Saint Petersburg

What is Saint Petersburg known for?


major social

criminal prosecution. The Congress was convened by three major social democratic groups from different areas of the Russian Empire. The first one was the Saint Petersburg-based League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class, which had been active since 1895. See Leopold H. Haimson. ''The Making of Three Russian Revolutionaries'', Cambridge University Press, 1987, ISBN 0-521-26325-5, p.461 The future founder of Menshevism Julius Martov


world contemporary

Petersburg. The Petersburg School of Ballet is deservedly named as one of the best in the world. Traditions of the Russian classical school have been passed down from generation to generation among outstanding educators. The art of famous and prominent Saint Petersburg dancers like Rudolf Nureyev, Natalia Makarova, Mikhail Baryshnikov was, and is, admired throughout the world. Contemporary Petersburg ballet is made up not only of traditional Russian classical school, but also ballets


large works

demonstrates the slow spread of the skills necessary for creating large works, but by the 19th century most large Western countries could produce them without the need to import skills, and most statues of earlier figures are actually from the 19th or early 20th centuries. Biography Born in the Gorodok village of Vyazma uyezd (district) of Smolensk Governorate. Nakhimov entered the Naval Academy for the Nobility (''Morskoy Dvoryanskiy Korpus'') in Saint Petersburg in 1815. He made his first sea voyage in 1817, aboard the frigate ''Feniks'' ("Phoenix"), to the shores of Sweden and Denmark. Soon afterwards he was promoted to the rank of non-commissioned officer. In February 1818 he passed examinations to become a midshipman and was immediately assigned to the second Fleet Crew (''Flotskiy Ekipazh'') of the Russian Imperial Navy's Baltic Fleet. Nakhimov was buried inside St Vladimir's Cathedral in Sevastopol along with Mikhail Lazarev, V.A. Kornilov and Vladimir Istomin. There is a monument erected in his memory. The Imperial government presented other posthumous honors as well--naming the Naval college in Saint Petersburg after him, and establishing the Order of Nakhimov (with two degrees) and the Nakhimov Medal for Navy personnel. The Order of Nakhimov was preserved as one of the highest military decorations in Soviet Union and, upon its dissolution, in Russia. France, friendly towards both Russia and Austria, suggested a series of territorial adjustments, in which Austria would be compensated by parts of Prussian Silesia, and Prussia in turn would receive Polish Ermland (Warmia) (Warmia) and parts of the Polish fief, Duchy of Courland and Semigallia—already under Baltic German hegemony. King Frederick II of Prussia had no intention of giving up Silesia gained recently in the Silesian Wars; he was, however, also interested in finding a peaceful solution — his alliance with Russia (Russo-Prussian alliance) would draw him into a potential war with Austria, and the Seven Years' War had left Prussia's treasury and army weakened. He was also interested in protecting the weakening Ottoman Empire, which could be advantageously utilized in the event of a Prussian war either with Russia or Austria. Frederick's brother, Prince Henry (Prince Henry of Prussia), spent the winter of 1770–71 as a representative of the Prussian court at Saint Petersburg. As Austria had annexed 13 towns in the Hungarian Szepes region (Szepes county) in 1769 (violating the Treaty of Lubowla), Catherine II of Russia and her advisor General Ivan Chernyshyov suggested to Henry that Prussia claim some Polish land, such as Ermland. After Henry informed him of the proposal, Frederick suggested a partition of the Polish borderlands by Austria, Prussia, and Russia, with the largest share going to the party most weakened by the recent changes in balance of power, Austria. Thus Frederick attempted to encourage Russia to direct its expansion towards weak and non-functional Poland instead of the Ottomans. !--Austrian statesman, Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, counter-proposed that Prussia take lands from Poland in return for relinquishing Silesia to Austria, but this plan was rejected by Frederick. commons:Category:Saint Petersburg WikiPedia:Saint Petersburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Saint Petersburg


great play

in London 1899. Steinitz strove to be objective in his writings about chess competitions and games, for example he attributed to sheer bad luck a poor tournament score by Henry Edward Bird, whom he considered no friend of his, and was generous in his praise of great play by even his bitter enemies. for example he described


including young

;ref At Garden, Billy Joel Is Out to Prove He's in Control (January 24, 2006). "'' New York Times ''. Retrieved on March 9, 2012. There were live performances at indoor arenas in Moscow, Leningrad (Saint Petersburg) and Tbilisi. Joel and his family (including young daughter Alexa) and his full touring band made the trip in August 1987


