Serbia and Montenegro

What is Serbia and Montenegro known for?


team representing

Olympics ''' in Turin, Italy. This was the last appearance of a team representing a joint Montenegrin (Montenegro) and Serbian state at the Olympic venue. The country calling code (List of country calling codes) of Serbia is +381. Serbia and Montenegro received the code of +381 following the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992 (which had +38 as country code). Montenegro switched to +382 after its independence in 2006, so +381 is now


playing basketball

, and would likely worsen the situation of the Archbishopric). As well some Serbs have said that any such community should include restitution of land taken away from the Serbian Orthodox Church by the communists after World War II. Lastly, some Serbs who support the existence of a Serbian Orthodox Monastic Community in Kosovo want it to not be part of Kosovo if Kosovo gets independence, but for it to be part of Serbia and be given status of extraterritoriality. Vraneš started playing

basketball at Serbian club FMP Železnik (KK FMP). Still a junior, he was snapped up by the Turkish (Turkey) club Tofaş (Tofaş S.K.) for the 2000–01 season. Then he moved to Efes Pilsen (Efes Pilsen S.K.). Unable to adjust, he returned to Montenegro (then Serbia and Montenegro) in January 2002, where he played for Budućnost Podgorica (KK Budućnost Podgorica) until the summer of 2003. 1930 (1930 FIFA World Cup) br>


major success

Between 1941 and 1944, the Serbian Banat (Banat (1941–1944)) was occupied by the World War II Axis powers. Formally it was part of Serbia (Serbia (1941–1944)), but it actually was a virtually separate autonomous region ruled by its German minority. Since 1945, the Serbian Banat (together with Bačka and Syrmia), has been part of the Serbian (Socialist Republic of Serbia) Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (1945–1963)), first as part of the Second (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) and Third (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) Yugoslavias, then as part of Serbia and Montenegro, and, since 2006, as part of an independent Serbia. Since 1918, the town was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929), while during Axis occupation of Yugoslavia, from 1941 to 1944, it was part of the German-occupied puppet state of Serbia (Serbia (1941-1944)). Since 1944, Požarevac was part of new socialist Serbia (SR Serbia) within socialist Yugoslavia (SFRY). Since 1992, the town was part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (renamed to Serbia and Montenegro in 2003), and since 2006, it is part of an independent Republic of Serbia. Beginning in 1944, the town was part of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina within the new Socialist Yugoslavia (SFRY) and, from 1945, within the Socialist Republic of Serbia. From 1992 to 2003 it was part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was then transformed into the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. Since the 2006 independence of Montenegro, Sremska Mitrovica is part of an independent Serbia. Between 1941 and 1944, it was under Axis (Axis Powers) occupation, and was part of the autonomous Banat (Banat (1941–1944)) within German (Germany)-occupied Serbia. Beginning in 1945, Zrenjanin was part of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina within the new Socialist Yugoslavia (SFRY), and from 1992 to 2003 it was part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was then transformed into the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. Since the 2006 independence of Montenegro, Zrenjanin has been part of an independent Serbia. Serbia and Montenegro are listed as separate countries, although at the time of the estimates they were also considered as one country (Serbia and Montenegro). There is some discussion about whether Kosovo should be recognised as a separate country. ''De facto'' it can be considered as one, but ''de jure'' recognition is not clear-cut (International reaction to the 2008 declaration of independence by Kosovo). Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Austria, the Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burma, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo (Republic of the Congo), Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Faroe Islands, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Serbia and Montenegro, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam Mijailović was for some time a citizen of both Serbia and Montenegro and of Sweden, but after the crime applied to have his Swedish citizenship revoked. His application was granted by the Swedish National Migration Board on 20 September 2004; however this did not have any effect on the judicial process. International sanctions were lifted in 2000, and JAT resumed regular flight services. To celebrate the move that coincided with the country restructuring from FR Yugoslavia to Serbia and Montenegro, JAT Yugoslav Airlines changed its name to Jat Airways on 8 August 2003. Jat sold its last McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 with the registration YU-AMB named as the "City of Belgrade


