Republic of Mahabad

What is Republic of Mahabad known for?


title character

where the title character in ''Princess Natasha'' comes from. *'''Zoroastrian People's Republic of Inner Magadan, The''': a state "between the Sea of Okhotsk and the Arctic Circle" in the novel ''The Business (The Business (novel))'' by Iain Banks. Apparently a conflation of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, the Republic of Mahabad, and Inner Mongolia. *'''Zuvendis''': African country in Rider Haggard's ''Alan Quatermain'' containing a lost white race


944

Kurdistan ) in 1946.


great influence

five years until the fall of the republic. C. J. Edmonds, ''Kurdish Nationalism'', Journal of Contemporary History, pp.87-107, 1971, p.96 Soviet attitude The Soviets were generally ambivalent towards the Kurdish administration. They did not maintain a garrison near Mahabad and also did not have any civil agent of sufficient standing to exercise any great influence. They encouraged Qazi's administration by practical benevolent operations such as providing


contemporary history

five years until the fall of the republic. C. J. Edmonds, ''Kurdish Nationalism'', Journal of Contemporary History, pp.87-107, 1971, p.96 Soviet attitude The Soviets were generally ambivalent towards the Kurdish administration. They did not maintain a garrison near Mahabad and also did not have any civil agent of sufficient standing to exercise any great influence. They encouraged Qazi's administration by practical benevolent operations such as providing


performances religious

national homogeneity on the country where half of the population consisted of ethnic minorities, Reza Shah had previously issued in quick succession bans on the use of Azerbaijani language on the premises of schools, in theatrical performances, religious ceremonies, and, finally, in the publication of books. Tadeusz Swietochowski, Russia and Azerbaijan: A Borderland in Transition. ISBN 0-231-07068-3 These directives were issued despite the fact that Reza Shah's mother Noosh Afarin and his wife Taj-Al-Molook Ayrimlu were both of Azerbaijani descent. The '''Flag of Kurdistan''' (Kurdish (Kurdish language): ''Alay Kurdistan'' or ''Alaya Kurdistanê'', - '''Qazi Muhammad''' (Kurdish (Kurdish language) قازی محه‌مه‌د or Qazî Mihemmed) (1893–1947) was a nationalist and religious Kurdish (Kurdish people) leader and the Head of the Republic of Kurdistan, (Republic of Mahabad) the second modern Kurdish (Kurds) state in the Middle East (after the Republic of Ararat). Biography Qazi Muhammad acted as the President of the Soviet (USSR) backed Republic of Mahabad, in Kurdistan of Iran (Iranian Kurdistan), (Eastern Kurdistan) in 1946.


public life

and Egypt. In Iraq, he became involved in the nationalist movement led by Mustafa Barzani, with whom he developed a close friendship. In 1975, after the defeat of the movement, he moved back to Iran, and settled in the city of Karaj, where he lived until his death on February 22, 1990. He is buried in his home town of Mahabad. Republic of Mahabad encouraged women's participation in public life and KDPI launched a political party for women which promoted