legendary beauty

, the last Duke von Kurland (Courland) (1769–1795) and the first Duke von Sagan (Żagań) (1786–1795) (February 15, 1724, Mitava (Mittau) (Jelgava) - January 13, 1800, Schloss Gellenau), without issue *Princess Alexandra Borisovna Yusupova (1744–1791), married to Senator Ivan Mikhailovich Izmailov (January 30, 1724 - November 10, 1787) When Prince Nicholas Yusupov II died in 1891, he was succeeded by his daughter, Zenaida, who was considered a legendary beauty at the time, as well as one of the richest; her suitors included the crown prince of Bulgaria. Princess Zenaida Nikolaievna Yusupova (Zenaida Nikolaievna Yusupova) (September 2, 1861, Saint Petersburg, Russia - November 24, 1939, Paris, France) married Count Felix Felixovich Sumarokov-Elston (October 5, 1856, Saint Petersburg, Russia - June 10, 1928, Rome, Italy), General Governor of Moscow (1914–1915), son of Count Felix Nikolaievich Sumarokov-Elston (Felix Sumarokov-Elston). They married on April 4, 1882 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. After his father in law died, Felix was granted a special permission from Tsar Alexander III of Russia to carry the title ''Prince Yusupov and Count Sumarokov-Elston'' and to pass it to his and Zinaida's heir. Prince Felix was appointed adjutant to Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich (Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia) in 1904 and commanded the Guards Cavalry of the Imperial Guards, and in 1914 he was appointed Governor General of Moscow. At the beginning of World War I the Yusupovs owned more than 100,000 acres (400 km²) of land and their industries included sugar beet factories, brick plants, saw-mills, textile and cardboard factories, mines and distilleries, in addition to more than 16 palaces and estates. When Prince Nicholas Yusupov II died in 1891, he was succeeded by his daughter, Zenaida, who was considered a legendary beauty at the time, as well as one of the richest; her suitors included the crown prince of Bulgaria. Princess Zenaida Nikolaievna Yusupova (Zenaida Nikolaievna Yusupova) (September 2, 1861, Saint Petersburg, Russia - November 24, 1939, Paris, France) married Count Felix Felixovich Sumarokov-Elston (October 5, 1856, Saint Petersburg, Russia - June 10, 1928, Rome, Italy), General Governor of Moscow (1914–1915), son of Count Felix Nikolaievich Sumarokov-Elston (Felix Sumarokov-Elston). They married on April 4, 1882 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. After his father in law died, Felix was granted a special permission from Tsar Alexander III of Russia to carry the title ''Prince Yusupov and Count Sumarokov-Elston'' and to pass it to his and Zinaida's heir. Prince Felix was appointed adjutant to Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich (Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia) in 1904 and commanded the Guards Cavalry of the Imperial Guards, and in 1914 he was appointed Governor General of Moscow. At the beginning of World War I the Yusupovs owned more than 100,000 acres (400 km²) of land and their industries included sugar beet factories, brick plants, saw-mills, textile and cardboard factories, mines and distilleries, in addition to more than 16 palaces and estates. When Prince Nicholas Yusupov II died in 1891, he was succeeded by his daughter, Zenaida, who was considered a legendary beauty at the time, as well as one of the richest; her suitors included the crown prince of Bulgaria. Princess Zenaida Nikolaievna Yusupova (Zenaida Nikolaievna Yusupova) (September 2, 1861, Saint Petersburg, Russia - November 24, 1939, Paris, France) married Count Felix Felixovich Sumarokov-Elston (October 5, 1856, Saint Petersburg, Russia - June 10, 1928, Rome, Italy), General Governor of Moscow (1914–1915), son of Count Felix Nikolaievich Sumarokov-Elston (Felix Sumarokov-Elston). They married on April 4, 1882 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. After his father in law died, Felix was granted a special permission from Tsar Alexander III of Russia to carry the title ''Prince Yusupov and Count Sumarokov-Elston'' and to pass it to his and Zinaida's heir. Prince Felix was appointed adjutant to Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich (Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia) in 1904 and commanded the Guards Cavalry of the Imperial Guards, and in 1914 he was appointed Governor General of Moscow. At the beginning of World War I the Yusupovs owned more than 100,000 acres (400 km²) of land and their industries included sugar beet factories, brick plants, saw-mills, textile and cardboard factories, mines and distilleries, in addition to more than 16 palaces and estates. '''Colonel Pavel Ivanovich Pestel''' ( commons:Category:Saint Petersburg WikiPedia:Saint Petersburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Saint Petersburg


largest stage

theater, and the newly-built Mariinsky Concert Hall. Tickets can be purchased on the theater's website. Cavos rebuilt it as an opera and ballet house with the largest stage in the world. With a seating capacity of 1,625 and a U-shaped Italian-style auditorium, the theatre opened on 2 October 1860 with a performance of A Life for the Tsar. The new theatre was named Mariinsky after its imperial patroness, Empress Maria Alexandrovna. * commons:Category:Saint Petersburg WikiPedia:Saint Petersburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Saint Petersburg


