Presidio of San Francisco

What is Presidio of San Francisco known for?


frequently based

as a key fighting element of the 3rd Infantry Division who earned the title "Rock of the Marne." The 30th Infantry Regiment was frequently based at the Presidio. *1918–1920 — The Presidio was the center for forming and training the American Expeditionary Force Siberia. This was a little-remembered force that moved into Siberia during the Russian Civil War. The mission of this force changed often. It encountered hostility from another part of the Expeditionary Force, Japan, while fighting bandits, and protecting Allied civilians. *1920–1932 — The Presidio became home to Crissy Field, the major pioneering military aviation field located on the West Coast. Trailbreaking transpacific and transcontinental flights occurred here. At Crissy, future General "Hap" Arnold developed techniques for the new military aviation. Arnold later commanded the Army Air Corps (United States Army Air Corps) in World War II. *1941–1946 — World War II saw intense activity at the Presidio. It continued as a coordinating headquarters, deployment center, and training site, as it was for most of its existence. The Western Defense Command was responsible for the defense of the West Coast. For a time this included supervising combat in the Aleutian Islands. The Presidio again was crowded with temporary barracks and training facilities. Letterman Army Hospital was filled with casualties. At one point, entire trains filled with war-wounded arrived at the Presidio from the battles of Okinawa and Iwo Jima. A Japanese Language School was set up to train Japanese-Americans to be interpreters in the war against Japan. Ironically, some of these soldiers' families were interned in camps for the rest of the war, while they performed bravely in the Pacific. *1941–1945 — The Commanding General of the Western Defense Command, General John L. DeWitt, responded to public hysteria directed against all Japanese on the West Coast. He recommended removing all Japanese, including citizens, from the Western Seaboard. The Federal Bureau of Investigation and some Western politicians also expressed alarm, although no incidents of sabotage occurred. President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942, to direct removal of ethnic Japanese residents to internment camps (Internment of Japanese Americans). *1946 — After World War II, the Presidio command was redesignated the Sixth U.S. Army. It was responsible, again, for Army forces in the Western U.S., training, supplies, and deployment. It also was the federal agency to coordinate disaster relief by the military. During this year, President Harry Truman had offered the Presidio as the site for the future United Nations Headquarters. '''San Francisco National Cemetery''' is a U.S. National Cemetery, located in the Presidio (Presidio of San Francisco) of San Francisco (San Francisco, California), California. Because of the name and location, it is frequently confused with Golden Gate National Cemetery, a few miles south of the city.


bliss

1914, John J. Pershing arrived NOTE: After a year at Fort Bliss, Pershing decided to arrange for his family to join him. The arrangements were almost complete when, on the morning of August 27, 1915, he received a telegram telling him of a fire in the Presidio of San Francisco. His wife and three young daughters had been burned to death; only his six-year-old son Warren had been saved. Many who knew Pershing said that he never recovered from the deaths of his wife and daughters

. After the funerals at Lakeview Cemetery in Cheyenne, Wyoming, Pershing returned to Fort Bliss with his son, Warren, and his sister Mae, and resumed his duties as commanding officer. in El Paso to take command of the Army 8th Brigade (8th Military Police Brigade (United States)) that was stationed at Fort Bliss. At the time, the Mexican Revolution was underway in Mexico, and the 8th Brigade had been assigned the task of securing the U.S.-Mexico border. In March 1915

from Mexico and the regiment moved to Fort Bliss. Because of their action, the regiment was awarded another campaign streamer – MEXICO 1916–1917. Under orders from California Governor (Governor of California) Frank Merriam, the California National Guard (California Army National Guard) moved in that evening to patrol the waterfront. Similarly, federal soldiers of the United States Army stationed at the Presidio (Presidio of San Francisco) were placed on alert. The picketers


supporting role

ref


winning character

stamps featuring Australian actors. She, Geoffrey Rush, Russell Crowe, and Cate Blanchett each appear twice in the series: once as themselves and once as their Academy Award-winning character. Cate Blanchett, Nicole Kidman Happy to Be Licked—On Stamps People.com, 4 February 2009 On 8 January 2010, Kidman, alongside Nancy Pelosi, Joan Chen and Joe Torre, attended the ceremony to help Family


album band

self-titled album (This Will Destroy You (album)), band This Will Destroy You performed a song called "Burial on the Presidio Banks". See also '''San Francisco National Cemetery''' is a U.S. National Cemetery, located in the Presidio (Presidio of San Francisco) of San Francisco (San Francisco, California), California. Because of the name and location, it is frequently confused with Golden Gate National Cemetery, a few miles south of the city.


