* Construction begins on the Leshan Giant Buddha near Leshan, Sichuan province, China. Upon its completion in 803, it will become the largest stone carved (stone carving) Buddha (Gautama Buddha) in the world. * Emperor Xuanzong of Tang starts to rule in Ancient China. He liquidates the highly lucrative Inexhaustible Treasury, which is run by a prominent Buddhist monastery in Chang'an. This monastery collects vast amounts of money, silk
, making it the largest stone-carved Buddha (Buddharupa) in the world. Carving stone into sculpture is an activity older than civilization itself. Prehistoric sculptures were usually human forms, such as the Venus of Willendorf and the faceless statues of the Cycladic cultures of ancient Greece. Later cultures devised animal, human-animal and abstract forms in stone. The earliest cultures used abrasive techniques, and modern technology employs pneumatic hammers and other
region * Langmusi — beautiful Tibetan border town sitting in both Gansu and Sichuan, with two monasteries, horse trekking opportunities and a sky burial site * Leshan — home of the largest stone carved Buddha in the world * Songpan — base camp for exploring Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve and the Amdo Tibetan culture * Xiangcheng — on the high-road to Yunnan * Xichang Chongqing Municipality is administratively separate, but culturally and historically still Sichuanese. See
" Shen, Sin-Yan (1991). ''Chinese Music and Orchestration: A Primer on Principles and Pracrice'', p. 108. Chinese Music Society of North America, Woodridge. October 19, 2009. Ruan Xian was a scholar in the Three Kingdoms Eastern Jin (三國東晉) Dynasty period (3rd century). He and other six scholars disliked the corruption government, so they gathered in a bamboo grove in Shanyang (山陽, now in Henan 河南 province). They drank, wrote poems, played music and enjoyed the simply life. The group was known as the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove (竹林七賢). The Seven Sages of the Bamboo (in Chinese), 竹林七賢, accessed October 20, 2009 Since Ruan Xian was an expert and famous in playing an instrument that looked like the ''Qin pipa'', the instrument was named after him when the copper ''Qin pipa'' was found in a tomb during the Tang Dynasty. The ''ruan'' was used to be called ''ruanxian'' (阮咸), but today it is shortened to ''ruan'' (阮). ; ''Huoshan Huangya (Huoshan Huangya tea)'' (癨山黃牙): from Mt. Huo, Anhui Province (Anhui), China. ; ''Meng Ding Huangya (Meng Ding Huangya tea)'' (蒙頂黃芽): from Mt. Meng, Sichuan Province (Sichuan), China. ; ''Da Ye Qing (Da Ye Qing tea)'': from Guangdong Province (Guangdong), China. Literally ''Big Leaf Green''. '''''Magnolia delavayi''''' is a species of ''Magnolia'' native to southern China, occurring in Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan at 1,500-2,800 m altitude. It is known by the common names of '''Chinese Evergreen Magnolia''' or '''Delavay's Magnolia'''. - Chengdu Sichuan Commons:Category:Sichuan WikiPedia:Sichuan Dmoz:Regional Asia China Sichuan
. The highest species diversity is found in the Himalayas from Uttarakhand, Nepal and Sikkim to Yunnan and Sichuan, with other significant areas of diversity in the mountains of Indo-China, Korea, Japan and Taiwan. Consolidation and defeat of Tibetan invasions, 1616–51 thumb A 17th-century Italian map showing a large "Kingdom of Barantola or Boutan" bordering on Nepal (File:CEM-36-Regno-della-China-2355.jpg) and Tibet, as well
in the interest of stability. Meisner, p. 351 The People's Liberation Army (PLA) forcibly suppressed the more radical Red Guard groups in Sichuan, Anhui, Hunan, Fujian, and Hubei provinces in February and March. Students were ordered to return to schools; student radicalism was branded 'counterrevolutionary' and banned. Meisner, p. 352 There was a wide backlash in the spring against the suppression, with student attacks on any
on the conquest of the Song Dynasty. Taking personal command late in the decade, he captured many of the fortified cities along the northern front. In October 1257 Mongke set out for South China, leaving his administration to his brother, Ariq Böke, in Karakorum with Alamdar as assistant, and fixed his camps near the Liu-pan mountains in May of the following year. He first attacked Song positions in Sichuan and took Paoning in 1258. René Grousset - The Empire of the Steppes: A History
their "feudatories" as their own domains and the Qing court had virtually no control over the provinces in the south and southwest. The White Lotus Rebellion was a Chinese anti-Manchu (Anti-Qing sentiment) uprising that occurred during the Ch'ing dynasty (Ching dynasty). It broke out (1796) among impoverished settlers in the mountainous region that separates Sichuan province from Hubei and Shaanxi provinces. It apparently began as a tax
''' and accepted the Nine Bestowments. On his journeys throughout China he travelled with a servant called Gu Xing (顧行). He faced many hardships along the way, as he was often dependent on the patronage of local scholars who would help him after he had been robbed of all his belongings. Local Buddhist abbots of the various places he visited often would pay him money as well, for the small service of recording the history of their local monastery. ref
