Qazvin

What is Qazvin known for?


writings published

''al-Kābulī'' (" the one from Kabul") and ''al-Istānbulī'' (" the one from Istanbul"). Especially in his writings published in Afghanistan, he also used the pseudonym ''ar-Rūmī'' ("the Roman" or "the Anatolian"). '''''Mir Emad''''' (born '''Emad al-Molk Qazvini Hasani''' (Persian: '''میرعماد حسنی قزوینی''') in 1554 in Qazvin - d. August 15 , 1615) is perhaps the most celebrated Iran Persian


political military

Despite friction, Azerbaijanis in Iran came to be well represented at all levels of "political, military, and intellectual hierarchies, as well as the religious hierarchy". After the defeat of the Ogedeid and Chagataid families, Mongke eliminated


culture music

Allen Scott, Jeffry.


service public

–1613: Russia descends into anarchy during the Time of Troubles. Religion * The Jame' Atiq Mosque of Qazvin is constructed in Qazvin by the orders of Harun al-Rashid. * The great ''Book of Armagh'' is written by Ferdomnach, a scribe at the School of Armagh. * July 7 – A public memorial service (Michael Jackson memorial service) is held for musician Michael Jackson. It is regarded as one of the most prominent funerals of all time. ref name


distinct style

in the region . The Safavids moved their capital from Tabriz to Qazvin and then to Isfahan, where their patronage for the arts propelled Iran into one of its most aesthetically productive eras. Under their rule, the state became highly centralized, the first attempts to modernize the military were made, and even a distinct style of architecture developed (Isfahani style (Iranian architecture)). In 1722 Pashtun (Pashtun people) rebels headed by the Hotaki dynasty Hotakis


major resistance

to join Hulegu's expedition to Iran and strengthened the army with 1,000 siege engineers from China. Möngke's armies, led by his brother Hulegu (c. 1217–65), launched an attack on the Ismailis in Iran, crushing the last major resistance there by the end of 1256. The Hashashin Imam Rukn ad-Din requested permission to travel to Karakorum to meet with the Great Khan Mongke himself. Hulegu sent him on the long journey to Mongolia, but once the Imam arrived there, Mongke criticized his action and dismissed him. Rukn ad-Din was killed in uncertain circumstances. For the Abbasids, envoys from Baghdad attended the coronation of Mongke in 1251 to come to terms with the Mongols. However, Mongke told Hulegu whether the Caliph Al-Musta'sim refused to meet him in person, then Hulegu was to destroy Baghdad. Hulegu then advanced on Iraq, taking the capital at Baghdad in 1258. Hulegu sent Mongke some of his war booty with the news of his conquest of Baghdad. Mongke dispatched a Chinese messenger to congratulate for his victory in reply. Outraged by the attack on the caliphate, Malik Kamil revolted, killing his Mongol overseer. Hulegu's son Yoshumut invested Mayyafariqin and executed Malik Kamil. From there they moved into Syria in 1259, took Damascus and Aleppo, and reached the shores of the Mediterranean. Fearing of the Mongol advance, the Ayyubid Sultan Malik Nasir Yusuf refused to see Hulegu and fled. However, the Mongols captured him at Gaza. Attack on his vehicle On January 8, 2010, Karroubi's son, Hussein Karroubi reported on Karroubi's Web site, Saham News, that shots had been fired at his armored car by pro-government demonstrators in Qazvin. Demonstrators also threw "bricks and rocks" at the flat where he was staying. The New York Times newspaper reported that he "has been pushed and shoved" and had a shoe thrown "at him — a grave insult in Iran" — since the election. "But this was the first time someone shot at him." Shots Fired at Iran Opposition Leader’s Car, Son Says By NAZILA FATHI, January 8, 2010 Early life and origin He claimed to be of Afghan (Pashtun people) origin most of his life but evidence suggests that he was born in Iran. WikiPedia:Qazvin Commons:Category:Qazvin fa:قزوین


tehran'

as the calligraphy capital of Iran. It is famous for its Baghlava, carpet patterns, poets, political newspaper and pahvali (Middle Persian) influence on its accent. At the 2011 census, its population was 381,598. http: www.citypopulation.de php iran-qazvin.php Located in above sea level. The climate is cold but dry, due

and Mark Elliott, p. 28, Lonely Planet Publications, ISBN 978-1-74104-293-1 It is a provincial capital today that has been an important cultural center throughout history. Archeological findings in the Qazvin plain reveal urban agricultural settlements for at least nine millennia. Qazvin geographically connects Tehran, Isfahan, and the Persian Gulf to the Caspian seacoast and Asia Minor, hence

massacre of Babis occurred in Qazvin in 1847. http: www.momen.org relstud qazvin.htm In the second half of the 19th century Qazvin was one of the centers of Russian presence in northern Iran. A detachment of the Persian Cossack Brigade under Russian officers was stationed here. From 1893 this was the headquarter of the Russian Company for Road construction in Persia which connected Qazvin by roads to Tehran and Hamadan. The company built a hospital and the St. Nicolas


film video

visual artist who lives in New York City. She is known primarily for her work in film, video and photography. Image:Shah Abbas I engraving by Dominicus Custos - Antwerp artist printer and engraver.jpg thumb left Abbas I of Persia Shah


