Sirte

What is Sirte known for?


oil nearby

there were no noteworthy events in this location, which was characterised at the time as "a shabby little Arab village of mud huts, clustered on the banks of a foul-smelling stream." Barker, A.J. ''Afrika Korps'', p. 16. Bison Books, 1978 The village grew into a prominent town after the Second World War for two reasons – the discovery and exploitation of oil nearby and the birth of Muammar Gaddafi in 1942 in a tent at Qasr Abu Hadi, some The '''United Nations Democracy Fund''' (UNDEF) was established by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan in July 2005 at the African Union Summit in Sirte, Libya, as a United Nations General Trust Fund under his authority.The Fund was launched by Prime Minister of world's largest deomocracy Shri Manmohan Singh and the then US President George Bush for promotion of democratic values Its primary purpose is to support democratization (democracy) throughout the world. UNDEF finances projects that build and strengthen democratic institutions, promote human rights, and ensure the participation of all groups in democratic processes. * The Executive Council of the African Union, meeting on March 7 and March 8, 2005 in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), decided to propose that Africa is represented by two permanent members of the Security Council of the UN. These representatives will need to have the same rights as the other council members, notably the veto power. * A summit of the African Union was held in Sirte (Libya) on July 4 and July 5, 2005. The African heads of states requested the G8 to totally cancel the debt of all African countries, and demanded that the continent is represented by two permanent members of the UN Security Council.


tripoli

-Surt.ogg pronunciation ; from ), also spelled ''Sirt'', ''Surt'', ''Sert'' or ''Syrte'', is a city in Libya. It is on the south coast of the Gulf of Sidra (ancient Syrtis Major, from which Sirte's name is derived). Sirte lies halfway between Tripoli and Benghazi. The settlement was established in the early 20th century by the Italians (Italian Libya), at the site of a 19th-century fortress built by the Ottoman Tripolitania Ottomans

village into a small city. After 1988, most government departments and the Libyan parliament were relocated from Tripoli to Sirte, although Tripoli remained formally the capital of the country. "Libya". ''Europa World Year 2004'' Volume II, p. 2651. Taylor & Francis Group, 2004. ISBN 978-1-85743-255-8 Al-Tahadi University was established in 1991. In 1999, Gaddafi proposed the idea of creating a "United States of Africa" with Sirte as its

Libya: Gaddafi's fighters force rebel retreat date 30 March 2011 In August, the city faced a more severe threat from the rebels as the loyalist position deteriorated rapidly, with rebels making gains on multiple fronts. As Tripoli came under attack (Battle of Tripoli (2011)), other rebel forces based in Benghazi broke the military stalemate in the eastern desert, taking Brega (Fourth Battle of Brega) and Ra's Lanuf. At the same time, rebels in Misrata pushed


live coverage

of his body showed that he had wounds in the abdomen, chest, and head. Rebels argued over whether to kill Gaddafi as he begged for his life – The Daily Telegraph – 21 October 2011 The '''United Nations Democracy Fund''' (UNDEF) was established by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan in July 2005 at the African Union Summit in Sirte, Libya, as a United Nations General Trust Fund under his authority.The Fund was launched by Prime Minister of world's largest deomocracy Shri Manmohan Singh and the then US President George Bush for promotion of democratic values Its primary purpose is to support democratization (democracy) throughout the world. UNDEF finances projects that build and strengthen democratic institutions, promote human rights, and ensure the participation of all groups in democratic processes. * The Executive Council of the African Union, meeting on March 7 and March 8, 2005 in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), decided to propose that Africa is represented by two permanent members of the Security Council of the UN. These representatives will need to have the same rights as the other council members, notably the veto power. * A summit of the African Union was held in Sirte (Libya) on July 4 and July 5, 2005. The African heads of states requested the G8 to totally cancel the debt of all African countries, and demanded that the continent is represented by two permanent members of the UN Security Council.


