in Lugo with those of Soult, who had to leave Portugal, and they all withdrew from Galicia in July 1809. This marked the final evacuation of Galicia by the French army and the creation of a new front. thumb left 175 px Codex Las Huelgas (File:Codex Las Huelgas.gif), a medieval Spanish music manuscript, circa 1300 AD (1300). The Moors of Al-Andalus were usually relatively tolerant of Christianity and Judaism, especially during the first three centuries of their long presence in the Iberian peninsula, during which Christian and Jewish music continued to flourish. Music notation was developed in Spain as early as the eighth century (the so-called Visigothic neumes) to notate the chant and other sacred music of the Christian church (Christian music), but this obscure notation has not yet been deciphered by scholars, and exists only in small fragments. The music of the early medieval Christian church in Spain is known misleadingly as the "Mozarabic Chant". The chant developed in isolation prior to the Islamic invasion and was not subject to the Papacy's enforcement of the Gregorian chant as the standard chant around the time of Charlemagne, by which time the Muslim's had conquered most of the Iberian peninsula. As the Christian reconquista progressed, these chants were almost entirely replaced by the Gregorian standard, once Rome had regained control of the Iberian churches. The style of Spanish popular songs of the time is presumed to have been heavily influenced by Moorish music, especially in the south, but as much of the country still spoke various Latin dialects while under Moorish rule (known today as Mozarabic (Mozarabic language)) earlier musical folk styles from the pre-Islamic period continued in the countryside where most of the population lived, in just the same way as the Mozarabic Chant continued to flourish in the churches. In the royal Christian courts of the reconquistors, the music, like the Cantigas de Santa Maria, also absorbed Moorish influences. Other important medieval sources include the Codex Calixtinus collection from Santiago de Compostela and the Codex Las Huelgas from Burgos. The so-called Llibre Vermell de Montserrat (red book) is an important devotional collection from the 14th century. Twin towns * WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
-1328 Editions Longman page 76: "Central political power was weak and society unusually lacking in hierarchy... Dukes William IX and William X made some headway, and later so too did Richard the Lionheart (Richard I of England), but they were only partly successful." - bgcolor #DCDCDC Santiago de Compostela align center SCQ align center LEST bgcolor #DCDCDC Santiago de Compostela Airport # align center ref name "
transformation (FINSA), the automotive industry (UROVESA (Uro (trucks))), and telecommunications and electronics (Blusens and Televés) have been established. Banco Gallego, a banking institution owned by Novacaixagalicia, has its headquarters in downtown ''rúa do Hórreo''. Tourism is very important thanks to the Way of St. James, particularly in Holy Compostelan Years (when 25 July falls on a Sunday). Following the Xunta's considerable investment and hugely successful advertising campaign for the Holy Year of 1993, the number of pilgrims completing the route has been steadily rising. More than 272,000 pilgrims made the trip during the course of the Holy Year of 2010. Following 2010, the next Holy Year will not be for another 11 years. Outside of Holy Years, the city still receives a remarkable number of pilgrims. Editorial Compostela owns daily newspaper El Correo Gallego, a local TV, and a radio station. Galician language online news portal Galicia Hoxe is also based in the city. Televisión de Galicia, the public broadcaster corporation of Galicia, has its headquarters in Santiago. Way of St. James WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
Jpglossj.htm heraldsnet.org The pilgrim's staff has a strong association with the veneration of Saint James the Great (James, son of Zebedee) and the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. Witnesses claim to have seen a fireball in the sky lasting for almost one minute. A possible explosion site was established when a local resident called the University of Santiago de Compostela to report an unknown gouge in a hillside close to the village. Up to 200 m³ of terrain was missing and trees were found displaced 100 m down the hill. The Tambre River on the south serving as a boundary with the Santiago de Compostela municipality. * He was invited Professor at the University of Padova (University of Padua) (Italy) in 1993, of Santiago de Compostela (Spain), in 1995, 1996, 1997 and 1998 and of Turin (Italy). As her introduction to the album, McKennitt wrote: WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
. It also includes sections of Galician archaeology, painting and sculpture. Different temporary exhibitions are regularly organized on a variety of subjects. The entrance is free and it's open all the year except on Mondays. It's also the place where many important Galician figures are buried. Rúa de San Domingos de Bonaval. *'''CGAC (Galician Centre of Contemporary Art):''' open since 1993, and holding a stable programme since 1995, the Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea is located
had to be raised to cover the debt, but a ''Cortes (Cortes Generales#History of the Cortes)'' (the Spanish parliamentary body) was required to approve new taxes. Thus, in late March 1520, Charles convened the Cortes in Santiago de Compostela. Charles ensured the Cortes would only have limited power, and further attempted to stack the Cortes with pliable representatives he could bribe. Support for the opposition only increased in response, and the representatives demanded that their grievances be heard first before any new tax was granted. Haliczer 1981 (#Hal81), p. 159. A group of clerics soon circulated a statement in protest of the king. It argued three points: any new taxes should be rejected; Castile should be embraced and the foreign Empire rejected; and if the king did not take into account his subjects, the ''Comunidades'' themselves should defend the interests of the kingdom. Pérez 2001 (#Per01), p. 39–40. It was the first occasion in which the word ''comunidades'' (communities, communes) was used to signify the independent populace, and the name would stick to the councils later formed. At this point, most of the members of the Cortes in Santiago intended to vote against
