on alleged abuse of psychiatry in Cuba presenting cases of ill-treatment in mental hospitals going back to the 1970s came out in the United States. It presents grave allegations that prisoners end up in the forensic ward of mental hospitals in Santiago de Cuba and Havana where they undergo ill-treatment including electroconvulsive therapy without muscle relaxants or anaesthesia.
. The city hosts an important community of descendants from Haitian immigrants from the 19th century. Some aspects of the religious "vodún (Haitian Voodoo)" heritage of the city can be traced back to this community. In the city there are multiple architectural styles, from Baroque to neoclassical (Neoclassical architecture). Of special interest are the wooded parks, the steep streets, colonial buildings with huge windows and crowded balconies. Preserved historical treasures
under Christopher Myngs in 1662. The city experienced an influx of French and British immigrants in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, many coming from Haiti after the Haitian slave revolt of 1791 (Haitian Revolution). This added to the city's eclectic cultural mix, already rich with Spanish and African culture. It was also the location where Spanish troops faced their main defeat at San Juan Hill (San Juan Hill (Cuba)) on July 1, 1898, during the Spanish-American War. After
in from Havana several times daily for $110 each way. There is also a weekly Service from Montego Bay, and a twice weekly service from Kingston (Kingston (Jamaica)), Jamaica on Air Jamaica Shuttle The Cost of a return journey is approximately US$360 (June 2012) By train Overnight train service along the main line from Havana via Matanzas, Santa Clara (Santa Clara (Cuba)), and Camagüey runs 2 of every 3 days. The ''Tren Francés
- music producer and husband of singer Gloria Estefan *Ibrahim Ferrer - musician *Sindo Garay - musician *José María Heredia y Heredia - poet *Pancho Herrera- professional baseball player *Alberto Juantorena - Olympic gold medallist, 1976 Olympics (1976 Summer Olympics) *Faizon Love - television film actor, comedian *Konnan - professional wrestler *Olga Guillot - singer *La Lupe - salsa singer *Antonio Maceo Grajales - independence hero * Rita
Category:Populated places established in 1514 Category:Port cities in Cuba Moving from the experimental stage to a more commercial endeavour, he and his brother José set up shop in a Santiago de Cuba distillery they bought in 1862; that distillery housed a still made of copper and cast iron. In the rafters of this building lived fruit bats (Leaf-nosed bat). Hence, the BACARDI bat logo. Our heritage: the early years from the company's corporate website thumb 200px A monument to the Taíno chieftain Hatuey in Baracoa (Image:Hatuey monument, Baracoa, Cuba.JPG), Cuba. In 1513, Ferdinand II of Aragon issued a decree establishing the encomienda land settlement system that was to be incorporated throughout the Spanish Americas. Velázquez, who had become Governor of Cuba relocating from Baracoa to Santiago de Cuba, was given the task of apportioning both the land and the indigenous Cubans to groups throughout the new colony. The scheme was not a success, however, as the Cubans either succumbed to diseases brought from Spain such as measles and smallpox, or simply refused to work, preferring to slip away into the mountains. Desperate for labor to toil the new agricultural settlements, the Conquistadors sought slaves from surrounding islands and the continental mainland. But these new arrivals followed the indigenous Cubans by also dispersing into the wilderness or suffering a similar fate at the hands of disease. thumb 250px A depiction of the British fleet closing in on Havana in 1762. (Image:British fleet entering Havana.jpg) Colonial Cuba was a frequent target of buccaneers, pirates and French corsairs seeking Spain's New World riches. Repeated raids meant that defences were bolstered throughout the island during the 16th century. Havana was furnished with the fortress of Castillo de los Tres Reyes Magos del Morro to deter potential invaders, which included the English privateer Francis Drake, who sailed within sight of Havana harbour but did not disembark on the island. Gott, Richard: Cuba, A A new history, Yale University Press: 2004, p 32 Havana's inability to resist invaders was dramatically exposed in 1628, when a Dutch fleet led by Piet Heyn plundered the Spanish ships in the city's harbor. Gott, Richard: Cuba, A A new history, Yale