). In the terms of the truce, Lithuania had to surrender about a third of its territory to the nascent expansionist Russian state. thumb left 150px Grand Duchess Charlotte of Russia (Image:Шарлотта Христиана София, кронпринцесса Брауншвейт-Вольфенбюгтельская.jpg) In 1708 Peter sent Alexei to Smolensk to collect provender (food) and recruits, and after that to Moscow to fortify it against Charles XII of Sweden. At the end of 1709, Alexei went to Dresden for one year. There, he finished lessons in French, German, mathematics and fortification. After his education, Alexei married, albeit greatly against his will Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel), whose family was connected by marriage to many of the great families of Europe i.e., Charlotte's sister Elizabeth (Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel) was married to Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI (Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor), ruler of the Habsburg Monarchy. In theory, Alexei could have refused the marriage, and he had been encouraged by his father to at least meet his intended. "Why haven't you written to tell me what you thought about her?" wrote Peter (in a tone that can only be guessed) in a letter dated 13 August 1710. Poland's president Lech Kaczyński and all aboard died in a plane crash on April 10, 2010 (2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash‎‎) in western Russia, near Smolensk. President Kaczyński and other prominent Poles were on the way to the Katyn massacre anniversary commemoration. *1661 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector (Lord Protector#Cromwellian republican Commonwealth) of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed two years after his death, on the anniversary of the execution

to roll out from Voroshilovgrad production lines, they were used on upgraded Moscow - Smolensk - Minsk, Moscow - Valuiki, and Mitchurinsk - Rostov-on-Don main lines. Rise and decline In the 14th century, the emerging Old Belarusian language had already been enjoying the wide-scale ubiquity of use in the GDL, Some of the notable literary artefacts of the period, per Zhurawski 1993 , were: treaty of Mstislav Davydovich, prince of Smolensk, with Riga ang Goths' Coast (6 documents), charter (letter) of prince Gerden (1264), charters of Izyaslav, prince of Polatsk (c.1265), charters of Yakov, bishop of Polatsk (c.1300), charter of Riga dwellers to Mikhail, prince of Vitsyebsk (c.1300), treaty with Riga (c.1330), charter of Polish king Wladyslaw II Jagiello to prince Skirgaila (1387), translation of the Wislica Statute (1347), translation of the Code of Law of Kazimierz IV (Casimir Code) (1468). being spoken and written from the lower classes to the nobility, non-Slavonic included, to the Grand Dukes of Lithuania themselves, from the vernacular to the state documents. Dovnar 1926 Ch.3 Sec.3 One year later, the Russians had circumnavigated Antarctica and arrived in the South Shetlands region during January 1821 to find over 50 American and English sealing vessels and 1000 men taking hundreds of thousands of fur seal skins. While sailing between Deception Island and Livingston (named Smolensk by the Russians) Bellingshausen met the American Captain Nathaniel Palmer, yet another pioneer of Antarctic exploration who is alleged to have sighted the mainland himself during the previous November. 200px thumb Zograf Peak (Image:Zograf.jpg) '''Mikhail Vasil'evich Isakovsky''' (ru: ''Михаил Васильевич Исаковский'') (Glotovka, near Smolensk, WikiPedia:Smolensk commons:Смоленск


'''Smolensk''' (

The walled city (defensive wall) in the center of Smolensk (along with the outskirts) was destroyed several times throughout its long history because it was on the invasion routes of both Napoleon and Hitler (Adolf Hitler). Today, Smolensk is noted for electronics, textiles, food processing, and diamond faceting (Diamond cutting).

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