religious training

of Saadat in Mahabad and completing his religious training at the Shaikh Borhan's Khanaqah in the village of Sharafkand, Hemin joined the Kurdish Resurrection Party (Komeley Jiyanewey Kurd), founded in 1942. This was the first Kurdish political organization with a clear ambition for the establishment of an independent Greater Kurdistan. During the WWII when the Red Army invaded parts of northern Iran, including most of Azarbaijan and parts of Kurdistan, KJK changed its name to Kurdish Democratic Party and declared the first Kurdish republic with Mahabad as its capital. Mukriyani, along with his best friend Abd-al-Rahman Sharafkandi (Hazhar), was named the Kurdish national poet of the Republic of Mahabad, and became the secretary of Haji Baba Shaikh (Hadschi Baba Scheich), the prime minister and head of the self-proclaimed Republic. He fled the oppression that followed the downfall of the Republic in December 1946 and he took refuge in Sulaimaniya in Iraqi Kurdistan, where he was arrested. He was released after a while. After the agreements of 11 March 1970, which allowed the Kurdish insurgents and Baghdad's central government a four years' respite, Hemin settled down in Baghdad and became an active member of the Kurdish Academy of Science. Biography Hejar was born in the city of Mahabad in north-western Iran. He began religious studies in early childhood, but was forced to abandon it when he lost his father at the age of 17. He started writing poems in Kurdish (Kurdish language) around 1940. Through his readings, he came under the influence of famous Kurdish poets such as Malaye Jaziri, Ahmad Khani, Wafaei and Haji Qadir Koyi. He was involved in the Kurdish movement led by Qazi Muhammad and was appointed as one of the official poets of the Republic of Mahabad in 1947. After the fall of the republic, he was forced into exile. For about 30 years, he lived in different countries such as Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Egypt. In Iraq, he became involved in the nationalist movement led by Mustafa Barzani, with whom he developed a close friendship. In 1975, after the defeat of the movement, he moved back to Iran, and settled in the city of Karaj, where he lived until his death on February 22, 1990. He is buried in his home town of Mahabad. Republic of Mahabad encouraged women's participation in public life and KDPI launched a political party for women which promoted education for females and rallied their support for the republic. S. Mojab, ''Women and Nationalism in the Kurdish Republic of 1946'' in Women of a non-state nation, The Kurds, ed. by Shahrzad Mojab, Costa Mesa Publishers, 2001, pp.71-91 In August 1979, the Iranian Army launched an offensive to destroy the autonomist movement in Kurdistan (Iranian Kurdistan). Kurdish organizations such as Komala recruited hundreds of women into their military and political ranks. Within its own camps, Komala abolished gender segregation and women took part in combat and military training. ***My judgement is based on the following: - there exists an article called History of the Kurds and in this article is a section called History_of_the_Kurds#Modern_History_of_the_Kurds with a link to a main article called Modern history of the Kurds which is currently redlinked. The section in question covers the period 1828-present day. There currently isn't any reference to the two items of information in Kingdom of Kurdistan which are an attempt at independence from the British mandate which did not last long and an attempt at independence from Turkey which did not last long. These two pieces of information are part of the modern history of the Kurds and should be referenced there. An article about independence struggles in Kurdistan would have more than just two basic pieces of information and would not be called Kingdom of Kurdistan. There should in my view be an article on the modern history of Kurdistan and at most, the information presented in Kingdom of Kurdistan would be a small section within that. MLA (User:MLA) 19:32, 2 March 2006 (UTC) ****The key words in your kind reply are "redlinked" and "should", which only confirm my opinion that the nomination for deletion was a bit of misunderstanding. You just don't delete information from wikipedia just because it should be a part of the article which '''does not exist''' yet. I am not in a position to evaluate the validity of the term "Kingdom of Kurdistan"; I may understand the position that if someone proclaims himself King, this does not necessarily mean that there is a "Kingdom". But this is a different issue, and again, you just '''don't''' delete a correct and significant information from wikipedia. We already have an article about Republic of Mahabad, which was just as shortlived. Mukadderat (User:Mukadderat) 22:19, 2 March 2006 (UTC) *****Hmm.... Republic of Mahabad was also called kingdom of kurdistan... I for one am confused in this flood of 3 kingdoms with identical titles. Even a disambiguation page would be hard to create. Since all 3 of the kingdoms existed ceased to exist repetively in the same time period. It is perfectly fine to explain this under a "modern hostory of kurds" rather than pathetic individual articles that cannot grow beyond stubs. Each article can hardly fill a stub.


686

and Russian Expansion", Foreign Affairs, Vol. 24, 1945–1946, pp. 675–686 *Kurdish Republic of Mahabad, Encyclopedia of the Orient. Kurds: People without a country, Encyclopædia Britannica Susan ''Kurdistan In the Shadow of History'', Random House, 1997. ISBN 0-679-42389-3 *McDowall, ''David A Modern History of the Kurds'', I. B. Tauris, 1996 (Current revision


quot modern

(UTC) *****Hmm.... Republic of Mahabad was also called kingdom of kurdistan... I for one am confused in this flood of 3 kingdoms with identical titles. Even a disambiguation page would be hard to create. Since all 3 of the kingdoms existed ceased to exist repetively in the same time period. It is perfectly fine to explain this under a "modern hostory of kurds" rather than pathetic individual articles that cannot grow beyond stubs. Each article can hardly fill a stub.


putting

. The United Kingdom and the United States were concerned that electoral victories by communist parties in any of these countries could lead to sweeping economic and political change in Western Europe. *1945 – Occupation of Japan: General Douglas MacArthur orders that Shinto be abolished as the state religion of Japan. *1946 – US-backed Iranian troops evict the leadership of the breakaway Republic of Mahabad, putting an end to the Iran crisis

frontier province and named his own uncle, Farhad Mirza Mo'tamad-al-Dawla, as the governor of what has become simply the province of Kordistan, thus putting an end to the Ardalan Dynasty. In 1941, the Ardalans participated in the first Kurdish (Kurdish people) revolt in Iran during the World War II. However, they were not involved in the establishment of the Republic of Mahabad in 1946, and the territory of that short-lived autonomic state did not include Sinne. After The end

Republic of Mahabad

The '''Republic of Mahabad''' (Kurdish (Kurdish language): کۆماری مەھاباد ''Komarî Mehabad''; Persian (Persian language): جمهوری مهاباد), was a short-lived self-governing state in present-day Iran. The Republic of Mahabad arose along with Azerbaijan People's Government, a short-lived state.

The capital of Republic of Mahabad was the city of Mahabad in northwestern Iran. The state itself encompassed a small territory, including Mahabad and the adjacent cities of Piranshahr and Ushnaviya. The republic's foundation and demise was a part of the Iran crisis (Iran crisis of 1946) during the opening stages of the Cold War.

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