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Gaddafi's body was subsequently flown to Misrata and was placed in the freezer of a local market alongside the bodies of Defence


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Tunisian border at Ras Ajdir to Tripoli, and on to Misrata, Sirte, Benghazi and Bayda (Bayda, Libya). Another railway line will run inland from Misrata to Sabha (Sabha, Libya) at the centre of a mineral-rich area. The '''United Nations Democracy Fund''' (UNDEF) was established by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan in July 2005 at the African Union Summit in Sirte, Libya, as a United Nations General Trust Fund under his authority.The Fund was launched by Prime Minister of world's largest deomocracy Shri Manmohan Singh and the then US President George Bush for promotion of democratic values Its primary purpose is to support democratization (democracy) throughout the world. UNDEF finances projects that build and strengthen democratic institutions, promote human rights, and ensure the participation of all groups in democratic processes. * The Executive Council of the African Union, meeting on March 7 and March 8, 2005 in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), decided to propose that Africa is represented by two permanent members of the Security Council of the UN. These representatives will need to have the same rights as the other council members, notably the veto power. * A summit of the African Union was held in Sirte (Libya) on July 4 and July 5, 2005. The African heads of states requested the G8 to totally cancel the debt of all African countries, and demanded that the continent is represented by two permanent members of the UN Security Council.


coverage work

of his body showed that he had wounds in the abdomen, chest, and head. Rebels argued over whether to kill Gaddafi as he begged for his life – The Daily Telegraph – 21 October 2011


libya

image_dot_map dot_mapsize dot_map_caption dot_x dot_y pushpin_map Libya pushpin_label_position bottom pushpin_map_caption Location in Libya coordinates_display inline,title coordinates_region LY subdivision_type Country subdivision_name Libya

subdivision_type1 Region subdivision_name1 Tripolitania subdivision_type2 District (Districts of Libya) subdivision_name2 Sirte (Sirte District) subdivision_type3 subdivision_name3 subdivision_type4 subdivision_name4 government_footnotes government_type leader_title leader_name leader_title1 !-- for places with, say, both a mayor


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) battle , Sirte was left almost completely in ruins, with many buildings totally destroyed or damaged. http: www.thenewstribune.com 2011 10 16 1866950 sirte-libya-gadhafis-hometown.html Six months after the civil war, almost 60,000 inhabitants, more than 70 percent of pre-war population, had returned. Dobbs, L. (16 April 2012). '' Libya: Displaced Return to Rebuild

-East 2011 0305 In-disorganized-surge-Libya-s-rebels-push-west-along-shifting-front-line accessdate 6 March 2011 newspaper Christian Science Monitor date March 5, 2011 However, on 6 March, the rebel advance was stopped during the Battle of Bin Jawad before reaching Sirte. Government forces launched a counter-offensive that recaptured Ra's Lanuf (Battle of Ra's Lanuf#Second phase)

10 March 2011 accessdate 10 March 2011 url http: english.aljazeera.net news africa 2011 03 201131041228856242.html publisher Al Jazeera and continued to advance as far as the outskirts of the de facto rebel


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to bury Gaddafi’s body within 24 hours of his death following Islamic rites, but was delayed after the U.N. human rights office opened an investigation into his death. ref


difficult battle

, replacing the former capital Tripoli, which had been captured by rebels. Anti-Gaddafi forces surrounded the city (Second Gulf of Sidra offensive) during September 2011 and began a long, difficult battle (Battle of Sirte (2011)) there, hoping

Sirte

thumb A square in Sirte (2007) (File:Sirte.jpg) '''Sirte''' ( ), also spelled ''Sirt'', ''Surt'', ''Sert'' or ''Syrte'', is a city in Libya. It is on the south coast of the Gulf of Sidra (ancient Syrtis Major, from which Sirte's name is derived). Sirte lies halfway between Tripoli and Benghazi. The settlement was established in the early 20th century by the Italians (Italian Libya), at the site of a 19th-century fortress built by the Ottomans (Ottoman Tripolitania). It grew into a city after World War II.

As the birthplace of Muammar Gaddafi, Sirte was favoured by the Gaddafi government (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi#Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)). Six months after the civil war, almost 60,000 inhabitants, more than 70 percent of pre-war population, had returned. Dobbs, L. (16 April 2012). ''Libya: Displaced Return to Rebuild Gaddafi's Hometown - Face Needs?'' allAfrica. Accessed 22 April 2012

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