University Press: 2004, p 34-35 In 1662, English admiral and pirate Christopher Myngs captured and briefly occupied Santiago de Cuba on the eastern part of the island, in an effort to open up Cuba's protected trade with neighbouring Jamaica. Fidel Castro, a young lawyer from a rich family, who was running for a seat in the Chamber of Representatives for the Partido Ortodoxo, circulated a petition to depose Batista's government on the grounds that it had illegitimately suspended the electoral process. However, the petition was not acted upon by the courts. On 26 July 1953 Castro led a historic attack on the Moncada Barracks near Santiago de Cuba, but failed. Many soldiers were killed by Castro's forces. Castro was captured, tried and sentenced to 15 years in prison. However, he was released by the Batista government in 1956, when amnesty was given to many political prisoners, including the ones that assaulted the Moncada barracks. Castro subsequently went into exile in Mexico where he met Ernesto "Che" Guevara. While in Mexico, he organized the 26th of July Movement with the goal of overthrowing Batista. A group of 82 men sailed to Cuba on board the yacht ''Granma (Granma (yacht))'', landing in the eastern part of the island in December 1956. Despite a pre-landing rising in Santiago by Frank Pais and his followers of the urban pro-Castro movement, most of Castro's men were promptly killed, dispersed or taken prisoner by Batista's forces. Cuba built the first railway system in the Spanish empire, before the 1848 start in the Iberian peninsula (History of rail transport in Spain). While the rail infrastructure dates from colonial and early republican times, passenger service along the principal Havana to Santiago corridor is increasingly reliable and popular with tourists who can purchase tickets in Cuban convertible pesos. As with most public transport in Cuba, the vehicles used are second hand, and the flagship ''Tren Francés'' ("French train") between Havana and Santiago de Cuba is operated by coaches originally used in Europe between Paris and Amsterdam on the ex-TEE (Trans Europ Express) express. The train is formed by 12 coaches and a Chinese-built locomotive. Expressways (autopistas) include *the Autopista Nacional (A1) from Havana to Santa Clara (Santa Clara, Cuba) and Sancti Spiritus (Sancti Spiritus, Cuba), with additional short sections near Santiago (Santiago de Cuba) and Guantanamo *the Autopista Este-Oeste (A4) from Havana to Pinar del Río In the 1920 United States presidential election Republican (Republican Party (United States)) candidate Warren Harding criticized the occupation and promised eventual U.S. withdrawal. While Jimenes and Vásquez sought concessions from the United States, the collapse of sugar prices discredited the military government and gave rise to a new nationalist political organization, the Dominican National Union, led by Dr. Henríquez from exile in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba, which demanded unconditional withdrawal. They formed alliances with frustrated nationalists in Puerto Rico and Cuba, as well as critics of the occupation in the United States itself, most notably ''The Nation'' and the Haiti-San Domingo Independence Society. In May 1922, a Dominican lawyer, Francisco Peynado, went to Washington (Washington, D.C.) and negotiated what became known as the Hughes-Peynado Plan. It stipulated immediate establishment of a provisional government pending elections, approval of all laws enacted by the U.S. military government, and the continuation of the 1907 treaty until all the Dominican Republic's foreign debts had been settled. On October 1, Juan Bautista Vicini, the son of a wealthy Italian immigrant sugar planter, was named provisional president, and the process of U.S. withdrawal began. birth_date Wikipedia:Santiago de Cuba Commons:Category:Santiago de Cuba
, Jamaica; and Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Aside from a three-month overhaul at Philadelphia (Philadelphia Naval Shipyard) between January and May 1953, ''Chivo'' remained in the West Indies until October when the submarine transited the Panama Canal for a month of operations off the Pacific coast of Colombia. This training period continued until May 1954 when the boat began a four-month regular overhaul at Charleston Naval Shipyard. She again returned to Fleet Sonar School
