Iraq played their home games on neutral territory in the 1980s due to the Iraq-Iran war, but still qualified for the 1986 World Cup in Mexico, and three Olympic Games (Moscow (Football at the 1980 Summer Olympics), Los Angeles (Football at the 1984 Summer Olympics) and Seoul (Football at the 1988 Summer Olympics)). In qualification for the 2002 World Cup (2002 FIFA World Cup qualification (AFC)), Iraq played at home against Iran (Iran national football team), Bahrain (Bahrain national football team), and Thailand (Thailand national football team) in the Al Shaab Stadium in Baghdad, but Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabia national football team) refused to play against the nation because of the tensions between that country and the regime of Saddam Hussein. In 2003, the war in Iraq forced Iraq to play their "home" matches outside the country for security reasons, and so fixtures were held in Jordan, Syria, Qatar or the UAE (United Arab Emirates). In 1975, the Czartoryski heirs sold the Hôtel Lambert to Baron Guy de Rothschild (Guy de Rothschild), whose wife, Marie-Hélène de Rothschild, was a close friend of de Redé; they used it as their Paris residence. In September 2007, Prince Abdullah bin Khalifa al-Thani, brother of the Emir of Qatar bought the Hôtel Lambert from the Rothschilds for the purported sum of about 80 million euros ($111 million). The prince's plan for a comprehensive overhaul of the building has sparked controversy and became the subject of legal action brought by French conservationists. The scheme reportedly includes plans to install lift (elevator)s, an underground car park, and a number of security measures, including digging under the garden and raising the 17th-century garden wall about 80 cm. Former tenant Michèle Morgan criticized the plans in a interview, suggesting that super-rich clients wanting a tailor-made luxury modern residence should consider a larger site on the outskirts of Paris rather than a cramped position limited on all sides by the river Seine and listed monuments. *Afghanistan (Kabul - ''2 branches'') *Qatar (Doha - ''2 branches'') *Bahrain (Manama) Congregations The church has 14,000 local congregations (Wiktionary:congregation) with 3.8 million members worldwide. While the majority of the members are in India, congregations exist in Sri Lanka where a full diocese is organized, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. CSI members also worship in different parts of India including New Delhi, Kolkata, Bhopal, Bhilai, Mumbai,Pune. Wikipedia:Qatar Dmoz:Regional Middle East Qatar Commons:Category:Qatar
for Pakistan to participate in the upcoming Art festivals in various countries such as Iran, Syria, Qatar and Lebanon. During her stay in Istanbul she officially visited various historical sites in Turkey and conveyed the love of Pakistan for Turkey. Her performance in Istanbul was important news in various Turkish News papers. Kiani represented Pakistan on the 25th Anniversary of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) Research
. The audience gave her a standing ovation. At the end of her performance, The Mayor of Istanbul presented a bouquet of flowers to her. After her performance she received invitations for Pakistan to participate in the upcoming Art festivals in various countries such as Iran, Syria, Qatar and Lebanon. During her stay in Istanbul she officially visited various historical sites in Turkey and conveyed the love of Pakistan for Turkey. Her performance in Istanbul was important news
Yandarbiev from Sergei Ivanov personally. Sergei Ivanov Tied to the Case of the Russians in Qatar by Mikhail Zygar. Kommersant, 13 April 2004. He left Ghana for Qatar after the 1982 African Cup of Nations. After a short spell with F.C. Zürich (Fussballclub Zürich) in Switzerland he returned to Ghana but, after both Kotoko and Hearts of Oak (Accra Hearts of Oak SC) failed to sign him
June 30, 2010 newspaper News Guangdong date April 15, 2004 Participating NOCsgames-participating-countries.php Participating Nocs 26 countries have registered to take part
fullpage.html?res 9E03E1DF1F39F93BA35752C1A9679C8B63 title WEIGHT LIFTING; Qatar Man Wins By a Slim Margin publisher ''The New York Times'' date 2001-11-08 accessdate 2009-01-22 '''Ahmad Hassan Abdullah''' ( Wikipedia:Qatar Dmoz:Regional Middle East Qatar Commons:Category:Qatar
