Rhondda

What is Rhondda known for?


music collection

' Court Magistrates' Court Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.


past decades

France, Italy and the Low Countries, experienced a massive decline; from 33 per cent around the start of the 20th century to roughly 5 per cent by 1980. The other major factors in the decline of coal were related to the massive under-investment in Rhondda mines over the past decades. Most of the mines in the valleys were sunk between the 1850s and 1880s, which, as a consequence, meant they were far smaller than most modern mines. John (1980), p. 588 The Rhondda mines were in comparison antiquated, with methods of ventilation, coal-preparation and power supply all of a poor standard. In 1945 the British coal industry cut 72 per cent of their output mechanically, whereas in South Wales the figure was just 22 per cent. The only way to ensure the financial survival of the mines in the valleys was massive investment from the NCB, but the 'Plan for Coal' paper drawn up in 1950 was overly optimistic in the future demand for coal, John (1980), p. 589 which was drastically reduced following an industrial recession in 1956 and an increased availability of oil. John (1980), p. 590 The British government and Welsh employment bodies funded and subsidized external businesses to locate new ventures within the valleys to replace the vanishing heavy industries. The first attempt to bring in business not connected to the coal mining industry began in the 1920s when David Jones, Town Clerk to the Rhondda Urban Council, gained government support in attracting outside businesses to the area. Before the Rhondda (w:Rhondda) Magistrates' Court (w:Magistrates' Court) Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.


strip running

-east Wales was divided into five cantrefi. The Rhondda lay within Penychen, a narrow strip running between modern day Glyn Neath and the coast between Cardiff and Aberthaw. Each cantref was further divided into commotes, with Penychen made up of five such commotes, one being Glynrhondda. Rees, William (1951). ''An Historical Atlas of Wales from Early to Modern Times''; Faber & Faber ISBN 0-571-09976-9 Relics of the Dark Ages are uncommon within


hard quot

music sites maxboyce pages biography.shtml accessdate 27 June 2007 At the age of fifteen, Boyce left school, went to live with his grandfather, and followed his father's footsteps by working in a colliery "for nearly eight years". Before the Rhondda (w:Rhondda) Magistrates' Court (w:Magistrates' Court) Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.


social drinking

. There has been much concern in the Rhondda that if Young Men don't join up to these Choirs, then these important Welsh Cultural choirs will ultimately die out, and be consigned to the History books forever. '''Brass bands''' In the mid-19th century brass bands had a poor relationship with the Nonconformist chapels, mainly due to the heavy social drinking that came hand in hand with being a member of a band. Davies (2008), p. 80 ref>


time black

The Beverly Wilshire was the only hotel in Los Angeles willing to accommodate Robeson, at the then exorbitant rate of $100 per night and only if he would register under an assumed name. He complied with the requirements, but then arranged to spend two hours every afternoon sitting in the lobby, where he could easily be recognized. When asked why, he responded, "To ensure that the next time Black singers and actors come through, they'll have a place to stay." During that period, Collier's magazine named him both "favorite male Negro singer" and "America's no.1 entertainer." Price: 8-9 Early life Whitehouse was born in Stanleytown (Stanleytown, Rhondda Cynon Taf) in the Rhondda Valley, Glamorgan, Wales. His father worked for the National Coal Board and his mother was a singer with the Welsh National Opera. Before the Rhondda (w:Rhondda) Magistrates' Court (w:Magistrates' Court) Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.


regular membership

, but as with many communities throughout Britain, the post wars saw a decline in regular membership. To some extent, as the population declined the number of places of worship also declined, but this was exacerbated in the Rhondda by a process of linguistic change which saw a severe decline in the number of Welsh speakers. As a result, it was the Welsh language chapels, in particular, that saw a severe drop in membership from the 1950s, and the next half-century saw many chapels close. By 1990 the Rhondda


growing strength

Dictionary of The Dominion of Wales publisher W. Bulmer and co year 1811 isbn while the families of the Rhondda Fach attended Llanwynno church. The inhabitants of the lower Rhondda, in the vicinity of Porth and Dinas, would need to trek to Llantrisant to hear a service. Despite the importance of the Anglican Church in the lives of the parishioners the growing strength of Nonconformity (Nonconformism) would make itself felt


