surrounding the city were occupied by the Italian military, setting the stage for an intense and bloody insurgency which would last until the end of the war. Partisan (Yugoslav Partisans) activity included guerrilla-style attacks on isolated positions or supply columns, sabotage and killings of civilians believed to be connected to the Italian and (later) German authorities. This, in turn, was met by stiff reprisals from the Italian and German military. On 14 July 1942, in reprisal
European Records were set of which 10 World Records and even 7 World Best Times. This championship also presented a record in the number of participating countries. There were more than 600 top athletes, from some 50 European countries. Swimmers from 21 nations won medals and 40 of the 51 national member Federations of LEN were present in Rijeka. HNK Rijeka is Rijeka's main football (association football) team, currently playing in the first Croatian division. Rijeka's other important
date December 2014 Historically, because of its strategic position and its excellent deep-water port (Port of Rijeka), the city was fiercely contested, especially among Italy, Hungary, and Croatia, changing hands and demographics many times over centuries. According to the 2011 census data (Demographics of Croatia), the overwhelming majority of its citizens (82.52%) are Croats, along with the important Bosniak (Bosniaks of Croatia), Italian (Italians of Croatia) and Serbs of Croatia
of the Autonomist Association, known also as Autonomist Party in Fiume, after Michele Maylender resigned in 1901. With Zanella the party abandoned its liberal stance and turned to the Kossuthist independence party for support. Embracing a staunch Italian nationalist stance (in its vehemence typical of the Kossuthists political style) his popularity grew especially among the lower and middle classes, eventually becoming elected mayor (Podestà) of Fiume in 1914, but the nomination was vetoed
: ''Alvona'' (Labin), ''Flanona'' (Plomin), ''Tarsatica'' (Trsat; in Rijeka), ''Senia'' (Senj), ''Lopsica'' (Sv. Juraj, south from Senj), ''Ortoplinia'' (probably Stinica, in Velebit), ''Vegium'' (Karlobag), ''Argyruntum'' (Starigrad), ''Corinium'' (Karin Donji), ''Aenona'' (Nin (Nin, Croatia)), ''civitas Pasini'' (in Ražanac – Vinjerac – Posedarje range), important island cities ''Absortium'' (''Apsorus'' – Osor), ''Arba'' (Rab (Rab (town))), ''Crexi'' ( Cres
of the original population (mostly Croats) remained in the city, and subsequently the city was resettled by many immigrants from various parts of Yugoslavia, changing the city demographics once again. A period of reconstruction began. During the period of the Yugoslav (Yugoslavia) communist administration in the 1950s–1980s the city grew both demographically and economically, based on its traditional manufacturing industries, its maritime economy and its port, then the largest in Yugoslavia
became active in astronomy during his college years in Pula, where he became active within a local amateur astronomical society. He spent the next few years honing his art, by making telescopes and teaching others, including teaching posts at the Amateur Astronomical Society of Višnjan. In 1981 Korlević was qualified with a B.Sc. from the pedagogical faculty of Rijeka. Towards the end of the 1980s, after some time teaching at polytechnic schools, he co-founded the Yugoslav School of Astronomy, later known as the Višnjan School of Astronomy. * Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Sofia, Bulgaria * Croatian MAGIC Consortium (Institute Ruđer Bošković (Ruđer Bošković Institute), Zagreb; University of Split, Split (Split (city)); University of Rijeka, Rijeka), Croatia Biography He was born as Josip Pančić in Ugrini, near Crikvenica, Croatia (then Austrian Empire), the fourth son of Pavel Pančić and Margarita.After finishing elementary school in Gospić, he went on to the lyceum in Rijeka and graduated in 1842 in Budapest in medicine. In addition to other courses, Pančić attended botany courses, taught by the then renowned botanist Sadler. ''Life road of Josif Pancic'', see External links Early life Stepinac was born in the village of Brezarić in the parish of Krašić, on 8 May 1898, to Josip Stepinac and his wife Barbara. Ćorić, Šimun, ''Cardinal Alojzije Stepinac: basic facts about his person and work''. Croatian Information Center, 1998 He was the fifth of eight children in his peasant family. In 1909 he moved to Zagreb to study in the Classical Gymnasium (Classical Gymnasium in Zagreb) and graduated in 1916. Just before his eighteenth birthday he was conscripted into the Austro-Hungarian Army. He was attached to the 96th Karlovac Infantry Regiment before going to Rijeka for six months training. Biography of Aloysius Stepinac He was then sent to serve on the Italian Front (Italian Campaign (World War I)) during World War I. In July 1918 he was captured by the Italians who held him as a prisoner of war for five months. Alban Butler, Kathleen Jones, David Hugh Farmer, Paul Burns; ''Butler's Lives of the Saints''. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2000. (p. 263) After the formation of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, he was no longer treated as an enemy soldier, and he instead volunteered for the Yugoslav legion that was engaged on the Salonika Front. A few months later, he was demobilized with the rank of Second Lieutenant and returned home in the spring of 1919. thumb Zoran Krušvar in 2008 (Image:Zoran Krusvar (2008).gif) '''Zoran Krušvar''' is a Croatian psychologist and science fiction and fantasy writer, born on April 9, 1977, in Rijeka. He won 4 SFERA awards (SFERA Award), in 2002 (for ''Igra''), in 2003 (for ''Brodovi u tami''), in 2007 (for ''Izvršitelji nauma Gospodnjeg'') and in 2008 (for ''Tako biti mora'') from the Zagreb-based science fiction society SFera (SFera (Croatia)). Originally, the movement promoted the annexation to Italy of territories inhabited by an Italian indigenous population but retained by the Austrian Empire after Third Italian War of Independence in 1866 (hence 'unredeemed' Italy). These included Trentino and Trieste, but also multilingual areas with German (Germans), Slovene (Slovenes), Croat, Ladin and Istro-Romanian population such as South Tyrol, a part of Istria, Gorizia, and part of Dalmatia. The claims were extended later to the city of Fiume (Rijeka) (Rijeka), Corsica, the island of Malta, the County of Nice, and Italian Switzerland. * Princess Kseniya (Princess Xenia of Montenegro) (Cetinje, Montenegro, April 22, 1881 - Paris, France, March 10, 1960); * Princess Vjera (Rijeka, Croatia, February 22, 1887 - Antibes, France, October 31, 1927); * Prince Petar of Montenegro (Cetinje, Montenegro, October 10, 1889 - Meran, Italy, May 7, 1932); married 1924 Violet Wegner (after conversion to Orthodoxy her name was Ljubica). They had no children. Pescara held the XVI Mediterranean Games in 2009, having defeated Rijeka, Croatia and Patras, Greece for the privilege. Under the Austrians (1813-1918) As in Dalmatia as a whole, the Austrian authorities imposed a policy of Italianization, and the official language was Italian. The Makarska representatives in the Dalmatian assembly in Zadar and the Imperial Council in Vienna demanded the introduction of the Croatian language for use in public life, but the authorities steadfastly opposed the idea. One of the leaders of the National (pro-Croatian) Party (People's Party (Kingdom of Dalmatia)) was Mihovil Pavlinović of Podgora. Makarska was one of the first communities to introduce the Croatian language (1865). In the second half of the 19th century Makarska experienced a great boom and in 1900 it had about 1800 inhabitants. It became a trading point for agricultural products, not only from the coastal area, but also from the hinterland (Herzegovina and Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina)) and had shipping links with Trieste, Rijeka and Split (city). The order for the first ship, ''Frans Suell'', was placed on 28 September 1989, with the delivery date projected in mid-1991. The ship was launched on 23 January 1991, but due to the war in Yugoslavia (Breakup of Yugoslavia) her construction was severely delayed, and she was not ready for her first sea trials until January 1992. Following her second sea trials in March 1992 the ''Frans Suell'' sailed to Rijeka—in what was now independent Croatia—for finalization of her construction and to receive the Euroway livery. The ship was finally delivered to her owners on 4 May 1992 and left Split for Malmö. '''Oštrovica''' is a location on the Rijeka-Zagreb motorway in the Primorje-Gorski Kotar county of Croatia, coordinates: WikiPedia:Rijeka Dmoz:Regional Europe Croatia Localities Rijeka Commons:Rijeka
to the success of the 6th Fleet in representing American power and interests in the countries of Southern Europe, Northern Africa (North Africa), and the Near East. She made this contribution through such activities as her participation in NATO Mediterranean exercises; her call to seldom-visited Rijeka, Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), in December 1950 and Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, in May 1960, and to many other ports as a regular feature of her schedule; her cruising
- Uzhhorod *Branch B (Pan-European Corridor Vb) - Rijeka - Zagreb - Budapest *Branch C (Pan-European Corridor Vc) - Ploče - Sarajevo - Osijek - Budapest Slavenka Drakulić was born in Rijeka, PR Croatia, on July 4, 1949. She graduated in comparative literature and sociology from the University in Zagreb in 1976. From 1982 to 1992 she was a staff writer for the ''Start'' bi-weekly newspaper and news weekly ''Danas'' (both in Zagreb
Alternative rock, Punk rock, Shock rock '''Let 3''' (Flight 3) is a modern rock band from Rijeka, Croatia formed in 1987. The band frontmen are Damir "Mrle" Martinović and Zoran "Prlja" Prodanović. The band is popular in Croatia and other former Yugoslav (former Yugoslavia) republics due to their original approach to rock music and their obscene live performances. Sometimes provocative and vulgar lyrics and always shocking live performance with lots
Historically, because of its strategic position and its excellent deep-water port (Port of Rijeka), the city was fiercely contested, especially among Italy, Hungary, and Croatia, changing hands and demographics many times over centuries. According to the 2011 census data (Demographics of Croatia), the overwhelming majority of its citizens (82.52%) are Croats, along with the important Bosniak (Bosniaks of Croatia), Italian (Italians of Croatia) and Serb (Serbs of Croatia) minorities.
Rijeka is the centre of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County. The city's economy largely depends on shipbuilding (shipyards "3. Maj" and "Viktor Lenac Shipyard") and maritime transport. Rijeka hosts the Croatian National Theatre (Croatian National Theatre in Rijeka) "Ivan pl. Zajc (Ivan Zajc)", first built in 1765, as well as the University of Rijeka, founded in 1973 but with roots dating back to 1632.
Apart from Croatian, the population also uses its own unique version of the Venetian language (Fiumano (Fiuman dialect)), with an estimated 20,000 speakers among the autochtone Croats and various minorities. Historically it served as a lingua franca for the many ethnicities inhabiting the multicultural port-town.