'' and ''Core'' (''Зерно'', or Zerno), simultaneously developing ties with students and workers. BR’s peripheral organs were active in Moscow, Kharkov, Kazan, Perm, Saratov, Samara (Samara, Russia) and other cities. * (Pulkovo Airport) *Saint
first studied biology at the university in Leningrad, before going to the Leningrad Conservatory (Saint Petersburg Conservatory) to study music. He served as a ballet repetiteur from 1923 to 1931. His first public conducting appearance was in 1929. Through the 1930s he conducted at the Kirov Ballet and Bolshoi Opera. In September 1938, he won the All-Union Conductors Competition in Moscow. 2000-2003: The Putin reforms Gazprom's situation changed abruptly in June 2000, when Vladimir Putin became the President of Russia. Putin launched a campaign to rein in the oligarchs and, per his policy of the so-called national champions, to establish state control in strategic companies. He launched an attack against what he saw as mismanagement and personal pillaging of state assets. After coming to power, Putin immediately fired Chernomyrdin from his position as the chairman of the company's board and used the stock owned by the state to vote out Vyakhirev. The two men were replaced by Dmitry Medvedev and Alexei Miller, who had previously worked with Putin in Saint Petersburg. Goldman, pp.104-105 Putin's actions were aided by shareholder activism by Hermitage (Hermitage Capital Management) CEO William Browder (Bill Browder) and former Russian finance minister Boris Fyodorov (Boris Fedorov). Miller and Medvedev were assigned the task of stopping the asset-stripping, but also to regain lost possessions. By denying Itera access to Gazprom's pipelines, Miller almost forced Itera to bankruptcy. As a result, Itera's management agreed to sell the stolen assets back to Gazprom. Goldman, pp.141-142 left thumb 150px Henry's finger depicted in the seal of Bishopric of Turku from 1618. (Image:Henrik sormi.JPG) Most of the bones in Turku were still in place in 1720 when they were catalogued for a transfer to Saint Petersburg during the Russian occupation of Finland in the Great Northern War. The man behind the idea was the infamous Swedish Count Gustaf Otto Douglas who had defected to the Russian side during the war and was in charge of the grim occupation (Greater Wrath) of Finland. commons:Category:Saint Petersburg WikiPedia:Saint Petersburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Saint Petersburg
-century Germany'', in ''Literatur, Politik, Identität - Literature, Politics, Cultural Identity'', pp. 29+54, Röhrig Universitätsverlag, St. Ingbert 2002 Eventually, he broke the contract six years short of its completion as Catherine II of Russia had given him an offer to take part in a journey around the world (the Mulovsky expedition) for a high honorarium and a position as a professor in Saint Petersburg. Robert J. King, " http
of Stalingrad Stalingrad. It fought the remainder of the war in the south, retreating with the front lines through the Ukraine, Hungary, Slovakia, and finally surrendering to the Soviets in Silesia at the end of the war. In the year 1912 Kotsoyev moved to Saint Petersburg, where he worked in many places, including Vladmir Lenin's (Vladmir Lenin) famous newspaper ''Pravda''. Though he was raised in the Ossetian countryside, because of his strong education, Kotsoyev knew
was promoted to poruchik, then shtabs-kapitan (Senior Captain) and appointed as commander of the training team. In 1900, Captain (Captain (land)) Shikhlinski was transferred to Transbaikal artillery battalion. He took part in China Relief Expedition of the Russian army. '''''Under Western Eyes''''' (1911 (1911 in literature)) is a novel by Joseph Conrad. The novel takes place in St. Petersburg, Russia (Saint Petersburg), and Geneva, Switzerland (Geneva), and is viewed
164 By about 1700 Russian engineers had started designing hydrologically based systems for central heating. The Summer Palace (Summer Palace of Peter the Great) (1710–1714) of Peter the Great in Saint Petersburg provides the best extant example. Slightly later, in 1716, came the first use of water in Sweden to distribute heat in buildings. Martin Triewald, a Swedish engineer, used this method for a greenhouse at Newcastle upon Tyne. Jean Simon
number of indigenous texts written in Tangut have been preserved. These other major Tangut collections, though much smaller in size, belong to the British Museum, the National Library in Beijing, the Library of Beijing University and other libraries. The '''Summer Garden''' ( , ''Letniy sad'') occupies an island between the Fontanka, Moika, and the Swan Canal in Saint Petersburg and shares its name with the adjacent Summer Palace of Peter the Great