national power

right A memorial of the many Qazvinis who died during the revolution of Iran and during the Iran–Iraq War. Qazvin today is a center of textile trade, including cotton, silk and velvet, in addition to leather. It is on the railroad line and the highway between Tehran and Tabriz. Qazvin has one of the largest power plants feeding electricity into Iran's national power grid, the ''Shahid Raja'i'' facility, which provides 7% of Iran's electrical power. Colleges and universities Qazvin has several institutes of higher education: *Imam Khomeini International University *Islamic Azad University of Qazvin qiau.ac.ir *Payam-e-Nur University of Qazvin *Qazvin University of Medical Sciences *Raja University Raja University *Shahid Babaee Technical Institute afshbq.ac.ir *Kar University kar.ac.ir *University of Qazvin Modern towers Some famous residential towers are: Punak (536 units), Aseman, Elahieh, Bademestan (440 units in 17 floors) and Tejarat tower with 28 floors. Shopping complexes *City Star in Khayam Street *Ferdowsi in Ferdowsi Street *Iranian in Adl Street *Narvan in Ferdowsi Street Bridges * Naderi * Molasadra * Ertebatat * Persian Gulf (Khalij Fars) * Abotorabi * Nasr * Motahari * Imam Ali * Rajaei Famous hotels * Alborz * Iran * Marmar * Ghods * Grand Hotel, Qazvin * Noizar Major parks * Shohada * Dehkhoda * Beheshti * Fadak (Barajin) * Mellat * Al-Ghadir * Afarinesh Hypermarkets *Proma Hypermarket *Refah Chain Stores Co. Transportation Qazvin is served by Qazvin railway station. Sport Qazvin is a well-known city because of its famous athletes. The city has highly focused on athletic teams along recent years. Techmash (Techmash Qazvin BC) is a basketball team which entered Iranian Basketball Super League in 2013. Notable Qazvinis thumb right Qazvin is an ancient city containing fine examples of Iranian architecture from various ages. This is the Shazdeh Hosein Shrine. (File:Shazdeh hosein qazvin.jpg) There have been an abundance of known people who lived in Qazvin, or came from Qazvin, whose tombs are scattered throughout the cities and villages of the province. These include: Pre-Modern time * Ibn Majah, author of the last of the six canonical ''hadith'' collections recognized by Sunni Muslims. * Hamdollah Mostowfi: the great Il-Khanid historian and writer. * Ubayd Zakani: famous 14th-century poet noted for his satire and obscene verses. * Mir Emad Hassani: famous Nasta'liq calligrapher * Darvish Ablulmajid: famous Shekaste (Shekastegan) Nasta'liq calligrapher Modern time * Yousef Alikhani: contemporary fiction writer and researcher. * Azizi family: a well-known family that originates from Qazvin includes Sheikh Ahmad Azizi (Ahmad Azizi), his great-grandson businessman Mr. Hadi Azizi (Mr Hadi Azizi), known research and medical doctor Dr. Sadegh Pirooz Azizi (Sadegh Pirooz Azizi), the former Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1997–2005 Mr. Ahmad Azizi and Abolghasem Azizi. * Ali Akbar Dehkhoda: prominent linguist and author of Iran's first modern Persian (Persian language) dictionary. * Abdul Hossein Darki: known doctor. * Jamal Karimi-Rad: former Minister of Justice (2005–2006). *Hadi Mirmiran: architect. *Shirin Neshat: Famous contemporary Iranian artist. * Mojabi family (Mojabi): a prominent family that originates from Qazvin including Javad Mojabi and Zohreh Mojabi. * Molla Khalil Ibn Ghazi Qazvini: famous ''faqih'' (religious jurist) and commentator of the Qur'an in the Safavid period (d. 1678). * Aref Qazvini: poet, lyricist, and musician. * Ra'ees ol-Mojahedin: The late Mirza Hassan Sheikh al-Islam, son of Mirza Masoud Sheikh al-Islam, leader of the liberals and constitutionalists of Qazvin. * Shahid Saless: killed in 1846. The third religious leader after Imam Ali who was murdered during prayer. * Kázim-i-Samandar: a famous follower of Bahaullah. * Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian: Famous contemporary Iranian artist. * Táhirih: influential poet and theologian of the Bábí Faith. * Nasser Takmil Homayoun: a contemporary historian. * Nasser Yeganeh: Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1975–79). * Haj seyed Javadi: politician in early 1980s. Notable people buried in Qazvin * Uwais Qarni: a celebrity of early Islam, thought to have been killed here while fighting against an army of Deilamian origin. WikiPedia:Qazvin Commons:Category:Qazvin fa:قزوین


modern time

team which entered Iranian Basketball Super League in 2013. Notable Qazvinis thumb right Qazvin is an ancient city containing fine examples of Iranian architecture from various ages. This is the Shazdeh Hosein Shrine. (File:Shazdeh hosein qazvin.jpg) There have been an abundance of known people who lived in Qazvin, or came from Qazvin, whose tombs are scattered throughout the cities and villages of the province. These include: Pre-Modern time * Ibn Majah, author of the last

of the six canonical ''hadith'' collections recognized by Sunni Muslims. * Hamdollah Mostowfi: the great Il-Khanid historian and writer. * Ubayd Zakani: famous 14th-century poet noted for his satire and obscene verses. * Mir Emad Hassani: famous Nasta'liq calligrapher * Darvish Ablulmajid: famous Shekaste (Shekastegan) Nasta'liq calligrapher Modern time * Yousef Alikhani: contemporary fiction writer and researcher. * Azizi family: a well-known

Qazvin

'''Qazvin''' ( , also Romanized as ''Qazvīn'', ''Caspin'', ''Qazwin'', or ''Ghazvin'') is the largest city and capital of the Province of Qazvin (Qazvin province) in Iran. Qazvin was an ancient capital in the Persian Empire and nowadays is known as the calligraphy capital of Iran. It is famous for its Baghlava, carpet patterns, poets, political newspaper and pahvali (Middle Persian) influence on its accent. At the 2011 census, its population was 381,598. http: www.citypopulation.de php iran-qazvin.php

Located in above sea level. The climate is cold but dry, due to its position south of the rugged Alborz range called KTS Atabakiya.

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