Cynon Taf , within the historic county boundaries (Historic counties of Wales) of Glamorgan, Wales, lying in the Rhondda Fawr Valley. A former industrial coal mining town, today Tonypandy is best known as the site of the Tonypandy Riots. Career history Davies was born in Treorchy in the Rhondda Valley, Wales. His father, a clerk at a coalmine, died a few months later, and his mother took Donald and his twin sister back to her home town of Portsmouth, where he went to school. The History of Computing Project - Donald Davies Biography *'''Gladys Pugh''' (Ruth Madoc) '''''Chief Yellowcoat Sports Organiser''''' - Gladys was born in 1933 in Pontypridd, but she spent her youth living in the Rhondda Valley. She joined Maplins Holiday Camp in 1955 and rose through the ranks to become Sports Organiser and later Chief Yellowcoat. She won the competition for being the most popular girl Yellowcoat every year since she joined, until 1959, when she was beaten by Sylvia Garnsy. Upon Jeffrey Fairbrother's arrival at the camp at the start of the 1959 season, she fell passionately in love with him, although he did not reciprocate this. On one occasion, she found herself in a situation where Fairbrother had become drunk unintentionally, and she helped him back to his chalet. The following morning he awoke naked with no memory of the previous night, and found Gladys's bra in his bed. It was left ambiguous as to what actually happened. Gladys disliked all of the other female Yellowcoats, Sylvia Garnsy in particular, whom she saw as competition in her fight for Fairbrother's affections. Like Fairbrother, she also disapproved of Ted's schemes to scam the campers, even though she secretly had her own scheme selling reconditioned tennis balls. Gladys was left heartbroken when Fairbrother departed for Wisconsin without telling anyone at the end of the season, but she quickly recovered upon meeting Squadron Leader Clive Dempster, who arrived to take over Fairbrother's job. She immediately became attracted to Clive, and the two had an on-off relationship throughout the 1960 season. She eventually married Clive and moved to Australia with him at the end of the season. Venables is also the Chairman of Welsh League side Cambrian Sky Blues who are based in the Rhondda, South Wales. Cambrian & Clydach Vale Welsh Football League Before the Rhondda (w:Rhondda) Magistrates' Court (w:Magistrates' Court) Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.
. The A4233 begins outside Rhondda at Tonyrefail, heading north through Porth and through the Rhondda Fach to Maerdy, where the road eventually links up with the A4059 at Aberdare. Two other A roads service the area; the A4119 is a relief road, known as the Tonypandy Bypass and the other is the A4061 which links Treorchy to the Ogmore Vale before reaching Bridgend. There is a single rail link to the Rhondda, the Rhondda Line, based around the old Taff Vale Railway which serviced both the Rhondda Fach and Rhondda Fawr. The Rhondda Line runs through the Rhondda Fawr, linking Rhondda to Cardiff Central (Cardiff Central railway station). The railway stations that once populated the Rhondda Fach were all closed after the Beeching Axe. The railway line serves ten Rhondda stations with the villages not directly linked connected through bus services. Residents of note ''See also'' :Category:People from Rhondda Due to the scarcity of inhabitants in the Rhondda prior to industrialisation, there are few residents of note before the valleys became a coal mining area. The earliest individuals to come to the fore were linked with the coal industry and the people; physical men who found a way out of the Rhondda through sport; charismatic orators who led the miners through unions or political and religious leaders who tended to the deeply religious chapel going public. Sport right thumb 175px Boxer, Jimmy Wilde (File:Jimmy Wilde.jpg) The two main sports with which the Rhondda appeared to produce quality participants were rugby union and boxing. One of the first true rugby stars to come from the Rhondda was Willie Llewellyn, who not only gained 20 caps for Wales (Wales national rugby union team) scoring 48 points, but was also the first Rhondda born member of the British Lions (British and Irish Lions). Such was Llewellyn's fame that during the Tonypandy Riots, his pharmacy was left unscathed by the crowds due to his past sporting duties. Many players came through the Rhondda to gain international duty, and after the split between amateur rugby union and the professional Northern League (rugby league), many were also tempted to the North of England to earn a wage for their abilities. Amongst the new league players was Jack Rhapps, Aberaman born, but living in the Rhondda when he 'Went North', eventually becoming the world's first dual-code international rugby player. The most famous rugby player from the Rhondda of the