Summer Palace of Peter the Great (Peter I of Russia). On commons:Category:Saint Petersburg WikiPedia:Saint Petersburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Saint Petersburg
international debut 3 weeks later at the World Allround Championships (World Allround Speed Skating Championships), where he won silver behind teammate and rival Oleg Goncharenko after having just recovered from an illness. The following year (1954), he became Soviet Allround Champion again (with Goncharenko, again, winning silver), European Allround Champion (European Speed Skating Championships) (with Goncharenko finishing 4th), and World Allround Champion (with Goncharenko taking
. The following year (1954), he became Soviet Allround Champion again (with Goncharenko, again, winning silver), European Allround Champion (European Speed Skating Championships) (with Goncharenko finishing 4th), and World Allround Champion (with Goncharenko taking the silver – a reversal of the roles of the year before). Born at Héricourt (Héricourt, Haute-Saône), and educated in Montbéliard, he moved in 1905 to Saint Petersburg, Russia to work for the Russian Tsar
. In 1892 he was appointed to the faculty of the University of Graz, but in 1894 and 1895, he lived in Cairo, where he studied the early Byzantine and Islamic art of Egypt, and compiled a catalog of the Coptic art in the Cairo Museum. Upon his return he entered a period of intense scholarly activity, publishing numerous articles on Byzantine and Islamic art, fields in which he considered himself to be the pioneer. He was born in 1767 in Saint Petersburg, the son of Admiral Vasili Chichagov and his English wife. At the age of 12 he was enlisted in the Guard. In 1782 he served in a campaign in the Mediterranean as an aide to his father. He served with distinction in the Russian-Swedish War (Gustav III's Russian War) of 1788-1790, where he commanded the ''Rostislav'' and was awarded the Order of St. George, fourth degree, and a golden sword with the inscription "For Courage". birth_date commons:Category:Saint Petersburg WikiPedia:Saint Petersburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg–Priozersk railroads, hosts numerous dachas. Due to its size, favorable climate, rich fishing waters and proximity to Saint Petersburg, the capital of the Russian Empire, the Karelian Isthmus became the wealthiest part of Finland once the industrial revolution had gained momentum in the 19th century. The railroads Saint Petersburg–Vyborg–Riihimäki (Saint Petersburg–Riihimäki railroad) (1870), Vyborg–Hiitola–Sortavala (Vyborg–Joensuu railroad) (1893), Saint Petersburg–Kexholm–Hiitola (Saint Petersburg–Hiitola railroad) (1917) crossed the isthmus, contributing to its economic development. By the end of the 19th century the nearby areas along the Saint Petersburg–Vyborg section had become popular place of summer resort for wealthy Saint Petersburgers. The only motorway on the isthmus is the recently completed E18 "Scandinavia" (European route E18) (M10) going from Saint Petersburg through Vyborg and Vaalimaa. *eastern part of the Saint Petersburg-Riihimäki railroad *Saint Petersburg – Sestroretsk - Beloostrov *southern part of the Vyborg-Joensuu railroad *southern part of the Vyborg-Joensuu railroad *Saint Petersburg – Vsevolozhsk – Ladozhskoye Ozero *Saint Petersburg – Vsevolozhsk – Petrokrepost – Nevskaya Dubrovka *Saint Petersburg – Vsevolozhsk – Ladozhskoye Ozero *Saint Petersburg – Vsevolozhsk – Petrokrepost – Nevskaya Dubrovka *Vyborg (Vyborg railway station) - Veschevo (earlier also through Zhitkovo to Michurinskoye (Michurinskoye, Leningrad Oblast)) Vaganova was a student at the Imperial Ballet School in Saint Petersburg, graduating in 1897 to dance professionally with the school's parent company, the Imperial Russian Ballet. She retired from dancing in 1916 to pursue a teaching career. Following the Russian revolution (Russian Revolution (1917)) of 1917, she returned to the school as a teacher in 1921, although it had by then been re-established as the Leningrad Choreographic School by the Soviet government. The Imperial Russian Ballet was also disbanded and was re-established as the Soviet Ballet. Biography Born in the Oryol province of Russia within a middle class family, Andreyev originally studied law in Moscow and in Saint Petersburg. He became police-court