Sicherheitsdienst

What is Sicherheitsdienst known for?


film number

) political prisoners managed to escape, the Gestapo archives were completely destroyed, and Hitler became so insecure of the situation that he withdrew only half of the roughly 200,000 soldiers in Denmark to reinforce German forces on the Rhine. RAF instruction film for precision bombing number 6 SFINX film TV documentary "Sangbogen og de røde sko" (containing parts of the RAF precision bombing instruction film number 6) by Katia Forbert Petersen, produced by Anette Mari Olsen. DK&UK historical consultants Henrik Dahlman, Derek Carter. Archive films from BBC Motion Gallery, Imperial War Museum (London). Broadcast in Danish on the public service channel DR2 January 9th 2011. Film covers 2 3 of the school tragedy and 1 3 ? . First Wikipedia staff '''from the UK''' that phones +46 418 301 114, and proves to have basic knowledge of WW2 I will send a DVD copy – it includes RAF file 6 as mentioned, interview with sir Basil Embry and the coded telegram from Ole Lippmann to Sir Basil Embry. (in English) "Operation Carthage" by Kjeld Mahler Sasbye thumb left 250px Kaltenbrunner with Himmler and Ziereis (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 192-029, KZ Mauthausen, Himmler, Kaltenbrunner, Ziereis.jpg) In July 1940, he was commissioned as a ''Untersturmführer'' in the Waffen-SS Reserve. A Complete Biography of Ernst Kaltenbrunner – Promotions Later in April 1941, he was promoted to Major General (''Generalleutnant'') of the Police. On 30 January 1943 Kaltenbrunner was appointed Chief of the RSHA, composed of the SiPo (Sicherheitspolizei: the combined forces of the Gestapo and Kripo) along with the SD (Sicherheitsdienst: Security Service). Lumsden, Robin (2002), ''A Collector's Guide To: The Allgemeine – SS'', p 83. He replaced Reinhard Heydrich, who was assassinated (Operation Anthropoid) in June 1942. Kaltenbrunner held this position until the end of the war. He was promoted to SS ''Obergruppenführer und General der Polizei'' on 21 June 1943. He also replaced Heydrich as President of the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC), the organization today known as Interpol. The '''Gestapo''' ( Albert Bruce Matthews (Bruce Matthews (Canadian Army officer)) Aftermath In 1830 Albert had acquired a city palace in Berlin on Wilhelmstraße, then called ''Prinz-Albrecht-Palais''. An adjacent street off Wilhelmstraße laid out in 1891 was named ''Prinz-Albrecht-Straße''. After the Nazi ''Machtergreifung'' it became notorious as the seat of the Gestapo and the Reichsführer-SS. The ''Prinz-Albrecht-Palais'' itself from 1934 served as the headquarters of the SS Sicherheitsdienst under Reinhard Heydrich, from 1939 the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA). In 1944 the building was heavily damaged by air raids (Bombing of Berlin in World War II) and finally demolished in 1955. Since 1951 the street is named Niederkirchnerstraße, the area is now part of the Topography of Terror project. In 1940, Landau transferred to KdS SD (Sicherheitsdienst) in Radom governed by the General Government where he met typist Gertrude, to whom he later addressed his letters.


concentration

;Shirer (1990). ''The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich'', pp. 191-194. Wasting no time, Himmler set the SD in motion as they began creating an extensive card index of the Nazi regime's political opponents, arresting labor organizers, socialists, Jewish leaders, journalists, and communists in the process, sending them to their new prison facility near Munich, Dachau. Distel & Jakusch (1978). ''Concentration Camp Dachau, 1933-1945'', p. 46. Himmler's SS and SD made

the two German-speaking nations - organized demonstrations, conducted clandestine operations, ordered terror attacks, distributed propaganda materials, encouraged the intimidation of opponents, and had his SS and SD personnel round-up prominent anti-Nazis, most of whom ended up in Mauthausen concentration camp. Blandford (2001). ''SS Intelligence: The Nazi Secret Service'', pp. 134-140. Once the ''Anschluß'' was official, the Austrian police was immediately subordinated

in Austria, again in Czechoslovakia, and then by helping provoke the 'reactive' war against Poland. Code-named "Operation Himmler" and part of Hitler's plan to justify an attack upon Poland, the SD's clandestine activity for this mission included faking a Polish attack against 'innocent Germans' at a German radio station in Gleiwitz. Weinberg (2005). ''Hitler’s Foreign Policy 1933-1939: The Road to World War II'', p. 748 Using concentration camp inmates


