Polotsk

What is Polotsk known for?


political position

Wikipedia:Polotsk Commons:Category:Polatsk


knowledge location

Kidd coauthors title The Counter-reformation, 1550-1600 year 1933 editor pages 121 chapter chapterurl publisher Society for promoting Christian knowledge location id url http: books.google.com ?id KTgdUIiBYfQC&q Livonia+1561&dq Livonia+1561 format accessdate isbn 0313221936 Having rejected peace proposals from its enemies, Ivan the Terrible (Ivan IV of Russia) found himself in a difficult position by 1579, when Crimean


defensive fighting

. The Order then controlled the town until its transference in 1238 to the bishops (Archbishopric of Riga) of Riga. The town became the summer residence of the Archbishop of Riga in 1420 and the primary residence in the 16th century. At the beginning of 1944, along with the rest of German forces on the Eastern front (Eastern Front (World War II)), the 20th Panzer Division spent a hard winter of defensive fighting in the Polotsk, Vitebsk, and Bobruisk (Babruysk) areas. In May, it was rushed to the southern sector of the front to participate in operations in the area around Cholm. Having suffered heavy losses during the Red Army's Operation Bagration, the division was sent to Romania for refitting in August 1944. In October, the division was sent to East Prussia, then Hungary in December. It then made a fighting withdrawal through Breslau, Schweinitz and Neisse in Silesia (now part of Poland). The division was transferred to Görlitz (east of Dresden on the German frontier with Poland). On 19 April 1945, the division was involved in a counteroffensive west of Görlitz in the direction of Niesky, but disengaged three days later and retreated west. It counterattacked again in the Bautzen area, succeeding in relieving the local garrison at heavy cost to Soviet forces. By 26 April 1945, the division was situated northwest of Dresden, however by 6 May it was forced to retreat south across the Czechoslovakian border. Some divisional elements surrendered to the Soviets near Teplice-Sanov (northwest of Prague), whilst the rest, including elements of ''Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 20.'' managed to surrender to the Americans at Rokycany, (between Prague and Plzeň); but they were soon handed over to the Soviets. 27 soldiers of the 20th Panzer Division were awarded the Knight's Cross. Born to a Jewish family in Polotsk, she immigrated to the Boston (Boston, Massachusetts) area with her mother and siblings in 1894, moving from Chelsea to Ward 8 in Boston's South End, a notorious slum, as the venue of her father's store changed. She married Amadeus William Grabau in 1901, and moved to New York City where she attended Teachers College (Teachers College, Columbia University) of Columbia University and Barnard College. Antin is best known for her 1912 autobiography ''The Promised Land (The Promised Land (autobiography))'', which describes her public school education and assimilation into American (United States) culture, as well as life for Jews in Czarist Russia. After its publication, Antin lectured on her immigrant experience to many audiences across the country, and became a major supporter for Theodore Roosevelt and his Progressive Party (Progressive Party (United States, 1912)). In late 1808, Dode de la Brunerie was sent to Spain. He participated in the sieges of Zaragoza and of Badajoz. He was then promoted to ''général de brigade'' and made head of the engineers staff of the ''Army of Spain (Army of Spain (France))''. Dode de la Brunerie served in battles near Almonacid and Ocana until he was recalled to France. In 1812, Dode de la Brunerie was made head of the engineers in the III Corps under Marshal Ney (Michel Ney). He successively fought under Marshals Oudinot (Nicolas Oudinot), Gouvion Saint-Cyr (Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr) and Victor (Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno) in Russia, where he fought at Polotsk and the crossing of the Beresina (Battle of Berezina). Early biography Viktor Kyrpychov graduated from the Polotsk military school (1862) and St.Michael artillery school in Saint Petersburg (1863). In 1863-1870 he was in the faculty of Kronstadt military academy where he taught material science and mechanics. In 1873 he was a postdoc student of Gustav Kirchhoff in Germany. After that, until his move to Ukraine in 1885, he was a professor at Saint Petersburg Technological Institute (Saint Petersburg State Institute of Technology). In 1882, he was responsible for investigation of the Borki train disaster. Nowadays The modern town is located on the right shore of the river Viliya, in northwest part of the Minsk region, 100 kilometers away from Minsk. The town’s population numbers 30,000 people. There is a railway station of the Molodechno-Polotsk line in the town. The roads to Maladzechna, Smarhoń, Myadzel, Dokshytsy, Pleshchanitsy run through the town. The town’s industry is represented by the Zenit plant, wood processing enterprises (including furniture factory), motor repair plant, building materials plants, light and food enterprises. Vileyka also houses the Museum of Regional Studies. #Polonnoye (JE Wikipedia:Polotsk Commons:Category:Polatsk


outspoken support

, was regarded as a traitor by his fellow Polish rebels for his outspoken support of Panslavism,and was eventually allowed to return to Russia, where he remained under house arrest until his death Polski Slownik Biograficzny . His sons Dmitri & Nikolai were educated as members of the Russian nobility & had distinguished military careers. Tomasz Bogumil Jan claimed a Rurikid descent (according to his claim, Mirskis were descendants of Sviatopolk I of Kiev, hence


personal knowledge

eastern provinces & few remain today, with representatives in the UK, Australia & Poland. There are representatives of the Russian family in the UK, USA, Brazil & France personal knowledge from various family members . 1943-1944 thumb 250px Belarussian partisans in the forest near Polotsk (Image:Soviet guerilla.jpg), Belarussian SSR September 1943. thumb 250px Soviet partisans on the road in Belarus, 1944. (Image:Sov partizans.jpg) * Pernik