, Al Rakiyat Fort, Al Wajbah Fort and the ruins of Al Yussoufiya Fort, Umm Al Maa Fort and Al Ghuwair Castle. While the National Museum is currently closed for renovations, there are a number of other museums across the country that specialise in history. The '''Sheikh Faisal Bin Qassim Al Thani Museum''' in Al Shahaniya is the Sheikh's collection of relics, artefacts and art from Qatar, the Middle East and around the world. Culture and tradition Nature and the land Modern attractions * The Museum of Islamic Art, Doha * Souq Waqif : the traditional old marketplace of Qatar. Has many good restaurants, especially at night time. Also sells many national products - bargaining is recommended. * The Pearl : a man-made island connected to Doha by a bridge. You can find a big variety of restaurants and shops, mainly in the high range. * Villaggio Mall: a spectacular Venetian style shopping mall with a canal and gondolas as well. A huge variety of shops from casual to luxury. * Mathaf : The Arab museum of modern art * Katara : Cultural village which is home to many international and Arab restaurants, a beautiful beach, and holds many cultural events. Definitely a place to see. * Aqua park : Aquatic Funfair. Buy 350px thumb The splendidly-restored Souq Waqif of Doha. (File:Souq Waqif with Qataris in foreground.jpg) The national currency is the '''Qatari riyal''' (QAR). The riyal is pegged to the US dollar at the rate of QR 3.64 to US $1. One riyal is divided into 100 dirham, with 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 dirham coin denominations. The riyal is available in 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 and 500 banknote denominations. It is fairly straightforward to change major world currencies within Qatar, along with the currencies of Bahrain, Saudia Arabia and the UAE. Rates are fairly similar between banks and moneychangers, with a large concentration of moneychangers near the Gold Souq of Doha. Banks are abundant across Doha, with branches in the larger cities as well. Travellers cheques are accepted by the major banks. ''City Centre'' is currently the largest mall in Qatar and has many stores to choose from. Other malls include Landmark (includes a Marks & Spencer store), Hyatt Plaza, The Mall, Royal Plaza and Villagio. Blue Salon has huge sales twice a year where you can pick up Armani, Valentino and Cerutti suits for half price. There are many things to buy here but be wary of cheap pearls that have a high possibility of being fake. The many skilled tailors in Qatar make it a good place to have clothes made-to-fit. The souqs in the centre of Doha also have a lot to offer, although the goods are usually of cheaper quality than those of the malls. Prices are usually negotiable, so practice your bargaining skills. Souq Waqif (The Standing Souk) is the most interesting of the souqs; it was recently renovated to look as it did 50 or 60 years ago. You can buy anything from a turban to a pot large enough to cook a baby camel in! Do A great activity for tourists is simply to experience the nation's tradition. The traditional Qatari way of life was simple: Bedouin nomads wandering the desert with their camels, and fisherman scouring the ocean floor for pearls to trade. While these two lifestyles are mostly extinct on the peninsula, the government has taken some measures to preserve their traditions for future generations to experience. Many tour companies run '''desert expeditions''' by both four-wheel drive and camel. Some may just be for the day, while others can go for up to a week with trekkers camping overnight in a Bedouin tent. The one day "dune-bashing" tours simply involve speeding over the desert's endless dunes in a Landcruiser. The '''pearling''' tradition has existed as far back as 2000 BCE, when Mesopotamian records speak of shining "fish eyes" imported from the Gulf region. While the industry went bust after the discovery of oil, a large festival is held each year to celebrate the tradition. The '''Qatar Marine Festival''' in Doha often includes a huge sea expedition by various ''dhow'' boats to find oyster beds on the ocean floor. Other activities at the festival include a musical performance, a seal show, a sandsculptor's expedition and a water, light and sound show. Many companies offer '''shipwreck diving''' for tourists, which can be organised from Doha. Popular diving sites include the man-made Old Club Reef and New Club Reef just out of Messaied, Qapco Reef, the M.O. Shipwreck and the Al Sharque Shipwreck. Other popular '''watersports''' include kite-surfing, driving jet-skis, surfing and chartered fishing expeditions. Eat Qatar has seemingly endless options for food, much of it excellent. If you would like European cuisine in a fancy setting, visit a hotel like the Ramada or the Marriott, both of which also offer excellent sushi and the choice of having alcoholic drinks with your meal (the only restaurants in town that can do this are in the major hotels), but at a steep price. Authentic and delicious Indian and Pakistani food is found throughout the city, ranging from family-oriented places to very basic eateries catering to the Indian and Pakistani workers. You may attract some curious stares in the worker eateries, but the management will almost always be extremely welcoming, and the food is very inexpensive. Middle Eastern cuisine is everywhere as well, and in many forms—kebabs, breads, hummus, the list goes on. It can be purchased on the cheap from a take-out (many of which look quite unimpressive, but serve awesome food) or from a fancier place, like the wonderful Layali (near Chili's in the 'Cholesterol Corner' area) that serves gourmet Lebanese