Santiago de Cuba

What is Santiago de Cuba known for?


highly political

Barracks, who was imprisoned, tortured, and executed on the same day as the attack. Ramonet, Ignacio, ''ibid'', p. 672 The survivors, among them Fidel Castro and his brother Raúl Castro Ruz, were captured shortly afterwards. In a highly political trial, Fidel Castro spoke for nearly four hours in his defense, ending with the words; "Condemn me, it does not matter. History will absolve me." Fidel Castro was sentenced to 15 years in the Presidio Modelo prison


early+title

real menace" to the fleet blockading Santiago (Santiago de Cuba); and pushed for the acquisition of torpedo boats and torpedo boat destroyers. As President (President of the United States), Theodore Roosevelt continued to pay close attention to naval affairs, including


sports amp

Contramaestre , Mayarí Arriba (Mayarí Arriba, Cuba), San Luis (San Luis, Santiago de Cuba) and Songo-la Maya (La Maya, Cuba). After the war, Alemán served as Governor and Senator for the province of Las Villas, as Minister of Education, and as Ambassador to Mexico. He fought for equal civil rights for all Cubans. He founded the first Agricultural schools, the first institutes of Commerce, the first Sports & Physical Education Institute, and the School of Fine Arts at Santiago


music home

Latin American music, arts and culture to Europe." Tumi music. Home page. Retrieved 23 March 2007. Akiyama’s tour of duty coincided with the start of the Spanish-American War, and he joined the American fleet as a foreign military observer. He was able to watch American forces capture Santiago de Cuba in June 1898, and the blockade of Havana harbor in July. Akiyama


international published

frontcover#PPA74,M1 In 1977, a report


strong emphasis

and Guantánamo), formerly known as Oriente (Oriente Province). Because these early groups did not write down and publish their music, it is unclear how the changuí originated, and whether it is a precursor to the mainstream son or not. Changuí has been characterised by its strong emphasis on the downbeat, and is often fast and very percussive. Early years Heredia was born at Fortuna Cafeyere, near Santiago de Cuba of Spanish ''Criollo (Spanish Criollo peoples)'' and French ancestry. At the age of eight he went from the West Indies to France, returning then to Havana at age seventeen, and finally making France his home not long afterwards. He received his classical education (Classical Christian education) with the priests of Saint Vincent at Senlis, and after his visit to Havana he studied at the Ecole des Chartes at Paris. During the later 1860s, with François Edouard Joachim Coppée, René François Armand Sully-Prudhomme, Paul Verlaine and others less distinguished, he was one of the poets who associated with Charles Leconte de Lisle, and were given the name of "Parnassiens". '''El Caney''' (also '''Caney''') is a small village 4 miles (6.4 km) to the northeast of Santiago (Santiago de Cuba), Cuba. "Caney" means longhouse in Taíno (Taíno language). Wikipedia:Santiago de Cuba Commons:Category:Santiago de Cuba