reporter for a Moscow daily, performing the routine of his humble calling without attracting any particular attention. At this time he wrote poetry and made a few efforts to publish it but was refused by most publishers. In 1898 his first short story, "Bargamot and Garaska" ("Баргамот и Гараська"), was published in the "Kurier" newspaper in Moscow. This story came to the attention of the burgeoning Maxim Gorky who recommended that Andreyev concentrate on his literary work. Andreyev eventually gave up his law practice, fast becoming a literary celebrity, and the two writers remained friends for many years to come. Through Gorky, Andreyev became a member of the Moscow Sreda (Sreda (literary group)) literary group, and published many of his works in Gorky's Znanie (Znanie (publishing company)) collections. A Writer Remembers by Nikolay Teleshov, Hutchinson, NY, 1943. Life Born in Paris, Clapeyron studied at the École polytechnique and the École des Mines, before leaving for Saint Petersburg in 1820 to teach at the ''École des Travaux Publics''. He returned to Paris only after the Revolution of July 1830, supervising the construction of the first railway line connecting Paris to Versailles (Versailles, Yvelines) and Saint-Germain (Saint-Germain-en-Laye). He married Mélanie Bazaine, daughter of Pierre-Dominique Bazaine (mathematician and bridge and canal engineer), and older sister of Pierre-Dominique (Adolphe) Bazaine (railway engineer) and Francois Achille Bazaine (Marshal of France). His most prominent position in France put him in place to create many of the significant monuments of the period, and to set the tone for the restrained French Late Baroque architectural style, somewhat chastened by academic detailing, that was influential as far as Saint Petersburg and even echoed in Constantinople. At the same time, the size of support staff in his official bureaucratic position has often raised criticisms that he was less than directly responsible for the work that was constructed under his name, criticisms that underestimate the discipline control within a large, classically-trained studio. thumb right 200px Château de Dampierre (File:Dampierre en Yvelines Chateau 02.jpg): a domesticated version of Baroque for a patron in Louis XIV's inner circle During the 19th century, the arrival of the Moscow-Riga and Saint Petersburg-Warsaw railways (rail transport) transformed Rēzekne from a sleepy country town into an important city with two stations. He left Norwich to travel to Saint Petersburg on 13 August 1833. As an agent of the Bible Society, Borrow was charged with supervising a translation of the Bible into ''Manchu''. As a traveller, he was overwhelmed by the beauty of Saint Petersburg, writing – commons:Category:Saint Petersburg WikiPedia:Saint Petersburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Saint Petersburg
the architecture of the country was dominated by plain functionalism (Functionalism (architecture)). This helped somewhat to resolve the housing problem, but created the large massives of buildings of low architectural quality, much in contrast with the previous bright architecture. After the end of the Soviet Union the situation improved. Many churches demolished in the Soviet times were rebuilt, and this process continues along with the restoration of various historical buildings destroyed in World War II. As for the original architecture, there is no more any common style in modern Russia, though International style (International style (architecture)) has a great influence. thumb left 200px Grand Cascade in Peterhof Palace (File:PeterhofGrandCascade.JPG), nicknamed ''Russian Versaille'', a popular tourist destination in Saint Petersburg. Most popular tourist destinations in Russia are Moscow and Saint Petersburg, the current and the former capitals of the country and great cultural centers, recognized as World Cities. Moscow and Saint Petersburg feature such world-renown museums as Tretyakov Gallery and Hermitage (Hermitage Museum), famous theaters like Bolshoi (Bolshoi Theater) and Mariinsky (Mariinsky Theater), ornate churches like Saint Basil's Cathedral, Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Saint Isaac's Cathedral and Church of the Savior on Blood, impressive fortifications like Moscow Kremlin and Peter and Paul Fortress, beautiful squares like Red Square and Palace Square, and streets like Tverskaya and Nevsky Prospect. Rich palaces and parks of extreme beauty are found in the former imperial residences (Template:Imperial palaces