friendly approach

the Germans. Fehmer wore an SS uniform with Sicherheitsdienst badges. The Sicherheitsdienst (SD, Security Service) was primarily the intelligence service of the SS and the Nazi Party in Nazi Germany. With a striking appearance and charm, he was perceived as quite the ladies man. Despite this outward appearance, Fehmer was ruthless, and did not hesitate to use torture during interrogation of suspects. He has been described by his victims as capable of switching from using a friendly approach


made regular

(film) The Battle of the Bulge '' (1965), Luchino Visconti's ''The Damned (The Damned (1969 film))'' (1969), and ''Kelly's Heroes'' (1970). He played a Luftwaffe general in Battle of Britain (Battle of Britain (film)) (1969). He also continued to work in both Germany and Italy in a wide variety of films from dramas and comedies to spaghetti westerns. He also made regular appearances on German television. His last appearance was in the TV series ''War and Remembrance'' (1988). He has been variously credited as ''Charles Albert'', ''Charles Alberty'' and ''Carlo Alberti''. Upon the German takeover, SD (Sicherheitsdienst) leader Ernst Kaltenbrunner reorganized the Guard of Great Albania into the Albanian National Socialist Party, which had formal control of Albania. German control over Albania was looser than in other territories; the Albanian Nazi government did not expand systematic persecution of Jews to deportation or killings. Albanian volunteers did, however, form an SS (Schutzstaffel) division, the 21st Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Skanderbeg (1st Albanian). thumb 120px left Konrāds Kalējs (Image:Konrads Kalejs.jpg), wartime photo The '''Arajs Kommando''' (also: ''Sonderkommando Arajs''), led by SS-Sturmbannführer Viktors Arājs, was a unit of Latvian Auxiliary Police ( Albert Bruce Matthews (Bruce Matthews (Canadian Army officer)) Aftermath In 1830 Albert had acquired a city palace in Berlin on Wilhelmstraße, then called ''Prinz-Albrecht-Palais''. An adjacent street off Wilhelmstraße laid out in 1891 was named ''Prinz-Albrecht-Straße''. After the Nazi ''Machtergreifung'' it became notorious as the seat of the Gestapo and the Reichsführer-SS. The ''Prinz-Albrecht-Palais'' itself from 1934 served as the headquarters of the SS Sicherheitsdienst under Reinhard Heydrich, from 1939 the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA). In 1944 the building was heavily damaged by air raids (Bombing of Berlin in World War II) and finally demolished in 1955. Since 1951 the street is named Niederkirchnerstraße, the area is now part of the Topography of Terror project. In 1940, Landau transferred to KdS SD (Sicherheitsdienst) in Radom governed by the General Government where he met typist Gertrude, to whom he later addressed his letters.


research team

(''Einsatzgruppen'' A) who had also participated in the Holocaust. From early July 1944 until the end of war he worked as Commander of the Gestapo in the Netherlands. Schöngarth

also participated in the Holocaust. From early July 1944 until the end of war he worked as Commander of the Gestapo in the Netherlands. On 2 August 1943, ref name "guinness


membership number

organizer. Six joined the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) in 1935 and his SS membership number was 107,480. Biondi, Robert, ed., ''SS Officers List: SS-Standartenführer to SS-Oberstgruppenführer'' (As of 30 January 1942), Schiffer Military History Publishing, 2000, p. 26. Impressed by his academic achievements and outstanding curriculum, Reinhard Heydrich appointed him as head of Amt VII, Written Records of the RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt) which dealt mainly with ideology


critical roles

at the Bendlerstraße offices in Berlin, so he could phone regular army units all over Europe in an attempt to convince them to arrest leaders of Nazi political organizations such as the ''Sicherheitsdienst'' (SD) and the ''Gestapo''. Unfortunately, when General Helmuth Stieff, Chief of Operation at Army High Command (OKH), who had regular access to Hitler, backtracked from his earlier commitment to assassinate Hitler, Stauffenberg was forced to take on two critical roles: kill Hitler far