experimental stage

Category:Populated places established in 1514 Category:Port cities in Cuba Moving from the experimental stage to a more commercial endeavour, he and his brother José set up shop in a Santiago de Cuba distillery they bought in 1862; that distillery housed a still made of copper and cast iron. In the rafters of this building lived fruit bats (Leaf-nosed bat). Hence, the BACARDI bat logo. Our heritage: the early years from the company's corporate website thumb 200px A monument to the Taíno chieftain Hatuey in Baracoa (Image:Hatuey monument, Baracoa, Cuba.JPG), Cuba. In 1513, Ferdinand II of Aragon issued a decree establishing the encomienda land settlement system that was to be incorporated throughout the Spanish Americas. Velázquez, who had become Governor of Cuba relocating from Baracoa to Santiago de Cuba, was given the task of apportioning both the land and the indigenous Cubans to groups throughout the new colony. The scheme was not a success, however, as the Cubans either succumbed to diseases brought from Spain such as measles and smallpox, or simply refused to work, preferring to slip away into the mountains. Desperate for labor to toil the new agricultural settlements, the Conquistadors sought slaves from surrounding islands and the continental mainland. But these new arrivals followed the indigenous Cubans by also dispersing into the wilderness or suffering a similar fate at the hands of disease. thumb 250px A depiction of the British fleet closing in on Havana in 1762. (Image:British fleet entering Havana.jpg) Colonial Cuba was a frequent target of buccaneers, pirates and French corsairs seeking Spain's New World riches. Repeated raids meant that defences were bolstered throughout the island during the 16th century. Havana was furnished with the fortress of Castillo de los Tres Reyes Magos del Morro to deter potential invaders, which included the English privateer Francis Drake, who sailed within sight of Havana harbour but did not disembark on the island. Gott, Richard: Cuba, A A new history, Yale University Press: 2004, p 32 Havana's inability to resist invaders was dramatically exposed in 1628, when a Dutch fleet led by Piet Heyn plundered the Spanish ships in the city's harbor. Gott, Richard: Cuba, A A new history, Yale University Press: 2004, p 34-35 In 1662, English admiral and pirate Christopher Myngs captured and briefly occupied Santiago de Cuba on the eastern part of the island, in an effort to open up Cuba's protected trade with neighbouring Jamaica. Fidel Castro, a young lawyer from a rich family, who was running for a seat in the Chamber of Representatives for the Partido Ortodoxo, circulated a petition to depose Batista's government on the grounds that it had illegitimately suspended the electoral process. However, the petition was not acted upon by the courts. On 26 July 1953 Castro led a historic attack on the Moncada Barracks near Santiago de Cuba, but failed. Many soldiers were killed by Castro's forces. Castro was captured, tried and sentenced to 15 years in prison. However, he was released by the Batista government in 1956, when amnesty was given to many political prisoners, including the ones that assaulted the Moncada barracks. Castro subsequently went into exile in Mexico where he met Ernesto "Che" Guevara. While in Mexico, he organized the 26th of July Movement with the goal of overthrowing Batista. A group of 82 men sailed to Cuba on board the yacht ''Granma (Granma (yacht))'', landing in the eastern part of the island in December 1956. Despite a pre-landing rising in Santiago by Frank Pais and his followers of the urban pro-Castro movement, most of Castro's men were promptly killed, dispersed or taken prisoner by Batista's forces. Cuba built the first railway system in the Spanish empire, before the 1848 start in the Iberian peninsula (History of rail transport in Spain). While the rail infrastructure dates from colonial and early republican times, passenger service along the principal Havana to Santiago corridor is increasingly reliable and popular with tourists who can purchase tickets in Cuban convertible pesos. As with most public transport in Cuba, the vehicles used are second hand, and the flagship ''Tren Francés'' ("French train") between Havana and Santiago de Cuba is operated by coaches originally used in Europe between Paris and Amsterdam on the ex-TEE (Trans Europ Express) express. The train is formed by 12 coaches and a Chinese-built locomotive. Expressways (autopistas) include *the Autopista Nacional (A1) from Havana to Santa Clara (Santa Clara, Cuba) and Sancti Spiritus (Sancti Spiritus, Cuba), with additional short sections near Santiago (Santiago de Cuba) and Guantanamo *the Autopista Este-Oeste (A4) from Havana to Pinar del Río In the 1920 United States presidential election Republican (Republican Party (United States)) candidate Warren Harding criticized the occupation and promised eventual U.S. withdrawal. While Jimenes and Vásquez sought concessions from the United States, the collapse of sugar prices discredited the military government and gave rise to a new nationalist political organization, the Dominican National Union, led by Dr. Henríquez from exile in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba, which demanded unconditional withdrawal. They formed alliances with frustrated nationalists in Puerto Rico and Cuba, as well as critics of the occupation in the United States itself, most notably ''The Nation'' and the Haiti-San Domingo Independence Society. In May 1922, a Dominican lawyer, Francisco Peynado, went to Washington (Washington, D.C.) and negotiated what became known as the Hughes-Peynado Plan. It stipulated immediate establishment of a provisional government pending elections, approval of all laws enacted by the U.S. military government, and the continuation of the 1907 treaty until all the Dominican Republic's foreign debts had been settled. On October 1, Juan Bautista Vicini, the son of a wealthy Italian immigrant sugar planter, was named provisional president, and the process of U.S. withdrawal began. birth_date Wikipedia:Santiago de Cuba Commons:Category:Santiago de Cuba


