url http: www.merit.unu.edu archive docs hl 200611_Sergey%20-%20Conference%20Report.pdf title Opinion Page format PDF date accessdate 2010-10-15 (M for Mexico), "BRICA" (GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) Arab countries – Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman and the United Arab Emirates)
that followed, the 24th Division played an important part of Operation Desert Shield by providing heavy firepower with its large number of armored vehicles, including 216 M1A1 Abrams tank (Main Battle Tank)s. Kraus and Schubert, p. 56. Elements of the division were still arriving in September, and in the logistical chaos that followed the rapid arrival of US forces in the region, the soldiers of the 24th Division were housed in warehouses, airport hangars, and on the desert sand. Kraus and Schubert, p. 67. The 24th remained in relatively stationary positions in defense of Saudi Arabia until additional American forces arrived for Operation Desert Storm. When the United Nations intervened in Kuwait in 1990, the 24th Infantry Division, which was part of the Rapid Deployment Force (United States Rapid Deployment Forces), was one of the first units deployed to Southwest Asia. It arrived in 10 large cargo ships of the US Navy Sealift Command. Kraus and Schubert, p. 91. Advance elements of the 24th Division began arriving in Saudi Arabia on 17 August. Kraus and Schubert, p. 55. Some controversy erupted when the division's round-out unit, the 48th Infantry Brigade (Mechanized), of the Georgia National Guard, was not called up for service. Kraus and Schubert, p. 71. Army leaders decided that the use of National Guard forces was unnecessary, as they felt the active-duty force had sufficient troops. Kraus and Schubert, p. 72. The 48th Brigade was replaced once the 24th Division was in Saudi Arabia with the regular Army's 197th Infantry Brigade (Mechanized) (197th Infantry Brigade). The 24th Division was then assigned to XVIII Airborne Corps as the corps' heavy-armored division. Kraus and Schubert, p. 53. In the months that followed, the 24th Division played an important part of Operation Desert Shield by providing heavy firepower with its large number of armored vehicles, including 216 M1A1 Abrams tank (Main Battle Tank)s. Kraus and Schubert, p. 56. Elements of the division were still arriving in September, and in the logistical chaos that followed the rapid arrival of US forces in the region, the soldiers of the 24th Division were housed in warehouses, airport hangars, and on the desert sand. Kraus and Schubert, p. 67. The 24th remained in relatively stationary positions in defense of Saudi Arabia until additional American forces arrived for Operation Desert Storm. The city is especially popular with tourists from Northern Europe (including the United Kingdom, Ireland and Germany) and also Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and the United States. Marbella is particularly noted for the presence of celebrities and wealthy people; it is a major destination for luxury cruise ships and mega yachts which dock in its harbour. The area is popular with golfers and boaters, and there are many private estates and luxury hotels in the vicinity. Marbella hosts a WTA (Women's Tennis Association) tennis tournament on red clay, the Andalucia Tennis Experience. Exfiltration route Standard operating procedures mandate that before an infiltration of any team behind enemy lines, an exfiltration route should be planned so that members of the patrol know where to go if they get separated or something goes wrong. The plans of the patrol indicated a southern exfiltration route towards Saudi Arabia. According to the SAS daily record log kept during that time, a TACBE (Tactical beacon) transmission from the patrol was received on 24 January. The log read "Bravo Two Zero made TACBE contact again, it was reasonable to assume that they were moving south," though in fact the patrol headed north-west towards the Syrian border. Coburn's account suggests that during the planning phase of the mission, Syria had been the agreed destination should an escape plan need to be implemented. He also suggests that this was on the advice of the Officer Commanding B Squadron at that time. *7 November - A devastating Category 4 (Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale) Cyclone strikes Andhra Pradesh, India. The storm surge sweeps fishing villages out to sea, over 2,000 people die. 95% of the crops are completely destroyed. *12 November — A Saudi Arabian Boeing 747 jumbo jet and a Kazakhstan Ilyushin cargo plane collide near New Delhi, killing 349 people in the world's deadliest mid-air collision. *28 November — Chinese President (President of the People's Republic of China) Jiang Zemin begins the first visit by a Chinese head of state to India. Desert Storm and the Post-Cold War Era Not many of the Tropic Lightning's units participated in Operation Desert Storm, due to the division being earmarked for Pacific contingencies, such as a renewal of hostilities in Korea. However, during the Gulf War, one platoon each from Companies A, B and C, 4th Battalion, 27th Infantry ("Wolfhounds"), deployed to Saudi Arabia in January 1991. These Tropic Lightning soldiers were scheduled to be replacement squads in the ground campaign; however, after observing their outstanding performance in desert warfare training, the Assistant Commander of Third U.S. Army asked for them to become the security force for the Army's Forward Headquarters. In that role, the Wolfhound platoons were alerted and attached to Third Army (Forward) into Kuwait City 26 February, where they secured the headquarters area and conducted mop-up operations in the city and its adjacent mine fields. Company A's platoon was separated from the other Wolfhounds following that battle to accompany General H. Norman Schwarzkopf (Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr.) into Iraq 1 March 1991 to provide security at the truce signing. The three platoons returned to Schofield Barracks without casualties on 20 March 1991.
