Rzhev

What is Rzhev known for?


comic characters

are still called the Prince-Dmitry's Side and Prince-Theodor's Side. In the mid-14th century, they had a hard time repelling attacks from Algirdas of Lithuania and Grand Princes of Tver, who bought all the villages around the town. Finally, they left for Moscow, where their descendants (the '''Rzhevsky''' family) have become comic characters of many a joke (Russian joke#Poruchik Rzhevsky). In the meantime, the town was occupied for a short space by Tver, Polish-Lithuanian Union Poland


carrying

financial records . The prosecution contends that in 2003 he and other officials conspired to show his private company, Kokudo Corporation held a smaller stake in the railroad than it actually did so that he could sell his own shares in the railroad before it was delisted from the Tokyo Stock Exchange. – 26 of 60 tank car s carrying fuel oil derail near Rzhev, Russia (about

; 26 of 60 tank cars carrying fuel oil derail near Rzhev, Russia (about 200 km 125 miles northwest of Moscow), sending a very large amount of oil into the ground contaminating Moscow's water supply and the Volga River after flowing down the Vazuza River from the accident site. The derailment damaged about 400 m (1,312 ft) of track, about half of the damaged track will require complete replacement. It is not yet known if this incident is related to the bomb

that was exploded on June 12 that derailed a passenger train.


hard time

are still called the Prince-Dmitry's Side and Prince-Theodor's Side. In the mid-14th century, they had a hard time repelling attacks from Algirdas of Lithuania and Grand Princes of Tver, who bought all the villages around the town. Finally, they left for Moscow, where their descendants (the '''Rzhevsky''' family) have become comic characters of many a joke (Russian joke#Poruchik Rzhevsky). In the meantime, the town was occupied for a short space by Tver, Polish-Lithuanian Union Poland


fierce

славы). Potential candidates are places of fierce battles: Oryol, Rzhev, Yelnya, Voronezh, Vyazma, and others. thumb left Hero Cities of the Soviet Union (Image:City Hero Moscow.jpg) * The Soviet Union parachutes 2,000 troops behind German lines at Medyn, near Tula (Tula, Russia), in support of Soviet Army offensive operations. Hardesty, Von, ''Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941-1945'', Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press

to close pincers around the Russian capital. However, the increasing cold, fierce local counter attacks, and lack of reserves slowed the advance. On 6 December, the Russians launched the first of a series of major counter offensives that forced the Germans back from Moscow. By the end of the month, von Thoma had received the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for organizing and holding a new defensive position on the Ruza River despite being closely pursued by strong Soviet forces. On 15


contemporary history

;They are holding them in unheated huts, and they feed them one or two frozen potatoes each a day. The Germans threw rotten meat and some bones through the barbed wire at the prisoners. This had made them ill. Every day 20-30 people are dying. The ones who are too ill to work are shot." (Ivan's War by Catherine Merridale—quote from the Center for the Documentation of Contemporary History, Smolensk Oblast) Almost no old architecture survived the ravages of World War II


510

, 1982, ISBN 0-87474-510-1, p. 76. * January 4–7 – Soviet Air Force aircraft attack forward ''Luftwaffe'' airfields at Rzhev and Velikiye Luki while German transport aircraft (Military transport aircraft) are using them to resupply German ground units. The Soviets claim nine Junkers Ju 52s destroyed on the ground and one Dornier Do 217 shot down in aerial combat. Hardesty, Von, ''Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941-1945

'', Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1982, ISBN 0-87474-510-1, pp. 78-79. * January 6 – Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft based at Truk begin attacks on the Australian air base at Rabaul. Morison, Samuel Eliot, ''History of U.S. Naval Operations in World War II, Volume III: The Rising Sun in the Pacific 1931-April 1942'', Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1988, p. 259. The Soviet command began constructing extensive defenses around


fraud

forces remained on the Commonwealth-Muscovy border, when Lisowski suddenly fell ill and died on October 11. **5th Air-space defense brigade (Petrovskoe, Moscow Oblast) **6th Air-space defense brigade (Rzhev, Tver Oblast)(former 32nd Corps of PVO?) **6963rd aviation base (Kursk) (MiG-29SMT) :* – Former Seibu Railway chairman Yoshiaki Tsutsumi pleads guilty at the opening of his trial in Japan on charges of insider trading and fraud falsifying

transport 2005 ''' – Former Seibu Railway chairman Yoshiaki Tsutsumi pleads guilty at the opening of his trial in Japan on charges of insider trading and falsifying financial records (fraud). * '''2005''' &ndash