elegant+style

figures of Russian and Soviet culture have been among its alumni. His first poems were printed in 1907 in the school's almanac. Within two years of the accident, Berezhnaya and Sikharulidze had established themselves as one of the best pair teams in the world. They were noted for their lyrical, flowing and elegant style, which they combined with strong athleticism, including outstanding speed, unison, and big elements. During their career together, they were coached by Tamara Moskvina at the Yubileyny Sports Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia, and the Ice House in Hackensack, New Jersey. Their Olympic gold medals are shared with Canadian pair Jamie Salé and David Pelletier. The Latvian federation appealed to renowned coach Tamara Moskvina to take on the pair and she eventually invited them to train with her in May or June 1995. They spent a few months training in Colorado Springs, Colorado and then trained mostly at Yubileyny Sports Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia, despite the deteriorating and crowded facilities at the time. Berezhnaya and Shliakhov won bronze at Skate America (1995 Skate America), gold at Trophée de France (1995 Trophée de France) and bronze at Nations Cup (1995 Nations Cup). Shliakhov was well behaved for half a year, but then dropped her from a lift. Moskvina had professional psychologists work with him regularly, however, after brief periods of calm with apologies and professions of affection (Cycle of abuse), he would start to slip back to his old behavior. Despite this, Berezhnaya thought he had improved slightly. However, Moskvina told her it was not enough and advised her to end the partnership. Shliakhov was registered at a mental hospital in Riga. In February 1900, after Russian authorities found ''Robotnik'''s underground printing press in Łódź, Piłsudski was imprisoned at the Warsaw Citadel. But, after feigning mental illness in May 1901, he managed to escape from a mental hospital at Saint Petersburg with the help of a Polish physician, Władysław Mazurkiewicz (Władysław Mazurkiewicz (1871–1933)), and others, fleeing to Galicia (Galicia (Central Europe)), then part of Austria-Hungary. * The first Australian embassy in Moscow opened in 1943. Australia has an embassy in Moscow (Embassy of Australia in Moscow) and two honorary consulates (in Saint Petersburg and Vladivostok). Australian embassy in Moscow * Russia has an embassy in Canberra and a consulate-general in Sydney. Russian embassy in Canberra death_place Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSR burial_place Peter and Paul Cathedral, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation (Russia) religion Eastern Orthodox (Eastern Orthodox Church) * commons:Category:Saint Petersburg WikiPedia:Saint Petersburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Saint Petersburg


program scoring

at the 2006–2007 Grand Prix Final (2006-2007 Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final), held in Saint Petersburg, Russia. At that competition, they won the short program, scoring 68.66 points, 4.48 points ahead of Zhang Dan & Zhang Hao. The team also placed first in the free skate with 134.53 points, 12.68 ahead of Aliona Savchenko & Robin Szolkowy from Germany. They earned a total of 203.19 points to finish 22.52 points ahead of second place finishers Aliona Savchenko

& Robin Szolkowy. They earned the gold medal at the 2006–2007 Grand Prix Final (2006-2007 Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final), held in Saint Petersburg, Russia. At that competition, they won the short program scoring 68.66 points, 4.48 points ahead of Zhang Dan & Zhang Hao. The team also placed first in the free skate with 134.53 points, 12.68 ahead of Aliona Savchenko & Robin Szolkowy from Germany. They earned a total of 203.19 points