to enter Kuwait City and captured the Kuwait International Airport. Based on this statistical study series, Spain's Real Madrid (Real Madrid C.F.), Uruguay's Peñarol (C.A. Peñarol), Ghana's Asante Kotoko (Asante Kotoko F.C.), Saudi Arabia's Al-Hilal (Al-Hilal Riyadh), Costa Rica's Saprissa (C.D. Saprissa) and Australia's South Melbourne (South Melbourne FC) were named as "continental clubs of the century" by the IFFHS between 10 September and 13 October
USAFCENT - Despite intense intelligence cooperation, both countries have been heavily engaged in espionage operations against one another. The United States has mainly tried to penetrate Israel's political, military and intelligence circles and gather information on Israel's alleged nuclear and non-conventional capabilities, while Israel has engaged in industrial espionage in the United States in an attempt to boost its military and alleged nuclear capabilities.
on cruise ship called “Le Fauchon” Source: “Martine PRÉMAT a démocratisé le luxe”, Page seen on October 8, 2009 The Prémats also attempted in the 1990s to continue the international development of their predecessors by opening Fauchon stores in Geneva and in Saudi Arabia. They ended up very quickly closing them a few years later. They also make Fauchon sponsor the car race Paris Dakar Rally. Losses run
high, the company loses its cachet. As the writer Jean-Michel Salvator explained: “The family is fighting; the company no longer knows where it is going. But more importantly, Fauchon has become the victim of its own errors. Strategic error when the company started selling its products at mass-market retailers, at Carrefour and Auchan. Management error when it launched its cruise ship to promote French gastronomy. Source: Journal du Dimanche newspaper, article on February
systematically studied in the 1981,and currently being explored and reported by the Saudi Geological survey. '''Saudi Arabia''' has an oil-based '''economy''' with strong government control over major economic activities. Saudi Arabia possesses 18% : OPEC - Saudi Arabia of the world's proven petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC, although its influence has waned in recent years. "OPEC Decides Not To Increase Oil Production", Jeff Brady. NPR. 8 june 2011. Retrieved 19 aug 2011 An ADSL service in Saudi Arabia has become available since 2001. As part of its monopoly on all methods of communication in Saudi Arabia, the Saudi Telecom Company is the only complete provider, though several ISPs are available, with the permission of STC (Saudi Telecom Company). An ADSL service in Saudi Arabia has become available since 2001. As part of its monopoly on all methods of communication in Saudi Arabia, the Saudi Telecom Company is the only complete provider, though several ISPs are available, with the permission of STC (Saudi Telecom Company). STC (Saudi Telecom Company) is the only provider for telephone lines in Saudi Arabia. For this reason customers have to pay two fees, one to STC (Saudi Telecom Company) for activation of the ADSL service across the telephone line, and a second to an ISP to provide Internet service across the ADSL line. STC (Saudi Telecom Company) has been highly criticized for their service in providing ADSL access as customers had to wait many months to receive ADSL service on their phone lines. In 2006, STC had invested in increasing the size of their ADSL infrastructure and since then the wait times had improved, but many customers are still on waiting lists. As of October 2006, the 20 Internet service providers in Saudi Arabia became connected through "Data service provider" -licensed companies, such as Saudi Telecom Company. The ISPs were previously connected through KACST (King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology) (King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology), who was also responsible for DNS (Domain Name System) and filtering traffic. Since October 2006 the Communications and Information Technology Commission is responsible for DNS (Domain Name System) and filtering services.