through the region on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, originated the hereditary line. Legend holds that Fernão Mendes (a Braganção) presumably kidnapped, then married, Sancha, daughter of Afonso Henriques and Teresa, obtaining with his dead the important defense of the region. Fernão Mendes and Sancha would find the ruins of the ancient village and rebuilt from the ground in the ''Realenga das Terras da Bragança''. Historically, Fernão Mendes was later referred to as the ''Brave'' for his gallantry during the Battle of Ourique. Yet, later, the region of Bragança would become a property of the Crown as no heir would develop from their union. The Bragançãos contributed to the foundation of the settlement, and its importance would remain integral to the defense of the country, owing to the geopolitical position in the northwest frontier with the Spanish Kingdoms of León and Castile. By the seventh generation, around 1258, the Bragançãos lose their hereditary title, and Afonso III transfer the title to Nuno Martins a descendent of the line. In 1116, in an effort to expand her power, Theresa fought her half-sister, Queen Urraca. They fought again in 1120, as she continued to pursue a larger share in the Leonese inheritance, and allied herself as a widow to the most powerful Galician nobleman for that effect. This was the Count of Trava (Fernando Peres, Count of Trava), who had rejected his first wife to openly marry her, and served her on her southern border of the Mondego. In 1121, she was besieged and captured at Lanhoso, on her northern border with Galicia, fighting her sister Urraca. A negotiated peace was coordinated with aid from the Archbishops of Santiago de Compostela and Braga. The terms included that Theresa would go free and hold the county of Portugal as a fief of León, as she had received it at first. thumb San Antón Castle (File:Castillo de San Antón 1.jpg) In 1208, Alfonso IX re-founded the city of ''Crunia''. Some privileges, such as those of disembarking and selling salt without paying taxes, were granted to the city, and it enjoyed a big growth in fishing and mercantile business. The city grew and extended through the isthmus. In 1446 John II of Castile granted to A Coruña the title of "City". The Catholic Monarchs established the Royal Audience of the Kingdom of Galicia in the city, instead of Santiago (Santiago de Compostela). A Coruña also became the headquarters of the Captaincy General. thumb left Dome of coal in A Coruña (File:Cupula del carbon.001 - La Coruña.JPG) The population of the City of A Coruña in 1900 reached 43,971, while the population of the rest of the province including the City and Naval Station of nearby Ferrol (Ferrol, Spain) as well as Santiago de Compostela was 653,556. ether data taken from WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
composer and defender of the ars subtilior, and helped popularize polyphony while in the court of Fernando I . owners Feliciano Barrera headquarters Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Galicia (Spain)) Spain editor Feliciano Barrera '''Galicia Hoxe''' was a Galician (Galicia (Spain)) newspaper from Santiago de Compostela written in Galician
language Galician . Founded in January 1994, it was formerly called ''O Correo Galego''. It changed its name to ''Galicia Hoxe'' in May 2003, and closed down on 28th June 2011, due to financial reasons. owners Grupo Correo Gallego headquarters Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Galicia (Spain)) editor Life Cunqueiro was born to Joaquín Cunqueiro Montenegro, a pharmacist, and Pepita Mora Moirón
. '''City of Culture of Galicia''' ( ) is a complex of cultural buildings in Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, Galicia (Galicia (Spain)), Spain, designed by architect Peter Eisenman and office. The buildings are an extreme challenge to construct as the design of them makes them look like rolling hills with high degree contours. Nearly every window of the thousands that are part of the external façade has its own custom shape. ref>
Sewell's Phantoms & Shadows: 100 Years of Rolls-Royce'' in 2004 and ''Brian Sewell's Grand Tour'' in 2006. Sewell also appeared as a guest film reviewer on Channel 5's ''Movie Lounge'', where he frequently savaged films. WikiPedia:Santiago de Compostela Commons:Category:Santiago de Compostela
established_title established_date area_magnitude unit_pref area_footnotes area_total_km2 220 area_land_km2 area_water_km2 area_water_percent elevation_footnotes tags-- elevation_m 260 elevation_ft population_as_of 2012 population_footnotes INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)) population_note population_total 95,671 population_metro population_density_km2 428.81 population_demonym Santiagan ''compostelán'', ''-ana'' (gl (Galician language)) ''compostelano'', ''-na'' (es (Spanish language)) timezone1 CET (GMT +1) utc_offset1 timezone1_DST CEST (GMT +2) utc_offset1_DST latd 42 latm 52 lats 40 latNS N longd 8 longm 32 longs 40 longEW W postal_code_type postal_code 15700 area_code +34 website footnotes '''Santiago de Compostela''', * * * commonly known as '''Santiago''' ( ), is the capital (Capital (political)) of the autonomous community (autonomous communities of Spain) of Galicia (Galicia (Spain)) in northwestern Spain.
The city has its origin in the shrine of Saint James the Great, now the city's cathedral (Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela), as destination of the Way of St. James, a leading Catholic pilgrimage route originated in the . In 1985 the city's Old Town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.