high white

College at Norfolk, Virginia, in August 1946 and remained in that position until he retired June 30, 1948. History In 1769 Spain occupied the San Francisco area and by 1776 had established the area's first European settlement, with a mission (Mission San Francisco de Asís) and a presidio (Presidio of San Francisco). To protect against encroachment by the British and Russians, Spain fortified the high white cliff at the narrowest part of the bay's entrance, where Fort Point now stands. The Castillo de San Joaquin, built in 1794, was an adobe structure housing nine to thirteen cannons. Monterey became one of a series of ''presidios'', or "royal forts," built by Spain in what is now the western United States. In 1783, it had a company of 56 men. Other California-based installations were founded in San Diego (El Presidio Real de San Diego (Presidio of San Diego)) in 1769, in San Francisco (El Presidio Real de San Francisco (Presidio of San Francisco) ) in 1776, and in Santa Barbara (Santa Barbara, California) (El Presidio Real de Santa Bárbara (Presidio of Santa Barbara)) in 1782. For the Revillagigedo (Juan Vicente de Güemes Padilla Horcasitas y Aguayo, 2nd Count of Revillagigedo) Census of 1790 listing the inhabitants of Monterey and the other presidios and pueblos, see The Census of 1790, California, California Spanish Genealogy. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. Compiled from William Marvin Mason. ''The Census of 1790: A Demographic History of California''. (Menlo Park: Ballena Press, 1998). 75-105. ISBN 9780879191375. Early life Born in the Presidio District (Presidio of San Francisco) Nelson, p. 51 of San Francisco, California, '''San Francisco National Cemetery''' is a U.S. National Cemetery, located in the Presidio (Presidio of San Francisco) of San Francisco (San Francisco, California), California. Because of the name and location, it is frequently confused with Golden Gate National Cemetery, a few miles south of the city.


education+serving

colonel . After the war he returned to his career in education, serving as the superintendent of schools in Nobles County, Minnesota as well as the principal and president of several preparatory and collegiate institutions in the Western United States. Bell died the day after attending the initiation of alpha beta chapter at University of California Berkeley on February 3, 1919. He is buried at the Presidio of San Francisco in San Francisco National Cemetery in California. "The Seven Founders: Thomas Cowan Bell" page 33. The Norman Shield, 41st Edition Section OS, Row 43A, Grave 3. San Francisco National Cemetery Burial List Surnames Bas-Ben From February 1901 to March 1902, he commanded the military district of California from the Presidio of San Francisco. In 1901 his daughter Marjorie married army surgeon John Heysham Gibbon, nephew of fellow Civil and Indian War commander John Gibbon. Under the new General Staff System, he was appointed as the first Chief of Staff of the Army in August 1903, a position he held until retirement in January 1904. In 1881, Upton, having returned to the rank of colonel in 1880, was in command of 4th U.S. Artillery at the Presidio of San Francisco. He suffered greatly from headaches, possibly caused by a brain tumor, Eicher, p. 540; Morris, p. 2007, describes the condition as "chronic catarrh". and committed suicide by shooting himself in the head. He is buried in the Fort Hill Cemetery, Auburn, New York. Biography He was born on January 17, 1889 in Huntington, West Virginia. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in June 1909 and was commissioned an infantry second lieutenant. Emmons was assigned as commanding officer of Company B, 30th Infantry Regiment (30th Infantry Regiment (United States)) at the Presidio of San Francisco and in May 1912 went to Fort Gibbon, Alaska with the 30th. He returned to Plattsburg Barracks, New York. Returning to the United States in June 1943, Emmons was assigned three months later as commanding general of the Western Defense Command at Presidio (Presidio of San Francisco), San Francisco. Emmons headed the Alaskan Department at Fort Richardson from June 1944 until June 1946. He became commandant of the Armed Forces Staff College at Norfolk, Virginia, in August 1946 and remained in that position until he retired June 30, 1948. History In 1769 Spain occupied the San Francisco area and by 1776 had established the area's first European settlement, with a mission (Mission San Francisco de Asís) and a presidio (Presidio of San Francisco). To protect against encroachment by the British and Russians, Spain fortified the high white cliff at the narrowest part of the bay's entrance, where Fort Point now stands. The Castillo de San Joaquin, built in 1794, was an adobe structure housing nine to thirteen cannons. Monterey became one of a series of ''presidios'', or "royal forts," built by Spain in what is now the western United States. In 1783, it had a company of 56 men. Other California-based installations were founded in San Diego (El Presidio Real de San Diego (Presidio of San Diego)) in 1769, in San Francisco (El Presidio Real de San Francisco (Presidio of San Francisco) ) in 1776, and in Santa Barbara (Santa Barbara, California) (El Presidio Real de Santa Bárbara (Presidio of Santa Barbara)) in 1782. For the Revillagigedo (Juan Vicente de Güemes Padilla Horcasitas y Aguayo, 2nd Count of Revillagigedo) Census of 1790 listing the inhabitants of Monterey and the other presidios and pueblos, see The Census of 1790, California, California Spanish Genealogy. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. Compiled from William Marvin Mason. ''The Census of 1790: A Demographic History of California''. (Menlo Park: Ballena Press, 1998). 75-105. ISBN 9780879191375. Early life Born in the Presidio District (Presidio of San Francisco) Nelson, p. 51 of San Francisco, California, '''San Francisco National Cemetery''' is a U.S. National Cemetery, located in the Presidio (Presidio of San Francisco) of San Francisco (San Francisco, California), California. Because of the name and location, it is frequently confused with Golden Gate National Cemetery, a few miles south of the city.