later half of the 20th century is Cliff Morgan. Morgan was born in Trebanog, and gained 29 caps for Wales, four for the British Lions and was one of the inaugural inductees of the International Rugby Hall of Fame. Another notable player is Billy Cleaver from Treorchy, a member of the 1950 Grand Slam winning team. During the 20th century The Rhondda also supplied a steady stream of championship boxers. Percy Jones (Percy Jones (boxer)) was not only the first World Champion from the Rhondda, but was the first Welshman to hold a World Title when he won the Flyweight belt in 1914. After Jones came the Rhondda's most notable boxer, Jimmy Wilde also known as the "Mighty Atom", who took the IBU (International Boxing Union) world flyweight title in 1916. British Champions from the valleys include Tommy Farr who held the British and Empire heavyweight belt and Llew Edwards who took the British featherweight title. Although association football was not as popular as rugby in the Rhondda in the early 20th century, after the 1920s several notable players had emerged from the area. Two of the most important players both came from the village of Ton Pentre; Jimmy Murphy (Jimmy Murphy (footballer)) was capped 15 times for Wales, and in 1958 managed both the Welsh national team and Manchester United. Roy Paul, also from Ton Pentre, led Manchester City to two successive FA Cup finals in 1955 and 1956 and gained 33 Welsh caps. Alan Curtis (Alan Curtis (footballer)), who was best known for representing Swansea City (Swansea City A.F.C.) and Cardiff City (Cardiff City F.C.), came from the neighbouring village of Pentre, and in an 11 year international career won 35 caps for Wales scoring 6 goals. The Rhondda Valleys have also produced two world class darts players. In 1975 Alan Evans (Alan Evans (darts player)) from Ferndale won the Winmau World Masters, a feat repeated in 1994 by Richie Burnett from Cwmparc. Burnett surpassed Evans when he also became BDO World Darts Champion (BDO World Darts Championship) winning the tournament in 1995 (1995 BDO World Darts Championship). Politics right thumb 200px Leanne Wood, from Penygraig (File:Leanne Wood Senedd.jpg) Despite neither being born in the Rhondda, the two most notable political figures to emerge from the area are William Abraham (William Abraham (Welsh politician)), known as Mabon, and George Thomas, Viscount Tonypandy (George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy). Abraham, best known as a trade unionist was the first Member of Parliament of the Rhondda and the leader of the South Wales Miners' Federation. A strong negotiator in the early years of valleys' unionism, as a moderate he lost ground to more radical leaders in his later years. Thomas was the born in Port Talbot but raised in Trealaw near Tonypandy. He was a Member of Parliament for Cardiff for 38 years and Speaker of the House of Commons (1976–1983). On his retirement from politics he was made Viscount Tonypandy. Leanne Wood, current leader of Plaid Cymru is from the Rhondda. Film and television The most well known actors to have been born in the Rhondda are Sir Stanley Baker and brothers Donald (Donald Houston) and Glyn Houston. Baker was born in Ferndale and starred in films such as the ''The Cruel Sea (The Cruel Sea (1953 film))'' (1953) and ''Richard III (Richard III (1955 film))'' (1955), though it was as actor producer of the 1964 film Zulu (Zulu (1964 film)) that his legacy endures. Davies (2008) p. 47 The Houston brothers were both born in Tonypandy, with Donald gaining better success as a film actor, with memorable roles in ''The Blue Lagoon (The Blue Lagoon (1949 film))'' (1949) and Ealing's ''Dance Hall (Dance Hall (film))'' (1950). Davies (2008) p. 378 Glyn Houston acted primarily in British B-Movies, and was better known as a television actor. Literature Of the Cadwgan Circle, the most notable of their number is Rhydwen Williams, the winner of the Eisteddfod Crown on two occasions who used the landscape of the industrial valleys as a basis for much of his work. Writing in the English language Peter George (Peter George (author)) was born in Treorchy and is best known as the Oscar nominated screenwriter of Dr. Strangelove, based on his book Red Alert (Red Alert (novel)). Reflecting the lives of the residents of the Rhondda, both Gwyn Thomas (Gwyn Thomas (novelist)) and Ron Berry brought a realism to the industrial valleys which was missing in the more rose-tinted writings of Richard Llewellyn. Visual arts The Rhondda Valleys has not produced as notable a group of visual artists as it has writers, though in the 1950s a small group of students, brought together through a daily commute by train to the Cardiff College of Art, came to prominence and are known as the 'Rhondda Group'. Before the Rhondda (w:Rhondda) Magistrates' Court (w:Magistrates' Court) Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.