excels at manufacturing high-tech consumer products, and before long, Zero One's consistent export of cheap, reliable, mass-produced goods begin to undercut the global economy. date 2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991 (210 days) (Operation Desert Storm officially ended 30 November 1995) place History of Iraq
, Saudi Arabia, Germany, India, Colombia, and the Netherlands (Netherlands).
the publication of Musalam's poem ''The Corrupt on Earth'' that criticized the state's Islamic judiciary. In it, the poet accused some judges of being corrupt and issuing unfair rulings for their own personal benefit. * November: Raymond Benson releases his final James Bond novel, a novelization of the film ''Die Another Day'', bringing to a close an uninterrupted series of novels based upon Ian Fleming's character that started in 1981 (1981 in literature). Philippines 1994–1995
as a Foreign Language and worked abroad for eleven years, in Kuwait, Greece and Saudi Arabia. He returned to Scotland in 1990 and now lives with his family in Carnoustie, mixing writing with teaching EFL and study skills at the University of Dundee. He is married to Rona Wishart, librarian at St Leonards School in St. Andrews, and has two children. He does not play golf but spends a great deal of his non-writing time walking the dog. ''(Source: Publishers biog.)'' According to Muslim biographies, Muhammed, having received intelligence that Byzantine forces were concentrating in northern Arabia with alleged intentions of invading Arabia, led a Muslim army north to Tabouk (Tabuk, Saudi Arabia) in present-day northwestern Saudi Arabia, with the intention of pre-emptively engaging the Byzantine army; the news, however, proved to be false. Though it was not a battle (battle of Tabouk) in the typical sense, nevertheless the event, if it actually occurred, would have represented the first Arab attack on the Byzantines. It did not, however, lead immediately to a military confrontation. "Muhammad", ''Late Antiquity''; Butler (2007), 145 However, there is no contemporary Byzantine account of the Tabuk expedition, and many of the details come from much later Muslim sources. It has been argued that there is in one Byzantine source a possible reference to the Battle of Mu´tah (Battle of Mu'tah) traditionally dated 629, but this is not certain. Kaegi (1995), 67 The first engagements may have started as conflicts with the Arab client states of the Byzantine and Sassanid empires: the Ghassanids and the Lakhmids of Al-Hirah. In any case, Muslim Arabs after 634 certainly pursued a full-blown invasion of both empires, resulting in the conquest of the Levant, Egypt (Roman Egypt) and Persia for Islam. The most successful generals were Khalid ibn al-Walid and 'Amr ibn al-'As. This flaring is highly concentrated: 10 countries account for 70% of emissions, and twenty for 85%. The top ten leading contributors to world gas flaring in 2010, were (in declining order): Russia (26%), Nigeria (11%), Iran (8%), Iraq (7%), Algeria (4%), Angola (3%), Kazakhstan (3%), Libya (3%), Saudi Arabia (3%) and Venezuela (2%). Global Gas Flaring reduction, The World Bank, "Estimated Flared Volumes from Satellite Data, 2006-2010." '''Jabal an-Nour''' (also '''Jabal an-Nur''' or '''Jabal Nur'''), (
'''Saudi Arabia''' , constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula), and the second-largest in the Arab world after Algeria. It is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen in the south. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast and much of its terrain consists of inhospitable desert.
The area of modern-day Saudi Arabia formerly consisted of four distinct regions: Hejaz, Najd and parts of Eastern Arabia (Al-Hasa) and Southern Arabia ('Asir ('Asir Region)).
Saudi Arabia is the world's dominant oil producer and exporter (List of countries by oil exports) while it controls the world's second largest hydrocarbon reserves (List of countries by proven oil reserves). Backed by the energy reserves, the kingdom is categorized as a high income economy and is the only Arab country to be part of the G-20 major economies. It is an active member of Gulf Cooperation Council (Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf), Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and OPEC.