food and has hookahs with flavored tobacco. Refined Persian cuisine is available for reasonable prices in the royally appointed Ras Al-Nasa`a Restaurant on the Corniche (don't miss the cathedral-like rest rooms). Don't be afraid to venture into the Souqs looking for a meal; it will be a unique experience in an authentic setting, and although some of the places you see may look rundown, that's just the area in general, and the food will be probably be quite good. Be advised that many of the restaurants in the Souqs (as well as the shops) shut down during the afternoon hours. If you are in a funny kind of mood, you can try a McArabia—McDonald's Middle Eastern sandwich available only in the region. Drink There is one liquor store, Qatar Distribution Centre, in Doha. To purchase things there, you must have a license that can only be obtained by having a written letter of permission from your employer. You can only get a license when you have obtained your residency permit and you will need to get a letter from your employer confirming your salary in addition to paying a deposit for QR1000. The selection is good and is like any alcohol selection of a large supermarket in the West. Prices are reasonable although not cheap. Alcoholic beverages are available in the restaurants and bars of the major hotels, although they are pricey. Be aware, driving under the influence and public intoxication carry heavy penalties, including deportation, so be responsible. As far as non-alcoholic drinks go, be sure to hit some of the Indian and Middle Eastern restaurants and juice stalls. They whip up some tasty and exotic fruit juice combinations that really hit the spot. It is forbidden to bring alcohol in to the country as a tourist; at Doha airport customs xray bags and will confiscate any bottles of alcoholic drink. They will issue a receipt valid for 2 weeks to reclaim the alcohol on exit from the country. Sleep Hotel prices are on the rise in Qatar, and you can expect to pay as much as US$100 for an ordinary double room in a mid-range hotel. Budget accommodation does not seem to exist in Doha. The only hostelis ''very'' hard to find; even the taxi drivers at the airport may have to talk it over! It costs 100 Qatari Riyals per night if you don't have YHA membership, QR90 if you do. Learn Education City is a new project in Doha funded by the Qatari Government through the Qatar Foundation. It is the home to Qatar Academy, the Learning Centre, the Academic Bridge Program (similar to a college prep school), as well as branch campuses of Texas A&M University (Engineering) Weill Cornell Medical College (Medical) Virginia Commonwealth University (Arts and Communication), Carnegie Mellon University (Business and Computer Science), Georgetown University (School of Foreign Service), and the latest addition to the fold, Northwestern University (Journalism) and Faculty of Islamic Studies www.qfis.edu.qa all located in Education City to the east of Doha in the Rayyan area. In addition to this Education City is home to the Qatar Science and Technology Park, one of the only places in the Middle East undertaking research and development initiatives. The location of so many academics and students is very appealing for research focused organisations. The College of the North Atlantic (based in Newfoundland, Canada), also maintains a campus in Doha in the northern section of the city, near the local Qatar University. The University of Calgary (Nursing) is also in Qatar. And on the second semester of the 2012-2013 the Supreme Council Of Education will start E-learning Work The work day starts quite early in Qatar. Do not be surprised by 7AM meetings! In the summer, many small stores and Arab businesses will be open from 8AM-12PM and 4PM-8PM. During the "siesta", most people return home to escape the oppressive heat. Stay safe The emergency phone number for police, ambulance or fire department is '''999'''. Qatar is a significant contrast from the surrounding region, with no war, no conflict and minimal crime. Western women travelling on their own sometimes experience staring from local men, along with other unwanted curiosity. However, this is more of an annoyance than a threat, and Qatar officials deal harshly with any complaint of harassment. If you want to fit in better with the locals and attract less stares, a long, black cloak and headscarf worn by local women called the ''abaya'' can be purchased at a variety of places in Doha. Travelling on the roads is probably the largest danger to your wellbeing. Although being safer than most other Asian and Middle Eastern drivers, Qataris often ignore road rules and are intolerant of pedestrians attempting to cross the road. Be safe when walking near or over major highways. Dust storms and sandstorms are another major issue, being common throughout the dry summer. These natural events can shroud the country in darkness and cause severe respiratory issues. If a sandstorm is approaching, immediately seek shelter or wear a facemask. Stay healthy