and a daughter, Shelley Miranda, who has appeared in many television programmes and starred as 'Mandy' in BBC Wales cult comedy series 'Satellite City'. Shelley is married to the former Australian actor Richard Norton. DATE OF BIRTH 18 March 1950 PLACE OF BIRTH Ynyshir, Rhondda, Wales DATE OF DEATH thumb left Tommy Jones Obelisk (Image:Tommy Jones Obelisk.JPG)thumb The summit (Image:Pen Y Fan.jpg) On the route from the Storey Arms (once a coaching inn on the Brecon
Blaenllechau in Ferndale (Ferndale, Rhondda Cynon Taf). Davis (1989), p. 16 The settlement is one of a group of earthworks and indicates the presence of the Roman army during the 1st century AD. It was thought to be a military site or marching camp (Castra).
). ''The Scenery, Antiquities & Biography of south Wales'', Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme In the first half of the 17th century a rising cost of consumable goods and a series of bad harvests brought about economic changes in Glamorgan. Those with enough wealth were able to seize on opportunities created by these unsettled conditions and set about enlarging and enclosing farm lands. The enclosure of freehold lands that began in the later Middle
Thomas, were an important artistic movement in 20th-century Welsh art. The most notable members of the group include Ernest Zobole, a painter from Ystrad, whose expressionist work was deeply rooted in the juxtaposition of the industrialised buildings of the valleys set against the green hills that surround them. Stephens, Meic; Obituary: Ernest Zobole Independent.co.uk, 7 December 1999 Also from the Rhondda Fawr was sculptor Robert Thomas (Robert Thomas (sculptor)); Stephens, Meic; Obituary: Robert Thomas independent.co.uk, 21 May 1999 born in Cwmparc, his heavy cast statues have become icons of contemporary Wales, with five of his statues publicly displayed in the centre of Cardiff. Science and social science In sciences and social sciences the Rhondda has provided important academics within the aspects of Wales and on the World stage. Donald Davies, born in Treorchy in 1924 was the co-inventor of packet switching, a process which enabled the exchange of information between computers, a feature which enabled the Internet. Before the Rhondda (w:Rhondda) Magistrates' Court (w:Magistrates' Court) Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.
In August 1952 the BBC transmitter at Wenvoe (Wenvoe transmitting station) began broadcasting allowing the Rhondda to receive television pictures for the first time. May, (2003), p. 50 This was followed in January 1958 with Commercial Television provided by Television Wales and the West (TWW), giving the viewers of the Rhondda a choice of two television channels. May, (2003), p. 54 Transport thumb The A4061 Bwlch-y-Clawdd road was built in 1928. It connected the Rhondda to Nantymoel (File:Cwmparc, zigzag on the A4061 - geograph.org.uk - 444747.jpg) and Abergwynfi and made a lasting impression on the landscape to be featured in ''National Geographic''. ref name "parker"
after leaving school, but an offer of a professional contract from Swansea gave him the opportunity to leave the colliery, but his football career was then disrupted by Second World War, during which he was a physical training instructor. After the war, Paul made his League debut, and spent four years playing first team football for Swansea, winning the Third Division South (Football League Third Division South) championship in 1948–49. Transfer listed after an abortive move to Colombian
The subjugation of Glamorgan, begun by Fitzhamon, was finally completed by the powerful De Clare family, Davies (2008), p. 746 but although Gilbert de Clare had now become one of the great Marcher Lords the territory was far from settled. Hywel ap Maredudd, lord of Meisgyn (Miskin) captured his cousin Morgan ap Cadwallon and annexed Glynrhondda in an attempt to reunify the commotes under a single native ruler.
