Qingzhou

What is Qingzhou known for?


356

sent Murong Ke and Yang Mu against him. In 356, despite the heavy fortifications that Duan's capital Guanggu (廣固, in modern Qingzhou, Shandong) had, Murong Ke sieged it, and after Duan's food supplies ran out, he was forced to surrender. Murong Jun initially spared Duan, but for reasons unknown, he executed Duan in 357. During the next few years, as a number of former Later Zhao generals were still trying to maintain independence and vacillated between Former Yan, Former Qin

, and Jin (Jin Dynasty (265-420)), Murong Ke was involved in a number of successful campaigns to destroy them or force their submission. These included campaigns against Su Lin (蘇林) in winter 352, Li Du (李犢) in summer 353, and Lü Hu (呂護) in spring 354. In 356, Murong Ke further defeated Duan Kan (段龕), the Jin vassal who had occupied Shandong Peninsula under the title Duke of Qi, sieging his heavily fortified capital Guanggu (廣固, in modern Qingzhou, Shandong) and forcing his surrender


combination

. *Ou Yuan, a Ming Dynasty garden. It turned to be a combination of park and zoo, and is used as a performance area for citizens in the dawn and nightfall. *Qingzhou Museum, featuring some of the Buddhist statues unearthed in 1996 1997 *Tuoshan Yunmenshan ("Camel Mountain Cloud Gate Mountain"), which includes an ancient collection of Buddhist grottoes under national protection. The mountain is located approximately 4 kilometers southwest of the city center

at least two large and historic mosques. The oldest one is the Zhenjiao Mosque (真教寺). It can date from eight centuries ago, which is one of the three most well-known mosques in Yuan Dynasty. *'''Ou Yuan''', a Ming Dynasty garden. It turned to be a combination of park and zoo, and is used as a performance area for citizens in the dawn and nightfall. *'''Qingzhou Museum''', featuring some of the Buddhist statues unearthed in 1996 1997 *'''Tuoshan Yunmenshan''' ("Camel Mountain Cloud Gate


actions leading

outward actions, leading the officials and the populace all to be happy with him. Murong Chao's rule was an arbitrary and incompetent one, and the Southern Yan state suffered greatly, particularly after he provoked Jin (Jin Dynasty (265-420)) by attacking its borders and capturing its people to be trained as replacement musicians in 409. This drew a major attack by the Jin general Liu Yu (Emperor Wu of Liu Song), and in 410, the Southern Yan capital Guanggu (廣固, in modern Qingzhou


174

" . While engaged in a war with the Mongols, in the year 1259 the official Li Zengbo wrote in his ''Kezhai Zagao, Xugaohou'' that the city of Qingzhou was manufacturing one to two thousand strong iron-cased bomb shells a month, dispatching to Xiangyang (Xiangyang District, Xiangfan) and Yingzhou about ten to twenty thousand such bombs at a time.

. In turn, the invading Mongols employed northern Chinese soldiers and used these same type of gunpowder weapons against the Song. . By the 14th century the firearm and cannon could also be found in Europe, India, and the Islamic Middle East, during the early age of gunpowder warfare. In 412, the Chinese Buddhist (Buddhism) monk Faxian landed at Laoshan District


featuring

. *Ou Yuan, a Ming Dynasty garden. It turned to be a combination of park and zoo, and is used as a performance area for citizens in the dawn and nightfall. *Qingzhou Museum, featuring some of the Buddhist statues unearthed in 1996 1997 *Tuoshan Yunmenshan ("Camel Mountain Cloud Gate Mountain"), which includes an ancient collection of Buddhist grottoes under national protection. The mountain is located approximately 4 kilometers southwest of the city center

at least two large and historic mosques. The oldest one is the Zhenjiao Mosque (真教寺). It can date from eight centuries ago, which is one of the three most well-known mosques in Yuan Dynasty. *'''Ou Yuan''', a Ming Dynasty garden. It turned to be a combination of park and zoo, and is used as a performance area for citizens in the dawn and nightfall. *'''Qingzhou Museum''', featuring some of the Buddhist statues unearthed in 1996 1997 *'''Tuoshan Yunmenshan''' ("Camel Mountain Cloud Gate


192

Needham 1986e p 82 . . The ''Wujing Zongyao'' manuscript of 1044 was the first book in history to provide formulas for gunpowder and their specified use in different types of bombs. ref name "needham volume 5 part 7 117


appearing

, against the Jin governor of Qing Province (青州, modern central and eastern Shandong), Pilü Hun (辟閭渾). In fall 399, he captured the capital of Qing Province, Guanggu (廣固, in modern Qingzhou, Shandong), killing Pilü, and making Guanggu his new capital. From this point on, Murong De carried out few military campaigns, appearing to be content with controlling his small but stable empire. Murong De was greatly pleased when Murong Chao arrived at the capital Guanggu (廣固, in modern Qingzhou


ancient collection

. *Ou Yuan, a Ming Dynasty garden. It turned to be a combination of park and zoo, and is used as a performance area for citizens in the dawn and nightfall. *Qingzhou Museum, featuring some of the Buddhist statues unearthed in 1996 1997 *Tuoshan Yunmenshan ("Camel Mountain Cloud Gate Mountain"), which includes an ancient collection of Buddhist grottoes under national protection. The mountain is located approximately 4 kilometers southwest of the city center

. Understand Qingzhou is a developing and rarely visited (by foreigners) city of nearly a million people. The number of cranes outnumber foreign tourists hundredfold. In China, this city is mostly famous for being surrounded by beautiful (and typically "Chinese-looking") mountains, including Tou Shan (Camel Mountain) and Yunmen Shan (Cloud Gate Mountain), which includes an ancient collection of Buddhist grottoes under national protection. They are located approximately 4

Mountain"), which includes an ancient collection of Buddhist grottoes under national protection. The mountain is located approximately 4 kilometers southwest of the city center *'''Yang Tian''', a natural park with marverlous surface features. It is covered by virgin forest, through which crystal rivers are flowing, and dotted with quantities of natural rock cavities. What makes this park more amazing is the so-called thousand Buddha's cave, which is considered as the first cave


year long


412

and look extraordinarily vivid. Special Products *Dish Gardens *Embroideries *Flowers *Hiemal Juicy Peaches *Mihe Melons *Tobacco Timeline *412: The Chinese Buddhist (Buddhism) pilgrim Faxian landed on the south of Shandong peninsula at Laoshan, and proceeded to Qingzhou to translate and edit the scriptures he had collected in India. *1986: The name "Qingzhou" is recovered from "Yi Du". *1996: The discovery of over 200 buried Buddhism Buddhist

. In turn, the invading Mongols employed northern Chinese soldiers and used these same type of gunpowder weapons against the Song. . By the 14th century the firearm and cannon could also be found in Europe, India, and the Islamic Middle East, during the early age of gunpowder warfare. In 412, the Chinese Buddhist (Buddhism) monk Faxian landed at Laoshan District

Qingzhou

'''Qingzhou''' (Chinese (Chinese character): 青州; Pinyin: Qīngzhōu), formerly '''Yidu County''' (益都县), is a county-level city, which is located in the west of Weifang City, Shandong Province, China. Qingzhou is a dynamic industry city, and also grows a great number of farm products. The local government holds an open policy of introduction of foreign capital, and has established strong business relationships with more than fifty countries and regions.

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