Principality of Stavelot-Malmedy

What is Principality of Stavelot-Malmedy known for?


small set

. The entrance is preceded by a small set of steps and is surmounted by an ornament showing two figures supporting a coat of arms. Stavelot Abbey thumb alt A courtyard is surrounded by a stone building, with ivy growing around wooden-framed windows. Malmedy Abbey (File:Malmedy JPG02.jpg) In 747, Carloman, Duke of the Franks and Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia (Carloman (mayor of the palace)), increased the abbeys' lands from his own on his abdication. ref name "Carolingians p59


944

944, Bertholet) — Diplôme de Otton I, roi des Romains, accordé à l'abbé Odilon, par lequel il laisse aux religieux des monastères de Stavelot et de Malmédy la libre faculté de choisir un abbé, chargé seul de l'administration des deux monastères." (


building period

Poppo of Deinze (Poppo of Stavelot). The key building period at the abbey of Stavelot corresponds to the rule of prince-abbot Poppo of Deinze (Poppo of Stavelot), the second founder of the abbey, Archæological remains, Abbaye de Stavelot. Last accessed 26 December 2009. who was made abbot by Holy Roman Emperor Henry II (Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor) in 1020. St Poppo in the ''Catholic Encyclopedia'' He built an imposing church over The Triptych was certainly in the Abbey when it was suppressed in 1792, after the French Revolution. The British Museum: Exhibition of Far Eastern Art, ''The Times'', 15 June 1910 (issue 39 299), page 8, column F. The last prince-abbot, Célestin Thys, Stavelot-Malmedy, Ecclesiastic States, ''Regnal Chronologies''. Retrieved 23 October 2010 carried the triptych to Germany during the Napoleonic Wars, where it remained until 1910, when purchased by a London dealer who sold it to J. P. Morgan.


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"fotw:Stavelot" local&BBRecID 93248&v1 1 Stavelot Reliquary on ''Corsair'', the Online Catalog of the Morgan Library & Museum. Last accessed 26 December 2009. Stavelot Reliquary on the ''Christian Iconography


evangelism

Kampf mit dem Drachen, Die Legende des Hl. Quirinus von Malmedy", in: ''Zwischen Venn und Schneifel, volume 9''. Website last accessed 26 December 2009. Through the seventh and eighth centuries, the two abbeys followed their mission of evangelism, along with forest clearance (logging). With the decline of the Carolingian Empire, however, the abbeys suffered the same decay as elsewhere, leaving the principality in the custody of lay abbots — temporal


cultural role

" Pierre Riché (translated by Michael Idomir Allen), ''The Carolingians,'' University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993, ISBN 978-0-8122-1342-3, page 59 Throughout the ninth century, the abbeys played an important cultural role in Lotharingia, particularly thanks to abbot Christian (Christian of Stavelot). Around 875, the relics of St Quirinus (Nicasius, Quirinus, Scubiculus, and Pientia) were


tenure quot

church and all the goods they possess and to assure their tenure." page 14). This protection was reiterated in 1384 by Wenceslaus, King of the Romans (Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia) and in 1417 by Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, themselves both dukes of Luxembourg (page 15). Habsburg (House of Habsburg) Emperor Leopold I (Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor), also duke


evangelism of

Kampf mit dem Drachen, Die Legende des Hl. Quirinus von Malmedy", in: ''Zwischen Venn und Schneifel, volume 9''. Website last accessed 26 December 2009. Through the seventh and eighth centuries, the two abbeys followed their mission of evangelism, along with forest clearance (logging). With the decline of the Carolingian Empire, however, the abbeys suffered the same decay as elsewhere, leaving the principality in the custody of lay abbots — temporal


annual interest

, had cost the principality the sum of 2.75 million Reichsthalers, requiring the abbey to borrow 134 000 thalers from Liège and Verviers; another loan, shared amongst the communities, totalled 109 000 thalers, with annual interest of 14 161 thalers and arrears of 26 000 thalers. By the start of the 18th century the principality had lost a third of its territory, as a result of war, fires, pillage


main role

icon Malmedy in the ''Encyclopédie méthodique'', Panckoucke, 1788 Whilst an absolute (absolute monarchy) principality, in some matters the prince-abbot could consult a general assembly or '' The Triptych was certainly in the Abbey when it was suppressed in 1792, after the French Revolution. The British Museum: Exhibition of Far Eastern Art, ''The Times'', 15 June 1910 (issue 39 299), page 8, column F. The last prince-abbot, Célestin Thys, Stavelot-Malmedy, Ecclesiastic States, ''Regnal Chronologies''. Retrieved 23 October 2010 carried the triptych to Germany during the Napoleonic Wars, where it remained until 1910, when purchased by a London dealer who sold it to J. P. Morgan.

Principality of Stavelot-Malmedy

The '''Principality of Stavelot-Malmedy''' was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire. Princely power was exercised by the Benedictine (Order of Saint Benedict) abbot of the imperial double monastery of Stavelot and Malmedy, founded in 651. At ''Hernach volgend die zehen Krayß (:de:s:Hernach volgend die zehen Krayß#Seite 12: Niderlendisch vnnd Westuelisch Krayß)'' (1532)

As a prince-abbot, the abbot of Stavelot-Malmedy sat in the College of Ruling Princes of the Ecclesiastical Bench of the Imperial Diet (Imperial Diet (Holy Roman Empire)). Along with the handful of other prince-abbots, he cast a full vote ('' ''), in contrast to the majority of imperial abbots who were only entitled to a collective vote on their respective curial benches.

In 1795 the principality was abolished and its territory was incorporated into the French département (departments of France#Napoleonic Empire) of Ourthe (Ourthe (department)). History on the official website of Stavelot. Last accessed 26 December 2009. and Malmedy became part of the Prussian (Kingdom of Prussia) district (districts of Prussia) of Eupen-Malmedy. Both are currently parts of the Kingdom of Belgium (Belgium) — since the 1830 Belgian Revolution and the 1919 Treaty of Versailles respectively.

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