major pioneering

, while fighting bandits, and protecting Allied civilians. *1920–1932 — The Presidio became home to Crissy Field, the major pioneering military aviation field located on the West Coast. Trailbreaking transpacific and transcontinental flights occurred here. At Crissy, future General "Hap" Arnold developed techniques for the new military aviation. Arnold later commanded the Army Air Corps (United States Army Air Corps) in World War II. *1941–1946 — World War II saw intense activity


service award

, and started a family near the Presidio (Presidio of San Francisco) in San Francisco. After World War II, in which he served as a distinguished Navy doctor, Wood became the head of the Cancer Research Institute at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), where he served until his retirement in 1972. In 1956, Wood became the president of the American Cancer Society, from which he received the organization's highest honor, the Distinguished Service Award (ACS

) Distinguished Service Award , in 1972. After serving on a key National Cancer Institute advisory committee from 1968-1970 and then as president, chair, and consultant to various other organizations, Wood retired to his home in San Francisco to spend time with his wife. '''Filbert Street''' in San Francisco, California starts at Lyon Street on the east edge of The Presidio (Presidio of San Francisco) and runs east, crossing Van Ness Avenue (San


early major

first "park rangers" by patrolling the new Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks. *1898–1906 — The Presidio became the nation's center for assembling, training, and shipping out forces to the Spanish-American War in the Philippine Islands and the subsequent Philippine-American War (Philippine Insurrection). Letterman Army Hospital was modernized and expanded to care for the many wounded and seriously ill soldiers from these campaigns. The Philippine campaign was an early major U.S

Presidio of San Francisco

The '''Presidio of San Francisco''' (originally, '''El Presidio Real de San Francisco''' or '''The Royal Fortress of Saint Francis''') is a park and former military base on the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula in San Francisco, California, and is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

thumb Welcome sign (File:Presidio of San Francisco - Golden Gate National Recreation Area welcome sign.jpg) It had been a fortified location since September 17, 1776, when New Spain established it to gain a foothold on Alta California and the San Francisco Bay. It passed to Mexico, which in turn passed it to the United States in 1848.

In 1996, the United States Congress created the Presidio Trust to oversee and manage the interior 80% of the park's lands, with the National Park Service managing the coastal 20%.

The park is characterized by many wooded areas, hills, and scenic vistas overlooking the Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. It was recognized as a California Historical Landmark in 1933 and as a National Historic Landmark in 1962.

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