successful run

, it was decided that Croatia, who finished 11th in the 2005 Contest, would fill the empty spot. *As of the conclusion of the 2008 contest, Greece holds the record for the most successful run in the Eurovision Song Contest since its shake-up in 2004. It is the only country that has not yet been relegated to the semi-final (excluding the Big Four), after having attained places in the top 10 since then (third in 2004, first in 2005, ninth in 2006). This record has been maintained beyond Athens, reaching seventh in Helsinki 2007, third in Belgrade 2008, seventh in Moscow 2009, eighth in Oslo 2010 and seventh again in Düsseldorf 2011. Turkey is followed after, in 2003 they won with Sertab Erener singing Everyway that I can. In 2004 (4th), In 2007 (4th), In 2008 (7th), In 2009 (4th) and In 2010 (2nd), unfortunately, their break ended when they couldn't participate for the Grand Final in 2011. *Despite having withdrawn from the 2006 contest, Serbia and Montenegro retained their voting rights. During the announcement of their votes, spokesperson Jovana Janković said "So, as you know, we don't have a song for you this year, but we promise that next year we will give you the best one". Her promise was fulfilled when Marija Šerifović of Serbia won the contest the following year (Eurovision Song Contest 2007). http: www.youtube.com watch?v 54kQ9OJDKC0 Janković would also host the 2008 Contest. *Alexis Kostalas, the long-time Greek (Greeks) spokesman, jokingly described Finland's Lordi "beautiful, gorgeous, sweet-looking creatures" before giving them the maximum twelve points, which eventually cemented their victory. History HSP BiH was founded in 1991 as branch of Croatian Party of Rights. One of the most notable early members of the party is Blaž Kraljević, a general of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and founder of the Croatian Defence Forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina. His unit made significiant efforts in defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Party's activity during War in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995) was marked by efforts of keeping unity and friendship of Croats and Bosniaks, its resistance against partition of Bosnia and Herzegovina between Republic of Croatia (Croatia) and FR Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and devotion on unification of Croatian and Bosniak state. Part'y earlier political orientation was more nationalist and radicale. After Croatian Democratic Union eliminated Kraljević and had political monopoly over Herzeg-Bosnia, HSP BiH was dissolved. However, party's activity was once again established in 1996. WikiPedia:Serbia and Montenegro Dmoz:Regional Europe Serbia and Montenegro


team football

change. However, .cs was never actually used, and .yu remained one of the few ccTLDs that did not correspond (CcTLD#ccTLDs not in ISO 3166-1) to a current ISO 3166-1 two-letter code. WikiPedia:Serbia and Montenegro Dmoz:Regional Europe Serbia and Montenegro


working relationship

adversary Croatia. Although a difficult political issue domestically, Serbia has established a solid working relationship with UNMIK and has released all disputed ethnic Albanian prisoners from Kosovo to the competent UN bodies. Foreign aid Subsequent to the outbreak of hostilities with NATO, Belgrade received no foreign aid from the United States and other west European countries, but has received much aid from other countries such as Russia and Greece. Since October 2000


legal term

Milošević's last legal term as Serbian President ended and he became Federal President that year, in which Milošević entrenched the power of the Federal Presidency.) Milošević installed and forced the removal of several federal presidents (such as Dobrica Ćosić) and prime ministers (Milan Panić). However, the Montenegrin government, initially enthusiastic supporters of Milošević, started gradually distancing themselves from

carried out pro-independence policies, and political tensions with Serbia simmered despite political changes in Belgrade. Kosovo War thumb right 200px The ''Zašto?'' ("Why?") Monument, dedicated to the employees of the Radio Television of Serbia ( Radio Television of Serbia RTS (File:Zasto.jpg)) who were killed during NATO bombing of the RTS building in 1999. With Milošević's second and last legal term as Serbian President expiring in 1997, he ran

last legal term as Serbian president ended in 1997. The presidential election in 2000 was accused of being the result of vote fraud. Yugoslav citizens took to the streets and engaged in riots in Belgrade (Overthrow of Slobodan Milošević) demanding that Milošević be removed from power. Shortly afterwards Milošević resigned and Vojislav Koštunica took over as Yugoslav president and remained president until the state's reconstitution as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Federal