of Sichuan is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Sichuan. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor has less power than the Sichuan Communist Party of China Provincial Committee Secretary, colloquially termed the "Sichuan CPC Party Chief". Economy thumb 200px right The capital of Sichuan, Chengdu. (File:CHUNXILU.jpg) Sichuan has been historically known as the "Province of Abundance". It is one of the major agricultural production bases of China. Grain, including rice and wheat, is the major product with output that ranked first in China in 1999. Commercial crops include citrus fruits, sugar cane, sweet potatoes, peaches and grapes. Sichuan also had the largest output of pork among all the provinces and the second largest output of silkworm cocoons in 1999. Sichuan is rich in mineral resources. It has more than 132 kinds of proven underground mineral resources including vanadium, titanium, and lithium being the largest in China. The Panxi region alone possesses 13.3% of the reserves of iron, 93% of titanium, 69% of vanadium, and 83% of the cobalt of the whole country. SICHUAN PROVINCE (hktdc.com) Sichuan also possesses China's largest proven natural gas reserves, the majority of which is transported to more developed eastern regions. Sichuan is one of the major industrial centers of China. In addition to heavy industries such as coal, energy, iron and steel, the province has also established a light industrial sector comprising building materials, wood processing, food and silk processing. Chengdu and Mianyang are the production centers for textiles and electronics products. Deyang, Panzhihua, and Yibin are the production centers for machinery, metallurgical industries, and wine, respectively. Sichuan's wine production accounted for 21.9% of the country’s total production in 2000. Great strides have been made in developing Sichuan into a modern hi-tech industrial base, by encouraging both domestic and foreign investments in electronics and information technology (such as software), machinery and metallurgy (including automobiles), hydropower, pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries. The auto industry is an important and key sector of the machinery industry in Sichuan. Most of the auto manufacturing companies are located in Chengdu, Mianyang, Nanchong, and Luzhou. International Market Research - AUTO PARTS INDUSTRY IN SICHUAN AND CHONGQING Other important industries in Sichuan include aerospace and defense (military) industries. A number of China's rockets (Long March rockets) and satellites were launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center, located in the city of Xichang. Sichuan's beautiful landscapes and rich historical relics have also made the province a major center for tourism. The Three Gorges Dam, the largest dam ever constructed, is being built on the Yangtze River in nearby Hubei province to control flooding in the Sichuan Basin, neighboring Yunnan province, and downstream. The plan is hailed by some as China's efforts to shift towards alternative energy sources and to further develop its industrial and commercial bases, but others have criticised it for its potentially harmful effects, such as massive resettlement of residents in the reservoir areas, loss of archeological sites, and ecological damages. Sichuan's nominal GDP for 2011 was 2.15 trillion yuan (US$340 billion), equivalent to 17,380 RMB (US$2,545) per capita. CCTV In 2008, the per capita net income of rural residents was 4,121 yuan (US$593), up 16.2% from 2007. The per capita disposable income of the urbanites averaged 12,633 yuan (US$1,819), up 13.8% from 2007. Xinhua - English Counting the economic costs of China's earthquake_English_Xinhua Foreign trade According to the Sichuan Department of Commerce, the province's total foreign trade was US$22.04 billion in 2008, with an annual increase of 53.3 percent. Exports were US$13.1 billion, an annual increase of 52.3 percent, while imports were US$8.93 billion, an annual increase of 54.7 percent. These achievements were accomplished because of significant changes in China's foreign trade policy, acceleration of the yuan's appreciation, increase of commercial incentives and increase in production costs. The 18 cities and counties witnessed a steady rate of increase. Chengdu, Suining, Nanchong, Dazhou, Ya'an, Abazhou, and Liangshan all saw an increase of more than 40 percent while Leshan, Neijiang, Luzhou, Meishan, Ziyang, and Yibin saw an increase of more than 20 percent. Foreign trade in Zigong, Panzhihua, Guang'an, Bazhong and Ganzi remained constant. Minimum wage The Sichuan government raised the minimum wage in the province by 12.5 percent at the end of December 2007. The monthly minimum wage went up from 400 to 450 yuan, with a minimum of 4.9 yuan per hour for part-time work, effective December 26, 2007. The government also reduced the four-tier minimum wage structure to three. The top tier mandates a minimum of 650 yuan per month, or 7.1 yuan per hour. National law allows each province to set minimum wages independently, but with a floor of 450 yuan per month. Economic and technological development zones Chengdu Economic and Technological Development Zone Chengdu Economic and Technological Development Zone ( Commons:Category:Sichuan WikiPedia:Sichuan Dmoz:Regional Asia China Sichuan
the two brothers spent two or three years in further study in the monastery of Kong Hui, including the ''Abhidharmakosa-sastra'' (Abhidharma Storehouse Treatise). When Xuanzang requested to take Buddhist orders at the age of thirteen, the abbot Zheng Shanguo made an exception in his case because of his precocious knowledge. The events of the An-Shi rebellion (An Lushan Rebellion), which took place between 755-763, profoundly affected Chinese social
culture in general and Wang Wei in particular. In 756, Wang Wei was residing in the capital of Chang'an, where he was captured by the rebels when they took the city. Although the emperor Xuanzong and his court and most of the governmental officials had already evacuated to Sichuan, Wang Wei had come down with dysentery and at that time was an invalid and thus unable to travel, Ch'en and Bullock, 50 especially not on this notoriously mountainous and difficult passage
. R. Deepak year 2005 publisher Manak Publications location page 82 isbn 8178271125 pages 508 accessdate 2010-06-28 The Tibetans were pushed back to the other side of the Jinsha river.
author B. R. Deepak year 2005 publisher Manak Publications location page 82 isbn 8178271125 pages 508 accessdate 2010-06-28 The Tibetans were pushed back to the other side of the Jinsha river.
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'''Sichuan''' ( Origin of the Names of China's Provinces, People's Daily Online. The capital is Chengdu, a key economic centre of Western China.