public debut

up the violin when he was three years old and his father was his first teacher. At five he started lessons with Ilya D. Malkin, a former pupil of Leopold Auer. He was a child prodigy, making his public debut at seven, in Kovno (now Kaunas, Lithuania) playing the Violin Concerto in E minor (Violin Concerto (Mendelssohn)) by Felix Mendelssohn. In 1910 he entered the Saint Petersburg Conservatory to study under Leopold Auer himself. Image:M-Gouvion2.JPG thumb Late portrait


early biography

at Polotsk and the crossing of the Beresina (Battle of Berezina). Early biography Viktor Kyrpychov graduated from the Polotsk military school (1862) and St.Michael artillery school in Saint Petersburg (1863). In 1863-1870 he was in the faculty of Kronstadt military academy where he taught material science and mechanics. In 1873 he was a postdoc student of Gustav Kirchhoff in Germany. After that, until his move to Ukraine in 1885, he was a professor at Saint


family member

been advanced by the Vatican (Holy See) as a candidate for beatification http: college.holycross.edu faculty vlapomar hiatt kill.htm . Two teenage members of the family. Krysztof & Michal, were killed in the 1944 Warsaw Uprising Polski Slownik Biograficzny & another family member fought at Monte Cassino (Battle of Monte Cassino) personal communication regarding her late father by family member . The Polish family suffered heavily in the Russian occupation of the Polish eastern provinces & few remain today, with representatives in the UK, Australia & Poland. There are representatives of the Russian family in the UK, USA, Brazil & France personal knowledge from various family members . 1943-1944 thumb 250px Belarussian partisans in the forest near Polotsk (Image:Soviet guerilla.jpg), Belarussian SSR September 1943. thumb 250px Soviet partisans on the road in Belarus, 1944. (Image:Sov partizans.jpg) * Wikipedia:Polotsk Commons:Category:Polatsk


cultural achievements

, Yu. R. Vizantiysky stil v architecture Rossii (Савельев, Ю. Р. Византийский стиль в архитектуре России. - СПБ., 2005) Saint Petersburg, 2005. ISBN 5-87417-207-6, p.260 Cultural achievements of the medieval period include the work of the nun Euphrosyne of Polotsk (Euphrosyne of Polatsk) (1120–1173), who built monasteries, transcribed books, promoted literacy and sponsored art (including local artisan Lazarus Bohsha's famous "Cross of Saint Euphrosyne," a national symbol and treasure lost during World War II), and the prolific, original Church Slavonic sermons and writings of Bishop Cyril of Turaw (1130–1182). The first Belarusian printer, Francysk Skaryna, was born in Polotsk around 1490. He is famous for the first printing of the Bible in an East Slavic language (in Old Belarusian) in 1517, several decades after the first-ever printed book by Johann Gutenberg and just several years after the first Czech Bible (1506). In September 2003, as "Days of Belarusian Literacy" were celebrated for the 10th time in Polotsk, city authorities dedicated a monument to honor the unique Cyrillic Belarusian letter Ў (Short U (Cyrillic)), which is not used in any other Slavic language. The original idea for the monument came from the Belarusian calligraphy professor Paval Siemchanka, who has been studying Cyrillic scripts for many years. Sports The city has produced players for the Belarusian national bandy team. Bandy at Bandy2008 Notable people * Euphrosyne of Polatsk * Rogvolod * Rogneda of Polotsk * Vseslav of Polotsk * Sofia of Minsk, Queen of Denmark (Sofia of Minsk) * Andrei of Polotsk * Symeon of Polotsk * Francysk Skaryna * Mary Antin * Gabriel Lenkiewicz Gallery File:Belarus-Polatsk-Cathedral of Sophia-2.jpg Saint Sophia Cathedral File:Belarus-Polatsk-Cathedral of Sophia-3.jpg Saint Sophia Cathedral File:Belarus-Polatsk-Boris Stone.jpg Boris stone (Boris stones) File:Belarus-Polatsk-Monastery of Epiphany-2.jpg Bogoyavlensky Convent File:Bog-2.jpg Bogoyavlensky Cathedral File:Polatsk-St. Euphrosine4.JPG Convent of Saint Euphrosyne File:Polatsk-St. Euphrosine3.JPG Convent of Saint Euphrosyne File:Polatsk Lenin street.JPG Polotsk main square with Hotel Dzvina File:Belarus-Polatsk-Railway Station-3.jpg Railway station File:Білорусь 041.jpg Former Lutheran church File:Belarus-Polatsk-Church of Protection of Holy Virgin-8.jpg Church of Protection of Holy Virgin File:Belarus-Polatsk-Church of Andrew Babola-4.jpg Church of Andrew Babola References Wikipedia:Polotsk Commons:Category:Polatsk


important set

) or '''Magdeburg Law''' were a set of German town laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted by a local ruler. Modelled and named after the laws of the German city of Magdeburg and developed during many centuries of the Holy Roman Empire, it was possibly the most important set of Germanic mediæval (Middle Ages) city laws. Adopted by numerous monarchs in Central and Eastern Europe, the law was a milestone in urbanization of the region

Polotsk

'''Polotsk''' ('''Polatsk''', ) Occidental spelling according to the Belarus Permanent Mission to the United Nations. Occidental spelling according to the official Belarus website. Occidental spelling according to "Nations Online" website. Spelling according to Google Maps. is a historical city in Belarus, situated on the Dvina (Western Dvina) River. It is the center of the Polatsk Raion in Vitsebsk Voblast. Its population is more than 80,000 people. polotskgik.by - City It is served by Polotsk Airport and during the Cold War was home to Borovitsy air base.

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