difficult political

adversary Croatia. Although a difficult political issue domestically, Serbia has established a solid working relationship with UNMIK and has released all disputed ethnic Albanian prisoners from Kosovo to the competent UN bodies. Foreign aid Subsequent to the outbreak of hostilities with NATO, Belgrade received no foreign aid from the United States and other west European countries, but has received much aid from other countries such as Russia and Greece. Since October 2000


top professional

seasons with FK Rad he left in May 2000, moving from his native FR Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) to play for Júbilo Iwata of the J. League Division 1, the top professional football league in Japan. Playing as a midfielder, his skills were well suited to providing accurate crosses for forwards (striker). During his time in Japan he played a total of 56 games, all for Júbilo Iwata, and scored 7 goals. He then moved to Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C. Shandong Luneng


Kosovo

;small (2003–2006) Montenegro and most of Kosovo After

2003, no city was the official capital, but legislative and executive institutions remained located in Belgrade. Podgorica served as the seat of the Supreme Court. footnote_b '''Serbia and Montenegro

with Montenegrin President Momir Bulatović, the republic undertook a different economic policy by adopting the Deutsche Mark as its currency. During autumn 1999, following the Kosovo War and the NATO bombing campaign, Đukanović (who by now firmly held power in Montenegro as Bulatović was completely squeezed out) drafted a document called ''Platforma za redefiniciju odnosa Crne Gore i Srbije'' (A platform for redefinition of relations within the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Serbia and Montenegro

'''Serbia and Montenegro''' was a country in Southeast Europe, created from the two remaining republics of Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) after its breakup (Breakup of Yugoslavia) in 1991. The republics of Serbia (Republic of Serbia (federal)) and Montenegro (Republic of Montenegro (federal)) together established a federation in 1992 as the '''Federal Republic of Yugoslavia''' (abbreviated '''FRY''';

The FRY aspired to be a sole legal successor (Succession of states) to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, but those claims were opposed by other former republics. The United Nations also denied its request to automatically continue the membership of the former state (United Nations Security Council Resolution 777). wrongly gives the date as 2 November 2000. UN General Assembly Resolution 55 12 was passed and FRY took its seat on 1 November 2000. From 1992 to 2000, some countries, including the United States, referred to the FRY as "Serbia and Montenegro". 1999 CIA World Factbook: Serbia and Montenegro

The FRY was initially dominated by Slobodan Milošević as President of Serbia (1989–1997) and then President of Yugoslavia (1997–2000). Sabrina P. Ramet. ''Serbia Since 1989: Politics and Society Under Milošević and After''. University of Washington Press, 2005. P. 61. (During Milošević's tenure as President of Serbia, the government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was de facto subordinate to his government, with Milošević installing and forcing the removal of several Federal Presidents and Prime Ministers. However this changed after 1997 when Milošević's last legal term as Serbian President ended and he became Federal President that year, in which Milošević entrenched the power of the Federal Presidency.) Milošević installed and forced the removal of several federal presidents (such as Dobrica Ćosić) and prime ministers (Milan Panić). However, the Montenegrin government, initially enthusiastic supporters of Milošević, started gradually distancing themselves from his policies. That culminated in regime change in 1996, when his former ally Milo Đukanović reversed his policies, became leader of Montenegro's ruling party and subsequently dismissed former Montenegrin leader Momir Bulatović, who remained loyal to the Milošević government. As Bulatović was given central positions in Belgrade from that time (as federal Prime Minister), Đukanović continued to govern Montenegro and further isolated it from Serbia, so that from 1996 to 2006, Montenegro and Serbia were only nominally one country—governance at every feasible level was conducted locally (Belgrade for Serbia and Podgorica for Montenegro).

A loose union, Serbia and Montenegro were united only in certain realms, such as defense. The two constituent republics functioned separately throughout the period of the Federal Republic, and continued to operate under separate economic policies, as well as using separate currencies (the euro was the only legal tender in Montenegro). On 21 May 2006, the Montenegrin independence referendum (Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006) was held, and 55.5% of voters voted in favor of independence. The state union effectively came to an end after Montenegro's formal declaration of independence on 3 June 2006, and Serbia's formal declaration of independence on 5 June. After the dissolution, Serbia became the legal successor (Succession of states) of the union, while Montenegro re-applied for membership in international organizations.

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