extensive art

thumb Barbershop in Santiago de Cuba (File:Barbershop in Santiago de Cuba - Cuba.jpg) thumb left The tomb of Compay Segundo (File:Santiago de Cuba, Compay Segundo tomb.jpg) Santiago de Cuba was the hometown of poet José María Heredia. It houses a museum that displays the extensive art collection of the Bacardí (Emilio Bacardi) family. Santiago de Cuba is well known for its cultural life. Some of Cuba's most famous musicians, including Compay Segundo, Ibrahim Ferrer and Eliades Ochoa (all of whom participated in the Buena Vista Social Club) and trova composer Ñico Saquito (Benito Antonio Fernández Ortiz) were born in the city or in one of the villages surrounding it. They have contributed to the typical, country-like music of the city. Furthermore, Santiago de Cuba is well known for its traditional dances, most notably son (Son (music)), from which salsa (Salsa (dance)) has been derived, and guaguancó, which is accompanied by percussion music only. The city is also well known for its Carnival, which is strangely enough celebrated in July. During Carnival, traditional conga (Conga (music)) music is played in the streets on a traditional pentatonic trumpet, called the trompeta china. thumb Children Playing Chess on the Street - Santiago de Cuba (File:Children Playing Chess on the Street - Santiago de Cuba - Cuba.jpg) A relatively high number of residents of the city adhere to Afro-Cuban religions, most notably santería. The city hosts an important community of descendants from Haitian immigrants from the 19th century. Some aspects of the religious "vodún (Haitian Voodoo)" heritage of the city can be traced back to this community. In the city there are multiple architectural styles, from Baroque to neoclassical (Neoclassical architecture). Of special interest are the wooded parks, the steep streets, colonial buildings with huge windows and crowded balconies. Preserved historical treasures include the first home in the Americas, the first cathedral in Cuba, the first copper mine opened in the Americas and the first Cuban museum. World Heritage Site The local citadel of San Pedro de la Roca (Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca) is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "the most complete, best-preserved example of Spanish-American military architecture, based on Italian and Renaissance design principles" World Heritage Site World Heritage Biosphere Reserve The Baconao Park was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Biosphere Reserve List in 1987. Heritage Biosphere Reserve Site Geography Santiago de Cuba is located in the southeast of the island at coordinates 20 ° 01'17 .42 "N 75 ° 49'45 .75" O, some Wikipedia:Santiago de Cuba Commons:Category:Santiago de Cuba


long live

that in these countries which were discovered by the Spanish nation the echo of our language should ever cease to be heard, nor that our flag should disappear before the eyes…. Long live Puerto Rico, always Spanish. Long live Spain.” Macías y Casado hoped that a grant of autonomy would ensure that Puerto Ricans would remain loyal to the Spanish crown. 1517 Expedition Together with some 110 discontented Spanish settlers


cultural mix

under Christopher Myngs in 1662. The city experienced an influx of French and British immigrants in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, many coming from Haiti after the Haitian slave revolt of 1791 (Haitian Revolution). This added to the city's eclectic cultural mix, already rich with Spanish and African culture. It was also the location where Spanish troops faced their main defeat at San Juan Hill (San Juan Hill (Cuba)) on July 1, 1898, during the Spanish-American War. After

Santiago de Cuba

'''Santiago de Cuba''' is the second largest city of Cuba and capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island, some south-east of the Cuban capital of Havana.

The municipality extends over

Historically Santiago de Cuba has long been the second most important city on the island after Havana, and still remains the second largest. It is on a bay connected to the Caribbean Sea and is an important sea port. In 2004 the city of Santiago de Cuba had a population of about 509,143 people. Cuba demographics

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