Landore , treacherously executed the counselors of the city in his castle of ''A Rocha Forte'' ("the strong rock, castle"), after inviting them for talks. Santiago de Compostela was captured and sacked by the French during the Napoleonic Wars; as a result, the remains attributed to the apostle were lost for near a century, hidden inside a cist in the crypts of the cathedral of the city. The excavations conducted in the cathedral during the 19th and 20th centuries
) but the most popular route is Via Regia and its last part - the French Way (''Camino Francés''). Historically, most of the pilgrims came from France, from Paris, Vézelay, Le Puy and Arles and Saint Gilles, due to the Codex Calixtinus. These are today important starting points. The Spanish consider the Pyrenees a starting point. Common starting points along the French border are Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port or Somport on the French side of the Pyrenees and Roncesvalles or Jaca on the Spanish side. (The distance from Roncesvalles to Santiago de Compostella through León (León, Spain) is about 800 km.). Another possibility is to do the Northern Route that was first used by the pilgrims in order to avoid travelling through the territories occupied by the Muslims in the Middle Ages. The greatest attraction is its landscape, as a large part of the route runs along the coastline against a backdrop of mountains and overlooking the Cantabrian Sea. During the 16th century, attained the apex of its commercial and maritime importance due to naval construction, associated with the Portuguese Age of Discovery. Many of the historical buildings, such as the port and customshouse, were all integral in the commercial relief of the 16th century. The passage of King Manuel (Manuel I of Portugal) through Vila do Conde, during a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, in 1502, helped to develop some of the important infrastructures in the city: the Matriz Church, ''Praça Nova'' and municipal buildings, along with new arterials, were begun under the reign of Manuel I. The ''Praça Nova'' ( WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
through the region on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, originated the hereditary line. Legend holds that Fernão Mendes (a Braganção) presumably kidnapped, then married, Sancha, daughter of Afonso Henriques and Teresa, obtaining with his dead the important defense of the region. Fernão Mendes and Sancha would find the ruins of the ancient village and rebuilt from the ground in the ''Realenga das Terras da Bragança''. Historically, Fernão Mendes was later referred to as the ''Brave'' for his gallantry during the Battle of Ourique. Yet, later, the region of Bragança would become a property of the Crown as no heir would develop from their union. The Bragançãos contributed to the foundation of the settlement, and its importance would remain integral to the defense of the country, owing to the geopolitical position in the northwest frontier with the Spanish Kingdoms of León and Castile. By the seventh generation, around 1258, the Bragançãos lose their hereditary title, and Afonso III transfer the title to Nuno Martins a descendent of the line. In 1116, in an effort to expand her power, Theresa fought her half-sister, Queen Urraca. They fought again in 1120, as she continued to pursue a larger share in the Leonese inheritance, and allied herself as a widow to the most powerful Galician nobleman for that effect. This was the Count of Trava (Fernando Peres, Count of Trava), who had rejected his first wife to openly marry her, and served her on her southern border of the Mondego. In 1121, she was besieged and captured at Lanhoso, on her northern border with Galicia, fighting her sister Urraca. A negotiated peace was coordinated with aid from the Archbishops of Santiago de Compostela and Braga. The terms included that Theresa would go free and hold the county of Portugal as a fief of León, as she had received it at first. thumb San Antón Castle (File:Castillo de San Antón 1.jpg) In 1208, Alfonso IX re-founded the city of ''Crunia''. Some privileges, such as those of disembarking and selling salt without paying taxes, were granted to the city, and it enjoyed a big growth in fishing and mercantile business. The city grew and extended through the isthmus. In 1446 John II of Castile granted to A Coruña the title of "City". The Catholic Monarchs established the Royal Audience of the Kingdom of Galicia in the city, instead of Santiago (Santiago de Compostela). A Coruña also became the headquarters of the Captaincy General. thumb left Dome of coal in A Coruña (File:Cupula del carbon.001 - La Coruña.JPG) The population of the City of A Coruña in 1900 reached 43,971, while the population of the rest of the province including the City and Naval Station of nearby Ferrol (Ferrol, Spain) as well as Santiago de Compostela was 653,556. ether data taken from WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
were declared to be found in Galicia, at Santiago de Compostela (from Latin campus stellae, literally "the field of the star"). Pilgrims from all over Europe opened a way of communication between the isolated Asturias and the Carolingian lands and beyond. The founding of St. James tomb was a formidable political success for the Kingdom of Asturias: Now Asturias could claim the honour of having a corpse of one of the apostles of Jesus, a privilege shared only with Asia (Ephesus) where Saint John (John the Apostle) was buried, and Rome, where the corpses of Saint Peter and Saint Paul (Paul the Apostle) rested. From this moment on, Santiago de Compostela became one of the three sacred cities of Christianity, together with Rome and Jerusalem. In later centuries, many Central European cultural influences travelled to Iberia through the Way of St. James, from the Gothic and Romanesque styles, to the Occitan lyric poetry. This small kingdom was a milestone in the fight against Adoptionist heresy, with Beatus of Liébana as a major figure. In the time of Alfonso II (Alfonso II of Asturias), the shrine of Santiago (Santiago de Compostela) was "found." The pilgrimage to Santiago, Camino de Santiago, was a major nexus within Europe, and many pilgrims (and their money) passed through Asturias on their way to Santiago de Compostela. Religion Across Europe, the late 11th and 12th "centuries" saw an unprecedented growth in the number of churches. "In the years that followed the year 1000, we witnessed the rebuilding of churches all over the universe, but especially in Italy and Gaul." Chronicle of Raoul Glaber, quoted by Jean Hubert, ''Romanesque Art''. A great number of these buildings, both large and small, remain, some almost intact and in others altered almost beyond recognition in later centuries. They include many very well known churches such as Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome, famous for the ancient Roman "Mouth of Truth" set into the wall of its narthex the Baptistery in Florence (Florence Baptistry) famous for the 15th century Ghiberti Doors and San Zeno Maggiore in Verona. traditionally the marriage place of Romeo and Juliet In France, the famous abbeys of Aux Dames and Les Hommes at Caen and Mont Saint-Michel date from this period, as well as the abbeys of the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela. Many cathedrals owe their foundation to this date, with others beginning as abbey churches, and later becoming cathedrals. In England, of the cathedrals of ancient foundation, all were begun in this period with the exception of Salisbury, where the monks relocated from the Norman church at Old Sarum, and several, such as Canterbury, which were rebuilt on the site of Saxon churches. John Harvey, ''English Cathedrals'' Alec Clifton-Taylor, ''The Cathedrals of England'' In Spain, the most famous church of the period is Santiago de Compostela. In Germany, the Rhine and its tributaries were the location of many Romanesque abbeys, notably Mainz (Mainz Cathedral), Worms (Worms Cathedral), Speyer (Speyer Cathedral) and Bamberg (Bamberg Cathedral). In Cologne, then the largest city north of the Alps, a very important group of large city churches survives largely intact. As monasticism spread across Europe, Romanesque churches sprang up in Scotland, Scandinavia, Poland, Hungary, Sicily, Serbia and Tunisia. Several important Romanesque churches were built in the Crusader kingdoms. Rolf Toman, ''Romanesque''. WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
of the hills, the abbay of Arthous (:fr:Abbaye d'Arthous) (see the web site of this XIth century abbay valid@ November 4th, 2011 ), 2 km away, serving as stage place for pilgrims to Santiago de Compostela Compostella , and founded in 1160 (the church was consecrated in 1167), and the lords of Guiche (Guiche, Pyrénées-Atlantiques), 1.5 km away across the Bidouze river. Its importance increased
campaign for the Holy Year of 1993, the number of pilgrims completing the route has been steadily rising. More than 272,000 pilgrims made the trip during the course of the Holy Year of 2010. Following 2010, the next Holy Year will not be for another 11 years. Outside of Holy Years, the city still receives a remarkable number of pilgrims. Editorial Compostela owns daily newspaper El Correo Gallego, a local TV, and a radio station. Galician language online news
Santiago some of Spain’s highest rainfall: about annually. The climate is mild: frosts are common only in December, January and February, with an average of just 8 days per year, In the five years 2006-2010, cf.amp;red 102&idprov 0 Meteogalicia. ref>
Nacional de Estadística (Spain) INE 2009). Both cities are the cores of the two major metropolitan areas of Galicia. As an example, Santiago de Compostela, the capital city, has an average years 2006-2010, cf. the official meteorological agency amp;red 102&idprov 0 Meteogalicia
automaticas&red 102&idprov 1 Meteogalicia 117 days with precipitations ( 1 mm) totalling , and 40 days with frosts per year. The more mountainous parts of the provinces of Ourense and Lugo receive significant snowfall during the winter months. In the 9th century, the rise of the cult of the Apostle James (James, son of Zebedee) in Santiago de Compostela gave Galicia a particular symbolic importance among Christians
Sewell's Phantoms & Shadows: 100 Years of Rolls-Royce'' in 2004 and ''Brian Sewell's Grand Tour'' in 2006. Sewell also appeared as a guest film reviewer on Channel 5's ''Movie Lounge'', where he frequently savaged films. WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
was a milestone in the fight against Adoptionist heresy, with Beatus of Liébana as a major figure. In the time of Alfonso II (Alfonso II of Asturias), the shrine of Santiago (Santiago de Compostela) was "found." The pilgrimage to Santiago, Camino de Santiago, was a major nexus within Europe, and many pilgrims (and their money) passed through Asturias on their way to Santiago de Compostela. Religion Across Europe, the late 11th and 12th "centuries" saw
survives largely intact. As monasticism spread across Europe, Romanesque churches sprang up in Scotland, Scandinavia, Poland, Hungary, Sicily, Serbia and Tunisia. Several important Romanesque churches were built in the Crusader kingdoms. Rolf Toman, ''Romanesque''.
of his mother. Thaddeus O'Sullivan is directing and Irish actor Stephen Rea also stars. He appeared in Martin Scorsese's "The Departed" as Captain Oliver Queenan
established_title established_date area_magnitude unit_pref area_footnotes area_total_km2 220 area_land_km2 area_water_km2 area_water_percent elevation_footnotes tags-- elevation_m 260 elevation_ft population_as_of 2012 population_footnotes INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)) population_note population_total 95,671 population_metro population_density_km2 428.81 population_demonym Santiagan ''compostelán'', ''-ana'' (gl (Galician language)) ''compostelano'', ''-na'' (es (Spanish language)) timezone1 CET (GMT +1) utc_offset1 timezone1_DST CEST (GMT +2) utc_offset1_DST latd 42 latm 52 lats 40 latNS N longd 8 longm 32 longs 40 longEW W postal_code_type postal_code 15700 area_code +34 website footnotes '''Santiago de Compostela''', * * * commonly known as '''Santiago''' ( ), is the capital (Capital (political)) of the autonomous community (autonomous communities of Spain) of Galicia (Galicia (Spain)) in northwestern Spain.
The city has its origin in the shrine of Saint James the Great, now the city's cathedral (Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela), as destination of the Way of St. James, a leading Catholic pilgrimage route originated in the . In 1985 the city's Old Town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.