Drink lots of bottled water! No matter how much you drink, you should drink more. Likewise, take proper precautions for the sun, including clothing that covers your skin and sunscreen. Respect Respect the Islamic beliefs of Qataris and Bedouins: While there is no legal requirement to wear the hijab, women shouldn't wear tube tops and skimpy outfits, although there is no strict rule and women are free to dress as they feel. It is absolutely acceptable for any nationality to wear the traditional Qatari clothes, the thobe. If you're dining with a Qatari, don't expose the bottoms of your feet to him her. Don't eat with your left hand either, since the left hand is seen as the 'dirty hand'. Similarly, don't attempt to shake hands or hand a package with your left hand. If your Qatari friend insists on buying you something—a meal or a gift—let him! Qataris are extremely hospitable, and typically there are no strings attached. It is generally a custom to argue for the bill. Cope Newspapers * Gulf Times newspaper * The Peninsula newspaper * I Love Qatar Community News * Al Watan Arabic newspaper * Qatar Tribune * Marhaba Magazine Connect By phone When calling from abroad, the country code of Qatar is '''974'''. There are no city or area codes. When calling overseas while within Qatar, the international access code is usually '''0'''. Qatari phone numbers now have eight digits. Previously, they contained seven, but this was changed by the government regulator in 2010. If you encounter a number with only seven digits, you can still use it by repeating the first digit. For example, a phone number that previously began with '3' would now start with '33'. Previously, Qtel, a government-owned company, held a monopoly over telecommunications in the country. Although this changed in 2006 when the Emir allowed new companies to be formed, competition is still weak with only two major operators: *'''Ooredoo''' (formerly ''Qtel'') - the "Hala" prepaid starter pack costs QR 50 with QR 25 of initial credit. International calls to most countries costs QR 0.66 minute. Has overall better coverage than Vodafone. *'''Vodafone Qatar''' - prepaid sim packs start from QR 60 with an initial credit of QR 35. International calls to most countries costs QR 0.66 minute. By post Qatar has a fairly efficient postal system run by '''Q-Post'''. There are dozens of post offices scattered across Doha, along with branches in many major cities. It costs QR 2.50 to send a standard postcard to most Western countries. The price drops down to QR 1 to 1.50 when sending a postcard domestically or to most nations within the Middle East and North Africa. Sending parcels can get costly, being counted per kilogram and by distance. A full list of rates and branch locations can be found on the Q-Post website. Addresses on international letters and postcards should be formatted as: :Name of recipient :House number and street name :City, Postal code :Country Wikipedia:Qatar Dmoz:Regional Middle East Qatar Commons:Category:Qatar
and, on November 30, 2006, was transferred to Al-Arabi Sports Club (Al-Arabi SC (Qatar)) in Doha, Qatar for € (Euro)3.6 million, with the move being made effective in January of the following year. Wikipedia:Qatar Dmoz:Regional Middle East Qatar Commons:Category:Qatar
in numerous capacities, including Ambassador to Qatar and Lebanon. * Steven Levitan (1980) is an Emmy-winning writer producer of ''Frasier'' and creator of ''Just Shoot Me! and Modern Family. Prior to Islam, the inhabitants of Qatar and Bahrain practiced Arabian paganism, worshipping gods like Awal. Islam swept the entire Arabian region in the 7th century. The Prophet Muhammad sent his first envoy Al-Ala'a Al-Hadrami
and the United Arab Emirates) have
held in the city of Doha. The event featured a light show by German artist Gert Hof and was filmed for a future video release by Oscar-winning British filmmaker Hugh Hudson. Cultural village amphitheatre opens with inspiring concert Retrieved 27 December 2011 * Europe: Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, Liechtenstein, Vatican
Following Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule, Qatar became a British protectorate in the early 20th century until gaining independence in 1971. Qatar has been ruled by the Al Thani (House of Thani) family since the mid-19th century. Qatar is an absolute monarchy and its head of state is Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. as most Qataris adhere to the strict Wahhabi interpretation (Wahhabi movement) of Islam. Sharia law is the main source of Qatari legislation according to Qatar's Constitution.
Qatar is the world's richest country per capita (List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita) and has the highest human development (human development index) in the Arab World; furthermore, it is recognized as a high income economy by the World Bank.
Although tiny, Qatar wields significant clout. Qatar's rising international profile has led some analysts to identify it as a middle power.