Russian Empire

What is Russian Empire known for?


films combining

of stop-motion short films, and became a director of feature length films combining live-action, stop-motion, creative special effects, and Russian mythology. Along the way he would be responsible for a number of firsts in Russian film history (including the first feature (feature film)-length animated film, and the first film in color), and would make several extremely popular and internationally praised films full of visual flair and spectacle. '''Rawa''' ('''Rawicz'''), is a coat


nearby battle

. Friedland belonged to the Kingdom of Prussia from 1701; on June 14, 1807, Napoleon I (Napoleon I of France)'s French (First French Empire) army won the nearby Battle of Friedland against a combined Russian (Russian Empire)-Prussian (Kingdom of Prussia) army. The town became part of the German Empire in 1871 during the Prussian-led unification of Germany. Imported operettas and domestic productions by both whites like Cohan and blacks like Cook, Europe and Johnson all had


service construction

Russian nobles from compulsory military or state service. Construction of many mansions of the nobility, in the classical (classicism) style endorsed by the Empress, changed the face of the country. A notable example of enlightened despot (enlightened absolutism), a correspondent of Voltaire and an amateur opera librettist (Catherine II and opera), Catherine presided over the age of the Russian Enlightenment, when the Smolny Institute, the first state-financed higher education


liberal cultural

as a liberal-cultural movement in the 1880s.''


regular presence

, while Nicholas was visiting Japan during his eastern journey (Eastern journey of Nicholas II). Background Before opening ceremonies in Vladivostok marking the start of construction of the Trans-Siberian Railroad, Tsarevich Nicholas made an official visit to Japan. The Russian Pacific Fleet with the Tsarevich first called on Kagoshima (Kagoshima, Kagoshima), then Nagasaki (Nagasaki, Nagasaki), and then Kobe. From Kobe, the Tsarevich journeyed overland to Kyoto, where he was met by a delegation headed by Prince Arisugawa Taruhito. As this was the first visit by such an important foreign prince to Japan since those of Prince Heinrich of Prussia in 1880 and two British princes in HMS ''Bacchante'' (HMS Bacchante (1876)) in 1881, and as the military influence of the Russian Empire was growing rapidly in the far east, the Japanese government placed heavy emphasis on using this visit to foster better Russo-Japanese relations (Empire of Japan – Russian Empire relations). Nicholas showed interest in the Japanese traditional crafts, got a a dragon tattoo on his right arm, Keene, ''Emperor of Japan, Meiji and His World'', pp.446. Nikolai had read Pierre Loti's ''Madame Butterfly'' before arriving in Nagasaki, and in imitation of Loti had a dragon tattooed on his right arm on May 4 in a painful operation that took 7 hours, from 9 PM to 4 AM. and bought an ornamental hairpin (Kanzashi) for a Japanese girl who happened to be near him. right 225px thumb To contribute to the emergence of a society in which development will supplant stagnation, in which growth will take the place of decay, and in which culture will put an end to barbarism is the noblest, and, indeed, the only true function of intellectual endeavor. (File:Wheat close-up.JPG) '''Paul Alexander Baran (w:Paul Alexander Baran)''' (25 August 1909, Mykolaiv (w:Mykolaiv),Russian Empire (w:Russian Empire), today Ukraine (w:Ukraine) – 26 March 1964, Palo Alto (w:Palo Alto, California), USA (w:United States of America)) was an American economist (w:economics) known for his Marxist (w:Marxist) views. In 1951 Baran was promoted to full professor at Stanford University (w:Stanford University) and Baran was the only tenured Marxian economist (w:Marxian economist) in the United States until his death in 1964. right thumb w:Mark Kac Mark Kac (File:Mark Kac.jpg) Where there is independence there must be the normal law. '''Mark Kac (w:Mark Kac)''' (pronounced ''kahts'', Polish (w:Polish Language): ''Marek Kac'', b. 3 August 1914, Krzemieniec (w:Krzemieniec), Russian Empire (w:Russian Empire), now in Ukraine (w:Ukraine); d. 26 October 1984, California (w:California), USA (w:USA)) was a Polish (w:Poles) mathematician. Kac completed his Ph.D. in mathematics at the Polish University of Lwów (w:University of Lwów) in 1937 under the direction of Hugo Steinhaus (w:Hugo Steinhaus).


set featuring

to the ships with only five men wounded. left thumb 1990s matryoshka set featuring Russian leaders, including some Russian Empire Russian Imperial (Image:Russian Leaders Matriochka.jpg) monarchs. Shows the Bald – hairy sequence. During Perestroika, the leaders of the Soviet Union became a common theme depicted on matryoshkas. Starting with the largest


previous family

Voroshilov was born in the settlement Verkhnye, Bakhmut county (uyezd), Yekaterinoslav Governorate (now part of Lysychansk city in Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine), in the Russian Empire, into a railway worker's family of Russian (Russians) ethnicity. http: www.warheroes.ru hero hero.asp?Hero_id 1089 However, according to the Soviet Major General Pyotr Grigorenko Voroshilov himself was pointing out to his Ukrainian heritage and previous family name


excellent record

an excellent record at the Soviet Championship (USSR Chess Championship); third in 1920, second in 1923, co-champion at Leningrad in 1934 (tied with Ilya Rabinovich at 12 19), and outright champion at Tbilisi in 1937 with 12.5 19. left thumb Levenfish (left) takes on Botvinnik (right) in their 1937 match (Image:Botwinnik-Levenfish 1937.jpg) '''Andrievs Niedra''' (archaic spelling: ''Andreews Needra''; born 8 February 1871 in Tirza parish, Russian Empire – 25 September 1942