defensive stance

; Furthermore, the German attack plan had been discovered quite late, and Soviet troops were ordered to assume a total defensive stance only on 27 September 1941. However, new Soviet divisions were being formed on the Volga, in Asia and in the Urals, and it would only be a matter of a few months before these new troops could be committed, Vasilevsky, p. 138. making the battle a race against time as well. After the reorganization, the ''Großdeutschland'' Division was assigned to XLVIII. Panzerkorps (German XLVIII Panzer Corps) during the opening phases of Fall Blau, the assault on Stalingrad. The division took part in the successful attacks to cross the upper Don river (Don River, Russia) and to capture Voronezh. In August, the division was pulled back to the north bank of the Donets and held as a mobile reserve and ''fire-brigade'' counterattack force. During the combined Soviet winter offensives Operation Uranus and Operation Mars, the Division was involved in heavy winter fighting near Rzhev. The Division sustained heavy losses in the Rzhev salient, effectively making the division combat ineffective. It was pulled out of the lines and refitted. ''Sonderkommando'' 7a ''Sonderkommando'' 7a led by Walter Blume, was attached to the 9th Army (9th Army (Wehrmacht)) under General Adolf Strauß. SK 7a entered Vilna on 27 June and remained there until 3 July. Soon Vilna was in the command sphere of ''Einsatzgruppe'' A, and ''Sonderkommando'' 7a was transferred to Kreva near Minsk. The ''Sonderkommando'' was active in Vilna, Nevel, Gorodoik, Vitebsk, Welish, Rzhev, Vyazma, Kalinin, and Klinzy. It executed 6,788 people. thumb right 300px ''Relief of Smolensk'' by Polish forces, by Juliusz Kossak (Image:Juliusz Kossak Odsiecz Smolenska.jpeg). While both countries were shaken by internal strife, many smaller factions thrived. Polish Lisowczycy mercenaries, who were essential in the defense of Smolensk in 1612, when most of regulars (wojsko kwarciane) mutinied and joined the ''konfederacja rohatynska'', were content to guard the Polish border against the Russian incursions for the next three years. However, in 1615 Aleksander Józef Lisowski gathered many outlaws and invaded Russia with 6 ''chorągiew'' of cavalry. He besieged Bryansk and defeated the relief force of few thousand soldiers under Prince Yuri Shakhovskoy near Karachev. Then Lisowski defeated the front guard of a force several times larger than his own, under the command of knyaz Dmitry Pozharsky, who decided to defend instead of attack and fortified his forces in a camp. Lisowczycy broke contact with his forces, burned Belyov and Likhvin, took Peremyshl (Peremyshl, Russia), turned north, defeated the Russian army at Rzhev, proceeded north towards Kashin, burned Torzhok, and, heavy with loot returned to Poland without any further opposition from Russian forces. Lisowski and his forces remained at the Russo–Polish border until autumn 1616, at which point Lisowski suddenly fell ill and died on 11 October The formation was then known as ''Lisowczycy''. Despite the death of Lisowski, his forces remained a significant threat: in 1616 they captured Kursk and defeated Russian forces at Bolkhov. '''Rzhev Battles''' ( 2.67 16 October 1942, in the days of Battle of Stalingrad the division was assigned to front-line airfields near Andreapol, Tver Oblast and subordinated to Mikhail Gromov (Mikhail Gromov (aviator))'s Third Air Army targeted against Rzhev and Smolensk. The division entered combat 29 October Kamanin's first personal combat sortie in World War II occurred 28 December 1942, against Velikiye Luki railroad station. The division was engaged in the Battle of Velikiye Luki and Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive, which ended in German evacuation of Rzhev bridgeheads at an enormous cost to Red Army. 292nd division, credited with saving Soviet offensive at Bely, Tver Oblast (8 December) and other tactical successes, was slowly bleeding, losing 20 pilots and 35 aircraft in two months, with no replenishments until January 1943. Refit division served against Demyansk Pocket, 15–23 February 1943. 1 March 1943, Kamanin was summoned to Moscow again and passed command of 292nd division to Filipp Agaltsov, future Marshal of Aviation (Military ranks of the Soviet Union). On 15 September 1941 von Thoma was made Army High Command Leader Reserve, his duties being determined by the Commander of Wehrkreis (Military District) III, Berlin. On 14 October 1941 he was made Commander of the 20th Panzer Division (German 20th Panzer Division) on the Eastern Front. Succeeding Generalmajor Horst Stumpff as divisional commander, von Thoma led his new command on the drive on Moscow that began on 15 November 1941. Despite the onset of a brutal winter, the Germans doggedly advanced on Moscow from the north and the south in an attempt to close pincers around the Russian capital. However, the increasing cold, fierce local counter attacks, and lack of reserves slowed the advance. On 6 December, the Russians launched the first of a series of major counter offensives that forced the Germans back from Moscow. By the end of the month, von Thoma had received the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for organizing and holding a new defensive position on the Ruza River despite being closely pursued by strong Soviet forces. On 15 January 1942, Hitler finally bowed to the inevitable and authorized his freezing and exhausted armies to slowly pull back in measured stages to the Rzhev–Gzhatsk–Orel (Oryol)–Kursk Königsberg Line. After continuing to serve on the Moscow front, von Thoma relinquished command of the 20th Panzer Division to Generalmajor Walther Düvert.


century local

-Lithuania , and finally by the Grand Duchy of Moscow. thumb View of Rzhev before the October Revolution (File:Rzhev.jpg) In the 18th century, local merchants, mainly of Old Believer confession, brought a great measure of prosperity to the town. This was disrupted by the October Revolution of 1917 and the bloody and inconclusive Battles of Rzhev in 1942, which all but wiped out the town. During World War II, Rzhev was occupied by German troops (Wehrmacht) from 14


news work

that was exploded on June 12 that derailed a passenger train.

accessdate June 16, 2005 * '''2005''' – Members of the Brotherhood of Railroad Signalmen begin a strike (Strike action) at 5:45  AM EDT (North American Eastern Standard Time Zone) at about 30

Rzhev

'''Rzhev''' (

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