years playing

after leaving school, but an offer of a professional contract from Swansea gave him the opportunity to leave the colliery, but his football career was then disrupted by Second World War, during which he was a physical training instructor. After the war, Paul made his League debut, and spent four years playing first team football for Swansea, winning the Third Division South (Football League Third Division South) championship in 1948–49. Transfer listed after an abortive move to Colombian


century world

;ref name "Morgan101" Morgan (1988), p. 101 The TUC called off the strike just nine days later, without resolving the miners' cut in wages. The miners disagreed and stayed on strike for a further seven months until they were starved into surrendering. The Rhondda saw many schemes set up by miners to aid their plight, such as soup kitchens and fêtes and 'joy' days to support them; Wales in the Twentieth Century World: Family on the Dole 1919-1939; Mid Glamorgan County Council Education Department (1994) pp. 3-4 while in Maerdy the local miners set up a rationing system. By the time the miners returned to work there was little desire for further action through strikes, which saw a decline in the popularity of 'The Fed' and greater emphasis on solving problems through political and parliamentary means. Morgan (1988), p. 102 With the advent of the Great Depression (Great Depression in the United Kingdom), employment within the Rhondda Valleys continued to fall. This in turn led to a decline in public and social services, as people struggled to pay rates and rents. John (1980), p. 541 One of the outcomes of a lack of funds was a fall in health provisions, which in Rhondda lead to a lack of medical and nursing staff, John (1980), p. 542 a failure to provide adequate sewage works and a rise in deaths from tuberculosis. John (1980), p. 543 By 1932 the long-term unemployment figure in the Rhondda was recorded at 63%, John (1980), p. 539 and in Ferndale the unemployment figure for adult males rose as high as 72.85%. With little other employment available in the Rhondda John (1980), p. 518 the only solution appeared to be emigration. Between 1924 and 1939, 50,000 people left the Rhondda. During this time life was difficult for communities built solely around a singular industry, especially as most families were on a single wage. The start of the Second World War saw a complete turnaround in the employment figures, and by 1944 unemployment figures in the Rhondda ranged from 1% in Treorchy to 3.7% at Tonypandy. John (1980), p. 563 Mining disasters 250px right thumb The Lewis Merthyr Colliery, now part of the Rhondda Heritage Park (File:Lewis Merthyr Colliery.jpg) As with any heavy industry, the possibility of serious injury or death was an everyday risk for the mine workers of the Rhondda Valley. The most notorious form of colliery disaster (Mining accident) was the gas explosion, Davies (2008), p. 160 caused by either a buildup of methane gas or coal dust. As the mines became deeper and ventilation become more difficult to control the risk increased. The worst single incident in the Rhondda was the 1867 Ferndale disaster in which an explosion saw the loss of 178 lives. However, the major disasters only accounted for roughly 20% of overall fatalities, with individual accidents accounting for the bulk of deaths. Davies (2008), p. 161 The list below shows mining disasters which saw the loss of five or more lives during a single incident. class "wikitable" + '''Mining disasters in the Rhondda Valley 1850 - 1965''' ! Colliery Location Date Year Death toll cause - Dinas Colliery Dinas 1 January 1844 12 gas explosion Before the Rhondda (w:Rhondda) Magistrates' Court (w:Magistrates' Court) Wiosna admitted breaching the noise abatement (w:noise pollution) notice (w:summons), with which he was served. He was ordered to pay a £ (w:Pound sterling)200 fine. He was also ordered to pay £50 in costs, £15 in victim surcharge, and to destroy his music collection.

Rhondda

'''Rhondda''' Rhondda is part of Rhondda Cynon Taf County Borough (Rhondda Cynon Taf) and is part of the South Wales Valleys.

The Rhondda Valley is most notable for its historical link to the coal mining industry which was at its peak between 1840-1925 AD. The Rhondda Valleys were home to a strong early Nonconformist Christian movement which manifested itself in the Baptist chapels which moulded Rhondda values in the 19th and early 20th century. Rhondda is also famous for strong masculine cultural ties within a social community which expressed itself outside industry in the form of male voice choirs, sport and politics.

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