people+featuring

character character of the people who created them. By the 17th century, the proverbs were collected and documented. They were studied in the 19th and 20th centuries. Vladimir Dal was a famous lexicographer of the Russian Empire whose collection was published in Russian language in the late 19th century as ''The Sayings and Bywords of the Russian People,'' featuring more than 30,000 entries. They continue to endure in modern literature and folklore. Image:Slavic


unique artistic

his contemporaries valued his artistic work no less, or perhaps even more, than his literary work. A great number of his pictures, drawings and etchings preserved to this day testify to his unique artistic talent. He also experimented with photography and it is little known that Shevchenko may be considered to have pioneered the art of etching (etching (art)) in the Russian Empire (in 1860 he was awarded the title of Academician in the Imperial Academy of Arts specifically for his

Russian Empire

religion Official Russian Orthodox (Russian Orthodox Church) header Minority content government_type Autocracy (Tsarist autocracy) title_leader Emperor (Emperor of Russia) leader1 Peter I (Peter the Great) year_leader1 leader2 Nicholas II (Nicholas II of Russia) year_leader2 title_deputy deputy1 Sergei Witte year_deputy1 deputy2 Nikolai Golitsyn year_deputy2 1917 legislature Emperor (Emperor of Russia) exercises legislative power in conjunction with the house1 State Council (State Council of Imperial Russia) house2 State Duma (State Duma of the Russian Empire) event_pre Accession of Peter I (Peter the Great) date_pre event_start Empire proclaimed date_start event1 Decembrist revolt date_event1 event2 date_event2 event3 1905 Revolution (Russian Revolution of 1905) date_event3 Jan–Dec 1905 event4 date_event4 event_end February Revolution date_end event_post October Revolution date_post stat_year1 1866 stat_area1 22800000 stat_year2 1916 stat_area2 21799825 stat_year3 1916 stat_area3 stat_pop3 181,537,800 currency Ruble (Russian ruble) p1 Tsardom of Russia flag_p1 Flag of Oryol (variant).svg s1 Russian Republic flag_s1 Flag of Russia.svg s2 Ober Ost flag_s2 Flag of the German Empire.svg s3 Karafuto Prefecture flag_s3 Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg s4 Department of Alaska flag_s4 US flag 48 stars.svg s5 Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus flag_s5 Flag of the Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus.svg s6 State of Buryat-Mongolia flag_s6 Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921).svg today header   content footnotes b. '''^ (#infob)''' Renamed Petrograd in 1914.

The '''Russian Empire''' (Pre-reform Russian orthography (Reforms of Russian orthography): Россійская Имперія, Modern Russian (Russian language): Российская империя, translit (Romanization of Russian): ''Rossiyskaya Imperiya'') was a state (Sovereign state) that existed from 1721 until overthrown by the short-lived liberal February Revolution in 1917 (February Revolution). . Swain says, "The first government to be formed after the February Revolution of 1917 had, with one exception, been composed of liberals." One of the largest empires (List of largest empires) in world history, stretching over three continents, the Russian Empire was surpassed in landmass only by the British (British Empire) and Mongol (Mongol Empire) empires. It played a major role in 1812–14 in defeating Napoleon's ambitions to control Europe, and expanded to the west and south. It was often in conflict with the Ottoman Empire (which in turn was usually protected by the British).

At the beginning of the 19th century, the Russian Empire extended from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea on the south, from the Baltic Sea on the west to the Pacific Ocean, and (until 1867) into Alaska in North America on the east. In pictures: Russian Empire in colour photos, BBC News Magazine, March 2012. With 125.6 million subjects registered by the 1897 census (Russian Empire Census), it had the third largest population in the world at the time, after Qing China (Qing Dynasty) and the British Empire. Like all empires, it included a large disparity in terms of economics, ethnicity, and religion. There were numerous dissident elements, who launched numerous rebellions and assassination attempts; they were closely watched by the secret police, with thousands exiled to Siberia.

Economically, the empire was heavily rural, with low productivity on large estates worked by serfs, until they were freed in 1861. The economy slowly industrialized with the help of foreign investments in railways and factories. The land was ruled by a nobility called Boyars from the 10th through the 17th centuries, and then was ruled by an emperor called the "Tsar" (Emperor of All Russia). Tsar Ivan III (Ivan III of Russia) (1462–1505) laid the groundwork for the empire that later emerged. He tripled the territory of his state, ended the dominance of the Golden Horde, renovated the Moscow Kremlin, and laid the foundations of the Russian state. Tsar Peter the Great (1682–1725) fought numerous wars and built a huge empire that became a major European power. He moved the capital from Moscow to the new model city of St. Petersburg, and led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political system with a modern, scientific, Europe-oriented, and rationalist system.

Catherine the Great (1761–1796) presided over a golden age. She expanded the nation rapidly by conquest, colonization and diplomacy. She continued Peter the Great's policy of modernisation along West European lines. Tsar Alexander II (Alexander II of Russia) (1855–1881) promoted numerous reforms, most dramatically the emancipation of all 23 million serfs in 1861. His policy in Eastern Europe was to protect the Orthodox Christians under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. That involvement by 1914 led to Russia's entry into the First World War (World War I) on the side of Serbia and the Allies, and against the German, Austrian and Ottoman empires. Russia was an absolute monarchy until the Revolution of 1905 and then became a constitutional monarchy. The empire collapsed during the February Revolution of 1917 (February Revolution), the result of massive failures in its participation in the First World War.

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