What is Saarland known for?

industry education

, steel industry, ceramic industry and computer science and information systems industry. In the past, coal mining WikiPedia:Saarland Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Saarland Commons:Category:Saarland


'', the other being HTW (Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft des Saarlandes). The Saar Protectorate (Saar (1947–1957)) was headed by a military governor from 30 August 1945: Gilbert Yves Édmond Grandval (b. 1904 – d. 1981), who remained on 1 January 1948 as High Commissioner, and January 1952 – June 1955 as the first of two French ambassadors, his successor being Eric de Carbonnel (b. 1910 – d. 1965) until 1956. Saarland, however, was allowed a regional administration very soon

), Non-party **10 January 1956 – 4 June 1957 Hubert Ney (b. 1892 – d. 1984), CDU (Christian Democratic Union (Germany)) In 1954, France and the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) (West Germany) developed a detailed plan called the ''Saarstatut'' to establish an independent Saarland. It was signed as an agreement between the two countries on October 23, 1954 as one of the Paris Pacts, but a plebiscite (Saar Statute referendum, 1955) held on October 23, 1955 rejected it by 67.7

%. On 27 October 1956 the Saar Treaty declared that Saarland should be allowed to join the Federal Republic of Germany, which it did on 1 January 1957. This was the last significant international border change in Europe until the fall of Communism. The Saarland's reunification with the Federal Republic of Germany was sometimes referred to as the ''Kleine Wiedervereinigung'' ("little reunification", in contrast with the post-Cold War absorption of the East Germany GDR

victory life

Infantry Division of the Third Army crossed the Rhine at Oppenheim on the night of March 22, 1945, thirty-six hours ahead of Montgomery's Rhine crossing, Operation Varsity. To obtain gasoline and supplies, Third Army Ordnance units passed themselves off as First Army personnel, in one incident securing thousands of gallons of gasoline from a First Army gasoline dump. Wilmot, Chester, ''Allies Handed Stalin His Victory'', Life Magazine, March 10, 1952, p. 132 <

period music

out-of-print period, in 2000 the French Accord label (Universal) released a six-CD (Compact Disc) set comprising the entire set of Ristenpart recordings of Bach orchestral works. The conductor and his colleagues from Saarbrücken have also recorded performances of works by Mozart (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) and Haydn (Joseph Haydn), among others. The lasting fame he received for these interpretations of Baroque (Baroque music) and early Classical (Classical period (music)) music

leading position

territory . From 9 November 1937 he also held a leading position (Gruppenführer) in the Schutzstaffel and the staff of the Reichsführer-SS, Heinrich Himmler. Lorraine is the only French region to have borders with three other countries: Belgium (Wallonia), Luxembourg, and Germany (Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate). It also borders the French regions of Franche-Comté, Alsace, and Champagne-Ardenne. The location of Lorraine led to it being seen as a strategic asset and as the crossroads of four nations, it had a very important role in European affairs. WikiPedia:Saarland Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Saarland Commons:Category:Saarland

highly experimental

professors teaching in both departments ( ''Environmental Planning Environmental Technology (Umweltplanung und -technik)'' and ''Environment Business Environment Law (Umweltwirtschaft und -recht)''). In October 2009, the Greens announced that they would support a government led by the CDU, in coalition with the FDP, in Saarland, forming Germany's first, highly experimental, 'Jamaica coalition'. This move was partly prompted by desire to prevent an SPD minority government in Saarland dependent


performances of what were at the time controversial (Controversy) pieces (Musical composition) by composers such as Berg (Alban Berg) and Xenakis (Iannis Xenakis).) * Lille-Kortrijk * Saar (Saarland)-Moselle * Basel-Lörrach-St. Louis (Saint-Louis, Haut-Rhin)-Weil am Rhein The '''Family Party of Germany''' (''Familienpartei Deutschlands'') is a minor conservative German political party (reformist pro-family). It was created in 1981

live historic

at the heart of a metropolitan area that borders on the west on Dillingen (Dillingen, Saarland) and to the north-east on Neunkirchen (Neunkirchen, Saarland), where most of the people of the Saarland live. Historic landmarks in the city include the stone bridge across the Saar (Saar River) (1546), the Gothic church of St Arnual, the 18th century Saarbrücker Schloss (castle) and the old part of the town, the St. Johanner Markt. In 1815 Saarbrücken came under Prussian control, and for two periods in the 20th century (1919–35 and 1945–57) it became part of the Saar (Saarland) territory under French (France) administration. For this reason, coupled with its proximity to the French border, it retains a certain French influence. Roman Empire The Saar area (Saarland) was incorporated into the Roman Empire in the 1st century BC, and later came under the control of the Franks. In 925 it became part of the Holy Roman Empire. Nine of the sixteen Bundesländer (States of Germany) — Berlin, Brandenburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Bremen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saarland and Thüringen (Thuringia) — have approved individual "Informationsfreiheitsgesetz (w:de:Informationsfreiheitsgesetz)e" (Freedom of Information laws). WikiPedia:Saarland Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Saarland Commons:Category:Saarland

political home

Minister), parts of Palatinate (Palatinate (region)) (Kurt Beck was party leader until 7 September 2008), the Saarland (political home of one-time candidate for federal chancellor Oskar Lafontaine, defected from the SPD in 1999), and southwestern Baden (Marion Caspers-Merk, Gernot Erler). The PDS survived the reunification of Germany and eventually started growing again, managing to get representatives elected to the Bundestag. The PDS remained influential in former

violent opposition

the Saar (Saarland) in November. It crossed the Nied River 11–12 November, against strong opposition, reaching the German border on 6 December, and established and maintained defensive positions in the vicinity of Saarbrücken. After a brief rest, the division crossed the Prum and Kyll Rivers, taking Gerolstein and Nieder Bettingen against violent opposition. Andernach and Brohl fell 9 March, in the sweep to the Rhine. In the swing southward to clear the Saar (Saarland)-Moselle-Rhine pocket, the Moselle River was crossed at Bullay and the Worms Airport captured, 21 March. *'''District Moseltor''' The Moseltor area is the most southern area of the Mosel region, and is located together with the Obermosel along the Luxembourg border. The Elbling grape is the most commonly planted here producing a thin, rustic wine with high acidity. Sparkling wine production is growing in this area. The reason why tiny Moseltor with its around WikiPedia:Saarland Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Saarland Commons:Category:Saarland


The '''Saarland''' (German (German language): ''das Saarland'' – In terms of both area and population size – apart from the city-states of Berlin (Berlin, Germany), Bremen (Bremen (state)) and Hamburg – it is Germany's smallest federal state. The wealth of its coal deposits and their large-scale industrial exploitation, coupled with its location on the border between France and Germany, have given the Saarland a unique history in modern times.

Prior to its creation as the Territory of the Saar Basin (Saar (League of Nations)) by the League of Nations after World War I, the Saarland (or simply "the Saar", as is frequently referred to) did not exist as a unified entity. Until then, some parts of it had been Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia)n while others belonged to Bavaria (Kingdom of Bavaria). The inhabitants voted to rejoin Germany in a plebiscite held in 1935.

From 1947 to 1956 the Saarland was a French-occupied territory (the "Saar Protectorate (Saar (protectorate))") separate from the rest of Germany. Between 1950 and 1956, Saarland was a member of the Council of Europe. In 1955, in another plebiscite, the inhabitants were offered independence, but voted instead for the territory to become a state of West Germany.

From 1920 to 1935, and again from 1947 to 1959, the inhabitants of the Saarland used postage stamps issued specially for the territory; see postage stamps and postal history of the Saar for details.

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