called small

west of the town of Healy (Healy, Alaska), Alaska. thumb left The image of Sirius A and Sirius B taken by the Hubble Space Telescope (Image:Sirius A and B Hubble photo.jpg). The white dwarf can be seen to the lower left. The diffraction spikes and concentric rings are instrumental effects (Point spread function). With an apparent magnitude of −1.46, Sirius is the brightest star in the night sky, almost twice the brightness of the second brightest star, Canopus. However, it is not as bright as the Moon, Venus, or Jupiter. At times, Mercury (Mercury (planet)) and Mars are also brighter than Sirius. Sirius can be seen from almost every inhabited region of the Earth's surface, with only those north of 73 degrees (Northernmost settlements) unable to see it. However, it does not rise very high when viewed from some northern cities, reaching only 13° above the horizon from Saint Petersburg. Sirius, along with Procyon and Betelgeuse, forms one of the three vertices (Vertex (geometry)) of the Winter Triangle to observers in the Northern Hemisphere. Due to its declination of roughly −17°, Sirius is a circumpolar star from latitudes south of 73° S. From the Southern Hemisphere in early July, Sirius can be seen in both the evening where it sets after the Sun, and in the morning where it rises before the Sun. Sergei Diaghilev was born to a wealthy and cultured family in Selischi (Novgorod Governorate), Russia; his father, Pavel Pavlovich, was a cavalry colonel, but the family's money came mainly from vodka distilleries. Joan Acocella, "The Showman," ''The New Yorker'', September 20, 2010, p. 112. After the death of Sergei's mother, his father married Elena Valerianovna Panaeva, an artistic young woman who was on very affectionate terms with her stepson and was a strong influence on him. The family lived in Perm but had an apartment in Saint Petersburg and a country estate in Bikbarda (near Perm). Acocella, "The Showman," p. 113. In 1890, Sergei's parents went bankrupt, having for a long time lived beyond their means, and from that time Sergei (who had a small income inherited from his mother) had to support the family. After graduating from Perm gymnasium in 1890, he went to the capital to study law at St. Petersburg University (Saint Petersburg State University), but ended up also taking classes at the St. Petersburg Conservatory of Music (Saint Petersburg Conservatory), where he studied singing and music (a love of which he had picked up from his stepmother). After graduating in 1892 he abandoned his dreams of composition (his professor, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, told him he had no talent for music). He had already entered an influential circle of artists who called themselves the ''Mir iskusstva'': Alexandre Benois, Walter Nouvel, Konstantin Somov, Dmitry Filosofov, and Léon Bakst. Although not instantly received into the group, Diaghilev was aided by Benois in developing his knowledge of Russian and Western art. In two years, he had voraciously absorbed this new obsession (even travelling abroad to further his studies) and came to be respected as one of the most learned of the group. Early life Saul Bellow was born '''Solomon Bellow''' Mel Gussow and Charles McGrath, Saul Bellow, Who Breathed Life Into American Novel, Dies at 89, ''The New York Times'' April 6, 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-21. in Lachine, Quebec, two years after his parents emigrated from Saint Petersburg, Russia. Bellow celebrated his birthday in June, although he may have been born in July (in the Jewish community, it was customary to record the Hebrew date of birth, which does not always coincide with the Gregorian calendar). ''The New York Times'' obituary, April 6, 2005. "...his birthdate is listed as either June or July 10

Saint Petersburg

political_status Federal city political_status_link Federal cities of Russia federal_district Northwestern (Northwestern Federal District) economic_region Northwestern (Northwestern economic region) pop_2010census 4879566 pop_2010census_ref pop_2010census_rank 4th urban_pop_2010census 100% rural_pop_2010census 0% pop_density pop_density_as_of pop_density_ref pop_latest 5131967 pop_latest_date 2014 pop_latest_ref Rosstat (Goskomstat). Оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2014 г. area_km2 1439 area_km2_rank 82nd area_km2_ref Official website of St. Petersburg. Петербург в цифрах (''St. Petersburg in Figures'') established_date May 27, 1703 established_date_ref Official website of St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg in Figures license_plates 78, 98, 178 ISO RU-SPE leader_title Governor (Governor of Saint Petersburg) leader_title_ref leader_name Georgy Poltavchenko leader_name_ref legislature Legislative Assembly (Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg) legislature_ref website website_ref date March 2010

'''Saint Petersburg''' ( ), and in 1991, back to ''Saint Petersburg''.

In Russian literature, informal documents, and discourse, the word "Saint" ( ).

Saint Petersburg was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May . Between 1713–1728 and 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the imperial capital of Russia. In 1918, the central government bodies moved from Saint Petersburg (then named Petrograd) to Moscow. editor McColl, R. W. title Encyclopedia of world geography volume 1 publisher Infobase Publishing location N. Y. year 2005 isbn 0-8160-5786-9 pages 633–634 url http: books.google.com ?id DJgnebGbAB8C&pg PA633&dq capital+moved+to+Moscow#v onepage&q capital%20moved%20to%20Moscow&f false accessdate February 9, 2011 It is Russia's 2nd largest city (List of cities and towns in Russia by population) after Moscow with 5 million inhabitants (2012) and the fourth most populated federal subject. Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural center, and also an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea (ports of the Baltic Sea).

Saint Petersburg is often described as the most Western (Western culture) city of Russia, as well as its cultural capital. V. Morozov. ''The Discourses of Saint Petersburg and the Shaping of a Wider Europe'', Copenhagen Peace Research Institute. 2002. Ciaonet.org It is the northernmost city in the world with a population of over one million. A large number of foreign consulates (List of diplomatic missions in Russia#Consulates in Saint Petersburg), international corporations (Multinational corporation), banks, and other businesses are located in Saint Petersburg.

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