quot defensive

von Hindenburg , he quickly made efforts to manipulate the aging president. On 28 February 1933, Hitler convinced Hindenburg to declare a state of emergency which suspended all civil liberties throughout Germany, due at least in part to the Reichstag Fire the night before, assuring Hindenburg throughout that he was attempting to stabilize the tumultuous political scene in Germany by taking a "defensive measure against Communist acts of violence endangering the state." ref>


personal power

, were involved in the 20 July 1944 plot (20 July plot) to assassinate Hitler. This prompted Hitler to disband the ''Abwehr'' and make Himmler's Security Service (Sicherheitsdienst) (''Sicherheitsdienst'', or SD) the sole intelligence service of the Third Reich. This increased Himmler's personal power. 20 July plot It was determined that leaders of German Military Intelligence (the ''Abwehr''), including its head, Admiral Wilhelm Canaris

, were involved in the 20 July 1944 plot (20 July plot) to assassinate Hitler. This prompted Hitler to disband the ''Abwehr'' and make Himmler's Security Service (Sicherheitsdienst) (''Sicherheitsdienst'', or SD) the sole intelligence service of the Third Reich. This increased Himmler's personal power. As World War II went on, Ribbentrop's once-friendly relations with the SS became increasingly strained. In January 1941, the nadir of SS-''Auswärtiges Amt


international military

. ''The Order of the Death’s Head: The Story of Hitler’s SS''. New York: Penguin Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-14139-012-3 * ''Judgment of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg'' - declaring SD and Gestapo to be criminal organizations. See: http: avalon.law.yale.edu imt judorg.asp#gestapo * Kater, Michael. ''The Nazi Party: A Social Profile of Members and Leaders, 1919-1945''. Cambridge: Harvard University, 1983. ISBN 978-0-67460-655-5 * Kershaw, Ian. ''Hitler: 1889-1936, Hubris''. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2000. ISBN 978-0-39332-035-0 * Kershaw, Ian. ''Hitler: 1936-1945, Nemesis''. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2001. ISBN 978-0-39304-994-7 * Albert Bruce Matthews (Bruce Matthews (Canadian Army officer)) Aftermath In 1830 Albert had acquired a city palace in Berlin on Wilhelmstraße, then called ''Prinz-Albrecht-Palais''. An adjacent street off Wilhelmstraße laid out in 1891 was named ''Prinz-Albrecht-Straße''. After the Nazi ''Machtergreifung'' it became notorious as the seat of the Gestapo and the Reichsführer-SS. The ''Prinz-Albrecht-Palais'' itself from 1934 served as the headquarters of the SS Sicherheitsdienst under Reinhard Heydrich, from 1939 the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA). In 1944 the building was heavily damaged by air raids (Bombing of Berlin in World War II) and finally demolished in 1955. Since 1951 the street is named Niederkirchnerstraße, the area is now part of the Topography of Terror project. In 1940, Landau transferred to KdS SD (Sicherheitsdienst) in Radom governed by the General Government where he met typist Gertrude, to whom he later addressed his letters.

Sicherheitsdienst

'''''Sicherheitsdienst''''' ( ), full title '''''Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS''''', or '''SD''', was the intelligence agency of the SS (Schutzstaffel) and the Nazi Party in Nazi Germany. The organization was the first Nazi Party intelligence organization to be established and was considered a sister organization with the Gestapo, which the SS had infiltrated heavily after 1934. Between 1933 and 1939, the SD was administered as an independent SS office, after which it was transferred to the authority of the Reich Main Security Office (''Reichssicherheitshauptamt'', or RSHA (SS-Reichssicherheitshauptamt)), as one of its seven departments offices. McNab, Chris. ''The SS: 1923–1945'', p. 41. Its first director, Reinhard Heydrich, intended for the SD to bring every single individual within the Third Reich's reach under "continuous supervision." Krausnick, Helmut, et al. ''Anatomy of the SS State'', pp. 166-167.

Following Germany's defeat in World War II, the SD was declared a criminal organisation at the Nuremberg Trials, along with the rest of Reinhard Heydrich's Reich Security Main Office (SS-Reichssicherheitshauptamt) (including the Gestapo) both individually and as branches of the SS (Schutzstaffel) in the collective. ''Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression'' (1946), pp. 91-102. Heydrich's successor, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, was sentenced to death for war crimes at the Nuremberg Tribunals and hanged in 1946. Weale (2012). ''Army of Evil: A History of the SS'', pp. 410-411.

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