in Russia) in suburbs of Moscow (Kolomenskoye, Tsaritsyno (Tsaritsyno Park)) and Saint Petersburg (Peterhof (Petergof), Strelna, Oranienbaum (Oranienbaum, Russia), Gatchina (Gatchina Palace), Pavlovsk Palace, Tsarskoye Selo). Moscow contains a great variety of imressive Soviet era buildings (Soviet architecture) along with modern scyscrapers (Moscow International Business Center), while Saint Petersburg, nicknamed ''Venice of the North'', boasts of its classical architecture, many rivers, channels and bridges (Bridges in Saint Petersburg). Ognjeslav lived with his family in Saint Petersburg, Russia. He celebrated the slava of Saint Nicholas every year and one of his regular guests was Dmitri Mendeleev. Performance history The world premiere took place on 18 December (6 December O.S. (Old Style and New Style dates)) 1892 at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg (Saint Petersburg). It was conducted by Eduard Nápravník and sets were designed by Mikhail Bocharov (Mikhail Ilyich Bocharov). Performance history The world premiere was given on 25 February (13 February O.S. (Old style and new style dates)), 1881, at the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg, conducted by Eduard Nápravník. Notable subsequent performances were given on 28 July 1882 in Prague, the first production of a Tchaikovsky opera outside Russia; in 1899 in Moscow by the Private Opera Society, conducted by Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov; and in 1907 in Moscow by the Zimin Opera, conducted by Palitsīn. CRDF Global is based in Arlington, Virginia, and has offices in Moscow and Saint Petersburg, Russia; Kiev, Ukraine; Almaty, Kazakhstan; and Amman, Jordan. commons:Category:Saint Petersburg WikiPedia:Saint Petersburg Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Saint Petersburg
political_status Federal city political_status_link Federal cities of Russia federal_district Northwestern (Northwestern Federal District) economic_region Northwestern (Northwestern economic region) pop_2010census 4879566 pop_2010census_ref pop_2010census_rank 4th urban_pop_2010census 100% rural_pop_2010census 0% pop_density pop_density_as_of pop_density_ref pop_latest 5131967 pop_latest_date 2014 pop_latest_ref Rosstat (Goskomstat). Оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2014 г. area_km2 1439 area_km2_rank 82nd area_km2_ref Official website of St. Petersburg. Петербург в цифрах (''St. Petersburg in Figures'') established_date May 27, 1703 established_date_ref Official website of St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg in Figures license_plates 78, 98, 178 ISO RU-SPE leader_title Governor (Governor of Saint Petersburg) leader_title_ref leader_name Georgy Poltavchenko leader_name_ref legislature Legislative Assembly (Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg) legislature_ref website website_ref date March 2010
'''Saint Petersburg''' ( ), and in 1991, back to ''Saint Petersburg''.
In Russian literature, informal documents, and discourse, the word "Saint" ( ).
Saint Petersburg was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May . Between 1713–1728 and 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the imperial capital of Russia. In 1918, the central government bodies moved from Saint Petersburg (then named Petrograd) to Moscow. editor McColl, R. W. title Encyclopedia of world geography volume 1 publisher Infobase Publishing location N. Y. year 2005 isbn 0-8160-5786-9 pages 633–634 url http: books.google.com ?id DJgnebGbAB8C&pg PA633&dq capital+moved+to+Moscow#v onepage&q capital%20moved%20to%20Moscow&f false accessdate February 9, 2011 It is Russia's 2nd largest city (List of cities and towns in Russia by population) after Moscow with 5 million inhabitants (2012) and the fourth most populated federal subject. Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural center, and also an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea (ports of the Baltic Sea).
Saint Petersburg is often described as the most Western (Western culture) city of Russia, as well as its cultural capital. V. Morozov. ''The Discourses of Saint Petersburg and the Shaping of a Wider Europe'', Copenhagen Peace Research Institute. 2002. Ciaonet.org It is the northernmost city in the world with a population of over one million. A large number of foreign consulates (List of diplomatic missions in Russia#Consulates in Saint Petersburg), international corporations (Multinational corporation), banks, and other businesses are located in Saint Petersburg.