sqmi . Davies (2008), p. 153 This coalfield took in the majority of Glamorgan, and the entirety of the Rhondda was situated within it. Although neighbouring areas such as Merthyr and Aberdare had already sunk coal mines, it was not until Walter Coffin initiated the Dinas (Dinas Rhondda) Lower Colliery in 1812 that coal was first exported from the Rhondda Valleys on any sort of commercial scale. ref name "Davies 746" >
Merthyr Colliery in October 1851, at the top of the Rhondda Fawr in what would become Treherbert. The Bute Merthyr began producing coal in 1855, the first working steam coal colliery in the Rhondda. framed left 3rd Marquess of Bute, owner of the first deep mine in the Upper Rhondda (File:3marqbute.PNG) In conjunction with the sinking of the first colliery at the head of the Rhondda, the second issue of transportation was being tackled at the same time
;ref name "Morgan101" Morgan (1988), p. 101 The TUC called off the strike just nine days later, without resolving the miners' cut in wages. The miners disagreed and stayed on strike for a further seven months until they were starved into surrendering. The Rhondda saw many schemes set up by miners to aid their plight, such as soup kitchens and fêtes and 'joy' days to support them; Wales in the Twentieth Century World: Family on the Dole 1919-1939; Mid Glamorgan County Council Education Department (1994) pp. 3-4 while in Maerdy the local miners set up a rationing system. By the time the miners returned to work there was little desire for further action through strikes, which saw a decline in the popularity of 'The Fed' and greater emphasis on solving problems through political and parliamentary means. Morgan (1988), p. 102 With the advent of the Great Depression (Great Depression in the United Kingdom), employment within the Rhondda Valleys continued to fall. This in turn led to a decline in public and social services, as people struggled to pay rates and rents. John (1980), p. 541 One of the outcomes of a lack of funds was a fall in health provisions, which in Rhondda lead to a lack of medical and nursing staff, John (1980), p. 542 a failure to provide adequate sewage works and a rise in deaths from tuberculosis. John (1980), p. 543 By 1932 the long-term unemployment figure in the Rhondda was recorded at 63%, John (1980), p. 539 and in Ferndale the unemployment figure for adult males rose as high as 72.85%. With little other employment available in the Rhondda John (1980), p. 518 the only solution appeared to be emigration. Between 1924 and 1939, 50,000 people left the Rhondda. During this time life was difficult for communities built solely around a singular industry, especially as most families were on a single wage. The start of the Second World War saw a complete turnaround in the employment figures, and by 1944 unemployment figures in the Rhondda ranged from 1% in Treorchy to 3.7% at Tonypandy. John (1980), p. 563 Mining disasters 250px right thumb The Lewis Merthyr Colliery, now part of the Rhondda Heritage Park (File:Lewis Merthyr Colliery.jpg) As with any heavy industry, the possibility of serious injury or death was an everyday risk for the mine workers of the Rhondda Valley. The most notorious form of colliery disaster (Mining accident) was the gas explosion, Davies (2008), p. 160 caused by either a buildup of methane gas or coal dust. As the mines became deeper and ventilation become more difficult to control the risk increased. The worst single incident in the Rhondda was the 1867 Ferndale disaster in which an explosion saw the loss of 178 lives. However, the major disasters only accounted for roughly 20% of overall fatalities, with individual accidents accounting for the bulk of deaths. Davies (2008), p. 161 The list below shows mining disasters which saw the loss of five or more lives during a single incident. class "wikitable" + '''Mining disasters in the Rhondda Valley 1850 - 1965''' ! Colliery Location Date Year Death toll cause - Dinas Colliery Dinas 1 January 1844 12 gas explosion Before the Rhondda (w:Rhondda) Magistrates' Court (w:Magistrates' Court) Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.
'''Rhondda''' Rhondda is part of Rhondda Cynon Taf County Borough (Rhondda Cynon Taf) and is part of the South Wales Valleys.
The Rhondda Valley is most notable for its historical link to the coal mining industry which was at its peak between 1840-1925 AD. The Rhondda Valleys were home to a strong early Nonconformist Christian movement which manifested itself in the Baptist chapels which moulded Rhondda values in the 19th and early 20th century. Rhondda is also famous for strong masculine cultural ties within a social community which expressed itself outside industry in the form of male voice choirs, sport and politics.