include the first home in the Americas, the first cathedral in Cuba, the first copper mine opened in the Americas and the first Cuban museum. World Heritage Site The local citadel of San Pedro de la Roca (Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca) is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "the most complete, best-preserved example of Spanish-American military architecture, based on Italian and Renaissance design principles"
Lupe" Yoli'' from Find A Grave – The Bronx, New York, 29 February 1992), Giro cites 28 February 1992 as the date of death. was a Cuban-American singer of several musical genres: boleros, guarachas and Latin soul in particular. Known for her energetic, sometimes controversial performances, she is considered by many to be one of the leading singers in the salsa music genre. Career La Lupe was born in the barrio of San Pedrito in Santiago de Cuba. Her father was a worker at the local Bacardi distillery and a major influence on her early life. Her introduction to fame was in 1954, on a radio program which invited fans to sing imitations of their favorite stars. Lupe bunked off school to sing a bolero of Olga Guillot's, called ''Miénteme'' (Lie to me), and won the competition. The family moved to Havana in 1955, where she was enrolled at the University of Havana to become a teacher. Like Celia Cruz, she was certified as a schoolteacher before she became a professional singer. Giro, p45. The Restoration (English Restoration) government retained him in his command however, and in August 1662 he was sent to Jamaica commanding the ''Centurion'' in order to resume his activities, despite the fact the war with Spain had ended. This was part of a covert English policy to undermine the Spanish dominion of the area, by destroying as much as possible of the infrastructure. In 1662 Myngs decided that the best way to accomplish this was to employ the full potential of the buccaneers by promising them the opportunity for unbridled plunder and rapine. He had the complete support of the new governor, Lord Windsor (Thomas Hickman-Windsor, 1st Earl of Plymouth), who fired a large contingent of soldiers to fill Myngs's ranks with disgruntled men. That year he attacked Santiago de Cuba and took and sacked the town despite its strong defences. In 1663 buccaneers from all over the Caribbean joined him for the announced next expedition. Myngs directed the largest buccaneer fleet as yet assembled, fourteen ships strong and with 1400 pirates aboard, among them such notorious privateers as Henry Morgan and Abraham Blauvelt, and sacked San Francisco de Campeche in February. The atrocities led to an outrage and Charles II of England was forced to forbid further attacks in April, a policy to be carried out by the new governor, Thomas Modyford. Nevertheless a pattern had been set and large buccaneer attacks on Spanish settlements, secretly condoned by the English authorities would continue till the end of the century, gradually laying waste to the entire region. Destinations Aerogaviota operates scheduled services to the following domestic destinations (at October 2006): Baracoa, Cayo Largo del Sur, Havana, Holguín, Santiago de Cuba, Trinidad and Varadero. Wikipedia:Santiago de Cuba Commons:Category:Santiago de Cuba
, Cuba. Sur Caribe '''Sur Caribe''' is a band from Santiago de Cuba. Its director Ricardo Leyva who composes most of the songs, joined it in 1987. '''Israel Hernández Planas''' (born January 7, 1970 in Santiago de Cuba) is a Cuban judoka. At the 1992 (1992 Summer Olympics) and 1996 Summer Olympics he won bronze medals in the men's Half Lightweight (60–66 kg) category. Member
News , ''USA Judo'', June 29, 2006 '''Estela Rodríguez Villanueva''' (born November 17, 1967 in Santiago de Cuba) is a retired Cuban judoka. She won silver medals at the 1992 (Judo at the 1992 Summer Olympics) and 1996 Summer Olympics (Judo at the 1996 Summer Olympics), both in the Half Heavyweight (over 72 kg) category. Cox lived in Santiago de Cuba. The writer and journalist Richard Harding Davis wrote his novel ''Soldiers
'''Santiago de Cuba''' is the second largest city of Cuba and capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island, some south-east of the Cuban capital of Havana.
The municipality extends over
Historically Santiago de Cuba has long been the second most important city on the island after Havana, and still remains the second largest. It is on a bay connected to the Caribbean Sea and is an important sea port. In 2004 the city of Santiago de Cuba had a population of about 509,143 people. Cuba demographics